Sultan Ahmed Mirza

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Sultan Ahmed Mirza was the eldest son of Abu Sa'id Mirza on whose death he became the Timurid ruler of Samarkand and Bukhara from 1469 till 1494. During his rule he successfully repelled at least one invasion attempt by the Kara Koyunlu, and failed in an attempt to conquer Khurasan from its ruler Sultan Husayn Mirza Bayqara. He was embroiled in the Timurid Civil Wars with his brothers Umar Shaikh Mirza II and Sultan Mahmud Mirza. He died while returning from his Ferghana expedition against Babur, the twelve-year-old son and successor of Umar Shaikh Mirza II. As he had no male heir, he was succeeded by his brother, Sultan Mahmud Mirza.

Marriages and progeny[edit]

He had married six times:

  1. Mihr Nigar Khanum, daughter of Yunus Khan of Moghulistan and Aisan Daulat Begum;
  2. Terkhan Begum, of the family of Terkhans;
  3. Katak Begum, foster sister of Terkhan Begum;
  4. Khanzada Begum, sprung of the khans of Termez;
  5. Latif Begum, daughter of Ahmed Haji Beg;
  6. Habiba Sultan Begum, daughter of Sultan Arghun.
  • Two sons who died in infancy - mothers unknown;
  • Rabia Sultan Begum known as Karaguz Begum - with Katak Begum, married firstly to Sultan Mahmud Khan, married secondly to Jani Beg Sultan Uzbek;
  • Salika Sultan Begum known as Ak Begum - with Katak Begum, married to Sultan Masud Mirza, son of Sultan Mahmud Mirza;
  • Aisha Sultan Begum - with Katak Begum, married to Babur;
  • Sultanim Begum - with Katak Begum, married firstly to Sultan Ali Mirza, son of Sultan Mahmud Mirza, secondly to Muhammad Husain Mirza Dughlat, married thirdly to Temur Sultan, son of Muhammad Shaybani, married fourthly to Mehdi Sultan;
  • Masuma Sultan Begum - with Habiba Sultan Begum, married to Babur;
Sultan Ahmed Mirza
Preceded by
Abu Sa'id Mirza
Timurid Empire (in Samarkand)
Succeeded by
Sultan Mahmud Mirza