Southern side of courthouse square in Sullivan
|Motto: "More Than Just A Small Town"|
|Elevation||673 ft (205 m)|
|Area||2.68 sq mi (7 km2)|
|- land||2.67 sq mi (7 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||2,121.5 / sq mi (819 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Sullivan, Illinois|
Sullivan is a city in Moultrie County, Illinois, United States. The population was 4,326 at the 2000 census, and 4,396 in 2009. It is the county seat of Moultrie County. Sullivan is named after Sullivan's Island, South Carolina, where Fort Moultrie is located.
Sullivan is located at (39.598270, -88.610038).
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 2.68 square miles (6.9 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,326 people, 1,820 households, and 1,188 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,121.5 people per square mile (818.8/km²). There were 1,945 housing units at an average density of 953.8 per square mile (368.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.68% White, 0.30% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39% of the population.
There were 1,820 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 84.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,197, and the median income for a family was $41,894. Males had a median income of $31,754 versus $20,631 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,693. About 5.4% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.
History and points of interest
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (March 2010)|
The Little Theatre on the Square
Sullivan has a theatre known as one of the best places in central Illinois to see a professional live stage production. Actors such as Mickey Rooney, Vincent Price, Bob Crane, Jonathan Frid, Alan Alda, Margaret Truman, Dennis Weaver, Andy Devine, Michael Giberson, Ann Miller, Ben Affleck, Don Ameche, Betty Grable, Durward Kirby, John Carradine, Leonard Nimoy, Rosemary Prinz, Forrest Tucker, Don Ameche, George Chakaris, Stubby Kaye and Ann B. Davis have done shows there. The theatre is a non-profit; it received $20,000 from President Obama's 2009 Economic Stimulus package, and in 2013 they received $23,200 from the Illinois Arts Council for general operating expenses.
Contaminated water system
In December 2009, The New York Times compared raw test data on municipal water sources against health-based guidelines established by the E.P.A., the United States Geological Survey and in a small number of instances the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Those guidelines identify the concentrations at which scientific research indicates humans are exposed to a risk of cancer or other diseases, and typically assume lifetime ingestion of about half a gallon of water per day by an adult of about 150 pounds. The Times applied the following criteria in analyzing data: a health risk was counted if a water system exceeded a health-based guideline 10 times or more for a single chemical in the past five years, and if, at that contamination level, at least one-in-10,000 people who consumed the water over a long period would likely develop cancer, according to government studies. Generally, regulators have deemed the one-in-10,000 metric as a threshold for unacceptable risk. The Sullivan water system's water was found to contain five contaminants (Alpha particle activity, Combined radium (-226 and -228), Lead, Radium-226, and Radium 228) that exceeded health-based guidelines.
The Ward Museum at Mason Point, a nursing home just south of Sullivan, displays a collection of items collected from around the world by the Ward family, including one of the largest collections of seashells in the nation. The Ward's collection went on display in 1948, and the collection has remained intact since then. It was featured on an episode of the TV show "Illinois Adventure." The museum was established by Abraham Lincoln "Link" Ward, a farmer, livestock dealer, and auctioneer, and his wife, Cora Anne (Hinterly) Ward. In addiitoin to seashells, the museum contains over 1,000 pieces of antique glassware, including 400 antique goblets. Frontier life items include wooden wheel clocks, circa 1830, copper-toed shoes, spinning wheels, and broad axes. The museum was established in 1948; Cora Ward died in 1967, and the executor of her estate burned the catalog compilation, so the origin of the over 5,000 items donated by the couple, who travelled widely, is unknown. 
City budget, public debt, and Tax Increment Financing Districts
The City of Sullivan has three TIFs (Tax Increment Financing Districts)." TIF funds are reserved for areas that are "blighted" or in danger of becoming blighted. In 2010, the City of Sullivan issued $8.3 million in bonds by pledging previously unencumbered real estate increment generated annually by the City's three TIF districts. Recipients of TIF funds in 2013 were reported in the City of Sullivan's Resolution 13-E, which is available online. An auditor from West & Company, L.L.C. stated before the Sullivan City Council on January 28, 2013 that revenue that the City of Sullivan receives from the State of Illinois that is designated as TIF sales tax will be used to pay off these (Build America) bonds. The audit evaluated the City of Sullivan's current financial condition as "stable to sound," meaning that it is able to meet its obligations on a daily basis, but that it does not have much room for error in financial decisions. An auditor addressing the Sullivan City Council on January 7, 2014, noted that the City received its final quarterly TIF District 1 Sales Tax Payment from the State of Illinois, in June 2013; this means that the $400,000 to $500,000 in TIF funds that the Sullivan was receiving annually for TIF Funds will no longer be available for TIF projects, and now must go directly into the city's general fund.
Nixon rally and buffalo burger
Vice President Richard Nixon held a campaign rally during his unsuccessful 1960 Presidential bid. He discarded a half-eaten buffalo burger that was the product of the slaughter of buffalo owned by the City of Sullivan and housed at their street maintenance facility. The discarded burger was retrieved by Sullivan resident Steve Jenne, who preserved it. Jenne exhibited the burger on "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson" in 1988 and was a guest on the Game Show Network's "I've Got A Secret" in 2006.
Sullivan's High School Football team has the controversial name "Redskins." According to an article in The Capital News Service, 28 High School teams in the U.S. have dropped the name, and 63 (including Sullivan) have retained it; all college teams have ceased use of the name, and the NFL's Washington Redskins is under pressure to change its name.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Warren, James (2011). "A Program's Legacy in Jobs and Lives". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- . Illinois Arts Council http://www.arts.illinois.gov/news/iac-announces-first-round-fy2013-grants. Retrieved 2014-03-07. Missing or empty
- SDughig, Charles (16 December 2009). That tap water is legal but may be unhealthy. The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
- Illinois Adventure TV. http://www.illinoisadventuretv.org/index.asp?page=st&site=1016 http://www.illinoisadventuretv.org/index.asp?page=st&site=1016. Retrieved 5 September 2014. Missing or empty
- http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2005-12-18/travel/0512170190_1_masonic-home-memorabilia-display. Missing or empty
- Cit of Sullivan, Illinois TIF District Map (PDF). 2013-05-10.
- Morris and Sullivan Share TIF Experiences (PDF). TIF Illinois. 2012.
- City of Sullivan Resolution 13-E TIF Tax Allocation Fund (PDF). City of Sullivan, Illinois. 2012-04-22.
- Regular meeting of the City Council of the City of Sullivan, Illinois (PDF). City of Sullivan, Illinois. 2013-01-28.
- Regular meeting of the City Council of the City of Sullivan, Illinois, Monday, January 27, 2014 (PDF). City of Sullivan, Illinois. 2014-01-27.
- Nixon's 1960 sandwich kicked around again. NBC NEWSS. 2006-05-04.
- Soong, Kelyn (7 April 3023). The Other Redskins. The Capital News Service. Retrieved 2014-02-23. Check date values in: