List of named corners of the Snaefell Mountain Course

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sulby Bridge)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Course with selected corners marked
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

The Snaefell Mountain Course, a motorsport racing circuit that was once part of Grand Prix motorcycle racing, has more than 60 named corners, bends, straightaways, and other features. Unlike the closed-circuit race tracks now used in all Grand Prix championship races,[note 1] the course runs 37.73 miles (60.72 km) almost-entirely along public roads of the Isle of Man.[note 2]

This list includes prominent corners and other landmarks along the course with names that are used in media coverage and by racers, spectators, and administrators.

Marker flag for a left turn

The number of turns in the course is debatable – writing in his 1974 book, TT racer and motorcycle journalist Ray Knight mentioned that the Guinness Book of Records quoted 264, echoed by a 2011 report.[1][2] Some of the curves, S-bends, turns at crossroads, and other features in the course would not seem significant to car drivers in public traffic, while they are very significant for high-speed racers. 135.452 mph (217.989 km/h) is the highest average speed over one lap of the course that has been attained, by Peter Hickman 8 June 2018 when he won the Senior TT.[3] At jumps where most race machines rise clear off the ground, drivers of cars at slow speeds might not even notice a bump. At each corner, racers must consider adjusting their entry speed, focus on their pre-planned line, lean according to the nature of the turn, and anticipate accelerating, decelerating, turning again, or otherwise handling their machines as needed while exiting the turn.[4]

Racers rounding Signpost Corner near end of a lap, 6 June 2005

During race season there are road-side marker boards, first introduced as banners in 1921,[5] posted in advance of the major features bearing these names to inform practice racers, and during races may remind racers what is coming.[6] The turns generally aren't labelled by numbers as on short racing circuits.

Spectators also focus on named corners and other landmarks beside the course; many of the best vantage points are at turns where racers can be better-seen as they slow down. As a guidebook for visitors to the Isle of Man describes:

Spectators gather all around the course at locations which have become part of road-racing history: Bray Hill, Quarter Bridge, Ballacraine, Laurel Bank, Baaregarrow, Ballaugh Bridge, Quarry Bends, Sulby Straight, Ramsey Hairpin, Gooseneck, Verandah, 32nd Milestone, Windy Corner, Kate's Cottage, Creg-ny-Baa, Hillberry, Signpost, Governor's Bridge.[7]

Naming practices[edit]

While there are named turns in other racing circuits, naming of corners and other turns elsewhere is usually less salient.[clarification needed] For example, there is the notable "Dunlop Curve" of the 24 Hours of Le Mans' automobile race circuit and motorcycle race circuit. But the turns in many courses are primarily referred to by numbers, e.g. turns of the 1909-built Indianapolis Motor Speedway in the U.S. are referred to as Turn 1 through Turn 13. The Snaefell Mountain Course is one of the longer racing circuits and has more turns.

Like named corners on other circuits, many are named after champion racers, such as Joey's Corner at the 26th Milestone, posthumously named to commemorate the 26 racing victories of racer Joey Dunlop on this course prior to his death racing in Estonia, and Hailwood's Rise/Hailwood's Height, named after famous rider Mike Hailwood, killed in a road traffic accident in central England. However in 2013 McGuinness's and Molyneux's were named in honour of living rider John McGuinness and sidecar driver Dave Molyneux, ranking second and third in the tally of TT race wins.[8] In 2017, a bend was named after a non-competitor for the first time; Raymond Caley was a long-time shopkeeper with premises on the course at Sulby.

Some corners on the Mountain course are named for riders who suffered accidents at the corner or nearby: Doran's Bend after Bill Doran and Brandish Corner, after Walter Brandish. Others refer to the corner's physical shape: Verandah, The Nook. More take names of nearby artificial or natural landmarks: Creg-ny-Baa (a pub), Tower Bends, Bray Hill. Landmark-based names may continue to be used long after their namesake is gone: Keppel Gate, Signpost Corner.

Course marked in red

The roads are open to two-way public traffic for most of the year, but are closed during practice times and races. The Sunday of main race week is traditionally known as "Mad Sunday". Due to road traffic accidents, a newly formed road-safety committee in 1964 proposed that the Snaefell mountain road should be one-way traffic in the race direction for part of Sunday.[9] Nowadays, for the entire racing season of several weeks in May/June and August/September, the mountain portion of the course (from Ramsey to Douglas) is restricted to one-way in the race direction, and parking is prohibited in various areas.[10]

These and other provisions allow inexperienced racers and visiting motorcyclists to learn the corners and informally practice on the course.

The following is a partial list of named corners and other landmarks along the course. Turns described as left- or right-handers assume that travel is in the race direction, which is clockwise around the circuit.

Named corners[edit]

Photo Location Notes

T.T. Grandstand, Douglas - - 227537.jpg
alt=TT Grandstand area with scoreboard to extreme left, course start/finish to left (in distance), pit lane with re-fuelling equipment and acceleration lane to centre
On A2 Glencrutchery Road, above Douglas Bay at a height of 280 ft (85 m) above sea level,[11]
54°10′4″N 4°28′41″W / 54.16778°N 4.47806°W / 54.16778; -4.47806 (Startline)
Grandstand complex developed in 1985/1986, replacing the earlier 1926 version.[12] Concourse with pre-race assembly area/Parc Ferme, start/finishline, spectator seating, scoreboard, race control, pit lane with re-fuelling, exit with acceleration lane, scrutineering, post race podiums, retailing, hospitality, exhibitions.[13]
St Ninian's Crossroads

Ken Davis at St Ninian's Crossroad.jpg On A2 (Ramsey to Douglas road) multi-junction, location of first permanent traffic signals in Isle of Man.
54°09′54″N 4°29′01″W / 54.16500°N 4.48361°W / 54.16500; -4.48361 (St Ninian's Crossroads)
At St. Ninian's Church (dedicated to Ninian of Whithorn). Close to the startline, a left-jink needing careful machine placement for the racing line into the Bray Hill descent. Taken very fast on a flying lap (i.e. without stopping at the pits for running repairs, refuelling and/or tyre(s)).
Bray Hill

Bruce Anstey 2015 TT Superbike (2).jpg Stanley Woods descends Bray Hill during the 1935 TT Races..jpg On A2 (Ramsey to Douglas road)
54°09′42″N 4°29′23″W / 54.16167°N 4.48972°W / 54.16167; -4.48972 (Bray Hill)
Very steep descent soon after the start line, with a slight curve, a sudden bottoming-out and a subsequent steep rise up another slightly curving hill. The physics of it causes bikes to unload suspension after the base compression at 160 mph.
Quarterbridge Road

