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Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Epsilonproteobacteria
Genus: Sulfurovum
Inagaki et al. 2004 [1]
Type species
Sulfurovum lithotrophicum[2]

S. aggregans[2]
S. lithotrophicum[2]

Sulfurovum is a genus within the Epsilonproteobacteria which was first described in 2004 with the isolation and description of the type species Sulfurovum lithotrophicum from Okinawa trough hydrothermal sediments.[1] Named for their ability to oxidize sulfur and their egg-like shape, cells are gram-negative, coccoid to short rods. Mesophilic chemolithoautotrophic growth occurs by oxidation of sulfur compounds coupled to the reduction of nitrate or molecular oxygen.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Inagaki, Fumio; Ken Takai; Kenneth H. Nealson; Koki Horikoshi (2004-09-01). "Sulfurovum lithotrophicum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel sulfur-oxidizing chemolithoautotroph within the ε-Proteobacteria isolated from Okinawa Trough hydrothermal sediments". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 54 (5): 1477–1482. ISSN 1466-5026. PMID 15388698. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.03042-0. Retrieved 2013-06-27. 
  2. ^ a b c A.C. Inagaki; et al. "Sulfurovum". Retrieved 2016-08-21.