Sukhoy Nos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sukhoy Nos
Map showing the location of Sukhoy Nos
Map showing the location of Sukhoy Nos
Location Severny, Novaya Zemlya
Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russian Federation
Coordinates 73°47′14″N 53°42′46″E / 73.787287°N 53.712845°E / 73.787287; 53.712845Coordinates: 73°47′14″N 53°42′46″E / 73.787287°N 53.712845°E / 73.787287; 53.712845
Offshore water bodies Barents Sea

Sukhoy Nos (Russian: Сухой Нос, Dry Nose) is a cape on Severny, the northern island of the archipelago Novaya Zemlya, belonging to Arkhangelsk Oblast of the Russian Federation, projecting into the Barents Sea. The site lies near the southwestern corner of the island, very close to the Matochkin Strait, which separates Severny from Yuzhny, the southern island of the archipelago.

The cape is composed of black and reddish shale. Off of its northern shore lie underwater sand bars. Numerous birds nest on the steep cliffs, particularly loons.[1]

It was known for being a site of nuclear testing for the former USSR, being the third detonating site of three on the Novaya Zemlya archipelago (designated "Zone C"), as well as the most northern. It was used between 1958 and 1961 and was the 1961 explosion site of Tsar Bomba.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Сухой Нос," Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона. — С.-Пб.: Брокгауз-Ефрон. 1890—1907.
  2. ^ Khalturin, Vitaly I.; Rautian, Tatyana G.; Richards, Paul G.; Leith, William S. (2005). "A Review of Nuclear Testing by the Soviet Union at Novaya Zemlya, 1955–1990" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 13 (1): 1–42. doi:10.1080/08929880590961862. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 8, 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-14.