List of Indian monarchs

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The following list of Indian monarchs is one of several lists of incumbents.[1]

Early mythical and later documented rulers and dynasties who are deemed to have ruled a portion of the Indian subcontinent are included in this list.

Contents

Magadha dynasties (c. 1700 BCE – 550 CE)[1][edit]

Brihadratha Dynasty (c. 1700–799 BCE)[edit]

  • Susharma Chand
  • Porus
  • Brihadratha
  • Jarasandha
  • Sahadeva
  • Somapi (1678–1618 BCE)
  • Srutasravas (1618–1551 BCE)
  • Ayutayus (1551–1515 BCE)
  • Niramitra (1515–1415 BCE)
  • Sukshatra (1415–1407 BCE)
  • Brihatkarman (1407–1384 BCE)
  • Senajit (1384–1361 BCE)
  • Srutanjaya (1361–1321 BCE)
  • Vipra (1321–1296 BCE)
  • Suchi (1296–1238 BCE)
  • Kshemya (1238–1210 BCE)
  • Subrata (1210–1150 BCE)
  • Dharma (1150–1145 BCE)
  • Susuma (1145–1107 BCE)
  • Dridhasena (1107–1059 BCE)
  • Sumati (1059–1026 BCE)
  • Subhala (1026–1004 BCE)
  • Sunita (1004–964 BCE)
  • Satyajit (964–884 BCE)
  • Biswajit (884–849 BCE)
  • Ripunjaya (849–799 BCE)

Trigarta (Trigart Raje) Dynasty (BCE unknown)[edit]

  • Katoch Clan Kings & Emperors
  • Jaswal Clan Kings & Emperors
  • Guleria Clan Kings & Emperors
  • Sibaia Clan Kings & Emperors
  • Dadwal Clan rulers

Pradyota dynasty (799–684 BCE)[edit]

  • Pradyota
  • Palaka
  • Visakhayupa
  • Ajaka
  • Varttivarddhana

Haryanka dynasty/Shishunaga dynasty (684–424 BCE)[edit]

  • Bimbisara (544–491 BCE), founder of the first Magadhan empire
  • Ajatashatru (491–461 BCE)
  • Udayin
  • Anirudha
  • Mund
  • Darshaka (from 461 BCE)
  • Nāgadāsaka (last ruler of the Haryanka dynasty)
  • Shishunaga (412–344 BCE), established the Magadha Kingdom
  • Kakavarna
  • Kshemadharman
  • Kshatraujas
  • Nandivardhana
  • Mahanandin (until 424 BCE), his empire was inherited by his illegitimate son Mahapadma Nanda

Nanda Dynasty (424–321 BCE)[edit]

  • Mahapadma Nanda (from 424 BCE), illegitimate son of Mahanandin, founded the Nanda Empire after inheriting Mahanandin's empire
  • Pandhukananda
  • Panghupatinanda
  • Bhutapalananda
  • Rashtrapalananada
  • Govishanakananda
  • Dashasidkhakananda
  • Kaivartananda
  • Dhana Nanda (Agrammes, Xandrammes) (until 321 BCE), lost his empire to Chandragupta Maurya after being defeated by him.
  • Karvinatha Nand (Illegitimate son of Mahapadna Nanda)

The nine kings were contemporary and brothers, called the Nava Nandas (nine Nandas), ruling at different parts of Magadh (present Bihar state of India) headed by the strongest ruler of all the then 14 Janpads (Kingdoms) of India; Dhananand.

Maurya dynasty (321–184 BCE)[edit]

Main article: Maurya Empire
Maurya Kings (324 BCE – 180 BCE)
Chandragupta (324-297 BCE)
Bindusara (297-273 BCE)
Ashoka (268-232 BCE)
Dasharatha (232-224 BCE)
Samprati (224-215 BCE)
Shalishuka (215-202 BCE)
Devavarman (202-195 BCE)
Shatadhanvan (195-187 BCE)
Brihadratha (187-180 BCE)
Pushyamitra
(Shunga Empire)
(180-149 BCE)

Shunga Dynasty (185–73 BCE)[edit]

  • Pushyamitra Shunga (185–149 BCE), founded the dynasty after assassinating Brhadratha
  • Agnimitra (149–141 BCE), son and successor of Pushyamitra
  • Vasujyeshtha (141–131 BCE)
  • Vasumitra (131–124 BCE)
  • Andhraka (124–122 BCE)
  • Pulindaka (122–119 BCE)
  • Ghosha
  • Vajramitra
  • Bhagabhadra (c. 110 BCE), mentioned by the Puranas
  • Devabhuti (83–73 BCE), the last Shunga king

Kanva Dynasty (73–26 BCE)[edit]

  • Vasudeva (c. 75 – c. 66 BCE)
  • Bhumimitra (c. 66 – c. 52 BCE)
  • Narayana (c. 52 – c. 40 BCE)
  • Susarman (c. 40 – c. 26 BCE)

Western Kshatrapas (35–405 CE)[edit]

Gupta Dynasty (c. 240–550 CE)[edit]

Pandya Dynasty (c. 550 BCE – 1345)[edit]

Pandyan Kings (100s BC–1345)
Koon Pandiyan
Pudappandiyan
Mudukudumi Paruvaludhi
Nedunjeliyan I (180 CE)
Nedunjeliyan II (210 CE)
Nan Maran
Nedunjeliyan III (210 CE)
Maran Valudi
Kadalan valuthi
Musiri Mutriya Cheliyan
Ukkirap Peruvaludi
Kadungon (590-620)
Maravarman Avani Culamani (590–620)
Cezhiyan Cendan (620–640)
Jayantavarman (640-670)
Arikesari Maravarman (670–710)
Kochadaiyan Ranadhiran (710–735)
Maravarman Rajasimha I (735–765)
Jatila Parantaka (765–815)
Rasasingan II (790–800)
Varagunan I (800–830)
Srimara Srivallabha (815–862)
Varagunavarman II (862–880)
Parantaka Viranarayana (880–900)
Maravarman Rajasimha III (900–920)
Aditya I
(Chola Empire)
(870-907)

Central Pandya Dynasty (c. 550 BCE – 1311 CE)[edit]

  • Kadunkoen (c. 550–450 BCE)
  • Pandion (c. 50 BCE – 50 CE), known as Pandion to Greeks and Romans

Early Pandyas

  • Nedunj Cheliyan I (Aariyap Padai Kadantha Nedunj Cheliyan )
  • Pudappandiyan
  • Mudukudumi Paruvaludhi
  • Nedunj Cheliyan II (Pasumpun Pandiyan)
  • Nan Maran
  • Nedunj Cheliyan III (Talaiyaalanganathu Seruvendra Nedunj Cheliyan )
  • Maran Valudi
  • Musiri Mutriya Cheliyan
  • Ukkirap Peruvaluthi

First Empire

  • Kadungon (c. 600–700 CE), revived the dynasty
  • Maravarman Avani Culamani (590–620 CE)
  • Cezhiyan Cendan (620–640 CE)
  • Arikesari Maravarman Nindraseer Nedumaaran (640–674 CE)
  • Kochadaiyan Ranadhiran (675–730 CE)
  • Arikesari Parankusa Maravarman Rajasinga (730–765 CE)
  • Parantaka Nedunjadaiyan (765–790 CE)
  • Rasasingan II (790–800 CE)
  • Varagunan I (800–830 CE)
  • Sirmara Srivallabha (830–862 CE)
  • Varaguna II (862–880 CE)
  • Parantaka Viranarayana (862–905 CE)
  • Rajasima Pandian II (905–920 CE)

Pandyan Revival

  • Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan (1251–1268), revived Pandyan glory, considered one of the greatest conquerors of Southern India
  • Maravarman Sundara Pandyan
  • Maravarman Kulasekaran I (1268–1308)
  • Sundara Pandya (1308–1311), son of Maravarman Kulasekaran, fought with his brother Vira Pandya over the throne
  • Vira Pandya (1308–1311), son of Maravarman Kulasekaran, fought with his brother of Sundara Pandya over the throne, Madurai was conquered by the Khilji dynasty

Pandalam Dynasty (c. 1200)[edit]

Foreign Emperors in North-Western India (c. 538 BCE – 750 CE)[edit]

These empires were vast, centered in Persia or the Mediterranean; their satrapies (provinces) in India were at their outskirts.

Persian Achaemenid Dynasty (c. 538–330 BCE)[edit]

Argead Dynasty (326–323 BCE)[edit]

Seleucid Diadochi (323–321 BCE)[edit]

Arab Umayyad Caliphate (711–750 CE)[edit]

Chera dynasty (c. 400 BCE – 1314 CE)[edit]

List of Chera kings
Early Cheras
Uthiyan Cheralathan  ·   Nedum Cheralathan  ·   Selva Kadumko Valiathan   ·   Senguttuvan Chera  · Illam Cheral Irumporai  ·   Mantaran Cheral
Interregnum (c.300–800)
Later Cheras
Kulashekhara Varma 800-820
Rajashekhara Varma 820-844
Sthanu Ravi Varma 844-885
Rama Varma Kulashekhara 885-917
Goda Ravi Varma 917-944
Indu Kotha Varma 944-962
Bhaskara Ravi Varma I 962-1019
Bhaskara Ravi Varma II 1019-1021
Vira Kerala 1021-1028
Rajasimha 1028-1043
Bhaskara Ravi Varma III 1043–1082
Ravi Rama Varma 1082-1090
Rama Varma Kulashekhara 1090-1102
Related articles
Silappatikaram  ·   Patiṟṟuppattu
Muchiri  ·   Thondi  · Vanchi
Tholan  · Śaṅkaranārāyaṇa
Cheraman Perumal  ·   Mukundamala
Kollam Era
Battle of Kandalur Salai
School of Astronomy and Mathematics  ·   Vazhapalli plates
edit

Note that years are still highly disputed among the scholars, the given is only a version.

Ancient Chera Kings (c. 400 BCE – 397 CE)[edit]

  1. Udiyancheralatan
  2. Antuvancheral
  3. Imayavaramban Nedun-Cheralatan (56–115 CE)
  4. Cheran Chenkutuvan (from 115)
  5. Palyanai Sel-Kelu Kuttuvan (115–130)
  6. Poraiyan Kadungo (from 115)
  7. Kalankai-Kanni Narmudi Cheral (115–140)
  8. Vel-Kelu Kuttuvan (130–185)
  9. Selvak-Kadungo (131–155)
  10. Adukotpattu Cheralatan (140–178)
  11. Kuttuvan Irumporai (178–185)
  12. Tagadur Erinda Perumcheral (185–201)
  13. Yanaikat-sey Mantaran Cheral (201–241)
  14. Ilamcheral Irumporai (241–257)
  15. Perumkadungo (257–287)
  16. Ilamkadungo (287–317)
  17. Kanaikal Irumporai (367–397)

Kulashekhara Dynasty (1020–1314 CE)[edit]

  1. Kulashekhara Varman (800–820 CE), also called Kulashekhara Alwar
  2. Rajashekhara Varman (820–844 CE), also called Cheraman Perumal
  3. Sthanu ravi Varman (844–885 CE), contemporary of Aditya Chola
  4. Rama Varma Kulashekhara (885–917 CE)
  5. Goda Ravi Varma (917–944 CE)
  6. Indu Kotha Varma (944–962 CE)
  7. Bhaskara Ravi Varman I (962–1019 CE)
  8. Bhaskara Ravi Varman II (1019–1021 CE)
  9. Vira Kerala (1021–1028 CE)
  10. Rajasimha (1028–1043 CE)
  11. Bhaskara Ravi Varman III (1043–1082 CE)
  12. Rama Varman Kulashekhara (1090–1122 CE), also called Cheraman Perumal
  • Ravi Varman Kulashekhara (c. 1250 – 1314), last of the Cheras

Chola Dynasty (c. 301 BCE – 1279 CE)[edit]

Sangam Cholas (c. 300 BCE – 240 CE)[edit]

Chola Emperors (848–1279 CE)[edit]

Satavahana Dynasty[edit]

The exact dates of the Satavahana dynasty are debated. The beginning of the Satavahana rule is dated variously from 271 BCE to 30 BCE.[2] Satavahanas dominated the Deccan region from 1st century BCE to 3rd century CE.[3] It lasted till the early 3rd century CE.

