Sukhoi Superjet 100
|A Superjet 100 during its test flight|
|Manufacturer||Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Plant|
|First flight||19 May 2008|
|Introduction||21 April 2011 with Armavia|
|Number built||172 by 15 July 2019|
|Program cost||US$ 1.5 billion|
The Sukhoi Superjet 100 (Russian: Сухой Суперджет 100, tr. Sukhoy Superdzhet 100) or SSJ100 is a regional jet designed by Sukhoi, a division of the United Aircraft Corporation. With development starting in 2000, it made its maiden flight on 19 May 2008 and its first commercial flight on 21 April 2011 with Armavia.
The 46–49 t (101,000–108,000 lb) MTOW plane typically seats 87 to 98 passengers and is powered by two 77–79 kN (17,000–18,000 lbf) PowerJet SaM146 turbofans developed by a joint venture between French Safran and Russian NPO Saturn. By May 2018, 127 were in service and by September the fleet had logged 300,000 revenue flights and 460,000 hours. The plane has recorded three hull loss accidents and 86 deaths as of the end of May 2019.
- 1 Development
- 2 Design
- 3 Operational history
- 4 Variants
- 5 Orders and deliveries
- 6 Specifications
- 7 Accidents and incidents
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
JSC Sukhoi was incorporated in May 2000 to develop the first all-new commercial aircraft in post-Soviet Russia. Studies of the Russian Regional Jet (RRJ) began in 2001. After analysing the Russian market, Sukhoi identified a need for an aircraft with a range of between 3,000 and 4,500 km (1,900 and 2,800 mi), greater than typical regional jets. Three variants were initially envisaged: the RRJ60, RRJ75 and RRJ95, with 60, 78 and 98 seats respectively; a five-abreast layout was chosen as being optimal for this size range. Sukhoi estimated the targeted market to be around 800 aircraft, including 250-300 from Russia and the CIS.
On 15 October 2001, the Russian government allocated $46.6 million to the development of a new 70-80 seat regional jet, targeting first flight in 2006 and entry into service in 2007. Sukhoi's RRJ was competing against Myasishchev's M-60-70 and Tupolev's Tu-414 projects. Boeing provided advice to Sukhoi and its partners on programme management, engineering, marketing, product development, certification, supplier management and customer support. The Sukhoi RRJ was selected by Rosaviakosmos, the government's aviation and space agency, in March 2003.
The RRJ programme allocated $63.5 million to the development of a 4–5 tf (8,800–11,000 lbf) engine between 2003 and 2015. Four engines were initially envisaged: the Pratt & Whitney PW800, the Rolls-Royce BR710, the General Electric CF34-8, and the Snecma/NPO Saturn SaM146. The BR710 and the CF34-8 were eliminated by July 2002, and the PW800 was subsequently rejected due to a perceived technical risk associated with its geared fan. A formal memorandum of understanding was signed with Snecma on 29 April 2003, confirming the selection of the 14,000–17,000 lbf (62–76 kN) SaM146, to be developed in a joint venture with NPO Saturn, based on the Snecma SPW14 and combining a Snecma DEM21 gas generator with an Aviadvigatel "cold section".
Key suppliers were selected in October 2003, including Thales for avionics, Messier-Bugatti-Dowty for landing gear, Honeywell for the auxiliary power unit, Liebherr for flight controls, Intertechnique for fuel systems, Parker Hannifin for hydraulic systems, B/E Aerospace for interiors. At this time, Sukhoi anticipated a market for 600 aircraft by 2020 – representing 10% of global demand for regional jets – for a total sales volume of $11 billion. Discussions were held with Air France and the SkyTeam alliance to ensure that the aircraft would meet western requirements. An application for EASA certification was made in 2004 and was expected to be granted six months after the Russian approval.
The Komsomolsk-on-Amur plant was selected in February 2005 for final assembly, implementing jig-less assembly, automatic component alignment and automatic riveting. The RRJ60 and RRJ75 were deemed to be less cost-effective, and development was focused on the largest model, the 98-seat RRJ95. The 78-seater RRJ75 remained under consideration, and a future stretch was also envisaged. The RRJ95 was renamed the Sukhoi Superjet 100 at the Farnborough Air Show in July 2005. The first order, for 30 aircraft, was signed on 7 December with Aeroflot.
In June 2007, Boeing expanded its assistance to cover flight and maintenance crew training and manuals, and spare parts management and supply. On 22 August, Sukhoi and Alenia Aeronautica established the SuperJet International joint venture for customer support outside Russia and Asia. Alenia Aeronautica took a 25% stake in Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Corporation (SCAC) for $250 million, valuing it at $1 billion. Development costs were expected to total $1 billion, with another $1 billion needed to develop the powerplant and for customer support.
The first SSJ was transported in an Antonov 124 from Komsomolsk-on-Amur to Zhukovsky, Moscow Oblast on 28 January 2007, for ground tests conducted by the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI). The SuperJet was officially unveiled on 26 September 2007 at Dzyomgi Airport in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. By October 2007, initial deliveries were scheduled for 2009; plans called for the 95-98-seat model to be followed by a 75-78-seat shrink and a 110-seat stretch.
The SaM146 engine was first run on 21 February 2008. Tests were conducted by the Gromov Flight Research Institute, using an Ilyushin Il-76LL as a flying test bed. The SuperJet 100 made its maiden flight on 19 May 2008, taking off from Komsomolsk-on-Amur. By July, certification was expected for the third quarter of 2009, pushing back deliveries to later the same quarter. On 24 December 2008, the second SSJ made its maiden flight.
By January 2009, the first two aircraft had completed over 80 flights, and the engines had accumulated 2,300 hours of tests. In April 2009, the two prototypes were flown 3,000 km (1,600 nmi) from Novosibirsk to Moscow, and EASA pilots conducted a number of familiarisation flights. A third prototype joined the test campaign in July 2009.
The SSJ made its international debut at the 2009 Paris Air Show; during the show, Malév Hungarian Airlines placed a $1 billion order for 30 aircraft. As of June 2009, 13 aircraft were under construction, with the first four scheduled to be handed over to clients from December. Armenian Armavia was to receive the first two, followed by Aeroflot, having ordered 30 with an option for 15 more. Other customers include Russia's Avialeasing, Swiss AMA Asset Management Advisor, and Indonesian Kartika Airlines. Sukhoi expected production to reach a rate of 70 aircraft per year by 2012.
In December 2009, engine availability issues resulted in deliveries being delayed indefinitely. On 4 February 2010, the fourth prototype made its maiden flight using engines removed from the first prototype, as a result of continuing delays in engine production, including NPO Saturn quality problems. By 28 May 2010, all engine tests needed for certification were completed, including the final simulated bird strike. On 15 September 2010, static tests for certification of the aircraft were completed by TsAGI. Testing of the flight management system (FMS), developed by Canada's CMC Electronics for Thales, was completed on 19 November 2010.
By June 2010, certification was 90% complete but was delayed due to SaM146 engine problems that were not encountered during testing. The engines had an increased weight and excessive fuel consumption. In September 2010, certification was expected for November. In October 2010, noise was tested for certification authorities, Russian IAC and European EASA. On 4 November 2010, the first production aircraft, intended for Armavia, was first flown. By November 2010, the SSJ test fleet had made 948 flights totalling 2,245 hours.
By 21 December 2010, emergency evacuation (completed in 73 seconds, within the 90 imparted, with 98 volunteers and five crew) and rejected takeoff, probing the tires and brakes at maximum energy with no thrust reversal, were completed in Zhukovsky near Moscow, for IAC and EASA certification. On 3 February 2011, IAC granted a Type Certificate. EASA's Type Certificate followed on 3 February 2012, allowing operations in European countries.
In service developments
London City Airport is a major destination for Irish airline CityJet, which was to receive 15 SSJ100s, but its steep 5.5° approach required new control laws, wing flap setting and modified brakes: test flights were to begin in December 2017, with certification planned for 2018, and the modified aircraft to be available in 2019.
A new "sabrelet" winglet, helping takeoff and landing performance and delivering 3% better fuel burn, will be standard and available for retrofit. Designed with CFD tools by Sukhoi and TsAGI, the “saberlets” debuted flight tests on 21 December 2017. They should improve hot and high airport performance and cut costs up to $70,000 per year. Parts of the wing are reinforced for the aerodynamic loads distribution change. They should reduce fuel costs by 4%, flight-testing was completed after over 140 flights by October 2019.
By November 2018, the TsAGI carried out wind tunnel tests on two modified wing designs to save structural weight: one with less wing sweep and the other with more relative thickness, also enhancing aerodynamics and load capabilities, and improving fuel efficiency by nearly 10%.
Sukhoi is planning a 'Russified' Superjet 100 for 2020: a smaller PD-10 variant of the Aviadvigatel PD-14 engine could be developed; and Russian inertial navigation system and APU could replace Honeywell's; the landing gear produced by Safran would also need to be replaced. Russian content should double to 30% as US restrictions limit its export potential. Sukhoi forecasts 345 sales from 2018 to 2030, mostly in post-Soviet states and some in south-east Asia and Latin America, including an improved range business jet version. Sukhoi expected to produce 30 SSJs in 2018, as in 2017.[needs update] The seating capacity is to be raised to 110, and hot and high operations to 4000 m and 50 °C. A freighter variant is also being studied.
Russian government has earmarked ₽3.2 billion ($51 million) toward the SSJ100R with indigenous propulsion and avionics, introduced at the Eurasia Airshow 2018 in Antalya alongside the SSJ75. Sukhoi Civil Aircraft lost 5 billion roubles in two years, raising its debt to 25.3 billion roubles, but hopes for more orders from Iranian airlines to replace Boeing, Airbus, and ATR orders cancelled following the US withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal. With 30 yearly deliveries, UAC claims a 37.5% market share of 80-120 seaters, or 19% of the regional jet market. For the three years from 2018, UAC plans to invest ₽13.3 billion ($212 million) in the SSJ. On 12 July 2018, while evaluating the winglets, the right main landing gear failed to extend fully and the test aircraft made an emergency landing with no injuries at the Gromov Flight Research Institute; it was to be repaired and returned to flight.
To resist the Airbus-Boeing duopoly pressure on regional jets through the Embraer E-Jet E2 and the Airbus A220, Sukhoi would upgrade the SSJ100 to the SSJ100B and the "Russianised" SSJ100R. The SSJ100B would feature more powerful SaM146-1S18 engines, improved avionics software, enhanced high-lift devices controls and retrofittable "sabrelet" blended wingtip devices. Its navigation system would be tested over the North Pole. The SSJ100R would replace western components by Russian ones for government customers and countries subject to Western sanctions.
Western content accounts for 55-60% of an SSJ100 cost but sanctions against Russia are tightening. Replacing US parts such as the INS, APU, and cabin by Russian or European substitutes would allow deliveries to Iran Air Tours and Iran Aseman, which signed letters of intent for 40 SSJs in 2017, but European partners will not risk US retaliation and, as of December 2018,[update] Sukhoi has not received any feedback from the US authorities regarding exports to Iran. After 2021, the SSJ100R would be produced without Western components: the Thales avionics would be replaced by KRET units and the SaM146 engines by a PD-9 scaled-down variant of the Aviadvigatel PD-14; fuel burn would be reduced by 5-8% with a new composite wing. The US-made inertial navigation system, auxiliary power unit, and cabin interior would also be replaced by Russian equivalents.
