Suldal

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Suldal kommune
Municipality
View of the lake Suldalsvatnet
View of the lake Suldalsvatnet
Coat of arms of Suldal kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Suldal kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Suldal within Rogaland
Suldal within Rogaland
Coordinates: 59°28′06″N 06°29′59″E / 59.46833°N 6.49972°E / 59.46833; 6.49972Coordinates: 59°28′06″N 06°29′59″E / 59.46833°N 6.49972°E / 59.46833; 6.49972
Country Norway
County Rogaland
District Ryfylke
Administrative centre Sand
Government
 • Mayor (2007) Torkel Myklebust (Sp)
Area
 • Total 1,736.88 km2 (670.61 sq mi)
 • Land 1,588.50 km2 (613.32 sq mi)
 • Water 148.38 km2 (57.29 sq mi)
Area rank 39 in Norway
Population (2014)
 • Total 3,892
 • Rank 237 in Norway
 • Density 2.5/km2 (6/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -0.2 %
Demonym(s) Suldøl[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1134
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.suldal.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Suldal is a municipality in the northeast corner of Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Ryfylke. Since 1965, the administrative centre of Suldal is the village of Sand i Ryfylke (prior to that it was the village of Suldalsosen). Other villages in Suldal include Hålandsosen, Jelsa, Marvik, Nesflaten, and Suldalsosen.

General information[edit]

Map of Suldal
View of the Suldalsporten in the lake Suldalsvatnet
View of Jelsa Church

The parish of Suledal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1842, the northern district of the municipality (population: 1,584) was separated to become the new municipality of Søvde. This left Suldal with 2,030 residents. On 1 January 1965, the municipality was greatly expanded due to recommendations of the Schei Committee. Suldal (population: 1,412) was merged with the neighboring municipalities of Sand (population: 1,135) and Erfjord (population: 610) as well as all of the municipality of Jelsa except for the parts on the island of Ombo (population: 928) and the parts of Imsland municipality located south of the Vindafjorden (population: 61). On 1 January 1978, the parts of Vikedal municipality located southeast of the Vindafjorden on the Ropeid peninsula (population: 13) was transferred to Suldal.[2]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Súladalr. The first element is probably the plural genitive case of súla which means "pillar" or "column" (and then referring to the mountain pass Suldalsporten) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". Before 1891, the name was written "Suledal".[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 11 March 1976. The arms show three wavy, yellow lines in bend on a red background. The lines represent the local river Suldalslågen which runs through the municipality.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Suldal. It is part of the Ryfylke deanery in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Suldal
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Erfjord Erfjord Church Hålandsosen 1877
Jelsa Jelsa Church Jelsa 1647
Sand Sand Church Sand 1853
Marvik Chapel Marvik 1920
Suldal Suldal Church Suldalsosen 1852
Nesflaten Chapel Nesflaten 1853

History[edit]

The area that is now Suldal municipality has a long history of trade connections to the nearby valley regions to the north and east. The main mountain plateau trade route led east from Suldal municipality over the plateau to the nearby Setesdal valley in Bykle municipality in Aust-Agder county. Another route led north from Suldal in Rogaland county through the Røldal area in Hordaland county, and then east into Vinje municipality in Telemark county. There has also been found viking artefacts and graves in Suldal.

Geography[edit]

View of rural Suldal
View of the Suldal valley (with Sand village at the top)
View of the Erfjorden

At 1,736 square kilometres (670 sq mi), Suldal is the largest municipality in Rogaland county. The municipality borders three counties: Hordaland (north), Telemark (northeast), and Aust-Agder (east). To the north, Suldal is bordered by Sauda and Odda municipalities, in the east by Vinje and Bykle, in the south by Hjelmeland, and in the west by Vindafjord. Across the Jelsafjorden and Vindafjorden lie the municipalities of Finnøy and Tysvær.

The mountain Kistenuten is located at the triple border point of Rogaland, Hordaland and Telemark.[5] Other mountains in Suldal are Vassdalseggi, the highest mountain in Rogaland, Trollaskeinuten, Snønuten, Mælen, Knoda, Fitjanuten, Leirnuten, Kaldafjellet, Simlenuten, Steinkilenuten, and Raudberga, all reaching above 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) m.a.s.l.[6]

The Sandsfjorden and Hylsfjorden lie within Suldal, as does lake Suldalsvatnet. The Saudafjorden lies partially within the boundary of Suldal. The Erfjorden and the lakes Blåsjø, Holmavatnet, and Holmevatnet also lie on the boundary of Suldal.

Economy[edit]

The Ulla-Førre project of building huge hydroelectric dams in the mountains was initiated in the 1960s. At times, the project employed over a thousand people. The finished hydroelectric complex has a total capacity of approximately 2,100 megawatts (2,800,000 hp) and produces about 4.8 terawatt-hours (17 PJ) yearly.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Suldal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Suldal is made up of 19 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Suldal Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 4
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 1
  Conservative Party Høgre 2
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 3
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 6
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 1
  Liberal Party Venstre 2
Total number of members: 19

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 363. 
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2015-05-26. 
  5. ^ Godal, Anne Marit (ed.). "Ryfylkeheiane". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Norsk nettleksikon. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Lauritzen, Per Roger, ed. (2009). Norsk Fjelleksikon (in Norwegian). Arendal: Friluftsforlaget. ISBN 978-82-91-49547-7. 
  7. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011. 

External links[edit]