Vakataka dynasty (250s–500s CE)[edit]

  • Vindhyasakti (250–270)
  • Pravarasena I (270–330)

The Pravarapura-Nandivardhana branch[edit]

  • Rudrasena I (330–355)
  • Prithvisena I (355–380)
  • Rudrasena II (380–385)
  • Divakarasena (385–400)
  • Prabhavatigupta (fem.), Regent (385–405)
  • Damodarasena (Pravarasena II) (400–440)
  • Narendrasena (440–460)
  • Prithvishena II (460–480)

The Vatsagulma branch[edit]

  • Sarvasena (330–355)
  • Vindhyasena (Vindhyashakti II) (355–400)
  • Pravarasena II (400–415)
  • Unknown (415–450)
  • Devasena (450–475)
  • Harishena (475–500)

Hellenistic Euthydemid Dynasty (c. 221–85 BCE)[edit]

Unlike the far larger empires of Alexander the Great and his Seleukid diadoch, centered in the region

Indo-Scythian rulers (c. 90 BCE – 45 CE)[edit]

Northwestern India (c. 90 BCE – 10 CE)[edit]

Mathura area (c. 20 BCE – 20 CE)[edit]

  • Hagamasha (satrap)
  • Hagana (satrap)
  • Rajuvula (Great Satrap) (c. 10 CE)
  • Sodasa, son of Rajuvula

Apracharaja rulers (12 BCE – 45 CE)[edit]

  • Vijayamitra (12 BCE – 15 CE)
  • Itravasu (c. 20 CE)
  • Aspavarma (15–45 CE)

Minor local rulers[edit]

  • Bhadrayasha Niggas
  • Mamvadi
  • Arsakes

Indo-Parthian rulers (c. 21–100 CE)[edit]

  • Gondophares I (c. 21–50)
  • Abdagases I (c. 50–65)
  • Satavastres (c. 60)
  • Sarpedones (c. 70)
  • Orthagnes (c. 70)
  • Ubouzanes (c. 77)
  • Sases or Gondophares II (c. 85)
  • Abdagases II (c. 90)
  • Pakores (c. 100)

Kushana Dynasty (80–225)[edit]

Pallava Dynasty (275–882)[edit]

Pallava Kings (200s–800s)
Vishnugopa II
Simhavarman III
Simhavishnu
Mahendravarman I (600-630)
Narasimhavarman I (630–668)
Mahendravarman II (668–670)
Paramesvaravarman I (670–695)
Narasimhavarman II (700-728)
Paramesvaravarman II (728–731)
Nandivarman II (731–795)
Dantivarman (795–846)
Nandivarman III (846-869)
Aparajitavarman (880-897)
Aditya I
(Chola Empire)
(870-907)

Early Pallavas (275–355)[edit]

  • Simha Varman I (275–300 or 315–345)
  • Skanda Varman I (345–355)

Middle Pallavas (355–537)[edit]

  • Visnugopa (350–355)
  • Kumaravisnu I (355–370)
  • Skanda Varman II 370–385)
  • Vira Varman (385–400)
  • Skanda Varman III (400–438)
  • Simha Varman II (438–460)
  • Skanda Varman IV (460–480)
  • Nandi Varman I (480–500)
  • Kumaravisnu II (c. 500–510)
  • Buddha Varman (c. 510–520)
  • Kumaravisnu III (c. 520–530)
  • Simha Varman III (c. 530–537)

Later Pallavas (537–882)[edit]

Kadambas of Banavasi (345–525 CE)[edit]

Kadamba Kings (345–525)
(Banavasi Kings)
Mayurasharma (345–365)
Kangavarma (365–390)
Bagitarha (390–415)
Raghu (415–435)
Kakusthavarma (435–455)
Santivarma (455 -460)
Mrigeshavarma (460–480)
Shivamandhativarma (480–485)
Ravivarma (485–519)
Harivarma (519–525)
(Triparvatha Branch)
Krishna Varma I (455)
Vishnuvarma
Simhavarma
Krishna Varma II
Pulakesi I
(Chalukya)
(543–566)
  • Mayura Sharma (Varma) (345–365)
  • Kangavarma (365–390)
  • Bagitarha (390–415)
  • Raghu (415–435)
  • Kakusthavarma (435–455)
  • Santivarma (455–460)
  • Mrigeshavarma (460–480)
  • Shivamandhativarma (480–485)
  • Ravivarma (485–519)
  • Harivarma (519–525)

Western Ganga dynasty of Talakad (350–1024 CE)[edit]

  • Konganivarma Madhava (350–370)
  • Madhava II (370–390)
  • Harivarman (390–410)
  • Vishnugopa (410–430)
  • Tadangala Madhava (430–466)
  • Avinita (466–495)
  • Durvinita (495–535)
  • Mushkara (535–585)
  • Srivikrama (585–635)
  • Bhuvikarma (635–679)
  • Shivamara I (679–725)
  • Sripurusha (725–788)
  • Shivamara II (788–816)
  • Rajamalla I (817–853)
  • Nitimarga Ereganga (853–869)
  • Rajamalla II (870–907)
  • Ereyappa Nitimarga II (907–919)
  • Narasimhadeva (919–925)
  • Rajamalla III (925–935)
  • Butuga II (935–960)
  • Takkolam in (949)
  • Maruladeva (960–963)
  • Marasimha III (963–974)
  • Rajamalla IV (974–985)
  • Rakkasa Ganga (985–1024)

Maitrakas of Vallabhi (470–776 CE)[edit]

