Sujata started her acting career by participating in Gujarati stage plays wherein she played small cameos and, on sheer hardwork and perseverance, graduated to playing lead roles.
Her first big break came in N. Chandra's social film Pratighaat (1987) with Nana Patekar, where she played a college teacher who is stripped naked in public by gangsters. The role was originally played by Viajyashanthi in the Telugu film Pratighatna(1986). Sujata was noticed and appreciated for her stellar performance in the film.
In her next film Yateem (1988), directed by J. P. Dutta, she played a lusty landlady who yearns for young men. Her performance in Yateem won her accolades and critical acclaim and also a Filmfare Best Supporting Actress nomination. Sujata did not confine herself to a certain image. She played all kind of roles irrespective of positive or negative. She stressed more on the scope she got to perform.
She was also seen in some other films like Tyaagi (1992), Aaaj ki Aurat (1993), Dhartiputra (1993), Hulchul (1995), Judge Mujrim (1997) and others.
After appearing in TV series Khandaan (1985) and Shrikant (1985-1986) she's returned to Indian TV soap operas, playing mother's roles on shows like Yeh Meri Life Hai and Kyaa Hoga Nimmo Kaa (2006).
- M.L. Dhawan (21 July 2002). "On the sands of time — 1987: Year of the invisible hero". The Sunday Tribune. Retrieved 2014-09-24.
- "Theatre actress Sujata Mehta spotted". MiD DAY. 25 May 2013. Retrieved 2014-09-24.
- "Interview With Sujata Mehta". Mumbai Theatre Guide. Retrieved 2014-09-24.
- "Sujata Mehta back on television!". Tellychakkar. 22 Feb 2006. Retrieved 2014-09-24.