The five-abreast cross-section is more optimised beyond 70 seats than the four-abreast Bombardier CRJs and Embraer E-Jets but smaller than the six-abreast Airbus A320 and Boeing 737. The SSJ100 typically seats 87 to 98 passengers. In Russia, it replaces the aging Tupolev Tu-134 and Yakovlev Yak-42 aircraft. It competes with the Antonov An-148, Embraer E190 and the Bombardier CRJ1000. It aims for lower operating costs than its competitors for the price of $23–25 million. Sukhoi claims 6–8% lower cost per passenger and cost per flight than the Embraer 190 and fuel burn is on a par with the Antonov An-148 but with 22 more passengers.[contradictory] Sukhoi claims cash operational costs are lower than competitors by 8-10%, with reduced fuel burn per seat and longer maintenance intervals.
The design meets CIS AP-25, US FAR-25 and EU JAR-25 aviation rules, and conforms to ICAO Chapter 4 and FAR 36 Section 4 noise standards from 2006. The PowerJet SaM146 turbofans provides 13,500 to 17,500 lbf (60 to 78 kN) of thrust for 70-120 seat aircraft.
Russia CIS Observer qualifies it as the most important Russian civil aircraft. The Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade supports it as a priority project. Development cost $1.4 billion excluding the SaM146 engine, with 25% funded from the federal budget. It is the first new civil non-amphibious jet aircraft developed in post-Soviet Russia.
Over 30 foreign partnerships are involved. The SaM146 engines are developed, manufactured and marketed by PowerJet, a joint-venture between the French Snecma and Russia's NPO Saturn. A joint venture between Alenia (later part of Leonardo S.p.A.) and Sukhoi, SuperJet International, was responsible for marketing in Europe, the Americas, Africa, Japan and Oceania, though Leonardo pulled out in early 2017 because of Superjet's poor financial performance and Sukhoi regained a 100% share in SCAC. Assembly is performed at the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Plant in the Russian Far East, while the Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association produces components; both are upgrading their facilities and were expecting to produce 70 airframes by 2012.
On 19 April 2011, the first production aircraft was handed over to Armavia at Zvartnots Airport in Yerevan, to be operated to Moscow and Sochi, as well as Ukrainian cities. The aircraft was named after Yuri Gagarin. On 21 April, the first commercial flight landed at Moscow Sheremetyevo. The flight lasted 2 h 55 min; Armavia used the Airbus A319 on this route before switching to the Superjet 100. On 1 May, it made its first commercial flight to Venice Airport in around 4 hours, it had accumulated 50 hours in 24 flights by then.
By March 2012, the six aircraft operated by Aeroflot were flying 3.9 hours/day instead of the standard 8–9 hours due to failures and parts delivery delays, and the airline asked for compensation. In August 2012, Armavia announced that it had returned both of its SSJ100s to the manufacturer. Armavia then avoided further deliveries. In February 2013, Sukhoi stated teething problems are usual in new airliners.
The SSJ entered service with Mexican Interjet on 18 September 2013; in their first four weeks, the first two aircraft operated were flown 580 times over 600 hours with a daily utilisation of 9.74 hours and a dispatch reliability of 99.03%. By June 2014, Interjet had received seven SSJ100s and the dispatch reliability had increased to 99.7%. On 12 September 2014, Interjet started regular passenger flights to the US, on the Monterrey, Mexico – San Antonio, Texas route.
On 24 December 2016, the Russian Federal Air Transport Agency grounded seven jets after a tail component of an IrAero SSJ100 showed metal fatigue, leading Sukhoi to inspect the entire fleet. By 27 December, all aircraft had been inspected and it had been shown that the defect was not systemic as it featured multiple redundancies and a safety margin doubling the normal loads. All of Interjet's SSJ100s were also inspected.
In June 2017, dispatch reliability increased to 97.85% from 96.94% a year earlier, while there were 89.6 malfunctions per 1,000 flight-hours, down by 40%. On 21 July 2017, following the discovery of horizontal stabiliser rear spar cracks, the EASA mandated compulsory inspections. Sukhoi recognises it needs to improve customer support with more responsiveness and availability for flight training, engineering and spare parts supply. In early November 2017, the Russian Federal Air Transport Agency and Italian Civil Aviation Authority (ENAC) amended their bilateral airworthiness agreement, hitting SSJ export sales. Interjet claimed its capital cost for 10 Superjets was equivalent to the pre-delivery payment for one Airbus A320. The pre-delivery payment amounts to 15-30% of an aircraft list price. An A320 list price was $88.3M in 2012.
In January 2018, Bloomberg reported that four of Interjet's 22 SSJ100s were being cannibalised for parts to keep others running after having been grounded for at least five months because of SaM146 maintenance delays. This was later refuted by Interjet. One grounded SSJ100 was due to be back in service on 19 January 2018 and the remaining three in March. In August 2018, Russian regional carrier Yakutia Airlines considered withdrawing their SSJs, after two were grounded because their engines were removed after 1,500-3,000 cycles, below the 7,000 specified, and no replacements were available. PowerJet was expanding its repair capacity and lease pool as engine maturity improved, noting that the SaM146 engine achieved 99.9% dependability since its 2011 introduction.
