Sukma Games

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Sukma Games
Logo-sukma.jpg
Sukma Games logo
First event1986 Sukma Games in Kuala Lumpur
Occur everytwo years
Last event2018 Sukma Games in Perak
PurposeMulti-sport event for states in Malaysia
WebsiteNational Sports Council of Malaysia

The Sukma Games (Malay: Sukan Malaysia, lit.: Malaysian Games) is a biennial national multi-sport event involving young athletes from Malaysian 13 member states and the Federal territory. The games is regulated by the National Sports Council of Malaysia, the state sports council of the respective member states, the Olympic Council of Malaysia and the National Sports association of the games respective sporting event.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

The Sukma Games was conceptualised by the then Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, Anwar Ibrahim in 1983. The proposed rationale was that a national games will help improve the sports quality, produces and encourages athletes to participate in sports at state level, improve officials performance, encourages the building of new venues and upgrading of existing sport venues at state level and cultivate national integration spirit among Malaysian community. At first, the inaugural games was proposed to be held from 15 August to 2 September 1985 and consist of 6 sports such as tennis, table tennis, cycling, athletics, sepak takraw and volleyball.[1] However, a new proposal to involve more sport was submitted by the public to the National Sports Council of Malaysia, which accept the proposal and made the decision to be held the games every two years begins 1986 onwards and alternate with the Southeast Asian Games.[citation needed]

The first Sukma Games were held in Kuala Lumpur from 19–26 April 1986 participated by more than 3849 athletes from 13 States of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur Federal Territory, The Malaysian Universities Sports Council (MASUM), Royal Malaysian Police and the Malaysian Armed Forces (ATM). The third edition was held in Sarawak in 1990, making it the first time the Sukma Games was held in the state and also the first time in East Malaysia.[citation needed]

At the 6th Sukma Games in Pahang in 1996, Brunei, Labuan and the Malaysian Schools Sports Council (MSSM) made their debut, while the Malaysian Armed Forces ceased to participate and the Northern Territory of Australia only participates at the 9th Sukma Games in Sabah in 2002. At the 10th Sukma Games in 2004 in Negeri Sembilan, both the Schools Sports Council and Universities Sports Council ceased to participate while at the 11th edition in Kedah in 2006, both Kuala Lumpur and Labuan team merged to form the Federal Territory team following the administration merger of Kuala Lumpur, Labuan and the Putrajaya while the Police participates at the games for the last time.[citation needed]

A decision was made by the National Sports Council on 27 May 2010 to hold the games annually from 2011 onwards in an effort to develop and democratise all sports including optional sports in the country. The odd year games was held in Kuala Lumpur by the National Sports Council and involve only optional sports, while the even year games was held in member states of the country and involve only core sports. The odd year games was however abolished by the council in 2015, citing fully packed state sports agenda and high cost for state sport councils to fund a Sukma Games contingent every year.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Participating teams[edit]

[12]

Notes:

  1. ^ Kuala Lumpur, Labuan and Putrajaya participated as a combined Federal Territory contingent since 2006. Given Putrajaya's small area and population, the Putrajaya contingent was never formed throughout Sukma Games history.
  2. ^ No longer participated in the games (historical team)
  3. ^ Not from within Malaysia.
  4. ^ Malaysian Universities Sports Council (Malay: Majlis Sukan Universiti Malaysia, abbreviated as MASUM)
  5. ^ Malaysian Schools Sports Council (Malay: Majlis Sukan Sekolah-sekolah Malaysia, abbreviated as MSSM)
  6. ^ Royal Malaysian Police (Malay: Polis Diraja Malaysia, abbreviated as PDRM)
  7. ^ Malaysian Armed Forces (Malay: Angkatan Tentera Malaysia, abbreviated as ATM)

Sports[edit]

The list below shows the sports that are played at all the Sukma Games since 1986.[13][14]

Core sports[edit]

Optional sports[edit]

All-time medal table[edit]

Below shows the all time medal table of Sukma Games from 1986 to 2018. Defunct teams are highlighted in italics.

