Sukabumi Regency

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Sukabumi Regency
Kabupaten Sukabumi
Regency
Other transcription(s)
 • Sundanese ᮊᮘᮥᮕᮒᮦᮔ᮪ ᮞᮥᮊᮘᮥᮙᮤ
Karanghawu Beach.jpg
Pelabuhan Ratu Bay.JPG Jalan di Pelabuhan Ratu.JPG
Curug Cikaso, Sukabumi.jpg
Clockwise, from top left : Karanghawu Beach, Streetscape of Pelabuhan Ratu, Cikaso waterfall, Pelabuhan Ratu Bay
Official seal of Sukabumi Regency
Seal
Motto: Gemah Ripah Loh Jinawi
Sukabumi Regency is located in Indonesia
Sukabumi Regency
Sukabumi Regency
Location of Sukabumi Regency in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°55′S 106°55′E / 6.917°S 106.917°E / -6.917; 106.917
Country Indonesia
Province West Java
Government
 • Regent Drs. H. Sukmawijaya, MM
Area
 • Total 4,145.70 km2 (1,600.66 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 2,517,982
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 0266
Website http://www.kabupatensukabumi.go.id
Sukabumi Regency in West Java, facing the Indian Ocean.

Sukabumi Regency Indonesian: Kabupaten Sukabumi is a regency (kabupaten) in the West Java Province, Indonesia. The regency seat is located in Pelabuhan Ratu, a coastal city facing the Indian Ocean. The regency fully encircles the administratively separated city of Sukabumi. The regency is the second largest regency by area in Java after the Banyuwangi Regency in East Java.

The regency covered an area of 4,145.70 km2, the largest in West Java, and has a population of 2,341,409 at the 2010 Census. The bulk of the regency's population of 2,517,982 (in January 2014) lives in the northeastern part of the regency that encircles Sukabumi City and Mount Gede. A plan to create a new regency, the North Sukabumi Regency is currently waiting for the approval of the central government.[1]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The area around Sukabumi was already inhabited at least in the 11th century. The first written record found in this area was the Sanghyang Tapak Stone in Cibadak, 20 km west of the city. Written in Kawi script, the stone tells about the prohibition of fishing activity in the nearby river by the authorities of the Sunda Kingdom.[2]

At the end of the 16th century, the area was captured by the Banten Sultanate, after the fall of the Sunda Kingdom. The area however became contested in the 1620s between Banten, the Mataram Sultanate in the east and the Batavia-based Dutch East India Company. After a series of military clashes between them, the area was included in a buffer zone territory between Banten and Mataram, although the area is considered de jure as a part of Mataram.[3]

In 1677, after the Dutch forced Mataram to sign a series of unequal treaties as a consequence of Dutch assistance for quelling the Trunajaya rebellion, Sukabumi came under direct control of Tjiandjoer.[4][5] By that time, there were only few rural Sundanese settlements existed, one of the largest was Tjikole.[6]

Formation[edit]

The regency was originally carved out from the colonial era-Tjianjoer Regency. It was then part of the Priangan Residency (Residentie Preanger Regentschappen). In 1776, the regent of Tjianjoer Raden Adipati Wira Tanu Datar VI created a kepatihan (viceregency) named Tjikole Viceregency consisted the districts of Goenoengparang, Tjimahi, Tjiheoelang, Tjitjoeroeg, Djampangtengah and Djampangkoelon with its seat in Tjikole (now part of Sukabumi).

On January 13, 1815 under the British rule, the Tjikole Viceregency renamed as Soekaboemi Viceregency. The name Soekaboemi was proposed by a Dutch surgeon and plantation owner named Dr. Andries de Wilde, who owned a plantation and resided in the viceregency. The origin of the name came from the combination of two Sanskrit words, Soeka (happiness, likely) and Boemi (earth, land). Thus Soekaboemi could be translated as "Likable Land".