  • Bhatarka (c. 470–c. 492)
  • Dharasena I (c. 493–c. 499)
  • Dronasinha (also known as Maharaja) (c. 500–c. 520)
  • Dhruvasena I (c. 520–c. 550)
  • Dharapatta (c. 550–c. 556)
  • Guhasena (c. 556–c. 570)
  • Dharasena II (c. 570–c. 595)
  • Siladitya I (also known as Dharmaditya) (c. 595–c. 615)
  • Kharagraha I (c. 615–c. 626)
  • Dharasena III (c. 626–c. 640)
  • Dhruvasena II (also known as Baladitya) (c. 640–c. 644)
  • Chkravarti king Dharasena IV (also known as Param Bhatarka, Maharajadhiraja, Parameshwara) (c. 644–c. 651)
  • Dhruvasena III (c. 651–c. 656)
  • Kharagraha II (c. 656–c. 662)
  • Siladitya II (c. 662–?)
  • Siladitya III
  • Siladitya IV
  • Siladitya V
  • Siladitya VI
  • Siladitya VII (c. 766–c. 776)[4]

Chalukya Dynasty (543–1156)[edit]

ಬಾದಾಮಿ ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು
Badami Chalukya
(543–753)
Pulakeshin I (543–566)
Kirtivarman I (566–597)
Mangalesha (597–609)
Pulakeshin II (609–642)
Vikramaditya I (655–680)
Vinayaditya (680 -696)
Vijayaditya (696–733)
Vikramaditya II (733–746)
Kirtivarman II (746–753)
Dantidurga
(Rashtrakuta Empire)
(735–756)

Chalukyas of Badami (543–757)[edit]

Chalukyas of Kalyani (973–1156)[edit]

Shashanka dynasty (600–626)[edit]

  • Shashanka (600–625), first recorded independent king of Bengal, created the first unified political entity in Bengal
  • Manava (625–626), ruled for 8 months before being conquered by Harshavardana and Bhaskarvarmana

Harsha Dynasty (606–647)[edit]

  • Harsha Vardhana (606–647), unified Northern India and ruled it for over 40 years, he was the last non-Muslim emperor to rule a unified Northern India

Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty (650–1036 CE)[edit]

Gurjara-Pratihara rulers
(650–1036 AD)
Nagabhata I (730–760)
Kakkuka and Devaraja (760–780)
Vatsaraja (780–800)
Nagabhata II (800–833)
Ramabhadra (833–836)
Mihira Bhoja I (836–885)
Mahendrapala I (885–910)
Bhoja II (910–913)
Mahipala I (913–944)
Mahendrapala II (944–948)
Devapala (948–954)
Vinayakapala (954–955)
Mahipala II (955–956)
Vijayapala II (956–960)
Rajapala (960–1018)
Trilochanapala (1018–1027)
Jasapala (Yashpala) (1024–1036)

Rashtrakutas of Manyaketha (735–982)[edit]

Rashtrakuta Emperors (753-982)
Dantidurga (735 - 756)
Krishna I (756 - 774)
Govinda II (774 - 780)
Dhruva Dharavarsha (780 - 793)
Govinda III (793 - 814)
Amoghavarsha (814 - 878)
Krishna II (878 - 914)
Indra III (914 -929)
Amoghavarsha II (929 - 930)
Govinda IV (930 – 936)
Amoghavarsha III (936 – 939)
Krishna III (939 – 967)
Khottiga Amoghavarsha (967 – 972)
Karka II (972 – 973)
Indra IV (973 – 982)
Tailapa II
(Western Chalukyas)
(973-997)

Tomar's or Tuar's of Sthaneshwar and Indraprastha (736–1192 CE)[edit]

From Kshemak (last Tomar king of Indraprastha and direct descendant of Parikshit) to Anangpal I -

