Sukhumala Marasri

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Sukhumala Marasri
สุขุมาลมารศรี
Queen consort of Siam
Queen Sukumalmarsri.jpg
Born (1861-05-10)10 May 1861
Grand Palace, Bangkok, Siam
Died 9 July 1927(1927-07-09) (aged 66)
Bang Khun Phrom Palace, Bangkok, Siam
Spouse Chulalongkorn (Rama V)
Issue Suddha Dibyaratana
Paribatra Sukhumbhand
House Chakri Dynasty
Father Mongkut (Rama IV)
Mother Samli Bunnag
Queen Consort of
the Chakri Dynasty
Emblem of the House of Chakri.svg Amarindra
(Rama I)
Emblem of the House of Chakri.svg Sri Suriyendra
(Rama II)
Queen Debsirindra.jpg Debsirindra
(Rama IV)
Queen Saovabha Phongsri.jpg Saovabha Phongsri
(Rama V)
HM Queen Indrasakdi Sachi.jpg Indrasakdi Sachi
(Rama VI)
Queen Rambhai Barni of Siam.jpg Rambai Barni
(Rama VII)
Queen Sirikit NYWTS.jpg Sirikit
(Rama IX)

Sukhumala Marasri (Thai: สุขุมาลมารศรี; rtgsSukhumanmarasi; 10 May 1861 – 9 July 1927) was a daughter of King Mongkut (Rama IV) and his concubine, Samli (เจ้าคุณจอมมารดาสำลี). Her given name was Princess Sukhumala Marasri (พระองค์เจ้าสุขุมาลมารศรี). She was later one of the four consorts of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) and was also his half-sister.

Early life[edit]

Sukumala was born in Royal Grand Palace on 10 May 1861. She was the 52nd child of King Mongkut. Her mother was consort Samli. She had 5 full siblings, including the famous Princess Napaborn, and from her father's side she was a half-sister to King Chulalongkorn (later her husband), Queens Sunandha Savang Vadhana, and Saovabha.

When she was ten years old, King Mongkut died and was succeeded by Sukhumala Marasri's half-brother, Prince Chulalongkorn.

Life as queen[edit]

Sometime in her teenage years, Sukhumala became a royal wife to King Chulalongkorn. The marriage produced two children; Princess Suddha Dibyaratana (later the Princess of Ratanakosin), who was also the first surviving Chao-Fah, a child of the sovereign which their mother is the Queen Consort or a Princess by blood, and Prince Paribatra Sukhumbhand (later the Prince of Nakorn Sawan.) In her husband's reign she served as the King's secretary and was referred to as "the Princess Consort".

After her husband died, she moved to her son's palace, Bang Khun Prom. During the reign of King Vajiravudh, her nephew, he officially named her as his father's fourth queen consort, making her official title Her Majesty Queen Sukhumala. When Prajadhipok succeeded to the throne, he gave his father's two surviving queens consort, Savang Vadhana and Sukhumala, the title of "the Queen Aunt". In the same style Sukhumala was preceded by Savang Vadhana, reflecting the fact that Savang Vadhana was created queen consort by Chulalongkorn before Sukhumala.

Queen Consort Sukhumala Marasri died on 9 July 1927 at the age of 66 at the Bang Khun Prom Palace (H.R.H. Prince Paripatra Sukhumbhand Palace). Her only surviving child, Prince Paripatra Sukhumbhand, and her younger full sister, Princess Napaborn, were at her bedside.

Aftermath[edit]

In her memory, one district was named "Rajdhevi" after Sukumala.

When Prahadhipok abdicated and was succeeded by his nephew, Ananda Mahidol in 1935, Sukumala was no longer aunt to the new king, thus she was simply referred to as Her Majesty Queen Sukumala Marasri. Unlike her younger-half sister, Savang Vadhana, who was created "the Queen Grandmother".

Her son, Prince Paripatra Sukhumbhand was a prominent figure in Siamese politics during the later part of the absolute monarchy, often credited as the man behind King Prajadhipok's throne. The prince served as Minister of the Interior at the time of the Siamese revolution of 1932, he was captured by the Khana Ratsadon (the People's Party) and placed under arrest. Prajadhipok accepted the demands of the rebels and became a constitutional monarch. Prince Paripatra, however was exiled from Siam. He eventually settled and died in Indonesia, he never returned to his homeland. Mom Rajawongse Sukhumbhand Paribatra, politician and Governor of Bangkok is one of his grandchildren.

Sukumala's younger sister, Princess Napaborn died at the age of 94.

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 1861–1881 : Her Royal Highness Princess Sukhumala Marasri
  • 1881–1910 : Her Royal Highness Princess Sukhumala Marasri, Princess Consort
  • 1910–1925 : Her Majesty Queen Sukhumala Marasri, Royal Consort of HM King Chulalongkorn
  • 1925–1927 : Her Majesty The Queen Aunt

Thai Royal Decorations[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]