Sulaiman of Selangor

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Alauddin Sulaiman Shah
Sultan of Selangor
Sultan Sulaiman of Selangor.JPG
Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Raja Musa
Sultan of Selangor
Reign 17 February 1898 - 31 March 1938
Coronation 22 October 1903
Predecessor Abdul Samad of Selangor
Successor Hisamuddin of Selangor
Born (1863-09-11)11 September 1863
Kuala Selangor, Selangor
Died 31 March 1938(1938-03-31) (aged 74)
Klang, Selangor, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
Burial Royal Mausoleum
Spouse Tengku Maharam (first consort)
Father Raja Musa Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Samad
Mother Raja Buntal Raimah Binti Raja Barakat
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Raja Musa GCMG KCVO (11 September 1863 – 31 March 1938) was the fifth Sultan of Selangor from 1898 until 1938. He was previously known as Raja Sulaiman before being crowned Sultan.

Sultan Sulaiman was knighted the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) by the United Kingdom in 1912 with the title Sir.

The Sultan's rule was marked by Selangor joining the Federated Malay States, a federation of four protected states in the Malay Peninsula, including Perak, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang, established by the British government in 1895, which lasted until 1946.

It was during Sultan Sulaiman's reign that Istana Alam Shah was built in 1905. The Sultan went on to live in the palace for 35 years until his death in 1938.

Succession Dispute[edit]

Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah had many children, his first three sons in chronological order being Tengku Musa Eddin, Tengku Badar Shah and Tengku Alam Shah. The first two sons were children by his royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Maharum binti Tengku Dhiauddin of the royal house of Kedah. In 1903, Tunku Musa Eddin had been made Tengku Mahkota and was promoted to Raja Muda or heir apparent in 1920.[1]

Sultan Sulaiman and his youngest son, circa 1900.

However, at the instigation of the British Resident, Theodore Samuel Adams (1885–1961; in office 1935 - 1937), Tengku Musa Eddin was dismissed as Raja Muda in 1934 for alleged "misbehaviour". Adams had accused Tengku Musa Eddin as a spendthrift and wastrel with a penchant for gambling. However, many Malays in Selangor believed the real reason for Tengku Musa Eddin's dismissal was his refusal to follow Adam's orders.[2]

Although Sultan Sulaiman pleaded for the case of Tengku Musa Eddin (even petitioning the Secretary of State for the Colonies and discussing the issue directly with him in London), Tengku Alam Shah was instead proclaimed Raja Muda or heir to the throne over the head of his other half-brother Tengku Badar.[3] The appointment occurred on 20 July 1936.[4]

Tengku Alam Shah was proclaimed Sultan on 4 April 1938, four days after the death of Sultan Sulaiman. On 26 January 1939, he was crowned at Istana Mahkota Puri in Klang. Tengku Musa Eddin, then Tengku Kelana Jaya Putera, presided over the ceremony with no ill feelings.[5]


  1. ^ Buyong Adil, 1971, Sejarah Selangor
  2. ^ Buyong Adil, op cit
  3. ^ Willan, HC (7 October 1945) Interview with the Malay Rulers CAB 101/69, CAB/HIST/B/4/7
  4. ^ Buyong Adil, op cit
  5. ^ Buyong Adil, op cit


Preceded by
Sultan Abdul Samad
Sultan of Selangor
Succeeded by
Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah