Sukhoi

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JSC Sukhoi Company
Native name
AК Компания «Сухой»
Formerly called
OKB-51
Division, Joint-Stock Company
Industry Aerospace and defense
Founded 1939; 79 years ago (1939)
Headquarters Begovoy District, Moscow, Russia
Key people

Panagogiannopoulos i. Nikolaos (owner).

Pavel Sukhoi (Founder)
Yuri Slyusar (President of the UAC)
Igor Y. Ozar (General Director)
Products Civilian aircraft, Military aircraft, Unmanned aerial vehicles
Revenue Increase 47.8 billion (2011)[1]
Increase 7 billion (2011)[1]
Increase 5.2 billion (2011)[1]
Number of employees
26,177 (2011)[1]
Parent United Aircraft Corporation
Website www.sukhoi.org/eng/

The JSC Sukhoi Company (Russian: ПАО «Компания „Сухой“») is a major Russian aircraft manufacturer, headquartered in Begovoy District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow,[2] and designs both civilian and military aircraft. It was founded by Pavel Sukhoi in 1939 as the Sukhoi Design Bureau (OKB-51, design office prefix Su). The Russian government merged Sukhoi with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Tupolev, and Yakovlev as a new company named United Aircraft Corporation.[3]

History[edit]

A cropped stamp of Pavel Sukhoi, the founder of the Sukhoi Design Bureau

Origins[edit]

Nine years prior to the creation of the bureau, Pavel Sukhoi, a Soviet Russian aerospace engineer, took over team no. 4 of the CAHI's AGOS aviation, flying boat aviation and aircraft prototype engineering facility, in October 1930. Under Sukhoi's leadership, the team of the future design bureau started to take shape. The team, under the Tupolev OKB, produced experimental fighters such as the I-3, I-14, and the DIP, a record-breaking RD aircraft, the Tupolev ANT-25, flew by famous Soviet aviators, Valery Chkalov and Mikhail Gromov, and the long-range bombers such as the Tupolev TB-1 and the Tupolev TB-3.[4]

Creation[edit]

In 1936, Josef Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, issued a requirement for a multi-role combat aircraft. As a result, Sukhoi and his team developed the BB-1, a reconnaissance aircraft and light bomber in 1937. The BB-1 was approved and under a July 29, 1939 government resolution, the Sukhoi OKB, designated as OKB-51, and also known as the Sukhoi Design Bureau, was developed in order to set up production for the aircraft. The BB-1 was introduced and later adopted by the Soviet Air Forces in the same year. A year later, the BB-1's name was later changed into the Sukhoi Su-2. A total of 910 Su-2 aircraft were developed. The resolution also made Sukhoi chief designer, gave Sukhoi's team of the design bureau standalone status, and relocation to the Production Aircraft Plant No. 135 in Kharkiv, Ukraine. However, Sukhoi was not satisfied with its location, since it was isolated from the scientific pole of Moscow. Sukhoi later relocated the bureau to the aerodrome of Podmoskovye in Moscow, completing half of the relocation by 1940. Sukhoi encountered another issue: the bureau had no production line in Moscow, thus making it useless as Sukhoi had nothing to do.[4]

World War II[edit]

In the German invasion of the Soviet Union in World War II, the Su-2 was obsolete and underarmed against German aircraft, with 222 aircraft destroyed in total, and needed a successor. Sukhoi and his bureau designed a two-seat armored ground-attack aircraft, the Sukhoi Su-6, considered in some terms to be superior than its competitor, the Ilyushin Il-2. The government later chose the Il-2 over the Su-6, but rewarded Sukhoi a Stalin Prize of the 1st Level for its development in 1943. Sukhoi and this team later focused on development of variants of the Su-2, the prototype cannon-armed Sukhoi Su-1 (Su-3) fighter, as well as the Sukhoi Su-8, which to serve as a long-range ground-attack aircraft for the Soviet Air Forces, but was later not needed as the Soviet Union was winning the Eastern Front.[4]

Jet Experimentation[edit]