  1. Kshemak
  2. Shunkh (Kshemak's seat was usurped by his minister)
  3. Tunga (took refuge in Southern India established small kingdom - River Tungbhadra named after him)
  4. Abhanga
  5. Javal
  6. Gawal
  7. Lorepind
  8. Adangal
  9. Ganmel
  10. Nabhang
  11. Chukkar
  12. Tome
  13. Dravidan Tomar
  14. Drugya Tomar
  15. Manbha Tomar
  16. Karwal Tomar
  17. Kalang Tomar, he was a local chieftain in Kurudesh (modern Haryana)
  18. Anangpal I - re-established Tomar rule at what is now Delhi, the ancient capital of his ancestors. 736 CE – March- xx, ruled 18 years
  19. Vasudev - 754–March - xx, ruled 19Y-1M-18D
  20. Gangeya Tuar - 773–Apr.-18, ruled 21Y-3M-28D
  21. Prithvimal - 794–Aug.-16, ruled 19Y-6M-19D
  22. Jagdev or Jaydev - 814–Mar.-05, ruled 20Y-7M-28D
  23. Narpal - 834–Nov.-03, ruled 14Y-4M-09D
  24. Udaysangh - 849–Mar.-12, ruled 26Y-7M-11D
  25. Jaidas - 875–Oct.-23, ruled 21Y-2M-13D
  26. Vachhal/VrikshPal - 897–Jan.-01, ruled 22Y-3M-16D. There were many brothers / uncles of Vacchal Tuar[5]
    1. Bacchdev, founded Bagor near Narnol and Bachera and Baghera near Thoda Ajmer
    2. Nagdeo[5] s/o Karnpal Tuar and brother of Vachhal dev, founded Nagor and Nagda near Ajmer. Karndeo Tuar himself established Bahadurgarh near Alwar
    3. Krishnray[5] s/o Karnpal Tuar, founded Kishangarh near Ajmer and Khas Ganj between Etah and Soron
    4. Nihal Ray[5] s/o Karnpal Tuar, founded Narayanpur near Alwar
    5. Somasi[5] s/o Karnpal Tuar, founded Ajabpur between present day Alwar and Jaipur
    6. Harpal[5] s/o Karnpal Tuar, founded Harsola and Harsoli near Alwar
  27. Pavak - 919–Apr.-22, ruled 21Y-6M-05D
  28. Vihangpal - 940–Oct.-27, ruled 24Y-4M-04D
  29. Tolpal - 961–Mar.-01, ruled 18Y-3M-15D
    1. Gopal - either another name of Gopal or ruled on his behalf for a while
  30. Sulakshanpal - 979–Jun.-16, ruled 25Y-10M-10D
  31. Jaipal Tuar - 1005–Apr.-26, ruled 25Y-10M-10D. - Fought with Raja Rangatdhwaj Rathore and lost sovereignty of Kannauj
    1. His younger brother Jhetpal Tuar captured Paithan and his descendants are called Pathania Rajputs
  32. Kanvarpal/Kumara Pal Tuar - 1021–Aug.-29, ruled 29Y-9M-18D (Masud, grandson of Md. Gazni, captured Hansi briefly in 1038), ruled from Bari[6] in Awadh, which was 3 days south of Kannauj
    1. His Rajya Purohit, the chief priest, was Indrachandra whose descendant was Ramchandra 'Rammya', Hemu's nephew and General in his army[7]
  33. Anangpal II or AnekPal or Anaypal - 1051–Jun.-17, ruled 29Y-6M-18D (1052 inscription on the Iron pillar at Mahrauli), populated Delhi and built Lalkot[8] or Old Fort of Delhi.[6][9] A few known sons of Anangpal are given here, which tell us the extent of his dominions. From Hansi in north to Agra in south and from Ajmer in west to the Ganges in east, beyond which were the Katheria Rajputs rulers[10]
    1. Bhumpal Tomar, younger son - 1081, Settled in Narwar area (Near Gwalior)
    2. Indrapal,[11] founded Indra Garh
    3. Rangraj,[11] founded two palaces by the name of Taragarh, one near Ajmer
    4. Achal Raj, founded Achner between Bharatpur and Agra
    5. Draupad, lived in Hansi
    6. Sisupal, founded Sirsa, Siswal (also called Sirsa Patan)
    7. Surajpal, Suraj Kund in Mehrauli Delhi was built by him
  34. Tejpal - 1081–Jan.-05, ruled 24Y-1M-06D, founded Tejora between Gurgaon and Alwar
  35. Mahipal/Junpal - 1105–Feb.-11, ruled 25Y-2M-23D
  36. Dakatpal (Arkpal or Anangpal III) - 1151–Jul.-19, ruled until 1192 CE until the Capture of Delhi by Md. Ghori, titular head only, lost to Someshwar dev Chauhan of Ajmer in 1152 CE and married daughter to Chauhan king and thus became a feudatory of his Chauhan son in law and later his grandson Rai Pithora of Ajmer. Prithviraj Chauhan was proclaimed the heir of Tomar Kingdom in 1170 CE and his rule was 22Y-2M-16D
    1. Govindraj Tanwar fought for Prithviraj Chauhan and was killed in battle with Md Ghori

Pala dynasty (c. 750–1174)[edit]

Based on their different interpretations of the various epigraphs and historical records, the various historians estimate the Pala chronology as follows:[12]:32-39

RC Majumdar (1971)[13] AM Chowdhury (1967)[14] BP Sinha (1977)[15] DC Sircar (1975–76)[16]
Gopala I 750–770 756–781 755–783 750–775
Dharmapala 770–810 781–821 783–820 775–812
Devapala 810–c. 850 821–861 820–860 812–850
Mahendrapala NA (Mahendrapala's existence was conclusively established through a copper-plate charter discovered later.)
Shurapala I 850–853 861–866 860–865 850–858
Vigrahapala I 858–60
Narayanapala 854–908 866–920 865–920 860–917
Rajyapala 908–940 920–952 920–952 917–952
Gopala II 940–957 952–969 952–967 952–972
Vigrahapala II 960–c. 986 969–995 967–980 972–977
Mahipala I 988–c. 1036 995–1043 980–1035 977–1027
Nayapala 1038–1053 1043–1058 1035–1050 1027–1043
Vigrahapala III 1054–1072 1058–1075 1050–1076 1043–1070
Mahipala II 1072–1075 1075–1080 1076–1078/9 1070–1071
Shurapala 1075–1077 1080–1082 1071–1072
Ramapala 1077–1130 1082–1124 1078/9–1132 1072–1126
Kumarapala 1130–1125 1124–1129 1132–1136 1126–1128
Gopala III 1140–1144 1129–1143 1136–1144 1128–1143
Madanapala 1144–1162 1143–1162 1144–1161/62 1143–1161
Govindapala 1155–1159 NA 1162–1176 or 1158–1162 1161–1165
Palapala NA NA NA 1165–1199

Note:[12]

  • Earlier historians believed that Vigrahapala I and Shurapala I were the two names of the same person. Now, it is known that these two were cousins; they either ruled simultaneously (perhaps over different territories) or in rapid succession.
  • AM Chowdhury rejects Govindapala and his successor Palapala as the members of the imperial Pala dynasty.
  • According to BP Sinha, the Gaya inscription can be read as either the "14th year of Govindapala's reign" or "14th year after Govindapala's reign". Thus, two sets of dates are possible.