In 1921, by the decree of Governor General Dirk Fock, Tjiandjoer regency was divided into two regencies which are Tjiandjoer and Soekaboemi regency, effective from June 1, 1921.[7] The first regent of Soekaboemi was R. A. A. Soerianatabrata, who also held position as Sukabumi's last viceregent. He held this position until 1930.[8] In the 1923, Soekaboemi served as the capital of the short-lived West Priangan Residency.[9][10]

Geography[edit]

Beaches[edit]

Along the southern coast of the regency there are several beaches such as Pasir Putih Beach (Cipanarikan estuary), Pangumbahan Beach (also known as Turtle Beach), Cibuaya Beach and Ujunggenteng Beach. Batununggul Beach is suitable for surfing with average wave height approximately 3 meters in dry season, but only 1 meter in rainy season.[11]

Waterfalls[edit]

The 120-meters Caweni Waterfall is located only 200 metres from Cidolog road, about 70 kilometres south of Sukabumi and about 25 kilometres from Sagaranten District.[12]

The Cikaso Waterfall (Ciniti Waterfall) is located in Jampang Kulon district, 1.5 hours drive (70 kilometres) from Sukabumi City. The waterfall height is 80 metres; it consists of 3 waterfalls, from left to right Asepan Waterfall, Meong Waterfall and Aki Waterfall.[13]

Culture[edit]

Traditional festivities[edit]

The local people hold the Ocean Fiesta every year on 5 April in Pelabuhan Ratu Beach. There is also Ngabungbang tradition in Cisukawayana river estuary on every full moon of each month in early morning. Ngabungbang or Mass ritual bath is a pre-Islamic tradition since 175-205 BC when King Hyang Brahma ruled Medang Gali (Galuh) Kingdom and continued by Prabu Siliwangi from Sunda Kingdom until now.[14]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Until 2014, Sukabumi Regency was divided into 47 districts (kecamatan), listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census.[15] These exclude the further seven districts which are within the city of Sukabumi (and thus administratively outside the regency).

The proposed creation of a new North Sukabumi Regency (Kabupaten Sukabumi Utara) will comprise 23 of the above districts of Sukabumi Regency.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dana Pemekaran Terancam Batal
  2. ^ Marwati Djoened Poesponegoro, Nugroho Notosusanto (1992). "Kerajaan Sunda". Sejarah nasional Indonesia: Jaman kuna. PT Balai Pustaka. p. 376. ISBN 979-407-408-X ISBN 978-979-407-408-4. 
  3. ^ G. G. Bandilenko, E.I. Gnevusheva, D.V. Deopik, V.A. Tsyganov (1992). History of Indonesia. p. 175-179. 
  4. ^ Suryaningrat, Bayu (1982). Sajarah Cianjur Sareng Raden Aria Wira Tanu Dalem Cikundul Cianjur. Rukun Warga Cianjur-Jakarta, Jakarta. 
  5. ^ G. G. Bandilenko, E.I. Gnevusheva, D.V. Deopik, V.A. Tsyganov (1992). History of Indonesia. p. 201-202. 
  6. ^ Jaya, Ruyatna (2003). Sejarah Sukabumi. Sukabumi City Government. p. 8. 
  7. ^ Indonesia, Volksraad (1921). Handelingen van den Volksraad. Dutch East Indies. p. 11. 
  8. ^ Lubis, Nina Herlina (1998). Kehidupan kaum ménak Priangan, 1800-1942. Bandung: Sundanese Cultural Information Center. 
  9. ^ Marihandono, Djoko; Leirissa, R. Z. (2008). Titik balik historiografi di Indonesia. Wedatama Widya Sastra. 
  10. ^ Hooper, Franklin Henry (1937). The Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 18. London: Encyclopædia britannica Company, Limited. p. 425. 
  11. ^ Batununggul Beach
  12. ^ Caweni Waterfall
  13. ^ "Pesona Air Terjun Curug Cikaso". May 21, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi Pantai dengan Panorama Indah nan Mistis". October 12, 2012. 
  15. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 6°55′11″S 106°55′38″E / 6.91972°S 106.92722°E / -6.91972; 106.92722