Ismail Petra of Kelantan
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|Al-Sultan of Kelantan|
|Sultan of Kelantan|
|Reign||30 March 1979 – 13 September 2010|
|Coronation||30 March 1980|
|Predecessor||Sultan Yahya Petra|
|Successor||Sultan Muhammad V|
|Born||11 November 1949|
Istana Jahar, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Unfederated Malay States, Malaya
|Died||28 September 2019 (aged 69)|
Royal Ward Raja Perempuan Zainab II Hospital, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
|Burial||28 September 2019|
Tengku Anis Binti Tengku Abdul Hamid
(m. 1968; his death 2019)
Cik Puan Elia Suhana Binti Ahmad
(m. 2007; div. 2010)
|Issue||Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra|
Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra
Tengku Muhammad Fakhry Petra
Tengku Amalin A’ishah Putri
|Father||Sultan Yahya Petra Ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim|
|Mother||Tengku Zainab Binti Tengku Muhammad Petra|
|HRH Sultan Muhammad V, the Sultan|
HRH Raja Perempuan Tengku Anis, Sultan's mother
HH Tengku Abdul Halim, the Tengku Laksamana
HH Tengku Mohamad Rizam, the Tengku Temenggong
Sultan Ismail Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Yahya Petra (11 November 1949 – 28 September 2019) was the 28th Sultan of Kelantan from 30 March 1979 until 13 September 2010.
Sultan Ismail Petra was born at Istana Jahar, Kota Bharu, Kelantan on 19 Muharam 1369 Hijrah, corresponding to 11 November 1949. He was the youngest child and only son of Sultan Yahya Petra by his wife, Raja Perempuan Zainab II. His siblings were; Tengku Merjan, Tengku Rozan, Tengku Salwani and Tengku Rohani.
Sultan Ismail Petra had his early education at the Sultan Ismail College, Kota Bharu and later had through special education from a private English tutor at the royal palace.
On 8 January 2002, he was conferred an Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy in Political Science from the Ramkhamhaeng University, Thailand.
Tengku Mahkota and Regent of Kelantan
Sultan Ismail Petra was made as the Tengku Mahkota, the crown prince of Kelantan on 11 November 1967 at Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu.
He was also appointed as the Regent of Kelantan when his father was elected as Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 21 September 1975 until his death on 29 March 1979.
Sultan of Kelantan
Sultan Ismail Petra succeeded his father as the Sultan of Kelantan on 30 March 1979. A year later, on 30 March 1980, he was crowned as the Sultan of Kelantan at Throne Room of the Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu.
Marriage and family
Sultan Ismail Petra married Raja Perempuan Tengku Anis binti Tengku Abdul Hamid on 4 December 1968. The royal couple had four children:
- Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra, Sultan Kelantan (born 6 October 1969, photo). On 15 November 2004, he married Tengku Zubaidah binti Tengku Norudin (née Kangsadal Pipitpakdee), a member of the Pattani royal family and they divorced in 2008. Later, On 7 June 2018, he married Oksana Voevodina, a Russian citizen and they divorced in 2019.
- Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra, Tengku Mahkota Kelantan (born 20 January 1974, photo). On 19 April 2019, he married Sofie Louise Johansson, a Swedish citizen.
- Tengku Muhammad Fakhry Petra (born 7 April 1978, photo). On 26 August 2008, he married Manohara Odelia Pinot, an Indonesian citizen and they divorced in 2009.
- Tengku Amalin A’ishah Putri, Tengku Maharani Putri (born 26 June 1984, photo). On 27 June 2013, she married Pengiran Muda Abdul Qawi ibni Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, a member of the Brunei royal family. They have two children:
- Pengiran Anak Tengku Afeefah Musyafaah Bolkiah Puteri (born 13 April 2014)
- Pengiran Anak Tengku Azzahra Iffatul Bolkiah Puteri (born 24 June 2016)
It was reported that the Sultan of Kelantan, Sultan Ismail Petra, filed an application for verification of his divorce from his second wife, Che Puan Elia Suhana Ahmad, at the Syariah High Court on 9 March 2010.
Subsequently, the Chief registrar of Syariah Appellate/High court, Abu Bakar Abdullah Kutty, clarified that the Sultan of Kelantan Sultan Ismail Petra ibni Sultan Yahya Petra did not file a divorce suit against his second wife Elia Suhana Ahmad. Instead, Abu Bakar Abdullah Kutty said an unknown individual by the name of Nik Rorhana Wan Abdul Rahman was named as the plaintiff in the divorce petition.
“I want to clarify that the Sultan did not file the writ but instead it was filed on his behalf". “Based on Syariah law we have accepted the suit and it will be up to the court to decide on the matter". “I have to make things clear as it was reported in the media that the Sultan had filed the writ personally which is totally incorrect,” he told reporters at his office at Balai Islam, Lundang.
