Sullivan County, New York
|Sullivan County, New York|
Location in the state of New York
New York's location in the U.S.
|Named for||John Sullivan|
|• Total||997 sq mi (2,582 km2)|
|• Land||968 sq mi (2,507 km2)|
|• Water||29 sq mi (75 km2), 2.9%|
|• Density||80/sq mi (31/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Sullivan County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,547. The county seat is Monticello. The county's name is in honor of Major General John Sullivan, who was a hero in the American Revolutionary War.
The county was the site of hundreds of Borscht Belt hotels and resorts, which had their heyday from the 1920s through the 1970s.
In 2010, the center of population of New York was located at the southern edge of Sullivan County.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Government and politics
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Tourism
- 8 Communities
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
When the colony that is now New York State established its first twelve counties in 1683, the present Sullivan County was part of Ulster County. In 1809, Sullivan County was split from Ulster County.
In the late 19th century, the Industrial Revolution and the advent of factories driven by water power along the streams and rivers led to an increase in population attracted to the jobs. Hamlets enlarged into towns. As industry restructured, many of those jobs left before the middle of the twentieth century. The economy changed again after that, shifting to a more tourist-based variety and benefiting from resorts established by European Jewish immigrants and their descendants in what became called the Borscht Belt of the 20th century. Resort hotels featured a wide variety of entertainers, some nationally known. At the beginning of this period, visitors traveled to the area by train, and later by automobile. The natural resources of the area also provided a setting for numerous summer camps frequented by the children of immigrants and their descendants.
The highest point in the county is a 3,118-foot (950 m) peak unofficially known as Beech Mountain, near Hodge Pond, a subsidiary summit to Mongaup Mountain across the Ulster County line. The lowest point is along the Delaware River.
- Delaware County - north
- Ulster County - northeast
- Orange County - southeast
- Pike County, Pennsylvania - southwest
- Wayne County, Pennsylvania - west
National protected area
Government and politics
Sullivan County is generally considered a swing county as it has been won by both Democrats and Republicans. In 2004, Republican George Bush defeated Democrat John Kerry by a margin of 49.47% to 48.55% or a difference of 285 votes.  In 2008, however, it was won by Democrat Barack Obama over Republican John McCain by a margin of 54% to 45%.
There are thirty six town and village courts in Sullivan County.
Legislative authority is vested in the county legislature which consists of 9 members each elected from single member districts. Currently, there are 5 Republican and 4 Democrats.
|1||Scott B. Samuelson||Democratic|
|2||Nadia Rajsz||Vice Chair||Democratic|
|8||Ira Steingart||Minority Leader||Democratic|
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 73,966 people, 27,661 households, and 18,311 families residing in the county. The population density was 76 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 44,730 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.31% White, 8.51% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.89% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 9.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.6% were of German, 13.9% Irish, 12.5% Italian, 7.3% American and 6.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 86.6% spoke English, 7.4% Spanish and 1.0% German as their first language. A small population of Russians, late twentieth-century immigrants, live in the villages.
There were 27,661 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.10% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 103.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,998, and the median income for a family was $43,458. Males had a median income of $36,110 versus $25,754 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,892. About 11.60% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.
Public school districts
- Eldred Central Schools
- Fallsburg Central Schools
- Liberty Central School District
- Livingston Manor Central School District
- Monticello Central Schools
- Roscoe Central Schools
- Sullivan West Central School
- Tri-Valley Central School
- Sullivan County Community College is located in the hamlet of Loch Sheldrake in the town of Fallsburg.
Sullivan County has been a popular vacation spot since the 19th Century, with mountain climbing, boating, and other outdoor activities, and the Monticello Raceway being among the attractions. The majority of the tourism occurs in the summer months. It was the site of the hundreds of resort complexes of the Borscht Belt (with their golf courses, social events, and entertainers), between the 1920s and 1970s. It was the site of the 1969 Woodstock Festival.
Many famous comedians tested their material and performed regularly at Borscht Belt hotels, including Milton Berle, Mel Brooks and Henny Youngman. Eddie Fisher performed often at Grossinger's, where in 1955 he married Debbie Reynolds.
During the period August 15–18, 1969, some 500,000 people gathered in Sullivan County's Town of Bethel at Max Yasgur's farm to attend the Woodstock Festival. The entertainers included The Who; the Grateful Dead; Jefferson Airplane; The Band; Canned Heat; Joan Baez; Arlo Guthrie; Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young; Janis Joplin; Santana; Sly and the Family Stone; Blood, Sweat and Tears; Jimi Hendrix; and Richie Havens.
Today the site of the original Woodstock concert is the Bethel Woods Center for the Arts, which includes a museum of the sixties and holds many concerts and other events.
Other notable cultural destinations include the CAS Arts Center, a multi-arts exhibit space and education center run by the Catskill Art Society in Livingston Manor, New York, and the NaCl Theatre, a professional regional theatre company focusing on experimental work in Highland Lake, New York.
- Borscht Belt
- Catskill Mountains
- List of counties in New York
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Sullivan County, New York
- Upstate New York
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Centers of Population by State: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- Sullivan County Evaluation (PDF), National League of Defenders Association, January 2009, p. 8
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sullivan County, New York.|
- Sullivan County, New York
- Sullivan County Chamber of Commerce
- Sullivan County at DMOZ
- Sullivan County information
- Sullivan County information
- Sullivan County Historical Society
- Sullivan County history
- Sullivan County Emergency Services
- Early Sullivan County History
||Delaware County||Ulster County|
|Wayne County, Pennsylvania|
|Pike County, Pennsylvania||Orange County|