Quarterbridge Road IMG 0263.JPG On A2 (Ramsey to Douglas road), after multi side-road junction, Bray Hill becomes Quarterbridge Road
54°09′39″N 4°29′30″W / 54.16083°N 4.49167°W / 54.16083; -4.49167 (Quarterbridge Road)
After the bottom of Bray Hill, a subsequent steep rise (previously known as Brown's Hill)[14] causes modern race machines to wheelie[15] up a stretch now famously known as "Ago's leap" (after 1960s-70s Italian race-ace Giacomo Agostini)[16][17][18] and then crowning-out to a flat area, historically one of several startlines for early racing, with machines assembled in Selborne Drive side-turning.[19] Road surface was altered after Ago's departure (early 1970s) but machines are now twice as powerful (100 bhp/200 bhp) with larger engines than were allowed in World Championship racing. Followed by a steep descent and the first heavy-braking area of the lap at Quarter Bridge

Quarterbridge.jpg Road junction of A2 Quarterbridge Road and A1 Peel Road
54°09′21″N 4°30′06″W / 54.15583°N 4.50167°W / 54.15583; -4.50167 (Quarterbridge)
Also known as Quarter Bridge, a tight right turn on the course at a major junction with a traffic roundabout. At the bridge spanning the River Glass, at boundary of the historic "quarterlands" of Ballabrooie and Ballaquayle. Historically one of several startlines of early car racing.
Braddan Bridge

Watching the TT - - 1446189.jpg
Steam Heritage Trail Isle of Man Geograph 2112551.jpg
Braddan Bridge pass out.JPG
'S' bend and junction with two staggered side-roads on A1 Peel Road
54°09′41″N 4°30′20″W / 54.16139°N 4.50556°W / 54.16139; -4.50556 (Braddan Bridge)
Second heavy-braking point on the lap, 'S' bend to left then right, at a bridge spanning the River Dhoo and former railway line, which has been converted to provide access under course during race closures.[20][21] Seated viewing in church land. Historically one of several viewing areas within walking distance of visitors passing through Douglas town centre ferry terminal.

Snugborough as at Geograph 5742841.jpg On A1 Peel Road with side-turn junction leading to industrial estate
54°10′01″N 4°30′59″W / 54.16694°N 4.51639°W / 54.16694; -4.51639 (Snugborough)
Dip in road on approach to Union Mills. "Before you get to Union Mills there used to be a tricky fast right hander called Snugborough. The complete easing of that gives a full-bore run into Union Mills,..."[22]
Union Mills

Railway Inn - Union Mills - Isle of Man - kingsley - 21-APR-09.jpg
On A1 Peel Road with staggered side-turn junctions Cronk Road and A22 Strang Road
54°10′07″N 4°31′20″W / 54.16861°N 4.52222°W / 54.16861; -4.52222 (Union Mills)
Several curves passing through a residential village
Ballahutchin Hill

Ballahutchin Hill (crest) as at Geograph 5742854.jpg
Ballahutchin Hill (base) as at Geograph 5736123.jpg
On A1 leaving Union Mills residential outskirts into countryside
54°10′15″N 4°31′44″W / 54.17083°N 4.52889°W / 54.17083; -4.52889 (Ballahutchin Hill)
Long climbing straight passing Glenlough farm and campsite at crest
Ballagarey Corner

Ballagarey Isle of Man.JPG On A1 (Douglas to Peel Road)
54°10′26″N 4°32′58″W / 54.17389°N 4.54944°W / 54.17389; -4.54944 (Ballagarey Corner)
Very fast right-curve, slang-term Ballascarey.[18] Scene of two crashes in 2010, Guy Martin and New Zealander Paul Dobbs (who died). Named after Manx: Bailey ny liargee - farm of the slope[23]
Glen Vine

On A1 Peel Road with side-turn junction A26
54°10′40″N 4°33′20″W / 54.17778°N 4.55556°W / 54.17778; -4.55556 (Glen Vine)
Passing through a small residential village before Crosby
Crosby Crossroads

Crosby Crossroads Isle of Man 2008.jpg On A1 Douglas to Peel road, with side-junctions A23 and B35.
54°11′01″N 4°33′55″W / 54.18361°N 4.56528°W / 54.18361; -4.56528 (Crosby Crossroads)
In the village of Crosby, population about 900.
Crosby Jump
On A1 Douglas to Peel road.
54°11′14″N 4°34′26″W / 54.18722°N 4.57389°W / 54.18722; -4.57389 (Crosby Jump)
Crosby Jump (also known as Crosby Leap or Crosby Hill)[24][25] at the 5-mile marker from TT Grandstand start, a Fanzone in 2012. Leaving the village of Crosby at one of the highest points of the course in the westerly-direction,[26] dropping gently past Halfway House,[27] a former hotel roughly equi-distant (5 mile) from the towns of Douglas and Peel, towards one of the fastest points on the course at The Highlander.

On A1 road, the course at Halfway House was straightened in 1962 by the removal of two bankings seemingly in pursuit of higher race speeds.[28]

The Highlander

Former Highlander Public House.jpg On A1 Peel Road
54°11′25″N 4°34′53″W / 54.19028°N 4.58139°W / 54.19028; -4.58139 (The Highlander)
Long straight, passing by former coaching house and pub (closed), through one of the fastest parts of the course, previously a speed-trap location.[29]
Greeba Castle and Greeba Bridge

5.8 and 6.3
Greeba Castle - - 105936.jpgGreeba Bridge IMG 0292.JPG On A1 (Douglas to Peel road)
54°11′35″N 4°35′20″W / 54.19306°N 4.58889°W / 54.19306; -4.58889 (Greeba Castle)
54°11′48″N 4°36′19″W / 54.19667°N 4.60528°W / 54.19667; -4.60528 (Greeba Bridge)
Greeba Castle, a large Gothic-style residence dating from the Victorian-period,[30] closely followed by Greeba Bridge; name is derived from Scandinavian: Gnipa, a peak. Previously known as Cronk Dhoo.[31] In an area of farmland. Nearby summits include Beary Mountain (311 m), Greeba Mountain (422 m), Slieau Ruy (479 m) and Slieau Whallian (333 m).

