Suicide of Sladjana Vidovic

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Slađana Vidović
Sladjana Vidovic.jpg
Vidović at age 16
Born
Slađana Vidović

(1992-04-04)April 4, 1992
Died (aged 16)
Cause of deathSuicide by hanging
Resting placeAll Souls Cemetery, Chardon, Ohio
41°35′32″N 81°16′06″W / 41.5923°N 81.2683°W / 41.5923; -81.2683 (approximate)
NationalityCroatian American
EducationMentor High School
OccupationStudent
Known forVictim of bullying and suicide
Parents
  • Dragan Vidović (father)
  • Celija Vidović (mother)

Sladjana Vidović (Croatian: Slađana Vidović, April 4, 1992 – October 2, 2008)[1] was a 16-year-old student at Mentor High School in Mentor, Ohio who committed suicide by hanging herself after enduring extensive bullying by several classmates over issues such as her ethnicity, accent, name, and appearance.[2]

Vidović's parents had repeatedly contacted Mentor High School staff to complain about the abuse their daughter endured at the school and her acute state of distress following months of "merciless bullying", requesting their concerns be resolved,[3] although staff failed to effectively address their concerns.[2]

The suicide of Sladjana Vidović drew nationwide attention to the bullying culture at Mentor High School, which had seen at least five pupils commit suicide between 2005 and 2008 due to bullying at the school.[4]

Early life[edit]

Sladjana Vidović was the second of three children born to Dragan and Celija Vidović. Her family hailed from Bosnia and Herzegovina, although Vidović was born in Croatia.[5] The family moved to northeast Ohio in 2001, when she was nine years old. Initially, the family resided in Willoughby, Lake County, before relocating to Mentor.[3]

Vidović has been described as a pretty, energetic, and charming girl who enjoyed dancing and cooking and who was proud of her heritage. Her father, Dragan, would later recollect of his daughter, "Nonstop smile, nonstop music", adding his daughter would occasionally drag him out of his chair and dance around in circles to music with him.[6]

Schooling[edit]

According to Vidović's suicide note, although other children at her elementary school occasionally mocked her accent and efforts to communicate in English, she did not suffer severe bullying at Ridge Elementary School, although the school bullying she endured began at this school. Staff at Vidović's elementary school did make efforts to include her in school functions and provide assistance with language barriers. However, her parents did attempt to transfer their daughter to another school due to harassing phone calls made to their home during a summer recess.[n 1]

Bullying[edit]

Ridge Junior High School[edit]

While still attending Ridge Junior High School in 2005, Vidović began attending guidance counseling sessions,[n 2] frequently reporting her difficulties in forming friendships, her clothing, accent, name and ethnicity being mocked and her enduring accusations of being a lesbian sourcing from rumors regarding her limited interactions with many of her male peers. She is first known to have threatened to commit suicide to a Ridge Junior High School counselor in April 2007.[8] The severity of the bullying her daughter endured in junior high school led to her mother requesting her daughter be transferred to another junior high school in the district. This request was denied.[9]

Staff at Mentor's Ridge Junior High School also noted Vidović exhibited problems with social interactions, which included her being the victim of and—in response—participant in name-calling. She also had difficulties applying herself to her studies.[9]

Vidović did try to make friends with her peers at this school. Her younger brother, Goran, would later recollect the almost daily bullying his sister endured at Ridge Junior High School and, later, Mentor High School, would frequently result in Vidović returning home from school upset and/or in tears.[7]

Mentor High School[edit]

The bullying Vidović endured increased greatly following her enrollment at Mentor High School in August 2007. As had earlier been the case at Ridge Junior High School, students would mock her for issues such as her distinctive accent and her name,[10] with classmates—some of whom had previously been her friends[7]—regularly referring to her as "Slutty Jana" and "Sladjana Vagina."[11]

In one incident dating from November 2007, a teenage boy named Jerry Markley pushed Vidović down a staircase, but remained unpunished by staff for the incident because of his elite athletic status. The incident was determined by the school to have been an accident.[n 3] In another instance, a girl struck Vidović in the face with a water bottle.[6][n 4] She is also known to have had her locker door slammed into her hand on at least one occasion, and her purse stolen and its contents emptied onto a table.[9] Likely due in part or whole to this increased bullying, Vidović's school attendance record rapidly declined in tenth grade, and she is known to have occasionally skipped classes and detentions.[13]

Her older sister, Suzana, also recalled that prank callers would frequently phone her sister, or send messages to her cell phone, telling her she and her family should "go back to Croatia", otherwise either she would be "dead by morning" or her tormentors would find her after school. A friend of Vidović, Jelena Jandrić, later remarked: "Sladjana did stand up for herself, but toward the end she just kind of stopped because she couldn't handle it. She didn't have enough strength."[6]

Suicide[edit]

On October 2, 2008, Vidović committed suicide by tying one end of a rope around her neck and the other around a bed post before jumping out her bedroom window.[6] She was 16 years old. Her body was discovered by her sister, Suzana.[14]

In her four-page suicide note—written in both English and Croatian—Vidović wrote that, for more than half her life, she had endured bullying from classmates. Her suicide note extensively detailed the abuse she had endured at the hands of her tormentors at school, listing issues such as being criticized for her accent, enduring derogatory insults such as being called a "slut" and a "whore", and enduring people throwing food and drinks at her during lunchtime,[15] leading to her eating her lunch alone in the school bathroom.[16] Professing her love for her parents and siblings, Vidović expressed her belief her existence only made everyone close to her sad, and that she had never made anybody happy in her life.[17] She ended her suicide note by stating: "I cannot believe I am doing this to myself because I could not wait to grow up and become something but I know I will never become a better child."[12]

Vidović had withdrawn from Mentor and enrolled in an online school approximately one week before she killed herself.[6]

Funeral[edit]

At least three of Vidović's bullies made a point of attending her wake, held just days after her death. Reportedly, these three tormentors also mocked her body in her coffin at this service.[18] Vidović's sister would later recollect three of her sister's tormentors—in full view of her family[19]—approached Sladjana's open casket, then laughed, later commenting on social media sites such as Myspace that the pink dress and sandals upon Vidović's body—which she had planned on wearing to her prom—were unattractive.[20]

Aftermath[edit]

Following their daughter's suicide, Vidović's parents, siblings and many of her friends directly laid the blame for her death on the staff and pupils at both her junior and high school. In interviews, her family have emphasized they had repeatedly begged faculty members of both schools to intervene with regards to their daughter's ongoing bullying, informing staff at her high school their daughter had become extremely depressed, had both threatened and attempted suicide, and had been hospitalized as an outpatient at an adolescent mental health facility in Lake County due to her extreme emotional state.[3] Both parents adamantly maintained the school failed in their promises to address their repeated concerns.[21]

Although a safety plan had been devised following a meeting between the Vidović family and faculty members on January 3, 2008, during which a safety plan was devised to address Vidović's bullying prior to her returning to school from the adolescent mental health facility on January 15, no affirmative action was taken, with her counselor not sending an e-mail to staff members alerting them to Sladjana's bullying and extreme mental and emotional state until September.[9] Moreover, when her family attempted to retrieve all school records regarding their reports of bullying and resulting actions taken, school officials informed them the records had been lost during a 2010 update between differing computer record systems.[22][n 5]

Lawsuit[edit]

The families of Sladjana Vidović and 17-year-old Eric Mohat (another Mentor High School student who had committed suicide due to bullying)[23] sued the school in 2009 and 2010 respectively.[6] Both lawsuits alleged violations of the parents' 14th Amendment right to due process clauses. Neither family demanded compensation in their lawsuit, but sought to raise awareness of the situation and circumstances leading to their children taking their own lives, and the lack of effective measures by the school to address the bullying culture.[24]

The lawsuit filed by Vidović's parents specifically named the Mentor High School principal, the school's superintendent, and Vidović's guidance counselor, alleging many school officials knew of their daughter's ongoing bullying, her acute state of depression and previous threats and attempts at suicide, but that little was done to address the problem. Furthermore, the lawsuit alleged the school had ignored some of its own policies which required officials to investigate any allegations of bullying and to submit written reports to the principal whether these allegations were substantiated or not.[9] In January 2013, this lawsuit was dismissed by U.S. District Court Judge Donald C. Nugent, who ruled the abuse Vidović endured did "not rise to the level of severe and pervasive harassment".[12]

"People say, '[Bullying] has been going on forever.' A lot of things have been going on forever that we don't endorse: murder, rape, war ... that doesn't make it okay to wash your hands of [the issue]."

Alix Lambert, director of the documentary film Mentor, reflecting on society's attitude to the issue of bullying. 2015.[25]

Documentary film[edit]

The parents of Vidović and Mohan were featured in a documentary film titled Mentor, which premiered on December 9, 2014.[26][27] This 79-minute documentary focuses upon the overall culture of bullying at Mentor High School; outlining the abuse both teenagers endured and the efforts made by both sets of parents to address their concerns prior to their children's suicide.[28]

Although some locals praised the director's efforts, the documentary provoked severe criticism and threats of violence from local students and community members, who believed the school was being targeted unfairly over an issue which "occurs everywhere". Much of this criticism was directed against director Alix Lambert, whom many accused of solely interviewing the family members of Vidović and Mohan and their lawyer, but not school officials, teachers or other students.[29] This response caused Lambert to remark that she had invited several faculty members and other Mentor students to submit to interviews, but none had agreed, adding: "When an entire student body is sending threatening tweets to a filmmaker in New York and the film isn't even out yet, that's a problem. It serves as evidence that the problem didn't go away and is an illustration of what is happening in Mentor."[21]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Vidović family did not speak any English prior to their arrival in the United States.[7]
  2. ^ Vidović would also frequently attend guidance counseling sessions while attending Mentor High School, although existing records of these sessions indicate the majority of the sessions dated between September 2007 and February 2008.[7]
  3. ^ On the evening of this particular incident, Vidović attempted to stab herself in the kitchen of her home. According to subsequent legal documents, she later invited Markley to her sixteenth birthday party.[7]
  4. ^ This incident occurred on the final day of the 2007-2008 school year. Shortly after the beginning of the following school year, an intake officer from the Lake County Department of Jobs and Family Services discussed the possibility of Vidović being home schooled with her family.[12]
  5. ^ In the days immediately following his daughter's October 2008 suicide, Dragan Vidović made the first of three unsuccessful attempts to obtain all school records pertaining to his daughter's counseling sessions, the meetings between her family and faculty members, and actions taken to address her bullying.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lawsuit Charges Mentor Schools with a 16-year-old's Suicide". wksu.org. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Family of Sladjana Vidovic, 16-Year-Old Who Committed Suicide, Suing Mentor Schools". Cleveland Scene. August 23, 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Parents Sue Mentor School System Over Daughter's Suicide". Cleveland Scene. January 12, 2019. Retrieved March 11, 2021.
  4. ^ "5 Student Suicides Put Focus on Bullying Issue in Mentor". cleveland.com. January 12, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
  5. ^ "Ohio School Asks Judge to Dismiss Bullying Lawsuit". boston.com. November 10, 2010. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "One Ohio School, 4 Bullied Teens Dead at Own Hhand". msnbc.com. October 8, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Dragan Vidović et al: Plaintiffs" (PDF). Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  8. ^ "Dragan Vidović et al: Plaintiffs" (PDF). Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Dragan Vidović et al: Plaintiffs". Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  10. ^ "Bullied to Death? 16-year-old Girl's Family Sues Ohio School for Not Stopping "Lethal" Harassment". CBS News. August 23, 2010. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  11. ^ "United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio: Eastern Division". Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  12. ^ a b c "Judge Dismisses Suicide Bullying Lawsuit Against Mentor Schools". patch.com. January 31, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  13. ^ "15 Heartbreaking Examples Of The Consequences Of Bullying". TheThings. August 29, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  14. ^ "Parents Sue Schools of Bullied Teens". The Washington Times. October 10, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  15. ^ "Sladjana Vidovic Suicide: Parents Sue Mentor School Saying Daughter Was Bullied to Death". True Crime Report. August 23, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  16. ^ "Five Student Suicides Put Focus on Bullying Issue in Mentor". cleveland.com. January 12, 2019. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  17. ^ "Summary Judgments: Northern District of Ohio - Eastern Division" (PDF). Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  18. ^ "Families Sue Ohio School After Four Bullied Teens Die by Their Own Hand". Fox News. September 1, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  19. ^ "Parents Sue Schools of Bullied Teens". The Washington Times. October 10, 2010. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  20. ^ Rhea Mahubani (April 28, 2014). "A Spotlight on the Slighted". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  21. ^ a b "A Spotlight on the Slighted". The Los Angeles Times. April 28, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  22. ^ "Loved Ones Speak Out for Bullied Teens". The Post and Courier. October 2, 2010. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  23. ^ "Teen Commits Suicide Due to Bullying: Parents Sue School for Son's Death". ABC News. April 1, 2009. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  24. ^ "Federal Judge Throws Out One Mentor High School Bullying Lawsuit, Allows Other Suit to Continue". cleveland.com. January 12, 2019. Retrieved March 11, 2021.
  25. ^ "Film About Bullying Seeks Dialogue, Director Says". The Indianapolis Star. January 21, 2015. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  26. ^ Lambert, Alix (December 9, 2014), Meghan Barr, Adrian Beganovic, Maria Brnjic, "Mentor", imdb.com, retrieved April 13, 2018
  27. ^ Alix Lambert (December 10, 2011). Mentor Trailer. Retrieved April 13, 2018 – via Youtube.
  28. ^ Peter Keogh (December 20, 2012). "Learning Lessons from Mentor". The Boston Globe. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  29. ^ Peter Krouse (April 13, 2012). "Mentor High Students Fear Planned Bullying Documentary Will Mislead". cleveland.com. Retrieved March 21, 2021.

Further reading[edit]

  • Busch, Nikki; Foster, Patrice M (2017). The Real Guide to Teenage Depression: A Book About What Matters Most For Teen Boys and Teen Girls. New York: Patrice Foster. ISBN 978-0-998-18740-2.
  • Garrett, Anne G. (2010). Bullying in American Schools: Causes, Preventions, Interventions. North Carolina: McFarland Publishing. ISBN 978-0-786-48349-5.
  • Losey, Butch (2011). Bullying, Suicide, and Homicide: Understanding, Assessing, and Preventing Threats to Self and Others for Victims of Bullying. Abingdon: Taylor and Francis. ISBN 978-1-135-19468-0.
  • Macfarlane, Aidan; McPherson, Ann (2004). Bullying: The Truth. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-911230-4.
  • Pfeifer, Jerilyn (1985). Teenage Suicide: What Can the Schools Do?. United States of America: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation. ISBN 978-0-873-67234-4.

External links[edit]