Sukjong of Goryeo

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Sukjong of Goryeo
Hangul 숙종
Hanja 肅宗
Revised Romanization Sukjong
McCune–Reischauer Sukchong
Birth name
Hangul 왕희 later 왕옹
Hanja 王熙 later 王顒
Revised Romanization Wang Hui later Wang Ong
McCune–Reischauer Wang Hŭi later Wang Ong
Courtesy name
Hangul 천상
Hanja 天常
Revised Romanization Cheonsang
McCune–Reischauer Ch'ŏnsang

Sukjong of Goryeo (2 September 1054 – 10 November 1105) (r. 1095–1105) was the 15th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the younger brother of Sunjong. He married Myeongui, the daughter of Yu Hong.

Sukjong rose to the throne in 1095 upon the abdication of his young nephew, Heonjong. He oversaw various internal innovations, including the distribution of the country's first brass coins (in 1102) and the construction of the new Southern Capital (Namgyeong, present-day Seoul).

However, he was also faced by threats from without, most notably an 1104 invasion by the northern Jurchen tribes. Unable to repel the Jurchens by force, he sent his general Yun Gwan to raise an army and repulse them. This army is known as Byeolmuban and consisted of three separate divisions. Sukjong died the following year, while on the way to the western capital, Pyongyang. Challenges of Sukjong's reign can be summarized in his own words:[1]

Since I was entrusted with the affairs of the state, I have always endeavoured to cautiously maintain diplomatic ties with Liao in the north and serve the Song in the south, while these days the Jurchen in the east have become enemies to be reckoned with. Making the people comfortable is the first imperative of military and political affairs, so all unnecessary corvée duties must be abolished in order for the people to live comfortably!

He was succeeded by his son Yejong.

Family[edit]

  • Father : King Munjong of Goryeo (29 December 1019 – 2 September 1083) (고려 문종)
    • Grandfather : King Hyeonjong of Goryeo (1 August 992 – 17 June 1031) (고려 현종)
    • Grandmother : Queen Wonhye of the Ansan Kim clan (? – 30 June 1022) (원혜태후 김씨)
  • Mother : Queen Inye of the Incheon Lee clan (1031 – 1092) (인예왕후 이씨)
    • Grandfather : Lee Ja-Yeon (1003 – 1061) (이자연)
    • Grandmother : Lady Kim of the Gyeongju Kim clan (경주 김씨)

Consorts :

  1. Queen Myeongui of the Jeongju Yu clan (? – 14 July 1112) (명의왕후 유씨)
    1. King Yejong of Goryeo (11 February 1079 – 15 May 1122) (고려 예종)
    2. Wang Pil, Prince Sangdang (? – 1099) (왕필 상당후)
    3. Prince Wonmyeong (1090 – 1141) (원명국사)
    4. Wang Bo, Prince Daebang (? – 16 June 1128) (왕보 대방공)
    5. Wang Hyo, Prince Daewon (1093 – January 1170) (왕효 대원공)
    6. Wang Seo, Prince Jean (? – 14 February 1131) (왕서 제안공)
    7. Wang Gyo, Prince Tongui (1097 – 19 April 1119) (왕교 통의후)
    8. Princess Daeryeong (? – 1114) (대령궁주)
    9. Princess Heungsu (? – 1123) (흥수궁주)
    10. Princess Ansu (안수궁주)
    11. Princess Boknyeong (1096 – 1133) (복녕궁주)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. E. Breuker, Establishing a Pluralist Society in Medieval Korea, 918–1170: History, Ideology and Identity in the Koryŏ Dynasty, (Brill, Leiden, 2010), p.252
Sukjong of Goryeo
Born: 2 September 1054 Died: 10 November 1105
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Heonjong
King of Goryeo
1095–1105
Succeeded by
Yejong
Korean royalty
New creation Marquis of Gyerim
1065–1077
Succeeded by
Himself
as Duke of Gyerim
Preceded by
Himself
as Marquis of Gyerim
Duke of Gyerim
1077–1095
Merged in the Crown