Sukma Games all-time medal table
RankStateGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Selangor8007868872473
2 Sarawak7116497052065
3 Perak4434676161526
4 Terengganu4384465731457
5 Pahang4163914391246
6 Penang4154255511391
7 Johor3533735061232
8 Sabah3103674881165
9 Federal Territory3033163871006
10 Kuala Lumpur274276279829
11 Kedah273252367892
12 Negeri Sembilan241242346829
13 Malacca210211278699
14 Kelantan139150193482
15 Perlis6771153291
16 Police313645112
17Malaysia Universities17171549
18 Armed Forces12273978
19 Brunei5153353
20 Labuan221014
21Malaysia Schools22913
22 Northern Territory1012
Totals (22 states)54635521692017904

Medal table by edition[edit]

1986 Sukma Games[edit]

  *   Host nation (Kuala Lumpur)

1986 Sukma Games medal table
RankStateGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1MalaysiaKuala Lumpur*36322290
2 Selangor23141451
3 Sarawak1381435
4 Perak10151742
5 Penang9202150
6 Sabah98825
7 Police94720
8 Johor65617
9 Kedah551121
10 Armed Forces281121
11 Malacca2158
12 Terengganu2147
13 Pahang14611
14 Negeri Sembilan0145
15 Kelantan0112
16 Perlis0011
17Malaysia Universities0000
Totals (17 states)127127152406
Source: [15]

1988 Sukma Games[edit]

  *   Host nation ( Kuala Lumpur)

1988 Sukma Games medal table
RankStateGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Selangor26172972
2 Sarawak24181557
3 Penang19141548
4Malaysia Kuala Lumpur*12122246
5 Negeri Sembilan106521
6 Johor93921
7 Kedah66820
8 Police63514
9 Malacca57416
10 Sabah412824
11Malaysia Universities44816
12 Perak3202144
13 Terengganu2248
14 Kelantan13711
15 Pahang1157
16 Perlis1056
17 Armed Forces0112
Totals (17 states)133129171433

1990 Sukma Games[edit]

  *   Host nation (Sarawak)

1990 Sukma Games medal table
RankStateGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Sarawak*44171879
2 Kuala Lumpur19201857
3 Penang17222463
4 Perak12162250
5 Selangor11183463
6 Negeri Sembilan74415
7 Sabah541019
8 Malacca46616
9 Police44210
 Terengganu44210
11 Kedah27615
12 Johor251219
13 Kelantan2237
14 Perlis1078
15 Pahang0257
16Malaysia Universities0213
17 Armed Forces0123
Totals (17 states)134134176444

1992 Sukma Games[edit]

  *   Host nation (Johor)

1992 Sukma Games medal table
RankStateGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Sarawak36272689
2 Johor*26212269
3 Selangor23254189
4 Penang22282272
5 Kuala Lumpur22233277
6 Perak18102149
7 Sabah9161338
8 Malacca761225
9 Kedah67821
10 Negeri Sembilan65314
11 Armed Forces551828
12 Pahang55818
13Malaysia Universities45211
14 Kelantan391224
15 Terengganu341017
16 Police2158
17 Perlis2002
Totals (17 states)199197255651

1994 Sukma Games[edit]

  *   Host nation (Perak)

1994 Sukma Games medal table
RankStateGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Sarawak39283097
2 Kuala Lumpur31392696
3 Selangor284133102
4 Perak*26262577
5 Pahang21162057
6 Sabah19141447
7 Johor17132252
8 Penang13122449
9 Kedah852033
10 Kelantan661022
11 Armed Forces512724
12 Terengganu53715
13 Negeri Sembilan42410
14 Malacca411015
15 Police38213
16 Perlis1089
17Malaysia Universities0213
Totals (17 states)230228263721

1996 Sukma Games[edit]

  *   Host nation (Pahang*)

1996 Sukma Games medal table
RankStateGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Selangor574344144
2 Sarawak564952157
3 Pahang**374244123
4 Kuala Lumpur34273293
5 Perak22252875
6 Sabah20192261
7 Terengganu8161539
8 Kelantan8111130
9 Kedah861832
10 Negeri Sembilan641020
11 Penang5101025
12 Malacca591125
13Malaysia Universities4004
14 Johor271726
15 Perlis2248
16 Police13812
17 Brunei1102
18Malaysia Schools1023
19 Labuan0000
Totals (19 states)277274328879

1998 Sukma Games[edit]

  *   Host nation (Selangor)

1998 Sukma Games medal table
RankStateGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Selangor*806141182
2 Sarawak464541132
3 Perak25253787
4 Kuala Lumpur23252674
5 Pahang21293686
6 Penang1252340
7 Terengganu11141540
8 Sabah11101233
9 Kelantan1191030
10 Kedah8131536
11 Johor771630
12 Negeri Sembilan481325
13 Malacca481123
14 Perlis1236
15 Labuan0022
Malaysia Schools0022
Totals (16 states)264261303828

2000 Sukma Games[edit]

  *   Host state (Penang)

