Sultan Sahak

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Sultan Sahak
Born14th century
Kurd Jafeh East City (ancient city), Kurdistan
Died15th century
Shahbadya, Kurdistan

Sultan Sahak (Kurdish: Soltân Sahâk‎;[1] born 14th century; died 15th century[2]) was a Kurdish religious leader who founded the spiritual path of the Ahl-e Haqq, also known as the Yarsan.[2] He is considered to be the manifestation that fully reflects the divine essence by the Ahle Haqq and the revealer/expounder of the fourth stage of the religion.[citation needed]

Life[edit]

Sultan Sahak was born in Barzinjah, in the province of present-day Sulaymania, Southern Kurdistan. According to the Ahl-e Haqq hagiography, he was a direct descendant of the Shia Muslim Imam Musa Kazim.[3] Later in his life, he moved to the Avroman region in Iran. His father, Shaykh Isi, was a Shia religious leader with Sufi inclinations and his mother, Khatun-e Razbar, is considered the manifestation of one of the seven archangels. As with Jesus, the birth of Sultan is also believed to have been a case of virgin birth. According to his followers he revealed the fourth stage of the religion (Haqiqat=truth) to earth, the Bayabas-e Pirdiwari (beyond the bridge). According to the Ahl-e Haqq hagiography, the Asian conqueror Timur (Tamerlane) once met with Sultan and used him as an oracle.[4] Sultan Sahak died in the village of Sheykhan in Kermanshah Province, where his tomb remains a place of pilgrimage for his followers.[5]

Sultan Sahak's teachings were recorded by his disciples and later published in the Gurani language as the Kalam-e Saranjam. He is given various names by the followers of the Ahl-e Haqq, including Shah-e Haqiqat (the King of Truth), Saheb-Karam, Saan Sahaak and Khwaavandekaar (Lord).[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kehl-Bodrogi, Krisztina; Barbara Kellner-Heinkele; Anke Otter-Beaujean, eds. (1997). Syncretistic Religious Communities in the Near East. Brill Publishers. p. 105. ISBN 90-04-10861-0. Partial text at Google Books.
  2. ^ a b Elahi, Bahram (1987). Path of Perfection, the Spiritual Teaching of Master Nur Ali Elahi. ISBN 0-7126-0200-3.
  3. ^ Elahi, Nur Ali. Burhan al-Haqq, (1963 first edition), Library of Congress call number BP195.A4 I42 1963 - card number:75-284686. Excerpt from pg 42 in original Persian: نسبش بحضرت امام موسی کاظم(ع) میرسد، محل تولدش قریۀ (برزنجه) ناحیۀ (شاره زور) بخش (حلبجه) شهرستان (سلیمانیه) استان (کرکوک) کشور فعلی عراق است.
  4. ^ Hamzeh'ee, M. Reza (1990). The Yaresan: A Sociological, Historical and Religio-Historical Study of a Kurdish Community. ISBN 3-922968-83-X.
  5. ^ "Ahl-e Haqq - Formation of the Order". www.ahle-haqq.com.