Ballacraine Cornering.JPG Junction of A1 and A3 (Castletown to Ramsey road)
54°12′10″N 4°37′34″W / 54.20278°N 4.62611°W / 54.20278; -4.62611 (Ballacraine)
Right-hand turn onto the A3 at a crossroads. At east end of St. Johns village, with Ballacraine Farm on the inside of the turn and the former Ballacraine Arms (Hotel), a former public house, across the corner.[32]
Doran's Bend

On A3 (Castletown to Ramsey) road
54°12′43″N 4°37′52″W / 54.21194°N 4.63111°W / 54.21194; -4.63111 (Doran's Bend)
Named after Bill Doran, who crashed and broke a leg here during practice for the 1950 Isle of Man TT races, and who again crashed near here two years later, in practice for the 1952 Isle of Man TT, again putting him out of that set of races.
Laurel Bank

On A3 Castletown to Ramsey Road
54°13′3″N 4°37′57″W / 54.21750°N 4.63250°W / 54.21750; -4.63250 (Laurel Bank)
Fast right-hand turn[33] (Manx: Cronk-y-Killey)[34]
Black Dub

8.800 to 9.30
Black Dub Nigel Rollason Barton Phoenix.jpg On A3 Castletown to Ramsey road
54°13′16″N 4°37′32″W / 54.22111°N 4.62556°W / 54.22111; -4.62556 (Black Dub)
Leading on from Laurel Bank, a left then right followed by another long sweeping left-hander into Glen Helen. Now a restricted (non-viewing) area. Named after the dark, boggy area close by the adjacent river valley.
Glen Helen

9.60 to 9.90
Glen Helen Isle of Man.jpgGeograph 4308770 Glen Helen TT course.JPG On A3 Castletown to Ramsey road
54°13′33″N 4°37′02″W / 54.22583°N 4.61722°W / 54.22583; -4.61722 (Glen Helen)
Leading on from Black Dub, through the sweeping left-hander at Glen Helen and uphill towards Sarah's and Creg Willey's
Sarah's Cottage

Sarah's Cottage 2010 downhill.JPG on A3 Castletown to Ramsey road
54°13′40″N 4°37′12″W / 54.22778°N 4.62000°W / 54.22778; -4.62000 (Sarah's Cottage)
After Glen Helen, Sarah's is a right-turning bend at a small stone cottage on the outside of the bend, halfway up Creg Willey's Hill leading to Lambfell. Named after the "Sarah" who lived there around 1900 and served refreshments for travellers.
Creg Willey's

on A3 Castletown to Ramsey road
54°13′47″N 4°37′08″W / 54.22972°N 4.61889°W / 54.22972; -4.61889 (Creg Willy's)
Although the hill starts at Glen Helen, Creg Willey's is the name given to a steep climb after the right-turn at Sarah's, leading to Lambfell. Some confusion about the etymology which could be a corruption of Creg Willy Syl. Also quoted as "Creg Willies Hill".[35] Creg Willy's Hillclimb event starts just before Glen Helen and ends after the hill tops-out on the straight.

Exiting Lambfell before Cronk-y-Voddy.jpg on A3 Castletown to Ramsey road
54°13′49″N 4°37′07″W / 54.23028°N 4.61861°W / 54.23028; -4.61861 (Lambfell)
Right/left curve after Creg Willey's before the Cronk-y-Voddy Straight. AKA Lambfell Cottage and (the area) Lambfell Moar
Cronk-y-Voddy Straight

Cronk y Voddy - - 37630.jpg on A3 Castletown to Ramsey road
54°14′17″N 4°36′37″W / 54.23806°N 4.61028°W / 54.23806; -4.61028 (Cronk-y-Voddy)
Cronk-y-Voddy Straight – very fast but bumpy and undulating[35][36]

Sidecar crew at Molyneux's, Isle of Man.jpg on A3 Castletown to Ramsey road
54°14′29″N 4°36′23″W / 54.24139°N 4.60639°W / 54.24139; -4.60639 (Molyneux's)
Right-hander at the end of Cronk-y-Voddy straight, with nearby road sign indicating the preceding small cross-road side junctions, Little London Road and Ballabrooie Road, providing spectator parking. Named in 2013 after multi-TT winning sidecar racer Dave Molyneux[8]
11th Milestone

025 11thmilestone.jpg On A3 (Castletown to Ramsey) road
54°14′43″N 4°35′48″W / 54.24528°N 4.59667°W / 54.24528; -4.59667 (11th Milestone)
A distinctive S-bend, also known as "Drinkwater's Bend",[37] named after Ben Drinkwater who crashed fatally at this point during the 1949 350 cc Junior TT Race.

Left hander before the top of Barregarrow on the A3 Named in 2013 after multi-TT winning rider John McGuinness[8]

Barregarrow TT riders approaching the crossroads.jpgBarregarrow Isle of Man chapel after crossroads.jpg From top of "Barregarroo hill" on the A3 Douglas road; crossing C4 (Ballaleigh Road). Crossroads before chapel and steep hill. Also spelt Barregarroo and otherwise, after Manx name Bayr Garroo meaning "rough road", commonly pronounced "B'Garrow". A popular vantage point with limited viewing.

Sidecar at Rhencullen, Isle of Man.jpg On A3 (Castletown to Ramsey) road
54°17′31″N 4°34′36″W / 54.29194°N 4.57667°W / 54.29194; -4.57667 (Birkin's Bend)
A series of four curves, name equates to Holly Ridge.
Birkin's Bend

Birkins Bend IMG P000050.jpg On A3 (Castletown to Ramsey) road
54°17′34″N 4°34′41″W / 54.29278°N 4.57806°W / 54.29278; -4.57806 (Birkin's Bend)
Named after racer Archie Birkin who was killed by a crash here, when avoiding a fish van, during practice for the 1927 Isle of Man TT. From 1928 on, public roads were closed for practice runs. No longer a clear turn due to roadway changes; part of the Rhencullen series of four bends.
Dub Cottage

Dub CottageIMG 0127.JPG On A3 (Castletown to Ramsey) road
54°18′14″N 4°33′48″W / 54.30389°N 4.56333°W / 54.30389; -4.56333 (Dub Cottage)
Ballaugh Bridge

Ballaugh Bridge 2013 IMG B00017.jpg Bridge at junction of C37 Ballaugh Glen Road and A10 (Ballaugh Station Road)
54°18′34″N 4°32′28″W / 54.30944°N 4.54111°W / 54.30944; -4.54111 (Ballaugh Bridge)
Only remaining hump-backed bridge on the course, since removal of Ballig Bridge in 1935.[38]
Ballacrye Corner

Photo Ballacrye Corner 2013 IMG B00020.jpg A3 (Castleton to Ramsey road)
54°18′40″N 4°31′36″W / 54.31111°N 4.52667°W / 54.31111; -4.52667 (Ballacrye Corner)
"Ballacrye" derives from Manx: McCray or Cry's farm.[39] There is a drop in the road here that makes a jump—many racing motor-cycles lift off into the air—said to be the fastest and most dangerous jump on the course. Spectating is prohibited after the jump but is allowed before it with excellent views.[40]
Quarry Bends