Paramara dynasty of Malwa (c. 800–c. 1305)[edit]

Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri (850–1334 CE)[edit]

  • Dridhaprahara
  • Seunachandra (850–874)
  • Dhadiyappa (874–900)
  • Bhillama I (900–925)
  • Vadugi (Vaddiga) (950–974)
  • Dhadiyappa II (974–975)
  • Bhillama II (975–1005)
  • Vesugi I (1005–1020)
  • Bhillama III (1020–1055)
  • Vesugi II (1055–1068)
  • Bhillama III (1068)
  • Seunachandra II (1068–1085)
  • Airamadeva (1085–1115)
  • Singhana I (1115–1145)
  • Mallugi I (1145–1150)
  • Amaragangeyya (1150–1160)
  • Govindaraja (1160)
  • Amara Mallugi II (1160–1165)
  • Kaliya Ballala (1165–1173)
  • Bhillama V (1173–1192), proclaimed independence from Kalyani Chalukya
  • Jaitugi I (1192–1200)
  • Singhana II (1200–1247)
  • Kannara (1247–1261)
  • Mahadeva (1261–1271)
  • Amana (1271)
  • Ramachandra (1271–1312)
  • Singhana III (1312–1313)
  • Harapaladeva (1313–1318)
  • Mallugi III (1318–1334)

Roopak Dynasty (c. 890–895)[edit]

Brahmin Shahi Dynasty (c. 890–964)[edit]

  • Lalliya (c. 890–895)
  • Kamaluka (895–921)
  • Bhima (921–964), son of Kamaluka

Janjua Shahi Dynasty (964–1026 CE)[edit]

  • Jayapala (964–1001)
  • Anandapala (1001–1011)
  • Roopak (1011–1022)
  • Bhímapála (1022–1026)

Hoysala Dynasty (1000–1346)[edit]

Hoysala Kings (1026–1343)
Nripa Kama II (1026–1047)
Hoysala Vinayaditya (1047–1098)
Ereyanga (1098–1102)
Veera Ballala I (1102–1108)
Vishnuvardhana (1108–1152)
Narasimha I (1152–1173)
Veera Ballala II (1173–1220)
Vira Narasimha II (1220–1235)
Vira Someshwara (1235–1263)
Narasimha III (1263–1292)
Veera Ballala III (1292–1343)
Harihara Raya
(Vijayanagara Empire)
(1342–1355)
  • Nripa Kama (1000–1045)
  • Vinayaditya I (1045–1098)
  • Ereyanga (1098–1100)
  • Ballala (1100–1108)
  • Vishnuvardhana (1108–1142)
  • Narasimha I (1142–1173), proclaimed independence from Kalyani Chalukya
  • Ballala II (1173–1220)
  • Narasimha II (1220–1235)
  • Vira Someshwara (1235–1253)
  • Narasimha III and Ramanatha (1253–1295)
  • Ballala III (1295–1342)

Sena Empire Dynasty rule over Bengal (1070–1230 CE)[edit]

  • Hemanta Sen (1070–1096)
  • Vijay Sen (1096–1159)
  • Ballal Sen (1159–1179)
  • Lakshman Sen (1179–1206)
  • Vishwarup Sen (1206–1225)
  • Keshab Sen (1225–1230)

Eastern Ganga dynasty (1078–1434)[edit]

  • Anantavarman Chodaganga (1078–1147)
  • Ananga Bhima Deva II (1170–1198)
  • Anangabhima Deva III (1211–1238)
  • Narasimha Deva I (1238–1264)
  • Bhanu Deva I (1264–1279)
  • Narasimha Deva II (1279–1306)
  • Bhanu Deva II (1306–1328)
  • Narasimha Deva III (1328–1352)
  • Bhanu Deva III (1352–1378)
  • Narasimha Deva IV (1378–1414)
  • Bhanu Deva IV (1414–1434)

Kakatiya dynasty (1083–1323 CE)[edit]

  • Beta I (1000–1030)
  • Prola I (1030–1075)
  • Beta II (1075–1110)
  • Prola II (1110–1158)
  • Prataparudra I/Rudradeva I (1158–1195)
  • Mahadeva (1195–1198). Brother of King Rudradeva
  • Ganapathi deva (1199–1261)
  • Rudrama devi (1262–1296)
  • Prataparudra II/ Rudradeva II (1296–1323). Grandson of Queen Rudramba

Kalachuri (Southern) Dynasty (1130–1184)[edit]

  • Bijjala II (1130–1167), proclaimed independence from Kalyani Chalukyas in 1162 CE
  • Sovideva (1168–1176)
  • Mallugi → overthrown by his brother Sankama
  • Sankama (1176–1180)
  • Ahavamalla (1180–83)
  • Singhana (1183–84)

Sutiya Dynasty ruled over eastern Assam (1187–1524)[edit]

Sutiya dynasty

Part of History of Assam

Sutiyakingdom.jpg
Kings of Sutiya kingdom (1187 - 1524)
Birpal 1187-1210
Ratnadhwajpal 1210-1250
Vijayadhwajpal 1250-1270
Vikramadhwajpal 1270- 1285
Gauradhwajpal 1285- 1305
Sankhadhwajpal 1305-1325
Mayuradhwajpal 1325-1343
Jayadhwajpal 1343-1360
Karmadhwajpal 1360-1380
Satyanarayan 1380-1400
Laksminarayan 1400-1420
Dharmanarayan 1420-1445
Pratyashnarayan 1445-1465
Yasnarayan 1465- 1480
Purnadhabnarayan 1480- 1500
Dharmadhajpal 1500-1522
Nityapal 1522- 1524
Sutiya monarchy data
Swarnagiri
Ratnapur
Sadiya
(Capitals of the kingdom)
Peacock Flag (Royal Flag)
Golden cat and sword (Coats of arms)
Sutiya Buranji (Chronicle)
  • Birpal (1187–1224)
  • Ratnadhwajpal (1224–1250)
  • Vijayadhwajpal (1250–1278)
  • Vikramadhwajpal (1278–1302)
  • Gauradhwajpal (1302–1322)
  • Sankhadhwajpal (1322–1343)
  • Mayuradhwajpal (1343–1361)
  • Jayadhwajpal (1361–1383)
  • Karmadhwajpal (1383–1401)
  • Satyanarayan (1401–1421)
  • Laksminarayan (1421–1439)
  • Dharmanarayan (1439–1458)
  • Pratyashnarayan (1458–1480)
  • Purnadhabnarayan (1480–1502)
  • Dharmadhajpal (1502–1522)
  • Nitypal (1522–1524)

Bana Dynasty rule over Magadaimandalam (c. 1190–1260 CE)[edit]

Kadava Dynasty (c. 1216–1279 CE)[edit]

  • Kopperunchinga I (c. 1216 – 1242)
  • Kopperunchinga II (c. 1243 – 1279)

The Muslim Rule (1206–1526)[edit]

Delhi Sultanate (1206–1526)[edit]

Despite the name, the capital was repeatedly elsewhere than Delhi city, and not always near.

Mamluk dynasty of Delhi (1206–1290)[edit]

Khilji Dynasty (1290–1320)[edit]

Tughlaq Dynasty (1321–1414)[edit]

Invasion of Timur in 1398 and the end of the Tughluq Dynasty as known earlier.

Sayyid Dynasty (1414–1451)[edit]

  • Khizr (1414–1421)
  • Mubarik II (1421–1434)
  • Muhamed IV (1434–1445)
  • Alem I (1445–1451)

Lodi Dynasty (1451–1526)[edit]

Bahmani Sultanate (1347–1527)[edit]

  • Ala ud din Bahman Shah (1347–1358), established his capital at Gulbarga
  • Muhammad Shah I (1358–1375)
  • Ala ud din Mujahid Shah (1375–1378)
  • Daud Shah I (1378)
  • Muhammad Shah II (1378–1397)
  • Ghiyas ud din Tahmatan Shah (1397)
  • Shams ud din Daud Shah II (1397)
  • Taj ud din Feroz Shah (1397–1422)
  • Shahab ud din Ahmad Shah I (1422–1435), established his capital at Bidar
  • Ala ud din Ahmad Shah II (1436–1458)
  • Ala ud din Humayun Shah (1458–1461)
  • Nizam ud din Ahmad Shah III (1461–1463)
  • Shams ud din Muhammad Shah III (1463–1482)
  • Mahmud Shah (1482–1518)
  • Ahmad Shah IV (1518–1521)
  • Ala ud din Shah (1521–1522)
  • Waliullah Shah (1522–1524)
  • Kalimullah Shah (1524–1527)

Malwa Sultanate (1392–1562)[edit]

Ghoris (1390–1436)[edit]

Khiljis (1436–1535)[edit]

Under Gujarat (1530–1534)

Qadirid (1535–1555)[edit]

Under the Mughal Empire (1542–1555)

Shaja'atid (1555–1562)[edit]

Ahom Dynasty ruled over Assam (1228–1826)[edit]

Ahom dynasty
Ahom insignia plain.svg
1 Sukaphaa 1228–1268
2 Suteuphaa 1268–1281
3 Subinphaa 1281–1293
4 Sukhaangphaa 1293–1332
5 Sukhrangpha 1332–1364
Interregnum 1364–1369
6 Sutuphaa 1369–1376
Interregnum 1376–1380
7 Tyao Khamti 1380–1389
Interregnum 1389–1397
8 Sudangphaa 1397–1407
9 Sujangphaa 1407–1422
10 Suphakphaa 1422–1439
11 Susenphaa 1439–1488
12 Suhenphaa 1488–1493
13 Supimphaa 1493–1497
14 Suhungmung 1497–1539
15 Suklenmung 1539–1552
16 Sukhaamphaa 1552–1603
17 Susenghphaa 1603–1641
18 Suramphaa 1641–1644
19 Sutingphaa 1644–1648
20 Sutamla 1648–1663
21 Supangmung 1663–1670
22 Sunyatphaa 1670–1672
23 Suklamphaa 1672–1674
24 Suhung 1674–1675
25 Gobar Roja 1675–1675
26 Sujinphaa 1675–1677
27 Sudoiphaa 1677–1679
28 Sulikphaa 1679–1681
29 Supaatphaa 1681–1696
30 Sukhrungphaa 1696–1714
31 Sutanphaa 1714–1744
32 Sunenphaa 1744–1751
33 Suremphaa 1751–1769
34 Sunyeophaa 1769–1780
35 Suhitpangphaa 1780–1795
36 Suklingphaa 1795–1811
37 Sudingphaa 1811–1818
38 Purandar Singha 1818–1819
39 Sudingphaa 1819–1821
40 Jogeswar Singha 1821–1822
41 Purandar Singha 1833–1838

Reddy dynasty (1325–1448 CE)[edit]

  • Prolaya Vema Reddy (1325–1335)
  • Anavota Reddy (1335–1364)
  • Anavema Reddy (1364–1386)
  • Kumaragiri Reddy (1386–1402)
  • Kataya Vema Reddy (1395–1414)
  • Allada Reddy (1414–1423)
  • Veerabhadra Reddy (1423–1448)

Vijayanagara Empire (1336–1646)[edit]

Vijayanagara Empire
Sangama dynasty
Harihara Raya I 1336–1356
Bukka Raya I 1356–1377
Harihara Raya II 1377–1404
Virupaksha Raya 1404–1405
Bukka Raya II 1405–1406
Deva Raya I 1406–1422
Ramachandra Raya 1422
Vira Vijaya Bukka Raya 1422–1424
Deva Raya II 1424–1446
Mallikarjuna Raya 1446–1465
Virupaksha Raya II 1465–1485
Praudha Raya 1485
Saluva dynasty
Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya 1485–1491
Thimma Bhupala 1491
Narasimha Raya II 1491–1505
Tuluva dynasty
Tuluva Narasa Nayaka 1491–1503
Vira Narasimha Raya 1503–1509
Krishna Deva Raya 1509–1529
Achyuta Deva Raya 1529–1542
Venkata I 1542
Sadasiva Raya 1542–1570
Aravidu dynasty
Aliya Rama Raya 1542–1565
Tirumala Deva Raya 1565–1572
Sriranga I 1572–1586
Venkata II 1586–1614
Sriranga II 1614
Rama Deva Raya 1617–1632
Venkata III 1632–1642
Sriranga III 1642–1646

Sangama Dynasty (1336–1487)[edit]

Saluva Dynasty (1490–1567)[edit]

  • Narasimha (1490–1503)
  • Narasa (Vira Narasimha) (1503–1509)
  • Achyuta (1530–1542)
  • Sadasiva (1542–1567)

Tuluva Dynasty (1542–1614)[edit]

