Suihua

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Suihua
绥化市
Prefecture-level city
Suihuashi.jpg
Suihua (red) in Heilongjiang (orange)
Suihua (red) in Heilongjiang (orange)
Suihua is located in Heilongjiang
Suihua
Suihua
Location of the city centre in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 46°38′N 126°59′E / 46.633°N 126.983°E / 46.633; 126.983
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
County-level divisions 10
Government
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • CPC Suihua Secretary Zhu Qingwen (朱清文)
 • Mayor Wang Jinhui (王金会)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 34,964.17 km2 (13,499.74 sq mi)
 • Urban 2,756.4 km2 (1,064.3 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,756.4 km2 (1,064.3 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 5,416,439
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
 • Urban 877,114
 • Urban density 320/km2 (820/sq mi)
 • Metro 877,114
 • Metro density 320/km2 (820/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 152000
Area code(s) 0455
Licence plates M
ISO 3166-2 cn-23-12
Website suihua.gov.cn
Suihua
綏化.png
"Suihua", as written in Chinese calligraphy
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 绥化
Traditional Chinese 綏化
Manchu name
Manchu script ᠰᡠᡳᡥᠠ
Russian name
Russian Суйхуа

Suihua (Chinese: 绥化; pinyin: Suīhuà) is a prefecture-level city in west-central Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, adjacent to Yichun to the east, Harbin, the provincial capital, to the south, Daqing to the west and Heihe to the north. It has 5,418,453 inhabitants at the 2010 census, of whom 877,114 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Beilin District.[1]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Suihua mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Beilin District 北林区 Běilín Qū 877,114 2,756.4 318
2 Anda City 安达市 Āndá Shì 472,826 3,586.3 132
3 Zhaodong City 肇东市 Zhàodōng Shì 903,067 4,331.96 208
4 Hailun City 海伦市 Hǎilún Shì 769,437 4,667.26 165
5 Wangkui County 望奎县 Wàngkuí Xiàn 458,725 2,313.78 198
6 Lanxi County 兰西县 Lánxī Xiàn 424,562 2,499.35 170
7 Qinggang County 青冈县 Qīnggāng Xiàn 474,422 2,684.71 177
8 Qing'an County 庆安县 Qìng'ān Xiàn 386,162 5,468.7 71
9 Mingshui County 明水县 Míngshuǐ Xiàn 320,695 2,305.46 139
10 Suileng County 绥棱县 Suíléng Xiàn 331,343 4,350.25 76

History[edit]

Suihua's history can be stretched back to over 10,000 years ago. As early as in the Paleolithic Age, human beings started living in this area. The Sushen people, the ancestors of the Manchu, inhabited in this region During the Xia Dynasty and Shang Dynasty. During the Yuan Dynasty, agriculture developed rapidly in Suihua.

Suihua has been inhabited by many ethnic minority groups, such as Mongols and Koreans since the Ming Dynasty. In the Qing Period, Suihua was known as Bei Tuanlinzi(北团林子) during the early days of its administrative history in 1885.[2]

Suihua is approved to become a prefecture-level city in 1999, and officially designated a prefecture-level city on June 14, 2000.

Geography[edit]

Suihua is located in the northern part of the Songnen Plain, and situated in the central part of Heilongjiang Province. Bordering prefectures are:

  • Daqing (W)
  • Harbin (S)
  • Heihe (N)
  • Qiqihar (NW)
  • Yichun (E)

The city is located at latitude 45° 03′–48° 02′ N and longitude 124° 13′–128° 30' E. The total area of the city is 35,211 square kilometres (13,595 sq mi).

Climate[edit]

Suihua has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long, bitterly cold, but dry winters, and humid, very warm summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −20.9 °C (−5.6 °F) in January to 22.3 °C (72.1 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 2.78 °C (37.0 °F). A majority of the annual precipitation occurs in July and August alone.

Climate data for Suihua (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
8.0
(46.4)
19.9
(67.8)
29.5
(85.1)
34.5
(94.1)
38.3
(100.9)
36.2
(97.2)
35.5
(95.9)
30.0
(86)
24.8
(76.6)
15.0
(59)
4.3
(39.7)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F) −14.8
(5.4)
−9.2
(15.4)
1.0
(33.8)
12.6
(54.7)
20.6
(69.1)
25.5
(77.9)
27.3
(81.1)
25.5
(77.9)
19.8
(67.6)
10.4
(50.7)
−1.7
(28.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
8.8
(47.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −20.9
(−5.6)
−15.9
(3.4)
−5.0
(23)
5.8
(42.4)
13.8
(56.8)
19.7
(67.5)
22.3
(72.1)
20.3
(68.5)
13.6
(56.5)
4.4
(39.9)
−7.3
(18.9)
−17.4
(0.7)
2.78
(37.01)
Average low °C (°F) −26.6
(−15.9)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−11.5
(11.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
6.9
(44.4)
14.1
(57.4)
17.7
(63.9)
15.5
(59.9)
7.9
(46.2)
−1
(30)
−12.3
(9.9)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−2.9
(26.8)
Record low °C (°F) −41.8
(−43.2)
−36
(−33)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−14.7
(5.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
3.2
(37.8)
9.6
(49.3)
5.0
(41)
−5.3
(22.5)
−16.7
(1.9)
−30.3
(−22.5)
−38.6
(−37.5)
−41.8
(−43.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.0
(0.118)
3.8
(0.15)
8.1
(0.319)
19.6
(0.772)
41.6
(1.638)
94.5
(3.72)
163.5
(6.437)
116.2
(4.575)
63.3
(2.492)
24.1
(0.949)
8.0
(0.315)
5.3
(0.209)
551.0
(21.693)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.5 4.9 4.7 7.1 9.8 13.9 14.0 13.3 10.4 7.0 6.3 6.8 103.7
Source: Weather China

Economy[edit]

As an agricultural production hub in Heilongjiang province,[3] Suihua's GDP has reached RMB 73.34 billion in 2010, an increase of 14.8 percent over the previous year.[4] To the city's GDP, the main contributors are the agricultural sector and service sector. Petrochemicals, textiles and machinery are some other pillar industries in Suihua.

Transport[edit]

The railway station of Suihua is located at the crossing of Taiping Road (太平路) and Beilin Road (北林路) in the eastern region of the city proper. The Harbin-Jiamusi Railway and the Harbin-Heihe Railway connect the city with Harbin, Jiamusi and several other cities in Heilongjiang Province. There are also buses to Daqing, Qiqihar and other cities in Heilongjiang.

References[edit]

External links[edit]