Quarry bends IMG 0031.JPG On A3
54°18′56″N 4°30′48″W / 54.31556°N 4.51333°W / 54.31556; -4.51333 (Quarry Bends)
A complex of bends. A small railway siding off the Manx Northern Railway built in 1879 to serve Clarke's stone quarry at Ballavolley crossed the road here at Close e Volley, later renamed Quarry Bends.[41]

On A3
54°19′06″N 4°29′48″W / 54.31833°N 4.49667°W / 54.31833; -4.49667 (Caley's)
Left kink before the straight leading to Sulby village, named to honour local shopkeeper Raymond Caley who died in 2017 and operated the local post office and small general store on the crossroads for many years.[42]
Sulby Straight

William Dunlop Sulby Straight.jpgSnaefell Mountain Course - Sulby area.svg On A3
54°19′08″N 4°29′24″W / 54.319°N 4.490°W / 54.319; -4.490 (Sulby Straight)
1.5-mile (2.4 km) straight through Sulby village. Racer Bruce Anstey reached 206 mph (331.51 km/h) here during practice for the 2006 TT,[43] which in 2015 remains the unofficial speed record on the racecourse and for the Isle of Man. He won the Superstock TT that year, and held the course lap record during 2014–2015.
Sulby Bridge

Dean Harrison at Sulby Bridge.jpg On A3
54°N 4°W / 54°N 4°W / 54; -4 (Sulby Bridge)
A wide 90-degree right turn at the end of Sulby Straight where the Sulby River passes under a road bridge, exiting flat then with a slight rise climbing towards Ginger Hall
Ginger Hall

Ginger Hall Hotel at Sulby - - 475568 cropped.JPG On A3 (Lezayre Road)
54°19′16″N 4°28′16″W / 54.321°N 4.471°W / 54.321; -4.471 (Ginger Hall)
Climbing left-hander at the Ginger Hall Hotel, named after the ginger beer once brewed and served there. A popular vantage point with parking and refreshments leading to Kerrowmoar.

Kerrowmoar IMG 0127.JPG On A3 (Lezayre Road)
54°19′15″N 4°27′45″W / 54.32083°N 4.46250°W / 54.32083; -4.46250 (Kerrowmoar)
Complex of bends through countryside. "Kerrowmoar" derives from Manx: The Great Quarterland.[44]

TT course at Glentramman as at Geograph 5770780.jpg On A3 (Lezayre Road)
54°19′05.1″N 4°25′57.8″W / 54.318083°N 4.432722°W / 54.318083; -4.432722 (Glentramman)
Medium-speed left-hand bend between Glen Duff and Churchtown, scene of a number of racing incidents.
Lezayre (Churchtown)

Superstock TT 2013 at Lezayre (8939532330).jpgSuperstock TT 2013 - 3 - John McGuinness (8938883675).jpg On A3 (Lezayre Road)
54°19′08″N 4°25′25″W / 54.31889°N 4.42361°W / 54.31889; -4.42361 (Lezayre)
Complex of curves leading towards Ramsey outskirts, adjacent to small side-road junctions and Churchtown War Memorial for locals fallen in the First and Second World Wars. Popular spectator vantage point.
School House Corner

School house corner IMG 0159.JPG on A3 (Lezayre Road), a left curve beyond a straight adjacent to the school premises with pedestrian overbridge
54°19′14″N 4°23′37″W / 54.32056°N 4.39361°W / 54.32056; -4.39361 (School House Corner)
Name derives from the nearby Ramsey Grammar School and was formerly known as Russell's Corner after Benjy Russell[45] who crashed fatally during the Lightweight Race for the 1949 Manx Grand Prix.[46]
Parliament Square Supersport race 2016 Parliament Square.jpg A3 (Lezayre Road)
54°19′20″N 4°23′12″W / 54.32222°N 4.38667°W / 54.32222; -4.38667 (Parliament Square)
A hard right-hander after fierce braking into the central square and multi-road junction in the town of Ramsey, closely followed by a medium left-hander heading out of the square along Queen's Pier Road
Queen's Pier Road and May Hill May Hill Isle of Man.jpg A18 Queen's Pier Road/May Hill Queen's Pier Road at slightly above sea level 24 ft (7.3 m),[11] joining with May Hill starting to climb,[47] heading out of the town of Ramsey towards Cruickshank's Corner
Cruickshank's Corner
Cruickshank's Corner on May Hill Ramsey.jpg A18 Queen's Pier Road/May Hill Right curve on A18 Queen's Pier Road at multi-junction where A18 becomes May Hill, slightly uphill leading out of the residential area on the outskirts of Ramsey
Whitegates A18 May Hill/Hughenden Terrace
54°19′01″N 4°23′01″W / 54.31694°N 4.38361°W / 54.31694; -4.38361 (Whitegates)
Whitegates, a left-hander heading out of the town of Ramsey towards Stella Maris
Stella Maris

Stella Maris, Isle of Man.jpg A18 May Hill
54°18′53″N 4°23′00″W / 54.31472°N 4.38333°W / 54.31472; -4.38333 (Stella Maris)
Sweeping right-curve,[48] climbing to the very outskirts of the Ramsey settlement, closely preceding the Hairpin
Ramsey Hairpin

Ramsey Hairpin - - 469730.jpg A18 Mountain Road
54°18′49″N 4°23′01″W / 54.31361°N 4.38361°W / 54.31361; -4.38361 (Ramsey Hairpin)
Hairpin curve at Ballacowle Glen in the outskirts of the town of Ramsey

On A18 Mountain Road
54°18′47″N 4°22′35″W / 54.31306°N 4.37639°W / 54.31306; -4.37639 (Water Works Corner)
Two sharp right-handers after Ramsey Hairpin whose name derives from the nearby Ballure Reservoir that was built in 1859 and extended in 1884.[49]
Tower Bends

Tower Bends Isle of Man 2012.jpg On A18 Mountain Road54°18′29″N 4°22′52″W / 54.30806°N 4.38111°W / 54.30806; -4.38111 (Tower Bends) S-bend corner. Named after 45-foot granite and slate tower on Albert's Mount up to the east, at location where, in 1847, Albert, Prince Consort climbed up to see the view, on excursion from the Royal Yacht HMY Victoria and Albert. Queen Victoria remained on board.[50]

SteveHislopTT92Gooseneck.jpg A18 Mountain Road
54°18′17″N 4°22′51″W / 54.30472°N 4.38083°W / 54.30472; -4.38083 (Gooseneck)
Right-turn, climbing corner that is a popular vantage point, as spectators can be very close to the riders.[51] Fatal accidents in 1955[52] and 1994.[52] occurred coming into and out of this corner.
26th Milestone

26th Milestone IMG P000037.jpg A18 Mountain Road
54°18′04″N 04°23′37″W / 54.30111°N 4.39361°W / 54.30111; -4.39361 (Joey's)
Also known as Joey's, named after 26-time race winner Joey Dunlop. Site of 2007 crash killing one rider and two spectators (the only spectators ever killed on the course).

