Battle in the Lebanon War
The battle for Sultan Yacoub, part of the Lebanon War, occurred on June 12, 1982. During the battle, a column of Israel Defense Forces (IDF) armored vehicles were ambushed at a narrow pass near the Beqaa Valley by the Syrians. Eighteen IDF soldiers died in the battle, which was viewed as an Israeli intelligence failure. Three IDF soldiers remain unaccounted for. Five soldiers were captured with two being released in subsequent exchange deals. Reports say that the remaining three were paraded through Damascus held on top of their captured tank. Time Magazine reporter Dean Brelis testified to having seen the 3 captives alive at the time. Among the three is an American Citizen named Zachary Baumel who remains missing as are Yehuda Katz and Zvi Feldman. Despite being ambushed by Syrian commando units armed with French made Milan anti-tank missiles the unit inflicted heavy casualties on a Syrian armored battalion sent to reinforce positions in the village.
After the evacuation of Lebanon in April, 2005 by Syria, Sultan Yacoub remains a focal point of tension over sovereignty.  The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command has a base nearby the village, and dozens of PFLP-GC have been caught trying to sneak illegally across the Beqaa Valley to Sultan Yacoub.
Rocket attacks on Israel
- The International Coalition for Missing Israeli Soldiers. Jerusalem Post (2004).
- "Syrian Tank-Hunters in Lebanon, 1982", Tom Cooper & Yaser al-Abed
- Heavily armed pro-Syrian Palestinians sneaking illegally to Lebanon Sunday, 25 September, 2005.
- MEIB | NMiddle East Intelligence Bulletin Archived 2007-07-11 at the Wayback Machine..
- Soultan Yaaqoub, Localiban