Suin Line

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Suin Line
South Korea subway logo.svg Seoul Metro Line Suin Bilingual.svg
Korail Emu 351060 3rd.JPG
Overview
Native name수인선(水仁線)
Suinseon
TypeRapid transit
SystemSeoul Metropolitan Subway
StatusOperational
TerminiSuwon
Incheon
Stations14 operational (27 planned)
Operation
OpenedAugust 5, 1937 (original route)
June 30, 2012 (Phase 1)
February 27, 2016 (Phase 2)
December 2018 (Phase 3)
(new route)
ClosedDecember 31, 1995 (original route)
Technical
Line length25.9 km (16.1 mi)
Number of tracks2
Route map

Suwon ~ Oido services not opened yet
Continue to Bundang Line
Suwon Seoul Metro Line 1.svg
Gosaek
Bongdam
Eocheon Triangular Junction (Proposed)
Eocheon
Yamok
Sa-ri
Hanyang Univ. at Ansan Seoul Metro Line 4.svg
Jungang
Gojan
Choji  Seohae 
link with Seohae Line
Ansan
Singiloncheon
Jeongwang
456 Oido Seoul Metro Line 4.svg
Siheung Depot
K251 Dalwol
Gyeonggang Line (Proposed)
K252 Wolgot
K253 Soraepogu
K254 Incheon Nonhyeon
K255 Hogupo
K256 Namdong Induspark
K257 Woninjae  1 
K258 Yeonsu
Proposed Suin Line KTX Service
K259 Songdo
K260 Hagik
K261 Inha Univ.
K262 Sungui
K263 Sinpo
K264 Incheon Seoul Metro Line 1.svg
Express services
456 Oido Seoul Metro Line 4.svg
K253 Soraepogu
K254 Incheon Nonhyeon
K257 Woninjae  1 
K258 Yeonsu
K261 Inha Univ.
K264 Incheon Seoul Metro Line 1.svg

The Suin Line (Suwon-Incheon) is a metro line of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway serving the Seoul Capital Area.

The original route, abandoned in 1995, was one of the few 762 mm (2 ft 6.0 in) narrow-gauge railways in South Korea. Opened by the privately owned Chosen Gyeongdong Railway in 1937, it connected Suwon to Namincheon via Ansan and Siheung; in 1942, it was taken over by another private railway, the Chosen Railway (the largest of colonial Korea's privately owned railway companies). The Chosen Railway owned the line until the nationalisation of all railways in Korea after 1945. However, since December 28, 2004, the Suin Line is being reconstructed with standard gauge and double tracking as an integral part of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway network and is opening in three phases.[1]

All northbound trains terminate at Oido, all southbound services terminate at Incheon. Express train service serves only Oido, Soraepogu, Incheon Nonhyeon, Woninjae, Yeonsu, Inha University, and Incheon.[2]

History[edit]

2012:

June 30: The rebuilt Suin Line is officially opened from Oido to Songdo.

2014:

December 27: Darwol Station opens as an in-fill station.

2016:

February 27: The line is extended westward from Songdo to Incheon.[3]

2017:

July 10: Express service is launched on the line.

Future Plans[edit]

Hagik station is planned to open between Songdo and Inha University in 2019. Phase 3 of the Suin Line, which will extend the line east from Oido to Suwon, will allow for a through service through the Bundang Line. This will create a long line from Wangsimni Station to Incheon Station (tentatively the "Bundang-Suin" Line). In addition, a connection line is under consideration at Suwon that will allow Korea Train Express trains to run between the Gyeongbu high-speed railway and Incheon Station via the Suin Line by 2022.[4]

Stations[edit]

Current alignment[edit]