On A18 Mountain Road
54°15′45″N 4°26′57″W / 54.26261°N 04.449246°W / 54.26261; -04.449246 (Verandah)
Series of four bends, a relatively flat section at a height of 1300 feet (396 metres) at 30 miles around the circuit,[53] before climb resumes at The Bungalow. Road follows contour of slope down from mount Snaefell to the right, with long drop-off to the left, and one irregular corner. In the 1934 Isle of Man TT Lightweight Race, Syd Crabtree, a previous race winner, went over the edge in fog here and was killed.[54] Fatal accident of Gilberto Parlotti, race-leader of a 1972 Isle of Man TT race,[55] contributed to the demise of Isle of Man TT being used for world championship races.[56][57]
The Bungalow

View from footbridge Junction of A18 (Snaefell Mountain Road) and A14 (Sulby Glen Road) and the road-tramway crossing for the Snaefell Mountain Railway
54°15′04″N 4°27′47″W / 54.25111°N 4.46306°W / 54.25111; -4.46306 (The Bungalow)
Left then right corners, where the course crosses the tracks of the Snaefell Mountain Railway.[58] Vantage point including tramway station, cafe, and a pedestrian bridge over the course. Dominated by Snaefell (elevation of 2036 feet (621m) and other summits. Named after a former Swiss Chalet-style hotel there, the Bungalow Hotel.
Hailwood's Rise

View from Snaefell showing Hailwood's Rise road section ascending diagonally to right in direction of race-travel On A18 Mountain Road
54°14′55″N 4°27′53″W / 54.24861°N 4.46472°W / 54.24861; -4.46472 (Hailwood's Rise)
Hailwood's Rise is the incline leading from the 'S' bend and pedestrian overbridge at the Bungalow towards Hailwood's Height, both named in memory of Mike Hailwood, the former world champion racer who died after a road car crash in 1981.
Hailwood's Height

On A18 Mountain Road near the B10 road junction
54°14′36″N 4°28′12″W / 54.24333°N 4.47000°W / 54.24333; -4.47000 (Hailwood's Height)
Hailwood's Height is a small area with an informal Memorial bench close to the highest point of the course measuring 1,385 feet (422 m) above sea level named in memory of Mike Hailwood, the former world champion racer who died after a road car crash in 1981.

Brandywell Neal Champion.jpg
IOM SidecarTT2005Brandywell.jpg
On A18 Mountain Road at (or near?) B10 road junction
54°14′34.2″N 4°28′10.2″W / 54.242833°N 4.469500°W / 54.242833; -4.469500 (Brandywell)
A left curve. Its name originates from a nearby water-well that was used by local shepherds to brand and sort flocks of mountain sheep.[59] The area has a stone shelter and an Isle of Man Department of Transport Weather Station.[60]
32nd Milestone

Dukes Isle of Man TT Course.jpgDukes 32nd from entry.jpg On A18 Mountain Road
54°14′07.8″N 4°28′27.5″W / 54.235500°N 4.474306°W / 54.235500; -4.474306 (32nd Milestone)
One of the more famous named vantage points; spectators can watch from behind the elevated field-fencing on the left hand (outside) of the course.[7] 32nd or "Dukes" (in honour of English-born former racer turned Manx-domiciled businessman Geoff Duke, OBE)[61] is a sweeping series of three sharp left hand bends on the high speed descent from Brandywell to the infamous right-hander at Windy Corner. The race marshals' stone shelter is on the left side of the course at the centre of the complex.
Windy Corner

Windy Corner IMG P0000030.jpg On A18 Mountain Road
54°13′50.4624″N 4°28′12.302″W / 54.230684000°N 4.47008389°W / 54.230684000; -4.47008389 (Windy Corner)
Righthander in open area. Prevailing wind, often strong and sometimes gusty, is channeled up a gully on the left (east). For spectators, the wind "whistles up your trouser-leg as you stand on the corner watching the riders hurl their bikes through the right-hander".[62][63][64][65][66]
Keppel Gate

Keppel Gate IMG 0225.jpg A18 Mountain Road
54°12′50″N 4°28′47″W / 54.21389°N 4.47972°W / 54.21389; -4.47972 (Keppel Gate)
A bend to the left.[67][68] Early on, the course along here was "little more than a cart and horse track" with gates between farm fields. Keppel Gate was a gate across the road to restrict sheep. Another sheep-gate was at Kate's House (54°12′40″N 4°28′38″W / 54.21111°N 4.47722°W / 54.21111; -4.47722 (Kate's House)), itself a well-known landmark, just past. In early years, "[i]t was the duty of the first rider round in the morning to open all the gates along the way, with the last rider responsible in shutting them."[69]

SteveHislopTT92CregNyBaa.jpg Junction of A18 with secondary B12 Creg-ny-baa Back Road.
54°12′24″N 4°28′07″W / 54.20667°N 4.46861°W / 54.20667; -4.46861 (Creg-ny-Baa)
Right-turn corner, at the Keppel Hotel and its Creg-ny-Baa pub. Creg-ny-Baa means "Manx: rock of the cow."[70] One of three official "fanzones" with temporary grandstands and facilities is placed here.[69] One of the most photographed views on the course is from here, back up a long straightaway from Kate's Cottage.[71]

54°11′59″N 4°28′30″W / 54.19972°N 4.47500°W / 54.19972; -4.47500 (Gob-ny-Geay)
Right-jink in a very fast downhill straight at the 35th Milestone,[72][73] halfway between the corners at Creg and Brandish. Previously a site for speed-trap,[74] can be spelt differently, e.g., Gob-y-Geay, Gob-na-Geay, Gobnageay
Brandish Corner

Brandish - - 469521.jpg A18 much improved in recent years
54°11′44″N 4°28′40″W / 54.19556°N 4.47778°W / 54.19556; -4.47778 (Brandish Corner)
Named after Walter Brandish who crashed, breaking a leg, in the right-hand gutter here while trying to pass a competitor, during practice for the 1923 Isle of Man TT
Hillberry Corner

Hillberry - - 469513.jpgThe TT Course from Hillberry heading back into Douglas - - 482091.jpg At A18 Mountain Road junction with C22 Little Mill Road
54°11′16″N 4°28′32″W / 54.18778°N 4.47556°W / 54.18778; -4.47556 (Hillberry Corner)
The run downhill from Brandish bottoms out at Hillberry, before heading steeply uphill towards Cronk-ny-Mona. Once the location of startline for automobile races, including the 1908 Tourist Trophy race for racing automobiles on the Four Inch Course. An iron-framed spectators' grandstand remains at the site.