In September 2018, Interjet was reported to be considering replacing its SSJ100s with Airbus A320neos, to make better use of its slots, with the SSJ technical problems possibly also a factor. On 12 September, Interjet denied the report. It was later reported that Interjet intends to phase out some of its Superjets and take 20 more A320neos, maybe alongside newer Superjet deliveries; it will have access to an enhanced SSJ spares inventory in Mexico City and is installing a flight simulator in Toluca. The updated SSJs would have winglets, a higher MTOW and improved systems and interior. Sukhoi has also proposed to increase the cabin density from 93 to 108 seats by reducing the pitch from 34 to 30 in (86 to 76 cm).
In October 2018, Sukhoi and engine contractor UEC agreed on a plan, backed by the Russian government, to focus on customer support rather than deliveries in order to improve dispatch reliability. At the end of November 2018, United Aircraft Corporation transferred SCAC from Sukhoi Holding to the Irkut Corporation, to become UAC's airliner division. By then, Brussels Airlines was seeking alternatives for its four SSJ100s wet-leased from CityJet, as teething problems affected their reliability.
By February 2019, CityJet's remaining five SSJ100s stood idle and were expected to be transferred to Slovenia's Adria Airways, which committed for 15 in late 2018, though Adria subsequently cancelled its order in April 2019. Neither CityJet nor Brussels Airlines have commented as to why they dropped the SSJ, though low reliability, difficult maintenance and spare parts availability are suspected to have contributed.
As of March 2019[update], 15 of Interjet's 22 SSJs were out of service. Talks with Sukhoi were deadlocked, with Interjet reportedly unwilling to pay for repairs to the PowerJet SaM146 engines. Interjet's reliability issues are compounded by the lack of service facilities for the SSJ, a factor which also contributed to the poor reliability recorded by CityJet. On 15 May 2019, Interjet announced that it is to sell its 20 SSJs, of which only five are operational, as it is no longer profitable to operate aircraft of this size in Mexico.
As of May 2019[update], Sukhoi has had trouble selling the Superjet and renewing leasing contracts outside of Russia because of reliability and service network issues. Unease with the SSJ's low reliability also spread to Russian operators. Yamal Airlines, the second-largest Russian SSJ operator, announced the cancellation of its order for 10 further SSJs, citing high servicing costs. Aeroflot's CEO reflected that the airline might never have ordered any SSJs had it not been under state control. Of 30-40 SSJs owned by Aeroflot, only 10 are reportedly usable at a time due to maintenance problems. Aeroflot cancelled approximately 50 Superjet flights in the week following the Flight 1492 accident. Kommersant cited industry sources as saying the Superjet 100 had lower dispatch reliability than Airbus and Boeing aircraft in the airline's fleet historically and attributed a rise in cancellations to "increased safety measures" at Aeroflot while the accident is investigated. On 4 June, the Russian Federal Air Transport Agency (Rosaviatsiya) ordered carriers to perform one-time inspections of the SSJ, including a general check of the aircraft's condition and verification of aircraft and engine logs, by 25 June.
Sukhoi delivered only three SSJs in the first half of 2019; its financial results show a sevenfold drop in aircraft sales revenue and a fourfold drop in overall sales revenue, resulting in a 32% increase in its net loss. The company needs to achieve a production rate of 32 to 34 aircraft per year to make a profit, though demand for Russian models in the 60–120 seat category is forecast to be only 10 aircraft per year over a 20-year period. In the short-term, the company's main hope is that Aeroflot will firm up its 2018 preliminary agreement for 100 SSJs.
Three variants were initially planned, seating 60, 78 and 98 passengers: the RRJ-60, RRJ-75 and RRJ-95, respectively. By 2007, the RRJ-60 had been dropped, to focus on the 98-seater, with the 78-seater to follow. The basic version was certified by the EASA on 3 February 2012, the RRJ-95LR100 with an MTOW increased from 45.88 to 49.45 t (101,100 to 109,000 lb) and the RRJ-95B100 with thrust increased from the SaM146-1S17 of 76.84 to 79 kN (17,270 to 17,760 lbf) -1S18s were added on 7 March 2017. The RRJ-95LR100 range is increased to 4,578 km (2,472 nmi). The RRJ-95B100 takeoff distance is reduced by 10%.
130-140 seat stretch
In 2011, the Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade mentioned the stretched Superjet 130NG, seating 130. It would have an aluminium fuselage and composite wings. The new materials were intended to reduce weight by 15-20%, increase service life by 20-30% and reduce operating costs by 10-12%. Its development was still proposed in August 2012. With 130 to 140 seats, it would have bridged the gap between the 110-115 seat Superjet and the 150-200 seat Irkut MC-21.
In 2013, funding was planned to start in 2016 for production from 2019-2020. It would have used a derivative of the Irkut MC-21 composite wing and Pratt & Whitney PW1000G engines. The 130-seat stretch would have been known as the Sukhoi Superjet 130NG. It would have competed with the Airbus A220 and Embraer E-Jet E2 family.
115-120 seat stretch
In 2016, a shorter stretch seating up to 120, using larger wings but the same engines and tail, was planned for introduction in 2020. In 2017, with a business plan for 150 aircraft, a go-ahead for the NG 130-seat stretch depended on the availability of engines with sufficient thrust and was due by the end of the year. The aircraft could carry up to 120 passengers with the existing engines, and up to 125 passengers with airframe continuous improvements; PowerJet could certify a thrust increase of 2% within three years. Sukhoi was to decide by the first quarter of 2018 whether to launch first a shortened 75-seat or a stretched variant needing higher thrust SaM146s or an alternative engine.
75 seat shrink
At the February 2018 Singapore Air Show, Sukhoi announced a possible 75-seat shrink, to enter service in 2022. With a smaller, optimised aluminium or composite wing, it would be powered by 17,000 lbf (76 kN) Pratt & Whitney PW1200Gs, detuned SaM146s or Aviadvigatel PD-14 derived PD-7s. The 3–3.5 m (9.8–11.5 ft) shorter fuselage would be 3 t (6,600 lb) lighter and it would fall within US scope clauses, but would require Western service and support experience.
