Sukma Games

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For Malaysia at the worldwide Olympic Games, see Malaysia at the Olympics.

The Sukma Games is a sporting event in Malaysia held once every year. Sukma is an acronym for Sukan Malaysia; literally Malaysian Games, in other words this event is often viewed as a high end national level competition and is usually referred to as the "Malaysian Olympics". The first Games was held in 1986 in Kuala Lumpur. The game is held annually since 2011; previously it was held biannually between 1986 and 2010. The games is likely to held biannually again begin 2014. Participants of the event are picked from an extremely competitive pool of possible strong elite athletes for each respective state and are usually extremely proficient and skilled in their own respective disciplines.[1]

Background[edit]

The Sukma Games is a multi-sports events held bianually and is the largest and prestige tournament in Malaysia. The tournament is held at every alternate year with Southeast Asian Games to explore new talents of the athletes highly potential to represent the nation at International Sporting Events.

The Sukma Games rose from the proposal of the then Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, Anwar Ibrahim in 1983. At first, the proposal consists of sports such as Tennis, Table Tennis, Cycling, Athletics and Volleyball, but due to popularity and fame, the sports and number of events increased. [2]

Participating contingent[edit]

The Participating Contingent are mainly states and federal territories within Malaysia. Some national organisations and Foreign Affiliates have been invited to certain Sukma Games Edition. Eventually, as time passes all invitational teams except Brunei have been ceased to participate in any Sukma Games followed by individual Federal Territories of Malaysia which the latter had been merged into a single team starts 2006. Participating Contingent with their respective Sukma Games Code are as below.

Notes:

  1. ^ Brunei is the only contingent which is not from within Malaysia
  2. ^ Kuala Lumpur, Labuan and Putrajaya participated as a combined Federal Territory contingent since 2006
  3. ^ No longer participated in the games. (Historic Teams)
  4. ^ The Northern Territory of Australia has been invited to several Sukma editions. The territory participated for the first time in the 2002 Games.

Sports[edit]

The list below shows the sports that are played at all the Sukma Games since 1986.

Core sports[edit]

Optional sports[edit]

All-time medal table[edit]

  • Total medals excluding 4th place

      Host state

Edition[edit]

Sukma Games is located in Malaysia
17
1, 2, 14, 16
1, 2, 14, 16
3, 18
3, 18
4
5
6, 15
6, 15
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Host cities of the games through 2016

All states of Malaysia have held their respective Sukma Games, except Kelantan.

Edition Year Host Main Stadium Start Date End Date Sports Events Contingents Competitors Champion
I 1986 Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur Merdeka Stadium, Kuala Lumpur 19 April 26 April 15 127 17 4,552 Kuala Lumpur
II 1988 Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur Stadium Negara, Kuala Lumpur 12 November 19 November 26 133 17 4,995 Selangor
III 1990  Sarawak Sarawak State Stadium, Kuching 18 July 27 July 26 134 17 3,426 Sarawak
IV 1992  Johor Tan Sri Dato Haji Hassan Yunos Stadium, Johor Bahru 1 July 11 July 26 199 17 5,151 Sarawak
V 1994  Perak Perak Stadium, Ipoh 9 June 18 June 26 230 17 5,664 Sarawak
VI 1996  Pahang Darul Makmur Stadium, Kuantan 1 June 10 June 26 277 19 6,495 Selangor
VII 1998  Selangor Opening ceremony
Shah Alam Stadium
Closing ceremony
Melawati Indoor Stadium
17 April 26 April 26 264 16 5,028 Selangor
VIII 2000  Penang Batu Kawan Stadium, Batu Kawan 25 May 4 June 29 332 19 5,875 Selangor
IX 2002  Sabah Likas Stadium, Kota Kinabalu 5 September 14 September 27 347 20 5,324 Selangor
X 2004  Negeri Sembilan Tuanku Abdul Rahman Stadium, Seremban 28 May 6 June 32 370 17 Selangor
XI 2006  Kedah Darul Aman Stadium, Alor Star 24 May 4 June 31 370 16 4,882 Selangor
XII 2008  Terengganu Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Stadium, Kuala Terengganu 31 May 9 June 31 406 15 Terengganu
XIII 2010  Malacca Hang Jebat Stadium, Paya Rumput 10 June 19 June 33 437 15 9,237 Terengganu
XIV 2011  Federal Territory KLFA Stadium, Kuala Lumpur 2 June 12 June 24 129 14 3,368 Terengganu
XV 2012 Pahang Pahang Darul Makmur Stadium, Kuantan 9 July 16 July 24 379 15 5,828 Terengganu
XVI 2013 Federal Territory (Malaysia) Federal Territory Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur 28 June 7 July 23 132 14 3,618 Selangor
XVII 2014  Perlis Tuanku Syed Putra Stadium, Kangar 24 May 4 June 24 396 15 7,815 Federal Territory
2015 Federal Territory (Malaysia) Federal Territory Cancelled
TBA 2016  Sarawak Future event 22 July 31 July Future event
TBA 2017 Federal Territory (Malaysia) Federal Territory To be confirmed
TBA 2018  Perak[3][4] Future event
TBA 2019 Federal Territory (Malaysia) Federal Territory To be confirmed
TBA 2020  Johor (potential bid)[5] Future event

Best performing contingent[edit]

Contingent Champions Runners-up
 Selangor 8 (1988, 1996, 1998*, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2013) 5 (1986, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012)
 Terengganu 4 (2008*, 2010, 2011, 2012) 2 (2013, 2014)
 Sarawak 3 (1990, 1992*, 1994) 5 (1988, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2004)
 Kuala Lumpur 1 (1986*) 2 (1990, 1994)
Federal Territory (Malaysia) Federal Territory 1 (2014)
Pahang Pahang 1 (2006)
Perak Perak 1 (2002)
Johor Johor 1 (1992*)
* = host

List of the Sukma Games' Sportsman and Sportswoman[edit]

Edition Year Sukma Games' Sportsman Sukma Games' Sportswoman
Name Contingent Sport Name Contingent Sport
I 1986
II 1988
III 1990 Gerard Liew  Penang Swimming Tania Hamid Bugo  Sarawak Swimming
IV 1992 Khoo Kah Hock Malaysia MASUM Archery Magdaline Goh  Penang Swimming
Azmi Ibrahim
(Most Promising Sportsman)
 Pahang Athletics Shalin Zulkifli
(Most Promising Sportswoman)
 Selangor Bowling
V 1994 Azmi Ibrahim  Pahang Athletics Yew Chai Peng  Perak Athletics
VI 1996
VII 1998 Chai Song Lip  Sarawak Athletics
VIII 2000 Allen Ong  Perak Swimming Sia Wai Yen  Kuala Lumpur Swimming
IX 2002 Ng Shu Mun  Perak Artistic gymnastics Ngew Sin Mei  Kuala Lumpur Athletics
Petra Nabila Mustafa
(Most Promising Sportswoman)
 Negeri Sembilan Athletics
X 2004 Daniel Bego  Sarawak Swimming Cindy Ong  Perak Swimming
XI 2006 Zulkifli Che Rose  Sarawak Weightlifting Lew Yih Wey  Negeri Sembilan Swimming
XII 2008 Foo Jian Beng  Selangor Swimming Marellyn Liew  Sarawak Swimming
XIII 2010 J. Karthik  Malacca Athletics Chan Kah Yan Federal Territory (Malaysia) Federal Territory Swimming
XIV 2011 Ahmad Shafie Abd Jabar  Johor Canoeing Jupha Somnet  Perlis Cycling
XV 2012 Abdul Mubin Rahim  Terengganu Weightlifting Frenceay Titus  Sabah Weightlifting
XVI 2013 Danniel Iskandar Richard  Selangor Artistic gymnastics Esmelda Arecia Menti Alfred Geling  Sarawak Artistic gymnastics
XVII 2014 Muhammad Irfan Shamshuddin  Negeri Sembilan Athletics Jelinie Empera  Sarawak Weightlifting

Fourth Place-Points System[edit]

From 1998 to 2006, Sukma Games adopted the Fourth Place-Points System to calculate the points collected by athletes for the contingent. It was also a measurement to a contingent's strength and as bonus awards to a contingent. The Sukma Games organiser, however, has a somewhat misleading practice of ranking contingent based on most points or most medals collected in the medal table and not the traditional most gold-most silver-most bronze ascending order and includes fourth place and total points collected in the medal table. The system was abolished after the 2006 Sukma Games. Note that the system applied only for local contingents and not invitational contingents such as Brunei and Northern Territory.

Points are calculated based on the Number of Athletes in an event as follows.

Number Of Athletes Gold Silver Bronze 4th Place
Single and Duo 5 3 2 1
Trio and Above 8 5 3 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Malay) Sukan Malaysia (SUKMA). National Sports Council of Malaysia. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  2. ^ National Sports Council Malaysia
  3. ^ (Malay) Perak Bida Jadi Tuan Rumah Sukma 2018. RTM. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  4. ^ Shahrul:Perak To Host 2018 Sukma
  5. ^ Zulkarnain: Johor will be ready to host Sukma in 2020 rather than 2018. The Star. 14 September 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2015