Cronk-ny-Mona.jpg A18
54°11′00″N 4°28′33″W / 54.18333°N 4.47583°W / 54.18333; -4.47583 (Cronk-ny-Mona)
A steep hill following on from Hillberry topping out with sweeping left hand bend. The hill interrupts the descent from Snaefell Mountain, which resumes at the next vantage point, the right turn at Signpost Corner starting the run down into the outskirts of Douglas town
Signpost Corner

IOM TT signpostcorner.jpg A18 (Hillberry Road), A18 Sheading Bdy(?), B11(?) Hillberry becomes Avondale Road(?)

54°10′47″N 4°28′13″W / 54.17972°N 4.47028°W / 54.17972; -4.47028 (Signpost Corner)

Right turn corner. When a rider passed, observers at a signal station here would telephone ahead to an official in the TT Grandstand area, who would switch on that rider's individual scoreboard light. This warned pit-crew and race officials that the rider had passed Signpost Corner and might shortly be pulling into the pit lane at the TT Grandstand to refuel.[75]
Bedstead Corner

Dave Hewson at Bedstead Corner in 2012.jpgFootbridge over the TT course near Hailwood Avenue Geograph 3936898.jpg On A18 Bemahague Road from Signpost, the left-hander at Bedstead (with pedestrian overbridge) leads to a small side-junction accessing The Nook
54°10′38″N 4°28′17″W / 54.17722°N 4.47139°W / 54.17722; -4.47139 (Bedstead Corner)
Bedstead Corner and the general area between Signpost Corner and Governor's Bridge was rural through agricultural countryside, developed c. 1990–2015 into large-scale housing/support infrastructure on either side with a recent pedestrian footbridge across,[76] and much improvement to the road/course surface
The Nook

James Hillier entering The Nook, Isle of Man.jpg The Nook by Phil Long.jpg From A18 Bemahague Road, a right-turn at a small side-junction leads into Old Bemahague Road, followed by a slight-left and short straight before the Governor's Bridge/Governor's Dip link. Section is racetrack-only avoiding 'new' improved road and junction with modern traffic islands.
54°10′28″N 4°28′07″W / 54.17444°N 4.46861°W / 54.17444; -4.46861 (The Nook)
"The Nook" (Middle English: a corner or recess) is in the approach to the nearby Governor's Bridge road junction and hairpin bends, on a stretch of the original A18 Bemahague Road that the race course still runs through, although the alignment of the modern A18 has been shifted away.
Governor's Bridge/Governor's Dip

Governors Bridge old road sign.jpg
Guy Martin Govenor's Bridge.jpg
Exiting Governor's Dip from Governor's Bridge.jpg
On Old Bemahague Road, a hard right-turn at hairpin bend with road junction and sudden elevation-drop into Governor's Bridge Dip, followed by a left before exiting with a right from a small, historic side-junction (now an exit-only slip road for race use)[77] to the main A2 Glencrutchery Road

54°10′19″N 4°28′06″W / 54.17194°N 4.46833°W / 54.17194; -4.46833 (Governor's Bridge)

"Governor's Bridge", a road junction, hairpin bend and bridge over a stream, on a stretch of the original historic course. Traditionally damp and slippery road surface due to overhead tree canopy and little air movement in the dip.[78][79]
Glencrutchery Road

Glencrutchery Road Douglas Isle of Man Geograph 3148648.JPG
Glencrutchery Road Douglas Isle of Man passing Cronkbourne sports area Geograph 3148653.JPG
54°10′14″N 4°28′16″W / 54.17056°N 4.47111°W / 54.17056; -4.47111 (Glencrutchery Road)
The slip-road exiting Governor's Bridge Dip at a height of 265 ft (81 m) above sea-level joins the right-side of the Glencrutchery Road close to the mini-island, a straight run climbing a slight incline, crowning-out at 285 ft (87 m) before the slight descent to the finishing line at the TT Grandstand.[11]
Deceleration lane and Return road

Ian Hutchinson return road at TT paddock complex.jpg Parallel to A2 Glencrutchery Road
54°09′59″N 4°28′52″W / 54.16639°N 4.48111°W / 54.16639; -4.48111 (Glencrutchery Road)
The deceleration lane terminates in a hairpin turn-around loop in Nobles Park before leading back to the winners enclosure and parc fermé, situated as part of the paddock complex, for all race finishers[80]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ See Grand Prix motorcycle racing#MotoGP circuits. All 18 circuits in MotoGP 2016 are race tracks.
  2. ^ Following road improvements, The Nook and Governor's Bridge Dip near the end of a lap are race-only, otherwise closed to normal traffic by barriers.