Demand for such jets is 200-300 in Russia and up to 3,000 overseas; introduction could slip to early 2023. As Sukhoi and Irkut may be consolidated into United Aircraft, some structures and avionics could be closer to the Irkut MC-21 for commonality. A unified platform with identical controls would ease pilot conversions; S7 Airlines committed to 75 aircraft. In July 2018, a composite wing was preferred and a 3-metre test section will be manufactured and tested. The variant would retain the SaM146 and empty weight should be reduced by 12-15%.
In 2018, serial production was planned for 2025, four years after design approval. By 2019, the priority had shifted to the replacement of Western parts on the SSJ100 so that the aircraft can be sold to US-sanctioned countries such as Iran. S7 Airlines, which had committed to 75 of the shortened aircraft, may seek alternatives from Bombardier or Embraer. In September 2019 the owner of S7, Vladislav Filev, confirmed his understanding that the SSJ75 project had been abandoned. He explained that S7 had insisted on the participation of its own experts in the test programme, and had demanded the replacement of the composite floor that showed insufficient fire resistance in the Sheremetyevo crash, together with a redesign of the wheel wells.
Orders and deliveries
|As of 30 April 2018[update]|
By August 2016, 133 SSJ100s were in operation with eight airlines and five governmental and business aviation organizations. In October 2017, there were 105 SSJ100s in service worldwide: some used by government bodies such as the Royal Thai Air Force and Kazakh government agencies. The fleet had logged 230,000 flights in 340,000 hours since its commercial operations debuted in 2011. At least 30 SSJ100s were to be delivered in 2017, with 38 planned for 2018 and 37 for 2019. In May 2018, ten years after its first flight, the fleet of 127 have logged over 275,000 commercial flights and 420,000 hours. In September 2018, it had logged over 300,000 revenue flights lasting 460,000 hours.
|Seating||87 (2-class) to 108 (1-class)|
|Seat pitch||30-32 in (economy), 38 (premium)|
|Length||29.94 m (98 ft 3 in)|
|Wingspan||27.80 m (91 ft 2 in)|
|Wing area||83.80 m² / 902 ft² (9.22 AR)|
|Height||10.28 m (33 ft 9 in)|
|Fuselage||3.46 m (11 ft 4 in) diameter:451|
|Cabin||3.236 m (127.4 in) width × 2.12 m (6 ft 11 in) height|
|MTOW||45,880 kg (101,150 lb), LR: 49,450 kg (109,020 lb)|
|OEW||24,250 kg (53,460 lb), LR: 25,100 kg (55,300 lb)|
|Max. payload||12,245 kg (26,996 lb)|
|Max. Fuel||15,805 L (4,175 US gal)|
|Cargo||21.97 m3 (776 cu ft)|
|Takeoff (MTOW)||1,731 m (5,679 ft), LR: 2,052 m (6,732 ft)|
|Ceiling||12,500 m (41,000 ft)|
|Cruise||Mach 0.78 (828 km/h / 448 knots at FL400)|
|Max. cruise||Mach 0.81 (870 km/h / 469 knots at FL400)|
|Range (98 pax)||3,048 km (1,894 mi), LR: 4,578 km (2,845 mi)|
|2 x Turbofan||SaM146-1S17, LR: SaM146-1S18|
|2 x Thrust||68.5 kN (15,400 lbf), LR: 71.6 kN (16,100 lbf)|
Accidents and incidents
There have been three hull loss accidents and 86 deaths as of June 2019.
- On 9 May 2012, a demonstration flight directly struck Mount Salak in Indonesia, killing all 45 on board (Sukhoi personnel and representatives of various local airlines). The TAWS was ignored by the pilot, distracted by a conversation with a potential customer.
- On 21 July 2013, during a plane's autoland evaluation with a single engine in a crosswind at Keflavík Airport in Iceland, the fuselage hit and slid down the runway with the gear up. During an intended go-around, the fatigued pilot throttled down the wrong engine, causing the aircraft to lose thrust sufficient for controlled flight. The plane continued to lose altitude and hit the runway even as the pilot realized his mistake and throttled up the engine. One of the five crew was injured during evacuation, the Icelandic Aircraft Accident Investigation Board investigated the event and issued nine recommendations.
- On 10 October 2018, a Yakutia Airlines SSJ100 slid off the runway at Yakutsk Airport as the main landing gear collapsed. All 87 passengers and five crew were safely evacuated and none were seriously injured. The excursion may have been caused by ice on the runway or the airstrip's poor state of repair. The airliner was damaged beyond repair and was expected to be written off.
- On 5 May 2019, as Aeroflot Flight 1492 was climbing after takeoff from Moscow Sheremetyevo, at 6,900 ft (2,100 m) lightning discharged close to the aircraft from a nearby cumulonimbus cloud with a 6,000 ft (1,800 m) base. The radio and other equipment failed and the flight crew chose to make an emergency landing at Sheremetyevo. The aircraft bounced after an initial touchdown, and after the fourth hard touchdown a fire erupted and engulfed the rear of the aircraft. An emergency evacuation was then carried out but 41 out of 78 occupants died.
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Tom Zaitsev (19 May 2008). "Superjet 100 makes maiden flight". Flight International. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- Michael Gubisch (20 August 2019). "The United Aircraft of Russia". Flightglobal.
- "SSJ-100 cost US$ 1.5 bln to create - Pogosyan". TASS. 7 February 2013. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "Russia brings the Superjet to Pakistan". The Express Tribune. 9 May 2012. Archived from the original on 12 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- "List Prices". Sukhoi civil aircraft. Archived from the original on 26 September 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
- "Superjet 100 > History". United Aircraft Corporation. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- Kingsley-Jones, Max (6 February 2007). "Russian Revolution: The Sukhoi Superjet". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Karnozov, Vladimir (23 January 2008). "Sukhoi/Boeing RRJ wins Russian state tender". Aviation International News. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "Directory: world airliners". Flight International. 28 October 2003. p. 55–56.
- "Boeing and Sukhoi Announce Expanded Agreement" (Press release). Boeing. 9 June 2007. Archived from the original on 7 March 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
- "Snecma and NPO set to power RRJ". Flightglobal.com. 21 January 2003. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- "P&WC hopes for 2003 launch". Flightglobal.com. 30 July 2002. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- "Snecma and NPO set to power RRJ". Flightglobal.com. 21 January 2003. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- "Snecma confident of more work on RRJ family". Flightglobal.com. 6 May 2003. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- Karnozov, Vladimir (6 February 2007). "Made in Siberia: The Sukhoi Superjet". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 24 November 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Russia unveils new passenger jet". Reuters. 26 September 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
- "Sukhoi SuperJet". Aviation Week Network. 29 October 2007.
- "PowerJet announces the first run of the SaM146 engine installed on the wing of the Superjet 100" (Press release). Safran Aircraft Engines. 21 February 2008.
- Fitzsimons, Bernard. "SaM146 ready to power new Sukhoi Superjet". Aviation International News. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Russia Sukhoi sees Superjet delivery Q3 '09". Reuters. 7 July 2008. Archived from the original on 29 June 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (24 December 2008). "Sukhoi flies second Superjet for first time". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 22 April 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- "Video: First two Superjet 100s in formation flight". Flight International. 27 January 2009. Archived from the original on 22 April 2019. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "Russia's Sukhoi Superjet-100 tested for long haul flight". MosNews.com. 1 April 2009. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2009.
- Sukhoi Superjet 100 (17 April 2009). "EASA pilots perform familiarization flights on board Sukhoi Superjet 100" (Press release). Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- Sukhoi Civil Aircraft (25 July 2009). "The Third Sukhoi Superjet 100 Joins the Flight Test Campaign" (Press release). Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "Malev Buys 30 Superjets for $1Bln". The Moscow Times. 16 June 2009. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- Jonathan Ray (1 August 2009). "Enter Superjet". Avionics International. Archived from the original on 1 May 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
- "Superjet 100 indefinitely delayed". The Moscow Times. 29 December 2009. Archived from the original on 14 January 2010.
- Jon Lake (May 2010). "Russia's Regional Jet". Air International. Vol. 78 no. 5. Stamford, UK: Key Publishing. pp. 54–60. ISSN 0306-5634.
- "Superjet engines slice and dice birds". Russia Today. 28 May 2010. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
Engine manufacturers [...] have completed all tests necessary for certification
- "Superjet International - SSJ100 has successfully completed certification static testing Program". Archived from the original on 6 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Flight management system tests for Superjet 100 complete". Sputnik News. 19 November 2010. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- Alexei Nepomnyashchy and Alexei Nikolsky (6 July 2010). "Sukhoi Superjet behind schedule". The Moscow Times / Vedomosti. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012.
- "Sukhoi Superjet's engines fail certification test-paper". Sputnik News. 6 July 2010. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Buyck, Cathy (29 September 2010). "SuperJet SSJ100 on track for November certification". Aviation Week Network. Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- McHale, John (14 October 2010). "Sukhoi Superjet 100 passes noise testing program". Military & Aerospace Electronics. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011.
- "First Sukhoi Superjet 100 SN 95007 production aircraft took to the air" (Press release). Superjet International. 4 November 2010. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- Zaitsev, Tom (11 November 2010). "Superjet nears end of drawn-out certification campaign". Flight International. Archived from the original on 6 November 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- "Russia's Superjet 100 moves closer to final certification". Sputnik News. 21 December 2010. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- "Superjet Receives Initial Type Certificate". Aviation Week. 3 February 2011.
- "Sukhoi Superjet 100 gets Type Certificate from EASA" (Press release). Superjet International. 3 February 2012. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2012..
- Jens Flottau, Maxim Pyadushkin and Michael Bruno (2 January 2018). "MC-21 Narrowbody Flight Tests Symbolize Russian Sector Ambitions". Aviation Week & Space Technology. Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- Alan Dron (16 November 2017). "Sukhoi to decide on new Superjet variant by 1Q 2018". Aviation Week Network. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
- Stephen Trimble (21 December 2017). "Sukhoi starts testing first Superjet with 'Saberlets'". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
- David Kaminski Morrow (17 October 2019). "Winglet-fitted Superjets complete flight-test programme". Flightglobal.
- David Kaminski Morrow (7 November 2018). "Sukhoi studies lower-weight Superjet wing designs". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 16 November 2018. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
- David Kaminski-Morrow (14 May 2018). "Sukhoi assessing engine options for 'Russified' Superjet". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 19 July 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- David Kaminski-Morrow (2 July 2018). "Sukhoi outlines sales expectations as it tweaks Superjet". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 30 December 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
- Vladimir Karnozov (9 July 2018). "Kremlin Boosts Effort toward 'Indigenization' of SSJ100". AIN online. Archived from the original on 10 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- David Kaminski-Morrow (12 July 2018). "Sabrelet-fitted Superjet needs repair after test accident". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 24 July 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- "INSIGHT: Review of United Aircraft Corporation's commercial projects". Russian Aviation Insider. 15 August 2018. Archived from the original on 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (7 January 2019). "Superjet awaits US approval for Iranian Superjet sales". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 24 January 2019. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
- Vladimir Karnozov (10 September 2018). "Sukhoi, UAC Planning Superjet With No Western Content". AIN online. Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- "SSJ100 Datasheet" (PDF). SuperJet International. 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
- "Russia unveils new passenger jet". Reuters. 26 September 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
- "Sukhoi Superjet systems can make up for any pilot mistake; UAC chief". Russia Today. 20 April 2011. Archived from the original on 12 November 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- "Regional aircraft for international market". Russia CIS Observer. 19 July 2010. Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
- "Russian industry special: New start for Sukhoi". Flight International. 13 August 2007. Archived from the original on 6 November 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "SaM146". PowerJet. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011.
