|National origin||Soviet Union|
The Sukhoi Su-8 or DDBSh (Russian: Су-8 ДДБШ - Двухмоторный Двухместный Бронированный Штурмовик - Twin-engine two-seat armored ground attack aircraft) was a Soviet prototype ground-attack aircraft of the German-Soviet War.
While Sukhoi was perfecting the light Sukhoi Su-6 attack aircraft, the OKB also developed the massive, heavily armed and armored Su-8. In May 1942, the Soviet military commanders had realized the need for an aircraft to support ground offensives operating at a great distance from their airfields, and capable of striking enemy lines of communication to the rear of the front lines. Design work was conducted at an accelerated pace, with work on the airframe commencing from August 1942, even before the drawings were completed on 20 September 1942.
Two prototypes were completed at Plant Number 19 in Molotov 1943, the first in May and the second in August, with work hampered by the Nazi invasion and need to evacuate the Sukhoi Design Bureau to Tushino. The first flight test was not made until 11 March 1944, and continued to the end of the year. Flight testing was delayed due to unavailability of Shvetsov M-71 engines. Although testing was successful, the Su-8 was not approved for mass production. By this time, the Soviet armies had reached the borders of Nazi Germany, and the need for an aircraft with a longer range than the existing Ilyushin Il-2 was no longer a priority.
An attempt to re-engine the aircraft with Mikulin AM-42 engines did not see further development.
The Su-8 was of mixed construction. The cockpit area was armoured, with an aluminum mid-fuselage and a wooden monocoque tail. The wings were of steel and aluminum construction with plywood outer sections. The twin rudders were of all-metal construction. In addition to the cockpit, the engines, the fuel tanks and the oil coolers were fully armoured, with a total armour weight of 1,680 kg (3,705 lb), more than twice as heavy as the armour shell on an Ilyushin Il-2.
Specifications (Su-8 / DDBSh)
- Crew: 2
- Length: 13.58 m (44 ft 7 in)
- Wingspan: 20.5 m (67 ft 3 in)
- Height: 5.085 m (16 ft 8 in)
- Wing area: 60 m2 (650 sq ft)
- Airfoil: root: NACA 23014; tip: NACA 23007.5
- Empty weight: 9,168 kg (20,212 lb)
- Gross weight: 12,413 kg (27,366 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 13,380 kg (29,498 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Shvetsov M-71F 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines, 1,490 kW (2,000 hp) each for take-off
- 1,416 kW (1,899 hp) at 3,600 m (11,811 ft)
- Propellers: 3-bladed constant-speed propellers, 4 m (13 ft 1 in) diameter
- Maximum speed: 552 km/h (343 mph, 298 kn) at 4,600 m (15,092 ft)
- 485 km/h (301 mph; 262 kn) at sea level
- Combat range: 600 km (370 mi, 320 nmi)
- Ferry range: 1,450 km (900 mi, 780 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 9,000 m (30,000 ft)
- Time to altitude: 5,000 m (16,404 ft) in 7 minutes 16 seconds
- 5,000 m (16,404 ft) in 9 minutes
- Bombs: Up to 1400 kg (3,085 lb) of bombs internally or 2,400 kg (5,291 lb) with three 500 kg (1,102 lb) bombs carried externally
- Shavrov V.B. (1994). Istoriia konstruktskii samoletov v SSSR, 1938-1950 gg. (3 izd.). Mashinostroenie. ISBN 5-217-00477-0.
- Antonov, Vladimir; Gordon, Yefim; Gordyukov, Nikolai; Yakovlev, Vladimir; Zenkin, Vyacheslav; Carruth, Lenox; Miller, Jay (1996). OKB Sukhoi : a history of the design bureau and its aircraft (1st ed.). Earl Shilton: Midland Publishing. p. 69. ISBN 9781857800128.
- Lednicer, David. "The Incomplete Guide to Airfoil Usage". m-selig.ae.illinois.edu. Retrieved 16 April 2019.