  1. ^ TT Racing, by Ray Knight (TT racer, motorcycle journalist, Isle of Man resident and track-instructor) Speedsport Motobooks, 1974 p.7 ISBN 0851130739 "...let me repeat something I read years ago, I know not where, to the effect that there are 119 left hand bends and 118 right handers in the circuit. Actually the Guinness Book of Records quotes 264". Accessed 17 March 2017
  2. ^ Joyce, Gare (5 May 2011), Man vs. Isle: Get as close as you'll ever come to the world's most deadly motorcycle road race, ESPN
  3. ^ Peter Hickman smashes Isle of Man TT record to win Senior finale Autosport, 8 June, 2018. Retrieved 11 June 2018
  4. ^ TT Racing, by Ray Knight (TT racer, motorcycle journalist, Isle of Man resident and track-instructor), Speedsport Motobooks, 1974 p.9 ISBN 0851130739 "As always, positioning on the road is the essence,...". Accessed 4 April 2017
  5. ^ Motor Cycle 15 June 1967, Diamond TT number, pp.798-801. Flashbacks over 60 years. Howard R. Davies of HRD Motorcycles interviewed by Bob Currie. "Advance warnings for the major bends—by banners across the road—were brought into use in 1921". Accessed 20 June 2015
  6. ^ The TT Mountain Course (second edition) 1975, A TT Special publication, by Fred Hanks (sidecar driver and solo TT competitor), p.2 "Introduction...Another point to remember is that the signboards round the Course can sometimes be misleading if taken literally. The sign is a plan of the section to which it refers and is sited in such a way as to give warning well in advance and it may be that there are one or even two bends after the sign but before the section indicated". Accessed 16 March 2017
  7. ^ a b Trevor Kneale. The Isle of Man. The Pevensey Press. p. 100.
  8. ^ a b c Manx Radio 10 April 2013. Retrieved 9 Sept 2015
  9. ^ Motor Cycle 23 April 1964, 'On the Four Winds' by 'Nitor', p.514 "Anyone who has been to the Isle of Man for the TT Races knows that Mad Sunday is the one re-current feature of the week that lowers the tone of the world's greatest race meeting. It is the day before the races when block-headed pseudo-racers howl around the Mountain course in both directions". Accessed 4 February 2018
  10. ^ "TT Road Races Traffic Management Provisions 2014" (PDF, within, findable by google search) and "TT Road Races 2015: Roads Closed to the Public" Archived 14 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ a b c The TT Mountain Course, by Fred Hanks (sidecar driver), p.inside cover. Lucas map of the T.T. course, 1973. Accessed 9 October 2016
  12. ^ Manx Grand Prix, 1985 Official programme, p.11 "Grandstands", Peter Kneale. Accessed 1 June 2016
  13. ^ IoM TT race regulations 2014 with concourse diagram p.5, pp.14-15, p.26 Retrieved 21 November 2016
  14. ^ The Glory of the Manx TT 1907-1975, Bob Currie, 1976, p.8 "A move to the Mountain". New English Library, Accessed 30 May 2015
  15. ^ Tourist Trophy 75 - The Story, Fred Hanks (sidecar racer), a TT Special publication, 1975 p.68 [img] "On his record lap, Mick Grant doing a wheelie along Quarter Bridge Road". Accessed 31 May 2016
  16. ^ Trial magazine, 18 February 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015
  17. ^ Ago's Leap; 100 Years of the Isle of Man TT at Google Books. Retrieved 18 July 2015
  18. ^ a b Press Pack 2008,, p.19 Retrieved 28 November 2017
  19. ^ Motor Cycle Racing, Peter Carrick, 1970, Hamlyn, p.34 [img] "The machines are assembled for examination and sealing before the start of the 1911 Junior TT". Accessed 30 May 2016
  20. ^ TT roads closure notice 2016 Retrieved 1 June 2016
  21. ^ TVIM, 28 August 2013, Retrieved 1 June 2016
  22. ^ Motorcycle Sport, June 1989, p.262. Accessed 20 June 2019
  23. ^ Place Names of the Isle of Man by John Kneen MA page 155 (1970) Yn Çheshaght Ghailckagh The Scolar Press
  25. ^ Travel problems continue in snow 3FM, 8 December 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2019
  26. ^ The Lucas Contour Map of the T.T. Circuit (based on Ordnance Survey), The Lucas Electrical Company Ltd, 1975, p.inside cover. Accessed 16 January 2019
  27. ^ The TT Mountain Course, by Fred Hanks (sidecar driver) 1973. Accessed 16 January 2019
  28. ^ The Motor Cycle, 22 March 1962, Accessed 16 January 2019. p.3 [image] Editorial comment by editor Harry Louis: "The scene is Half-way House, Crosby, where a ten-foot banking has been excavated to give riders an unobstructed view through the turn. The works at the Highlander (middle distance) will increase road width by three feet.".
  29. ^ Isle of Man TT, by Charles Deane, 1975, p.39, (a Patrick Stephens publication) "'s head down behind the screen for the 'flying run' through the speed trap set up outside the Highlander pub. Anything up to 150 mph will be achieved by the big bikes on this extremely fast downhill stretch". Accessed 1 June 2016
  30. ^ Greeba Castle, potential filming location, Isle of Man Film, Retrieved 9 March 2018
  31. ^ Place Names of the Isle of Man by John Kneen MA pp396 (1970) Yn Cheshaght Ghailckagh The Scolar Press
  32. ^ Per map in Prohibited and Restricted Areas.
  33. ^
  34. ^ Place Names of the Isle of Man by John Kneen MA pp400 (1970) Yn Çheshaght Ghailckagh The Scolar Press
  35. ^ a b TT Racing, by Ray Knight, p.28. Creg Willies Hill to Rhencullen. "The Cronk-y-Voddy Straight may be straight but it is anything but flat. Quite apart from the bumps, for good measure this section undulates and you climb three minor hills in the average gradual climb to the Cronk-y-Voddy crossroads". 1974 Speedsport Motobooks, Brentford, England. ISBN 0-85113-078-X Accessed 24 December 2015
  36. ^ The TT Mountain Course (second edition), by Fred Hanks p.16 Cronk y Voddy Straight. "Very bumpy, but flat out." 1975, A TT Special publication. Accessed 24 December 2015
  37. ^ Harris, Nick. Motocourse History of the Isle of Man Tourist Trophy. p. 58.[full citation needed]
  38. ^ Isle of Man Weekly Times dated 25 May 1935
  39. ^ Place Names of the Isle of Man by John Kneen MA pp454 (1970) Yn Çheshaght Ghailckagh The Scolar Press
  40. ^ "Ballacrye TT Isle of Man by". Youtube. 1 September 2013.
  41. ^ The British Narrow Gauge Railway No 2c – The Isle of Man Railway Volume III An Outline History of the Isle of Man Railway by James I.C. Boyde page 52 (1996) (1st Edition) The Oakwood Press ISBN 978-0-85361-479-1
  42. ^ Corner named in memory of Raymond Caley Manx Radio, 18 May 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2017
  43. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) New Isle of Man Top Speed Record (retrieved 12 August 2006)
  44. ^ Place Names of the Isle of Man by John Kneen MA pp438 (1970) Yn Cheshaght Ghailckagh The Scolar Press
  45. ^ Mona's Herald. 16 September 1947. p. 5. Missing or empty |title= (help)[full citation needed]
  46. ^ Isle of Man Weekly Times. 15 September 1947. p. 3. Missing or empty |title= (help)[full citation needed]
  47. ^ The TT Mountain Course, by Fred Hanks (sidecar driver), p.28 "May Hill. The start of the climb...from here, just above sea level, to Brandywell, 1,400 ft in varying degrees of steepness". Accessed 9 October 2016