2000 Sukma Games medal table
RankStateGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Selangor535654163
2 Sarawak495556160
3 Perak463740123
4 Penang*34263696
5 Kuala Lumpur33323095
6 Pahang27263588
7 Johor20173168
8 Kedah17152153
9 Sabah12111841
10 Negeri Sembilan12101335
11 Kelantan8121535
12 Malacca7101431
13 Terengganu64818
14 Perlis45514
15Malaysia Universities3328
16Malaysia Schools1135
17 Brunei0134
Police0134
19 Labuan0000
Totals (19 states)3323223871041

Edition[edit]

All states of Malaysia have held their respective Sukma Games, except Kelantan.[16][17][18] The 2020 Sukma Games was postponed to 2021 due to COVID-19 pandemic.

Edition Year Host Main Stadium Start Date End Date Sports Events Contingents Competitors Champion
I 1986 Kuala Lumpur Merdeka Stadium, Kuala Lumpur 19 April 26 April 17 Kuala Lumpur (1)
II 1988 Kuala Lumpur Stadium Negara, Kuala Lumpur 12 November 19 November 17 Selangor (1)
III 1990  Sarawak Sarawak State Stadium, Kuching 18 July 27 July 17 Sarawak (1)
IV 1992  Johor Tan Sri Dato Haji Hassan Yunos Stadium, Johor Bahru 1 July 11 July 17 Sarawak (2)
V 1994  Perak Perak Stadium, Ipoh 9 June 18 June 17 Sarawak (3)
VI 1996  Pahang Darul Makmur Stadium, Kuantan 1 June 10 June 19 Selangor (2)
VII 1998  Selangor Opening ceremony
Shah Alam Stadium
Closing ceremony
Malawati Indoor Stadium
17 April 26 April 16 Selangor (3)
VIII 2000  Penang Batu Kawan Stadium, Batu Kawan 25 May 4 June 30 19 5875 Selangor (4)[19]
IX 2002  Sabah Likas Stadium, Kota Kinabalu 7 September 14 September 27 20 5324 Selangor (5)
X 2004  Negeri Sembilan Tuanku Abdul Rahman Stadium, Seremban 29 May 6 June 30 17 6000 Selangor (6)
XI 2006  Kedah Darul Aman Stadium, Alor Star 28 May 4 June 26 16 4882 Selangor (7)
XII 2008  Terengganu Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Stadium, Kuala Terengganu 31 May 9 June 31 15 6000 Terengganu (1)
XIII 2010  Malacca Hang Jebat Stadium, Paya Rumput 10 June 19 June 33 15 7000 Terengganu (2)
XIV 2011  Federal Territory KLFA Stadium, Kuala Lumpur 2 June 12 June 24 14 3368 Terengganu (3)
XV 2012  Pahang Darul Makmur Stadium, Kuantan 9 July 16 July 24 15 5828 Terengganu (4)
XVI 2013  Federal Territory Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur 28 June 7 July 23 130 14 3618 Selangor (8)
XVII 2014  Perlis Tuanku Syed Putra Stadium, Kangar 24 May 4 June 24 389 15 7815 Federal Territory (2)
XVIII 2016  Sarawak Sarawak Stadium, Kuching 23 July 31 July 24 382 15 5670 Selangor (9)
XIX 2018  Perak[20] Perak Stadium, Ipoh 11 September 22 September 29 427 15 7464 Terengganu (5)
XX 2020  Johor[20] Tan Sri Dato Haji Hassan Yunos Stadium, Johor Bahru (expected) Future event
XXII 2022  Kelantan Sultan Muhammad IV Stadium, Kota Bharu (expected) Future event

List of the Sukma Games' Sportsman and Sportswoman[edit]

[21][22]

Edition Year Sukma Games' Sportsman Sukma Games' Sportswoman
Name Contingent Sport Name Contingent Sport
I 1986
II 1988
III 1990 Gerard Liew  Penang Swimming Tania Hamid Bugo  Sarawak Swimming
IV 1992 Khoo Kah Hock Malaysia MASUM Archery Magdaline Goh  Penang Swimming
Azmi Ibrahim
(Most Promising Sportsman)
 Pahang Athletics Shalin Zulkifli
(Most Promising Sportswoman)
 Selangor Bowling
V 1994 Azmi Ibrahim  Pahang Athletics Yew Chai Peng  Perak Athletics
VI 1996
VII 1998 Chai Song Lip  Sarawak Athletics Ho Hsu Ee  Kuala Lumpur Swimming
VIII 2000 Allen Ong  Perak Swimming Sia Wai Yen  Kuala Lumpur Swimming
IX 2002 Ng Shu Mun  Perak Artistic gymnastics Ngew Sin Mei  Kuala Lumpur Athletics
Petra Nabila Mustafa
(Most Promising Sportswoman)
 Negeri Sembilan Athletics
X 2004 Daniel Bego  Sarawak Swimming Cindy Ong  Perak Swimming
XI 2006 Zulkifli Che Rose  Sarawak Weightlifting Lew Yih Wey  Negeri Sembilan Swimming
XII 2008 Foo Jian Beng  Selangor Swimming Marellyn Liew  Sarawak Swimming
XIII 2010 J. Karthik  Malacca Athletics Chan Kah Yan  Federal Territory Swimming
XIV 2011 Ahmad Shafie Abd Jabar  Johor Canoeing Jupha Somnet  Perlis Cycling
XV 2012 Abdul Mubin Rahim  Terengganu Weightlifting Frenceay Titus  Sabah Weightlifting
XVI 2013 Danniel Iskandar Richard  Selangor Artistic gymnastics Esmelda Arecia Menti Alfred Geling  Sarawak Artistic gymnastics
XVII 2014 Muhammad Irfan Shamshuddin  Negeri Sembilan Athletics Jelinie Empera  Sarawak Weightlifting
XVIII 2016 Khairul Hafiz Jantan  Malacca Athletics Nur Aqilah Yusof  Terengganu Archery
XIX 2018 Eugenius Lo Foh Soon  Sabah Archery Azreen Nabila Alias  Terengganu Athletics

Para Sukma Games[edit]

Para Sukma Games (Malay: Para Sukan Malaysia), is a Malaysian biannual national multi-sport event held after every Sukma Games involving disabled athletes from Malaysian 13 member states and federal territory.[23][24][25][26][27] The games was previously known as Malaysian Paralympiad (Malay: Paralimpiad Malaysia) and National Games of Malaysia For the Disabled (Malay: Sukan Kebangsaan Bagi Orang Cacat Anggota Malaysia) and was established in 1982.

Sopma Games[edit]

Sopma Games is a biannual event held for deaf athletes since 1985. It was previously known as Deaf Clubs Sports Championship (Malay: Kejohanan Sukan Antara Kelab Pekak, KSAKP) and National Deaf Games (Malay: Sukan Kebangsaan Orang Pekak, SKOP)[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sukan Malaysia (SUKMA)" (in Malay). National Sports Council of Malaysia. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Sukma mungkin diadakan setiap tahun mulai 2011".
  3. ^ "Sukma Games may be held anually, starting 2011".
  4. ^ "Sukma 2011-an Effort 'Democratising' Sports In The Country". Bernama. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  5. ^ "Sarawak in bottom three at Sukma XIV". The Borneo Post. 14 June 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  6. ^ "Sports Bodies Can Hold Their Own (Competition) After Sukma Cancelled". The Star. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  7. ^ "2015 Sukma Games Cancelled". Borneo Post.
  8. ^ "14th Malaysian Games overall winner to be crowned tomorrow".
  9. ^ "Sukma 2011 to feature only selective sports".
  10. ^ "Only 24 sports for Sukma 2011".
  11. ^ "Parlimen: Kos Persediaan Atlet Antara Punca Sukma 2015 Ditangguh - Khairy".
  12. ^ "Contingent code". Archived from the original on 9 January 2007.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  13. ^ "Magazine Sabah 2002". Archived from the original on 27 June 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  14. ^ "Magazine Sabah 2002" (PDF). Archived from the original on 17 April 2008.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  15. ^ Archived National Sports Council Sukma Games Medal Tally
  16. ^ "Sukan Malaysia". Perak State Sport Council.
  17. ^ "Sukan Malaysia". Sabah State Sport Council.
  18. ^ "List of Champions of Sukma".
  19. ^ "Mascot SUKMA". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  20. ^ a b "Perak, Johor tuan rumah Sukma 2018, 2020" (in Malay). Sinar Harian. 14 May 2015.
  21. ^ "Sukma 1992 Closed" (PDF).
  22. ^ "Sukma 1998 Closed" (PDF).
  23. ^ "Malaysia Para Games Fan Page in Facebook". Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  24. ^ "Perlis prepares to host the Paralympics". Sinar Harian. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  25. ^ "Sukma XVII Perlis 2014 Official Portal". Archived from the original on 5 June 2014.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  26. ^ "Malaysia Para Games Fan Page Games Edition List".
  27. ^ "Malaysia Paralympics Movement" (PDF).
  28. ^ Sopma Games

External links[edit]