Since his stroke on 14 May 2009, there were major concerns over his ability to continue serving as Sultan. After several trips to seek medical treatment in Singapore, eventually, Sultan Ismail Petra was succeeded by his elder son, Crown Prince Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra on 13 September 2010 by order of the Kelantan Succession Council. However, lawyers acting on behalf of Sultan Ismail Petra filed a petition to the Federal Court to have the appointment of the Crown Prince as the Sultan of Kelantan nullified, citing the appointment as unconstitutional.
Death and state funeral
Sultan Ismail Petra died on 28 September 2019 at 8:11 am at the Royal Ward Raja Perempuan Zainab II Hospital, Kota Bharu aged 69. On that day, the Mentri Besar of Kelantan Dato' Ahmad Yakob officially announced his death.
On the same day, a state funeral was held. Among the royal family were present and other dignitaries were present to give their last respects is the Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah and the Raja Permaisuri Agong Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah, the Sultan of Brunei Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, the Raja of Perlis Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin and the Raja Perempuan of Perlis Tuanku Fauziah, Deputy Prime Minister Dato' Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail and her husband Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim. Also in attendance were the Tunku Aris Bendahara of Johor Tunku Abdul Majid (representing the Sultan of Johor) and the Tunku Besar of Seri Menanti Tunku Ali Redhauddin (representing the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan). He was laid to rest next to grave of his late father, Sultan Yahya Petra at the Langgar Royal Mausoleum in Kota Bharu, Kelantan.
Titles and styles
- 11 November 1949 – 10 July 1960: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Ismail Petra ibni Tengku Yahya Petra
- 10 July 1960 – 11 November 1967: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Ismail Petra ibni Sultan Yahya Petra
- 11 November 1967 – 21 September 1975: His Royal Highness (Yang Teramat Mulia) Tengku Ismail Petra ibni Sultan Yahya Petra, The Crown Prince (Tengku Mahkota) of Kelantan
- 21 September 1975 – 30 March 1979: His Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) Tengku Ismail Petra ibni Sultan Yahya Petra, The Regent (Pemangku Raja) of Kelantan
- 30 March 1979 – 13 September 2010: His Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Tuanku Ismail Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Yahya Petra, Al-Sultan of Kelantan
- 13 September 2010 – 28 September 2019: His Royal Highness (Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Sultan Ismail Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Yahya Petra
He was awarded:
Honours of Kelantan
- Recipient and Grand Master of the Royal Family Order of Kelantan (DK)
- Knight Grand Commander and Grand Master of the Order of the Crown of Kelantan (SPMK)
- Knight Grand Commander and Grand Master of the Order of the Life of the Crown of Kelantan (SJMK)
- Knight Grand Commander and Grand Master of the Order of the Loyalty to the Crown of Kelantan (SPSK)
- Founding Grand Master of the Order of the Noble Crown of Kelantan (SPKK)
- Grand Master of the Order of the Most Distinguished and Most Valiant Warrior (PYGP)
Honours of Malaysia
- Malaysia :
- Recipient of the Order of the Crown of the Realm (DMN)
- Johor :
- First Class of the Royal Family Order of Johor (DK I)
- Kedah :
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Kedah (DK)
- Negeri Sembilan :
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Negeri Sembilan (DKNS)
- Perak :
- Recipient of the Royal Family Order of Perak (DK)
- Perlis :
- Recipient of the Perlis Family Order of the Gallant Prince Syed Putra Jamalullail (DK)
- Selangor :
- First Class of the Royal Family Order of Selangor (DK I, 13 November 1988)
- Terengganu :
- Member first class of the Family Order of Terengganu (DK I)
- Sarawak :
- Knight Grand Commander (Datuk Patinggi) of the Order of the Star of Hornbill Sarawak (DP)
- Darjah Paduka Seri Sarawak (DPSS)
- Thailand :
- Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy in Political Science from the Ramkhamhaeng University - (Dr.) (8 January 2002)
Several places were named after him, including:
- Kolej Islam Antarabangsa Sultan Ismail Petra (KIAS) in Nilam Puri, Kelantan
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Ismail Petra (1), a secondary school at Kompleks Sekolah-Sekolah Wakaf Mek Zainab in Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Ismail Petra (2), a secondary school in Kampung Telipot Kawasan Perindustrian Lundang, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Ismail Petra (1), a primary school in Kompleks Sekolah-Sekolah Wakaf Mek Zainab, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Ismail Petra (2), a primary school in Jalan Long Yunus, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Silver Jubilee Mosque in Rantau Panjang, Kelantan
- Al-Sultan Ismail Petra Mosque, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Mosque, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Ismail Petra Mosque, Tanah Merah, Kelantan
- Al-Ismaili Mosque, Wakaf Bharu, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Islamic Silver Jubilee Complex, Panji, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Hospital in Kuala Krai, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Arch in Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Airport in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 February 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Syariah High Court allows Sultan of Kelantan's second wife to visit him
- http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/9/13/nation/20100913130938&sec=nation[permanent dead link] Kelantan Regent is new Sultan
- "Appointment of new Sultan of Kelantan challenged (Updated) - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. 20 September 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
- The Royal Ark, Kelantan genealogical details, p.8
Sultan Yahya Petra
| Sultan of Kelantan
1979 – 2010
Sultan Muhammad V