Station
number
Station name Transfer Line name Phase Station
distance
Total
distance
Location
Romanized Hangul Hanja in km
K245 Suwon 수원 水原 Seoul Metro Line 1.svg
Korail logo.svg Mugunghwa-ho, Saemaeul-ho, and ITX-Saemaeul services
KTX logo.svg
Suin Line 3 (December 2019)
---
0.0
Gyeonggi-do Suwon
K246 Gosaek 고색 古索
K247 Bongdam 오목 峰潭
K248 Eocheon 어천 漁川 Hwaseong
K249 Yamok 야목 野牧
K250 Sa-ri 사리 四里 Ansan
449 Hanyang Univ. at Ansan 한대앞 漢大前站 Seoul Metro Line 4.svg Ansan Line
1.5
1.5
450 Jungang 중앙 中央 Seoul Metro Line 4.svg (shared)
1.6
3.1
451 Gojan 고잔 古棧
1.4
4.5
452 Choji 초지 草芝
1.5
6.0
453 Ansan 안산 安山
1.8
7.8
454 Singil Oncheon 신길온천 新吉溫泉
2.2
10.0
455 Jeongwang 정왕 正往
2.9
12.9
Siheung
456 Oido 오이도 烏耳島 1
1.4
14.3
K251 Darwol 달월 達月 Suin Line
2.1
16.4
K252 Wolgot 월곶 月串
1.5
17.9
K253 Soraepogu 소래포구 蘇萊浦口
1.3
19.2
Incheon Namdong-gu
K254 Incheon Nonhyeon 인천논현 仁川論峴
1.0
20.2
K255 Hogupo 호구포 虎口浦
1.3
21.5
K256 Namdong Induspark 남동인더스파크 南洞產業團地
1.3
22.8
K257 Woninjae 원인재 源仁齋  Incheon 1 
1.0
23.8
Yeonsu-gu
K258 Yeonsu 연수 延壽
0.9
24.7
K259 Songdo 송도 松島
2.7
27.4
K260 Hagik (2019)[5] 학익 鶴翼 2 Nam-gu
K261 Inha University 인하대 仁荷大
2.4
29.8
K262 Sungui 숭의 崇義
1.8
31.6
K263 Sinpo 신포 新浦
1.5
33.1
Jung-gu
K264 Incheon 인천 仁川 Seoul Metro Line 1.svg Wolmi Monorail (2017)
1.1
34.2

Former alignment[edit]

Station Hangul Hanja Connecting Lines Year of Closure Location
Suwon 수원 Line 1
Gyeongbu Line
Suryeo Line
1995 Gyeonggi-do Suwon
Gosaek 고색 1974
Eocheon 어천 1995 Hwaseong
Yamok 야목 1995
Sa-ri 사리 1995 Ansan
Hanyang Univ. at Ansan 한대앞 Line 4
(Shared Line)
1995
Jungang 중앙 1994
Gojan 고잔 1994
Ansan 안산 1994
Jeongwang 정왕 1994 Siheung
Darwol 달월 1994
Soraepogu 소래포구 1994 Incheon Namdong-gu
Hogupo 논현 1992
Namdong Induspark 남동 1992
Songdo 송도 1992 Yeonsu-gu
Inha Univ. 용현 1973 Nam-gu
Sungui 인천항 (남인천) () 1973

Rolling stock[edit]

For the current Suin Line, Korail introduced third generation Class 351000 EMU trains. They are the same as the third generation Class 351000 trains from the Bundang Line, except that they are painted red like the Jungang, Gyeongui and Line 1 trains. In the future, these trains will either remain with a red stripe or be repainted with a yellow stripe when the Bundang Line and the Suin Line merge at Suwon Station.

For the former Suin Line, the Korean National Railroad built a narrow gauge steam locomotive, the KNR160 Diesel Car (also known as the Niigata/Kawasaki Diesel Car), and the KNR18000 Passenger Car. One KNR160 (later renumbered KNR9160) and two KNR18000 are preserved at the railroad museum in nearby Uiwang.

Gallery[edit]

These images are in order from Suwon towards Namincheon.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Suin Line". EncyKorea.
  2. ^ "전철로 22분 … 이웃동네 된 송도~오이도". 중앙일보 (in Korean). 2012-07-03. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  3. ^ "경기신문: 수인선 전철 안산 구간 29일 착공". Gyeonggi News. Retrieved 2011-05-01.
  4. ^ 신민재 (2016-07-10). "'인천서 KTX 타고 광주·부산 가요' 인천발 KTX 확정". 연합뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  5. ^ ""25분 거리를 10분만에… 지역경제도 살아났으면"… 27일 완전 재개통 앞둔 수인선 시범 운행". news.kmib.co.kr.