Sukhdev Thapar

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Sukhdev Thapar
Sukhdev Thapar.jpeg
Born 15 May 1907
Ludhiana, Punjab, British India
Died 23 March 1931(1931-03-23) (aged 23)
Lahore, British India, (now in Punjab, Pakistan)
Nationality Indian
Organization Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
Movement Indian Independence movement

Sukhdev Thapar (15 May 1907 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian revolutionary. He was a senior member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He was hanged on 23 March 1931 at the age of 23.[1]

Early life[edit]

Sukhdev was born on 15 May 1907 in Ludhiana, Punjab born in Ludhiana, Punjab, British India to Ramlal Thapar (father) and Ila Devi. Sukhdev's father died soon and he was brought up by his uncle Lala Achintram.[2]

Revolutionary activities[edit]

Sukhdev Thapar was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), and organised revolutionary cells in Punjab and other areas of North India. He also taught at the National College in Lahore, where he and other revolutionaries also established the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, an organisation involved in various activities intended mainly to prepare youths for the struggle for independence and putting an end to communalism.[1]

Sukhdev is best remembered for his involvement in the Lahore Conspiracy Case of 18 December 1928 and its aftermath. He was an accomplice of Bhagat Singh, and Shivaram Rajguru, whose conspiracy led to the assassination of Deputy Superintendent of Police, J. P. Saunders in 1928 in response to the violent death of a veteran leader, Lala Lajpat Rai. After the Central Assembly Hall bombings in New Delhi on 8 April 1929, the conspirators were arrested and convicted of their crime.[3][4]

Statues of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev

On 23 March 1931, the three men were hanged. Their bodies were secretly cremated on the banks of the Satluj river.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lion M. G. Agrawal (2008). Freedom fighters of India. Gyan Publishing House. pp. 261–. ISBN 978-81-8205-470-7. 
  2. ^ Pramod Maruti Mande (2005). Sacred offerings into the flames of freedom. Vande Mataram Foundation. p. 251. ISBN 978-81-902774-0-2. 
  3. ^ Teacher Forum (18 January 2015). Famous Social Reformers & Revolutionaries 8: Shaheed Bhagat Singh. Lulu.com. pp. 14–. ISBN 978-1-312-84511-4. 
  4. ^ Subhadra Sen Gupta (July 2007). A Flag, A Song & a Pinch of Sa. Penguin Books India. pp. 169–. ISBN 978-0-14-333042-4. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Noorani, Abdul Gafoor Abdul Majeed (2001) [1996]. The Trial of Bhagat Singh: Politics of Justice. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195796675.