Sulejman Bargjini

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This building in front of the Old Mosque destroyed during the Communist dictatorship was the resting place of Sulejman Pasha

Sulejman Pasha Bargjini (also known in Albanian: Sylejman Pashë Mulleti, Turkish: Berkinzâde Süleyman Paşa) was an ethnic Albanian general and Governor of the Ottoman Empire. He was originally from Bargjin, but he settled in the village of Mullet, Albania[1] and probably served as a Janissary, he was given the title Pasha. As an ethnic Albanian, he had fought for the Ottomans against the Safavids in Persia. After that he had built a mosque (the Sylejman Pasha Mosque), a bakery and a hammam ( islamic sauna). He founded the existing settlement of Tirana, now the capital of Albania, in 1614 as an oriental-style town of those times. According to some legends, he named the town he founded after Tehran, the capital of Persia (nowadays Iran) but most of these legends are not proven. Tirana soon became the center of Albanian art, culture and religion (especially with the Spread of Islam and the Bektashi Sufism), it became famous because of its strategic position at the heart of Albania.[2]

His resting place, the Suleyman Pasha Tomb, got destroyed during the Communist dictatorship. A statue of Sulejman Pasha stands in the square named after him in downtown Tirana. A small street in another part of Tirana also bears his name.

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  1. ^ Harald Heppner (1994). Hauptstädte in Südosteuropa: Geschichte, Funktion, nationale Symbolkraft. Böhlau Verlag Wien. pp. 137–. ISBN 978-3-205-98255-5. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
  2. ^ E. J. Van Donzel (1994), Islamic Desk Reference, E.J. Brill, p. 451, ISBN 9780585305561, OCLC 45731063, "il borgo di Tirana" is already mentioned as early as 1572