Sultan Sahak

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Sultan Sahak, or Soltân Sahak (Persian: سلطان سهاک‎‎)[1] (born 14th century; died 15th century[2]), was a Kurdish religious leader who founded spiritual path of the Ahl-e Haqq, also known as the Yârsân.[2] He is considered to be the manifestation that fully reflects the divine essence by the Ahl-e Haqq and revealer/expounder of the fourth stage of the religion.

Life[edit]

Sultan Sahak was born in Barzanjeh, which is in the province of present-day Sulaymania, Northern Iraq. According to the Ahl-e Haqq hagiography, he was a direct descendant of the Shia Islamic Imam Musa Kazim.[3] Later on his life, he moved to the Avroman region in Iran. His father, Shaykh Isi, was a religious leader and his mother, Khatun-e Razbar, is considered the manifestation of one of the seven archangels. As with Jesus, the birth of Sultan is also believed to have been a case of virgin birth. According to his followers he revealed the fourth stage of the religion (Haqiqat=truth) to earth, the Bayabas-e Pirdiwari (beyond the bridge). According to the Ahl-e Haqq hagiography, the Asian conqueror Timur (Tamerlane) once met with Sultan and used him as an oracle.[4]

Sultan Sahak's teachings were recorded by his disciples and later published in the Gurani language as the Kalam-e Saranjam. He is given various names by the followers of the Ahl-e Haqq, including Shah-e Haqiqat (the King of Truth), Saheb-Karam, Saan Sahaak and Khwaavandekaar (Lord).

Teachings[edit]

Sultan Sahak revealed several principles that constitute the core belief of the Ahl-e Haqq mystical sect:

  • The four pillars of the fourth stage (the stage of the Truth or Haqqiqat): purity (pāki), rectitude (rāsti), self-effacement (nisti), and self-abnegation (redā).
  • The partial or total manifestation of the divine essence in human form.
  • The guidance from the arch-angel Gabriel for all those who want to reach the truth
  • The seven arch-angels, who were the first creations of the highest rank and who perform missions to guide humanity.
  • The divine hierarchy, which constitutes the saviours, who manifest themselves on earth and other planes
  • The principle of ascending successive lives for the process of perfection

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kehl-Bodrogi, Krisztina; Barbara Kellner-Heinkele; Anke Otter-Beaujean, eds. (1997). Syncretistic Religious Communities in the Near East. Brill Publishers. p. 105. ISBN 90-04-10861-0.  Partial text at Google Books.
  2. ^ a b Elahi, Bahram (1987). Path of Perfection, the Spiritual Teaching of Master Nur Ali Elahi. ISBN 0-7126-0200-3. 
  3. ^ Elahi, Nur Ali. Burhan al-Haqq, (1963 first edition), Library of Congress call number BP195.A4 I42 1963 - card number:75-284686. Excerpt from pg 42 in original Persian: نسبش بحضرت امام موسی کاظم(ع) میرسد، محل تولدش قریۀ (برزنجه) ناحیۀ (شاره زور) بخش (حلبجه) شهرستان (سلیمانیه) استان (کرکوک) کشور فعلی عراق است.
  4. ^ Hamzeh'ee, M. Reza (1990). The Yaresan: A Sociological, Historical and Religio-Historical Study of a Kurdish Community. ISBN 3-922968-83-X.