After the war, Sukhoi and his team was among the first Soviet aircraft designers who led the work on jet aircraft, creating several experimental jet fighters. Sukhoi started developing two jet fighters, the Sukhoi Su-5 and the Sukhoi Su-7 before 1945. The Su-5 is a mixed power jet fighter, using both a propellor and a motorjet to power it, but the experiment was later cancelled even though the fighter had a maiden flight in April 6, 1945. The Su-7 is a swept-wing, supersonic, air superiority fighter, and it was successful as it was adopted by the Soviet Air Forces in 1959, which was over 14 years later. At the start of 1945, the design bureau started working on jet fighters such as the Sukhoi Su-9, Sukhoi Su-11, Sukhoi Su-15, and the Sukhoi Su-17, the Sukhoi Su-10 jet bomber, and the reconnaissance and artillery spotter twinjet, the Sukhoi Su-12. Sukhoi and his team also used the Tupolev Tu-2 bomber to develop and produce the trainer bomber UTB-2, worked on passenger and troop-carrying aircraft, the jet fighter Sukhoi Su-14, and a number of other aircraft. From 1945 to 1950, Sukhoi and his team also developed the Soviet Union's first booster aircraft control system, landing braking parachute, catapult ejection seat with telescopic trolley, and a jettisonable nose with a pressurized cockpit. From 1949, Sukhoi fell out of Stalin's favor and in a government resolution, the Sukhoi Design Bureau was scrapped, and Sukhoi was forced to return to work under Andrei Tupolev, this time as Deputy Chief Designer. In 1953, the year of Stalin's death, he was permitted to re-establish his own Sukhoi Design Bureau, set up with new production facilities.[4]

Post-Stalinist Era[edit]

During the Cold War era, Sukhoi's major serial combat aircraft included the supersonic Su-7, which became the main Soviet fighter-bomber of the 1960s, and interceptors Su-9 and Su-15, which formed the backbone of the PVO. He also pioneered variable-sweep aircraft, such as the Su-17 and Su-24. He also started a number of projects that were not developed, including the ambitious Mach-3-capable Sukhoi T-3 attack aircraft. The last fighter Sukhoi designed was the T-10 (Su-27) but he did not live to see it fly.

1990-2000[edit]

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, each of the multitude of bureaus and factories producing Sukhoi components was privatized independently. In the early 1990s, Sukhoi starts to diversify its products and initiated Sukhoi Civil Aircraft to create a line of civil projects for the company. The progress made by the new branch would lead to the development of the utility aircraft, the Su-80, and the agricultural aircraft, the Su-38, less than a decade later.[5] In 1996, the government re-gathered the major part of them forming Sukhoi Aviation Military Industrial Combine (Sukhoi AIMC).[6] In parallel, other entities, including Ulan Ude factory, Tbilisi factory, Belarus and Ukraine factories, established alternate transnational Sukhoi Attack Aircraft (producing e.g. Su-25 TM).[6]

Previous Sukhoi logo

2000-2010[edit]

The Sukhoi AIMC is composed of the JSC Sukhoi Design Bureau and the JSC Sukhoi Civil Aircraft, located in Moscow, the Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association (NAPA), located in Novosibirsk, and the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association (KnAAPO), located in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. Sukhoi is headquartered in Moscow. Finmeccanica (since 2017, Leonardo) owns 25% + 1 share of Sukhoi's civil division.[7] The Russian government merged Sukhoi with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Tupolev, and Yakovlev as a new company named United Aircraft Corporation in February 2006.[8] Mikoyan and Sukhoi were placed within the same operating unit.[9] In September 2007, Sukhoi launched its first modern commercial regional airliner—the Superjet 100 (SSJ 100), a 78 to 98 seater, built by Sukhoi. It was unveiled at Komsomolsk-on-Amur.[10] The maiden flight was made on May 19, 2008.[11] In March 2008, Sukhoi was selected to design and produce the carbon fiber composite wings for Irkut's MC-21's airframe.[12] Sukhoi is also working on what is to be Russia's fifth-generation stealth fighter, the Sukhoi Su-57. The maiden flight took place on the 29 January 2010.[13]

2010-2017[edit]

As of January 23, 2015, Sukhoi is currently working on a family of the regional airliner: the Sukhoi Superjet 100, such as the jet airliner Superjet 130, which would have a seating capacity of 130 to 145 seats, and to bridge the gap of Russian aircraft between the Superjet Stretch and the Irkut MC-21.

Organization[edit]

Controversies[edit]

On August 4, 2006, the U.S. State Department imposed sanctions on Sukhoi for allegedly supplying Iran in violation of the United States Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000. Sukhoi was prohibited from doing business with the United States Federal Government.[14] In November 2006, the U.S. State Department reversed its sanctions against Sukhoi.[15]

On 24 December 2016, the Russian aviation regulatory agency grounded six SSJ 100s operating in Russia after metal fatigue was found in a tail component of an aircraft operated by IrAero, leading Sukhoi to begin inspections of the entire in-service SSJ 100 fleet.[16] All SSJ 100s were inspected by SCA on December 27. Following the results of the inspection, the defect is not of a systemic nature and can be eliminated within a few days. The replacement of nodes on the aircraft with the defect identified (5 Aeroflot and 1 IrAero) will be completed by late January. Examination has confirmed that the issue is not a critical situation: the node features a multi-level redundant structure and has a safety margin which is more than twice the operational loads.[17] All Mexican SSJ 100s were also inspected.[18]

Corporate governance[edit]

Chairman of Board of Directors[edit]

General Director[edit]

Members of Board of Directors[edit]

Members are elected by the annual general meeting of shareholders of the PJSC Sukhoi Company, with the election recently on June 28, 2017.[19]

  • Ivan M. Goncharenko
  • Oleg Y. Demidov
  • Oleg F. Demchenko
  • Sergey N. Konosov
  • Nikolay F. Nikitin
  • Igor Y. Ozar, General Director of the PJSC Sukhoi Company
  • Yuri B. Slyusar, President of the UAC
  • Alexander V. Tulyakov
  • Sergey V. Yarkovoy

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bull, Stephan (2004). Encyclopedia of Military Technology and Innovation. Greenwood. ISBN 1-57356-557-1.
  • Duffy, Paul (December 1996). Tupolev: The Man and His Aircraft. Society of Automotive Engineers. ISBN 1-56091-899-3.
  • Gordon, Yefim (2008). Soviet Air Power in World War II. Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-304-3.
  • Pederson, Jay (1998). International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 24. St James Press. ISBN 1-55862-365-5.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Sukhoi annual financial 2011 report (in Russian)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Contacts : Sukhoi Company (JSC) Archived 2011-08-31 at the Wayback Machine.." Sukhoi. Retrieved on 17 December 2010. "23B, Polikarpov str., Moscow, 125284, Russia, p/b 604." (Direct link to map Archived 2011-09-29 at the Wayback Machine.) – Address in Russian Archived 2011-08-29 at the Wayback Machine.: "125284, Россия, Москва, ул. Поликарпова д. 23Б, а/я 604" (Direct link to Russian map Archived 2011-09-29 at the Wayback Machine.)
  3. ^ "Russian Aircraft Industry Seeks Revival Through Merger Archived 2015-11-07 at the Wayback Machine.." The New York Times. February 22, 2006.
  4. ^ a b c d www.3ebra.com, IT-Bureau Zebra -. "Sukhoi Company (JSC) - Company - The Company's history - Sukhoi Design Bureau (JSC)". www.sukhoi.org. Archived from the original on 2017-08-11. Retrieved 2017-08-17. 
  5. ^ "JSC "Aviation Holding Company "Sukhoi"". www.uacrussia.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2017-06-20. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  6. ^ a b Austin, Greg (2000-07-14). The Armed Forces of Russia in Asia. pp. 291–292. ISBN 9781860644856. Archived from the original on 2017-12-16. 
  7. ^ "Finmeccanica Will Buy 25% of Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Archived 2006-02-06 at the Wayback Machine.." Bloomberg.com. February 21, 2006.
  8. ^ "Russian Aircraft Industry Seeks Revival Through Merger Archived 2016-06-09 at the Wayback Machine.". The New York Times. February 22, 2006.
  9. ^ Su-35 "In Parallel" With PAK-FA Archived March 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Reuters, PREVIEW-Russia eyes new aviation glory with Superjet Archived 2007-10-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Russian News and Information Agency Archived 2008-05-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ RIA Novosti (13 March 2008). "Sukhoi wins bid to build wings for new MS-21 passenger plane". Sputnik News. Archived from the original on 12 August 2017. 
  13. ^ "Venäjällä esiteltiin uusi hävittäjäkone". Yle Uutiset. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. 
  14. ^ "Russia slams U.S. sanctions on Russian arms companies". People's Daily Online. 2006-08-05. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Lifts Sanctions on Russia Jet Maker". Washington Post. 19 November 2006. Archived from the original on 16 December 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2017. 
  16. ^ "Russia Grounds Its Newest Airliner Over Safety Concerns". The New York Times. 24 December 2016. Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet 100 Fleet Inspection Completed/27.12.2016 – Sukhoi Civil Aircraft". www.scac.ru. Archived from the original on 2017-06-13. 
  18. ^ "Mexican Airline Interjet Checking Russian Superjet 100 Planes After Warning". Sputnik. Archived from the original on 2017-06-20. 
  19. ^ a b c www.3ebra.com, IT-Bureau Zebra -. "ПАО "Компания "Сухой" - О компании - Люди компании - Персоналии". www.sukhoi.org. Archived from the original on 2017-08-18. Retrieved 2017-08-17. 

External links[edit]