Suleyman Sani Akhundov
|Suleyman Sani Akhundov|
|Born||Süleyman Sani Axundov
October 3, 1875
|Died||March 29, 1939
|Education||Transcaucasian Teachers Seminary|
Suleyman Sani Akhundov (Azeri: Süleyman Sani Axundov) (3 October 1875 – 29 March 1939) was an Azerbaijani playwright, journalist, children's author, and teacher. He chose the name Sani (Arabic for "the second") to avoid confusion with his namesake, Mirza Fatali Akhundov.
Life and contributions
Akhundov was born to a bey family in Shusha (then part of the Russian Empire, now a city in Azerbaijan) and graduated from the Transcaucasian Teachers Seminary (in present-day Gori, Georgia) in 1894. He was involved in teaching and journalism for the rest of his life. He was the co-author of the Azeri language textbook Ikinji il ("The Second Year") published in 1906. After Sovietization he served as Minister of Education of Azerbaijan's Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast for a short period of time. In 1922, Suleyman Sani Akhundov was chosen the first chairman of the Union of Writers and Poets of Azerbaijan. In 1932, he was awarded an honorary title of the Hero of Labour for his merits in literary and pedagogical activity. Between 1920 and 1930, he was chosen as a member of the Baku Soviet, probationary member of the Executive Committee of Baku, and member of the Central Executive Committee of the Azerbaijan SSR.
His first fictional piece, Tamahkar ("The Greedy One"), was written in 1899. Between 1912 and 1913 he wrote a pentalogy entitled Gorkhulu naghillar ("Scary Stories"), which dealt with the theme of poverty and social inequality and therefore became one of the most popular children books later in the Soviet epoch. Works written by the writer after the 1905 Russian Revolution were concerned with social-political problems, highlighting them from the democratic position. In his works written after 1920 he continued with his criticism of patriarchal norms, social backwardness, and despotism of the ruling class, and describes the expectations of people from the newly established political system. Such works as "Fortune's wheel" (1921), "Falcon's nest" (1921), "Love and revenge" (1922) drama were written by the writer.
One of the streets of Baku was named after Suleyman Sani Akhundov.
- (Azerbaijani) Scary Stories by Suleyman Sani Akhundov
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