- Maxim Pyadushkin (20 June 2009). "Celebrating the 100th anniversary: The Sukhoi Superjet 100 makes its debut at Le Bourget". Russia CIS Observer. 2 (25). Archived from the original on 2 January 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- Maxim Pyadushkin (4 January 2009). "Right up there: Superjet 100 program needs more money to complete the certification". Russia CIS Observer. 4 (27). Archived from the original on 3 January 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "New Orders but No Lift for Superjet". The Moscow Times. 27 July 2010. Archived from the original on 28 August 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- "Superjet-100 order book hikes by 50%". Russia Today. 16 June 2009. Archived from the original on 25 June 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
- Maxim Pyadushkin (11 December 2018). "UAC moves Superjet 100 from Sukhoi to Irkut in company restructure". Aviation Week Network. Archived from the original on 29 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "Sukhoi Superjet 100 heading from Yerevan lands at Sheremetyevo airport". Armenian News. 21 April 2011. Archived from the original on 24 April 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- "Sukhoi Superjet 100 makes first passenger flight". Voice of Russia. 21 April 2011. Archived from the original on 24 April 2011.
- RIA Novosti (21 May 2011). "Sukhoi Superjet conducts first passenger flight". Sputnik News. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- Karnozov, Vladimir (21 April 2011). "Pictures: Armavia Superjet conducts first revenue flight". Flight International. Archived from the original on 6 November 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- "The Sukhoi Superjet 100 landed in Venice for the first time" (Press release). Superjet International. 1 May 2011. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
- ""Аэрофлот" выторговал у "Гражданских самолетов Сухого" беспрецедентные скидки". Vedomosti (in Russian). 13 May 2012. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- "Armavia Returns Superjet-100 to Manufacturer". Sputnik News. 6 August 2012. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- "Owner of Armenian Armavia rejects alleged debt for Sukhoi SuperJet 100". Arka news. 16 December 2012. Archived from the original on 8 January 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "CJSC "Sukhoi Civil Aircraft" press-release" (Press release). UAC. 7 February 2013. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- "Interjet SSJ100 confirm successful operations" (Press release). SuperJet International. 29 October 2013. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- "Interjet's Supejet Dispatch Nearly Perfect". Aviation Week. 11 June 2014. Archived from the original on 10 July 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
- "Interjet Starts Monterrey – Houston Service from late-Oct 2014". RoutesOnline. 4 September 2014. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- "Goltsblat BLP advises on the first delivery of Sukhoi Superjets to European airline" (Press release). Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner. 27 June 2016. Archived from the original on 19 December 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- "Russia Grounds Its Newest Airliner Over Safety Concerns". The New York Times. 24 December 2016. Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- "Sukhoi Superjet 100 Fleet Inspection Completed" (Press release). Sukhoi Civil Aircraft. 27 December 2016. Archived from the original on 13 June 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- "Mexican Airline Interjet Checking Russian Superjet 100 Planes After Warning". Sputnik News. 27 December 2016. Archived from the original on 20 June 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- "Superjet reliability close to 98%: Sukhoi". Flightglobal. 17 August 2017. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
- "Stabilizers – Horizontal Stabilizer Rear Spar – Inspection". Airworthiness Directives. EASA. 21 July 2017. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- Edward Russell (17 November 2017). "Interjet praises Superjet despite continuing maintenance needs". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 12 September 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- Paul Jebely (18 March 2015). "Paper planes: the financing of aircraft pre-delivery payments". Clyde & Co. Archived from the original on 13 September 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- "Commercial Aircraft New Airbus aircraft list prices for 2012" (Press release). Airbus. 18 January 2012. Archived from the original on 13 September 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- Andrea Navarro (12 January 2018). "Stranded Russian Jets in Mexican Hangars Haunt Troubled Airline". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 13 January 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- "Mexico's Interjet refutes media reports it's 'cannibalizing' SSJ-100 planes". TASS. 19 January 2018. Archived from the original on 21 February 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
- "Interjet приостановила эксплуатацию части парка SSJ 100" (in Russian). ATO.ru. 17 January 2018. Archived from the original on 17 January 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- Maxim Pyadushkin and Jens Flottau (20 September 2018). "Superjet Faces Western Airline Pushback, But Aeroflot Wants More SSJs". Aviation Week & Space Technology.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- "Sukhoi Faces Loss Of Rare Western Customer". MRO Network. 11 September 2018. Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- "Press Release" (PDF) (Press release). Interjet. 12 September 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
- Ghim-Lay Yeo (14 September 2018). "Interjet to phase out some Superjets in fleet restructuring". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 15 September 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
- Vladimir Karnozov (17 September 2018). "Mexico's Interjet Alters Growth Plan, To Shed some SSJ100s". AIN online. Archived from the original on 19 September 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
- Ghim-Lay Yeo (2 October 2018). "ANALYSIS: Sukhoi offers Superjet upgrades to appease Interjet". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 3 October 2018. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
- "Sukhoi to cut Superjet deliveries and focus on aftersales support". Russian Aviation Insider. 1 October 2018. Archived from the original on 4 October 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- Alan Dron (17 September 2018). "Brussels Airlines looks at wet-lease options for Sukhoi aircraft". ATWOnline. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- Vladimir Karnozov (19 February 2019). "CityJet, Russians Differ on Reasons for Superjet Shuffle". AIN online. Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Adria Airways cancels Sukhoi SuperJet order" (Press release). Adria Airways. 2 April 2019. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- Saeed, Saim (6 May 2019). "Russian air crash could ground the country's airline industry". politico. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
- Yeo, Ghim-Lay (26 March 2019). "Interjet grounds two-thirds of SSJ100 fleet". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 26 March 2019. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- Macheras, Alex (28 March 2019). "The 'unreliable' Russian airline jets". Gulf Times (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- Cartera, Sara (15 May 2019). "Interjet venderá 20 aviones Sukhoi". El Universal. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- "Russia's Plane-Making Ambition Exceeds Its Competence". The Moscow Times. 6 May 2019. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- "Superjet Losing Domestic Support". MRO Network. 4 June 2019. Archived from the original on 5 June 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
- "Russian airline cancels Sukhoi Superjet order after fatal..." Reuters. 6 May 2019. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ""Решение не приостанавливать полеты Superjet — политическое и мне оно непонятно" — эксперт по авиабезопасности". ru:The Insider (in Russian). 6 May 2019. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
- "SSJ 100 придержали на земле". Коммерсантъ. Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2019 – via Kommersant.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (4 June 2019). "One-time checks ordered for Superjet fleet". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 5 June 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
- "Sevenfold slump for Sukhoi Civil aircraft sales so far this year". Russian Aviation Insider. 24 July 2019.
- Kingsley-Jones, Max (6 February 2007). "Russian Revolution: The Sukhoi Superjet". Flight International. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "Type certificate data sheet IM.A.176 for RRJ-95" (PDF). EASA. 7 March 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "Long Range Version of Sukhoi Superjet 100 Certified by IAC AR" (Press release). SuperJet International. 22 August 2013. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "New SSJ100 Model Certified by EASA: Base Take-Off Weight with Increased Engine Thrust" (Press release). SuperJet International. 17 May 2017. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- Vladimir Karnozov (10 February 2012). "Superjet's 130NG Stretch To Feature Composite Wing". Aviation International News. Archived from the original on 14 September 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
- "Russia and Italy planning new 130-seat regional jet". Flightglobal. 7 February 2012. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
- "UAC to Build New 140-Seat Airliner". Sputnik News. 23 August 2012. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "Russia plans to build a new airliner bigger than the Sukhoi Superjet". Russia Today. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "Russia will start the production of Sukhoi SuperJet NG in 2019-2020". Russian Aviation. 2 August 2013.
- Episkopos, Mark (23 December 2018). "Is Russia Getting Ready to Sell Iran the Sukhoi Superjet 100 Aircraft?". The National Interest. Archived from the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Sukhoi plans 120-seat SSJ stretch". Air Transport World. Aviation Week Network. 12 October 2016. Archived from the original on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Polina Montag-Girmes (20 June 2017). "UAC to make a decision on 130-seat SSJ100 in 2017". Aviation Week Network. Archived from the original on 20 June 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
- Polina Montag-Girmes (23 June 2017). "PowerJet ready to develop SaM146 engines for 130-seat SSJ100". Aviation Week Network. Archived from the original on 25 June 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- Max Kingsley-Jones (6 February 2018). "Sukhoi considering PW1000G power for Superjet shrink". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- Bjorn Fehrm (7 February 2018). "Next Sukhoi Superjet is a 75 seater". Leeham.
- David Kaminski-Morrow (21 May 2018). "Shrunk Superjet to have more commonality with MC-21". Flightglobal.
- David Kaminski-Morrow (3 July 2018). "Sukhoi leans towards composite wing on 75-seat Superjet". Flightglobal.
- Evgeny Semenov (19 April 2019). "Creation of the Superjet 75 shortened version is postponed indefinitely". Russian Aviation Insider. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
- "S7 owner: Russian industry has scrapped the Superjet 75 project". Russian Aviation Insider. 4 September 2019.
- "Sukhoi Superjet 100 – Production list and backlog". Superjet100.info. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "Sukhoi Superjet 100 Production List". www.planespotters.net. Archived from the original on 1 September 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
- Jane's all the world's aircraft. 2005.
- "Indonesia blames pilot error for deadly Sukhoi crash". AFP. 18 December 2012. Archived from the original on 21 December 2012.
- "Report on aircraft accident: Runway excursion during flight testing on 21 July 2013 at Keflavik Airport" (PDF). Icelandic Aircraft Accident Investigation Board. 23 March 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 March 2018. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
- "Accident: Sukhoi SU95 at Keflavik on Jul 21st 2013, belly landing". The Aviation Herald. 30 March 2016. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- David Kaminski-Morrow (30 March 2016). "Fatigued Superjet test pilot used wrong throttle before crash". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "Yakutia Superjet damaged in Yakutsk landing excursion". Flightglobal. 10 October 2018. Archived from the original on 11 October 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- "Passenger plane rolls off runway on landing in Siberia". Reuters. 10 October 2018. Archived from the original on 10 October 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- "Yakutia's Superjet 100 damaged beyond repair in runway excursion". Russian Aviation Insider. 10 October 2018. Archived from the original on 19 October 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
- "Aircraft accident Sukhoi Superjet 100-95B RA-89098 Moskva-Sheremetyevo Airport (SVO)". Aviation Safety Network. 6 May 2019. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sukhoi Superjet 100.|