  48. ^ Motor Cycle, 10 September 1964. 'Lightweight Manx Grand Prix report'. p.530 [image caption]: "Heeling into Stella Maris, the right hand sweep on the approach to Ramsey Hairpin"Accessed 2015-07-08
  49. ^ Motor Cycle, 10 September 1964. 'Lightweight Manx Grand Prix report'. p.531 [image caption]: "...the winner Gordon Keith heeling his Greeves Silverstone Mark 2 round the second of the two Waterworks bends". Accessed 2015-07-29
  50. ^ Webber, David T. (1997). An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Isle of Man. Revised by Frank Cowin and F.J. Radcliffe. The Manx Experience. p. 12. ISBN 1-873120-25-7.[full citation needed]
  51. ^ Wright, David (2013). 100 Years of the Isle of Man TT: A Century of Motorcycle Racing. Crowood Press – via Google Books.[full citation needed]
  52. ^ a b Isle of Man Examiner page 6 dated 9 September 1955
  53. ^ The Lucas contour map of the T.T. circuit, 1973. Accessed 21 December 2015
  54. ^ Bradford, Paul (2008). Isle of Man TT & MGP Memorial 1907–2007. The Copy Shop. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-9560151-0-5.[full citation needed]
  55. ^ Mona's Herald. 13 June 1972. p. 4. Missing or empty |title= (help)[full citation needed]
  56. ^ Harris, Nick (1990). Motorcourse History of the Isle of Man Tourist Trophy Races (1st ed.). Hazelton Publishing Graficias Estella SA. p. 148. ISBN 0-905138-71-6.[full citation needed]
  57. ^ TT News (Preview ed.). Isle of Man Newspapers Ltd; Johnson Press Publishing Bridson & Horrox Publishing Ltd. 2012. pp. 16–18.[full citation needed]
  58. ^ TT 100 The Official Authorised History of the Isle of Man Tourist Trophy Racing page 26 by Mick Duckworth (2007) Lily Publications Ltd ISBN 1 899602 67 4 - "....At the Bungalow, go in late for the left, or you'll be too far over for the second corner and keep it straight over the tramlines.... The Mountain Course. A lap of the legendary circuit accompanied by the record holder John McGuinness."
  59. ^ An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Isle of Man by David T. Webber, revised by Frank Cowin and F.J. Radcliffe pp 24 (1997) The Manx Experience ISBN 1-873120-25-7
  60. ^ Isle of Man Examiner pp4 dated 9 September 2008
  61. ^ "IoM TT Official website". Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  62. ^ Kneale, Trevor. The Isle of Man. The Pevensey Press. p. 100. Spectators gather all around the course at locations which have become part of road-racing history: Bray Hill, Quarter Bridge, Ballacraine, Laurel Bank, Baaregarrow, Ballaugh Bridge, Quarry Bends, Sulby Straight, Ramsey Hairpin, Gooseneck, the Verandah, 32nd Milestone, Windy Corner, Kate's Cottage, Creg-ny-Baa, Hillberry, Signpost, Governor's Bridge.
  63. ^ "Around the TT". Motorcycle Mechanics: 74. June 1973. Windy Corner gets its name from the wind that whistles up your trouser-leg as you stand on the corner watching the riders hurl their bikes through the right-hander
  64. ^ Duckworth, Mick (2007). TT 100 The Official Authorised History of the Isle of Man Tourist Trophy Racing. Lily Publications. p. 26. ISBN 1-899602-67-4. ... The wind can catch you out approaching Brandywell. It's as well to go in steady and take a classic racing line though, then you have to work hard through a tricky little right. I feel comfortable making the 32nd (Milestone) into three apexes, even though most of the riders say it's two. Windy Corner is okey but since it was altered it's even worse now if it's gusty, because you're banked further over and for longer. Also, I've been caught my knee-slider on the cat's-eyes on the inside of the bend.[full citation needed]
  65. ^ Higgins, L.R. & Quantrill, C. (1960). A History of the TT Races 1907–1960. BP Publication Jarrold & Sons; Shell Mex & BP Publication. p. 46. ... wind that always blows over the hills from Laxey at this point.[full citation needed]
  66. ^ TT Special. 3 September 1946. p. 8. Windy Corner, so called not because riders get the wind up, but because very strong winds blow up from the gully on the left. Missing or empty |title= (help)[full citation needed]
  67. ^ Isle of Man TT, by Charles Deane, 1975, p.43, (a Patrick Stephens publication) "The surface is extremely bumpy on the narrow line into the corner which widens considerably before the right-hand bend leading to Keppel Gate. Over this section of the Mountain, the bike tends to run away from you and it takes extra concentration to bring the bouncing, bucking machine under control as you brake hard for the right and then tight left-hand corner at Keppel Gate". Accessed 27 May 2016
  68. ^ The TT Mountain Course, 1975, Fred Hanks (sidecar racer), a TT Special publication, p.37 "...right leading into KEPPEL GATE, a tightening left continuing". Accessed 28 May 2016
  69. ^ a b "The History of the TT". Isle of Man TT. 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  70. ^ 1705 Dioc. Reg. Cregnyba  – Manx Note Book
  71. ^ Motor Cycle, 8 June 1967, p.781. Where to go, by chief photographer Bill Banks. "...main interest is in the scenic pic looking up to Kate's". Accessed 3 April 2017
  72. ^ The TT Mountain Course, 1975, Fred Hanks (sidecar racer), a TT Special publication, pp.38-39 "Steep downhill straight. Past 35 Milestone. Very fast right kink". Accessed 28 May 2016
  73. ^ The Lucas Contour Map of the T.T. Circuit (based on Ordnance Survey), The Lucas Electrical Company Ltd, 1975. Accessed 28 May 2016
  74. ^ TT '78 A Motorcycle News Special. p.42, section writer Peter Howdle. "While a speed trap claim of 191 mph with a tail wind on the Creg-ny-Baa to Brandish descent was highly suspect, Grant's Kawasaki was almost certainly the quickest-ever bike along the straights". Accessed 25 May 2016
  75. ^ Deane, Charles (1975). Isle of Man TT (1st ed.). Patrick Stevens. pp. 10–11. ISBN 0-85059-172-4.
  76. ^ Work starts on new link bridge BBC News, 10 October 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2015
  77. ^ Murray Walker's TT Heroes Part One "...on to Governor's Bridge, which used to be part of the roads of the Isle of Man but is now by-passed by the normal traffic but still used for the TT races". Retrieved 21 January 2018
  78. ^ Motor Cycle, 8 June 1967, p.781. Where to go, by chief photographer Bill Banks. "Considerable heavy foliage, but...". Accessed 3 April 2017
  79. ^ TT Racing, by Ray Knight (TT racer, motorcycle journalist, Isle of Man resident and track-instructor) Speedsport Motobooks, 1974 p.77 ISBN 0851130739"...if there is so much as a suspicion of dampness about it will collect here under the trees and it can be slippery". Accessed 4 April 2017
  80. ^ IoM TT race regulations 2014 with concourse diagram p.23 "At the conclusion of all races the finishers will be required to return their machines to the Parc Ferme. This will be located in the Assembly Area." Retrieved 17 April 2017

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX