Sukhoi

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Sukhoi
Division
Industry Aerospace and defense
Founded as OKB-51, 1939
Headquarters Moscow, Russia
Key people
Pavel Sukhoi, founder
Products Military aircraft
Civil airliners
Revenue Increase руб.47.8 billion (2011)[1]
Increase руб.7 billion (2011)[1]
Increase руб.5.2 billion (2011)[1]
Number of employees
26,177 (2011)[1]
Parent United Aircraft Corporation
Website www.sukhoi.org/eng/
Sukhoi Company (JSC) head office/Sukhoi Design Bureau offices
Sukhoi Superjet 100 (Campeche, Mexico) 2015

Sukhoi Company (JSC; Russian: ПАО «Компания „Сухой“») is a major Russian aircraft manufacturer, headquartered in Begovoy District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow,[2] and designs both civilian and military aircraft. It was founded by Pavel Sukhoi in 1939 as the Sukhoi Design Bureau (OKB-51, design office prefix Su).

Company history[edit]

Previous Sukhoi logo

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, each of the multitude of bureaus and factories producing Sukhoi components was privatized independently. In 1996, the government re-gathered the major part of them forming Sukhoi Aviation Military Industrial Combine (Sukhoi AIMC).[3] In parallel, other entities, including Ulan Ude factory, Tbilisi factory, Belarus and Ukraine factories, established alternate transnational Sukhoi Attack Aircraft (producing e.g. Su-25 TM).[3]

The Sukhoi AIMC comprises the JSC Sukhoi Design Bureau located in Moscow, the Novosibirsk Aviation Production Association (NAPO), the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association (KnAAPO) and Irkutsk Aviation. Sukhoi is headquartered in Moscow. Finmeccanica (since 2016, Leonardo-Finmeccanica) owns 25% + 1 share of Sukhoi's civil division.[4] The Russian government merged Sukhoi with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Tupolev, and Yakovlev as a new company named United Aircraft Corporation.[5] Mikoyan and Sukhoi were placed within the same operating unit.[6]

Sukhoi is also working on what is to be Russia's fifth-generation stealth fighter, the Sukhoi PAK FA. The maiden flight took place on the 29 January 2010.[7]

Usage[edit]

Sukhoi's Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, Su-35 and shipborne Su-33 aircraft are in service with the Russian Air Force and Navy as well as foreign armies. The Su-25 is the oldest Sukhoi still in production. Sukhoi attack and fighter aircraft have been supplied to Armenia, India, China, Poland, the Czech Republic, Iraq, Slovakia, Hungary, Georgia, East Germany, Syria, North Korea, Vietnam, Malaysia, Afghanistan, Yemen, Egypt, Libya, Iran, Angola, Ethiopia, Peru, Eritrea, and Indonesia. Venezuela signed contracts for the purchase of 30 Su-30 fighter jets in July 2006. More than 2,000 Sukhoi aircraft were supplied to foreign countries on export contracts. With its Su-26, Su-29 and Su-31 models Sukhoi is also a manufacturer of aerobatic aircraft.[original research?]

U.S. sanctions[edit]

On August 4, 2006, the U.S. State Department imposed sanctions on Sukhoi for allegedly supplying Iran in violation of the United States Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000. Sukhoi was prohibited from doing business with the United States Federal Government.[8] In November 2006, the U.S. State Department reversed its sanctions against Sukhoi.[9]

Civilian aircraft[edit]

In September 2007, Sukhoi launched its first modern commercial regional airliner—the Superjet 100, a 78 to 98 seater, built by Sukhoi. It was unveiled at Komsomolsk-on-Amur.[10] The maiden flight was made on May 19, 2008.[11]

Production aircraft[edit]

  • Su-2: 1937, light bomber aircraft
  • Su-7: 1959, "Fitter A", ground-attack aircraft
  • Su-9: 1959, "Fitter B", interceptor fighter aircraft (nearly identical to the MiG-21 in appearance)
  • Su-11: 1964, "Fitter C", interceptor fighter aircraft
  • Su-15: 1965, "Flagon", interceptor fighter aircraft
  • Su-17/Su-20/Su-22: 1970, "Fitter D" variable-wing ground-attack aircraft
  • Su-24: 1970, "Fencer", jet bomber, variable-wing attack aircraft
  • Su-25: 1975, "Frogfoot", ground attack aircraft
  • Su-26: 1984, single seat aerobatic aircraft (civil)
  • Su-27: 1977, "Flanker", air superiority fighter
  • Su-29: 1991, double seat aerobatic aircraft (civil)
  • Su-30: 1993, "Flanker C", multi-role strike fighter aircraft
    • Su-30MK-2: multi-role fighter aircraft
    • Su-30MKK: strike-fighter aircraft
    • Su-30MKI: "Flanker H", air superiority fighter in service with Indian Air Force
    • Su-30MKM : air superiority fighter in service with Royal Malaysian Air Force
  • Su-31: 1992, single seat aerobatic aircraft (civil)
  • Su-33: 1987, "Flanker D", carrier-based multi-role fighter aircraft
  • Su-34/Su-32: 2006, "Platypus", Strike-fighter aircraft
  • Su-27M/Su-35: 1995, "Flanker E", air superiority fighter aircraft
    • Su-35BM: 4++ generation multi-role fighter aircraft
  • Su-80: a twin-turboprop STOL transport aircraft
  • Superjet 100: 2008, regional jet

Experimental aircraft[edit]

Su-47 (S-37)

Planned aircraft[edit]

Note: The Sukhoi OKB has reused aircraft designations, for example: the Su-9 from 1946 and the later Su-9 from 1956, the former was not produced in quantity. Sukhoi prototype designations are based on wing layout planform. Straight and swept wings are assigned the "S" prefix, while delta winged designs(including tailed-delta) have "T" for a designation prefix.

Example: S-37 and T-10.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles[edit]

  • Sukhoi Zond-1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]