Sulaymani

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The Sulaymani branch of Tayyibi Isma'ilism is an Islamic community, of which around 70 thousand members reside in Yemen, while a few thousands of Sulaymani Bohras can be found in India. The Sulaymanis are headed by a da'i al-mutlaq from the Makrami family.[1]

History[edit]

The Sulaymanis split off from the Tayyibi community, following a succession dispute upon the death of Da'ud bin Ajabshah in 1589. While most of the Tayyibis in India recognised Da'ud Burhan al-Din as his successor and thus forming the Da'udi Bohras, the Yemeni community followed Sulayman bin Hassan. Starting from 1677, Sulayman's successors almost always came from the Makrami family. The da'is made Najran their headquarters and ruled the area, supported by the Banu Yam, until their power waned under the successive rules of the Ottomans and Saudis.[1]

Sulaymani da'i al-mutlaqs[edit]

The following is a list of religious leaders (da'i al-mutlaq) of the Sulaymani Isma'ilis.[2] For the 26 predecessors, see List of Dai of Dawoodi Bohra.

  1. Sulayman bin Hassan
  2. Ali bin Sulayman
  3. Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin al-Fahd al-Makrami
  4. Muhammad bin Isma'il
  5. Hibat-Allah bin Ibrahim
  6. Isma'il bin Hibat-Allah
  7. Hasan bin Hibat-Allah
  8. Abd-al-Ali bin Hasan
  9. Abd-Allah bin Ali
  10. Yusuf bin Ali
  11. Husayn bin Husayn
  12. Isma'il bin Muhammad
  13. Hasan bin Muhammad
  14. Hasan bin Isma'il
  15. Ahmad bin Isma'il
  16. Abd-Allah bin Ali
  17. Ali bin Hibat-Allah
  18. Ali bin Muhsin
  19. Husam-al-Din al-Hajj Ghulam Husayn
  20. Sharaf-al-Din Husayn bin Ahmad al-Makrami
  21. Jamal-al-Din Ali bin Sharaf-al-Din Husayn al-Makrami
  22. Sharafi Hasan bin Husayn al-Makrami
  23. Husayn bin Isma'il al-Makrami

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ismaʿilism III. Ismaʿili History". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  2. ^ Daftary, Farhad (2004). Ismaili Literature. I.B. Tauris. pp. 448–449.

Further reading[edit]

  • Daftary, Farhad (1990). The Ismā‘īlīs: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge University.
  • Fyzee, Asaf A. (1940). "Three Sulaymani Dai's". Journal of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society: 101–104.
  • Hollister, John Norman (1953). The Shi‘a of India. London: Luzac.
  • Lokhandwalla (1955). "The Bohras, a Muslim community of Gujarat". Studia Islamica. 3.