  • Krishnadevraya
  • Rama (1542–1565)
  • Tirumala (1565–1567)
  • Tirumala (1567–1575)
  • Ranga II (1575–1586)
  • Venkata I (1586–1614)

Rulers of Mysore/Khudadad (1399–1950)[edit]

Wodeyar Dynasty (first rule, 1399–1761)[edit]

  • Yaduraya (1399–1423)
  • Hiriya Bettada Chamaraja Wodeyar I (1423–1459)
  • Thimmaraja Wodeyar I (1459–1478)
  • Hiriya Chamaraja Wodeyar II (1478–1513)
  • Hiriya bettada Chamaraja Wodeyar III (1513–1553)
  • Thimmaraja Wodeyar II (1553–1572)
  • Bola Chamaraja Wodeyar IV (1572–1576)
  • Bettada Devaraja Wodeyar (1576–1578)
  • Raja Wodeyar I (1578–1617)
  • Chamaraja Wodeyar V (1617–1637)
  • Raja Wodeyar II (1637–1638)
  • (Ranadhira) Kantheerava Narasaraja Wodeyar I (1638–1659)
  • Dodda Devaraja Wodeyar (1659–1673)
  • Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar (1673–1704)
  • Kantheerava Narasaraja Wodeyar II (1704–1714)
  • Dodda Krishnaraja Wodeyar I (1714–1732)
  • Chamaraja Wodeyar VI (1732–1734)
  • (Immadi) Krishnaraja Wodeyar II (1734–1766), ruled under Hyder Ali from 1761
  • Nanajaraja Wodeyar (1766–1772), ruled under Hyder Ali
  • Bettada Chamaraja Wodeyar VII (1772–1776), ruled under Hyder Ali
  • Khasa Chamaraja Wodeyar VIII (1776–1796), ruled under Hyder Ali until 1782, then under Tipu Sultan until his deposition in 1796

The reign of the Kings of Mysore (Wodeyar line) was interrupted from 1796 to 1799.

Hyder Ali's Dynasty of Mysore (1761–1799)[edit]

Wodeyar Dynasty (second rule, 1799–1950)[edit]

Gajapati Kingdom (1434–1541 CE)[edit]

  • Kapilendra Deva (1434–67)
  • Purushottama Deva (1467–97)
  • Prataparudra Deva (1497–1540)
  • Kalua Deva (1540–41)
  • Kakharua Deva (1541)

Maharajas of Cochin (Perumpadapu Swaroopam, 1503–1964)[edit]

Veerakerala Varma, nephew of Cheraman Perumal, is supposed to have been the first king of Cochin around the 7th century CE. But the records we have start in 1503.

  1. Unniraman Koyikal I (?–1503)
  2. Unniraman Koyikal II (1503–1537)
  3. Veera Kerala Varma (1537–1565)
  4. Keshava Rama Varma (1565–1601)
  5. Veera Kerala Varma (1601–1615)
  6. Ravi Varma I (1615–1624)
  7. Veera Kerala Varma (1624–1637)
  8. Godavarma (1637–1645)
  9. Veerarayira Varma (1645–1646)
  10. Veera Kerala Varma (1646–1650)
  11. Rama Varma I (1650–1656)
  12. Rani Gangadharalakshmi (1656–1658)
  13. Rama Varma II (1658–1662)
  14. Goda Varma (1662–1663)
  15. Veera Kerala Varma (1663–1687)
  16. Rama Varma III (1687–1693)
  17. Ravi Varma II (1693–1697)
  18. Rama Varma IV (1697–1701)
  19. Rama Varma V (1701–1721)
  20. Ravi Varma III (1721–1731)
  21. Rama Varma VI (1731–1746)
  22. Veera Kerala Varma I (1746–1749)
  23. Rama Varma VII (1749–1760)
  24. Veera Kerala Varma II (1760–1775)
  25. Rama Varma VIII (1775–1790)
  26. Shaktan Thampuran (Rama Varma IX) (1790–1805)
  27. Rama Varma X (1805–1809) - Vellarapalli-yil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Vellarapali")
  28. Veera Kerala Varma III (1809–1828) - Karkidaka Maasathil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "karkidaka" month (Malayalam Era))
  29. Rama Varma XI (1828–1837) - Thulam-Maasathil Theepett1a Thampuran (King who died in "Thulam" month (ME))
  30. Rama Varma XII (1837–1844) - Edava-Maasathil Theepett1a Thampuran (King who died in "Edavam" month (ME))
  31. Rama Varma XIII (1844–1851) - Thrishur-il Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Thrishivaperoor" or Thrishur)
  32. Veera Kerala Varma IV (1851–1853) - Kashi-yil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Kashi" or Varanasi)
  33. Ravi Varma IV (1853–1864) - Makara Maasathil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Makaram" month (ME))
  34. Rama Varma XIV (1864–1888) - Mithuna Maasathil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Mithunam" month (ME))
  35. Kerala Varma V (1888–1895) - Chingam Maasathil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Chingam" month (ME))
  36. Rama Varma XV (1895–1914) - a.k.a. Rajarshi, abdicated (d. in 1932)
  37. Rama Varma XVI (1915–1932) - Madrasil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in Madras or Chennai)
  38. Rama Varma XVII (1932–1941) - Dhaarmika Chakravarthi (King of Dharma), Chowara-yil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Chowara")
  39. Kerala Varma VI (1941–1943) - Midukkan (syn: Smart, expert, great) Thampuran
  40. Ravi Varma V (1943–1946) - Kunjappan Thampuran (Brother of Midukkan Thampuran)
  41. Kerala Varma VII (1946–1948) - Ikya-Keralam (Unified Kerala) Thampuran
  42. Rama Varma XVIII (1948–1964) - Pareekshit Thampuran

Qutb Shahi Dynasty (1518–1687)[edit]

Mughal Empire (1526–1857)[edit]

Rajput Rulers[edit]

Mewar (Sisodia)[edit]

Sisodia Rajputs of Mewar I (734–1303)
Bappa Rawal (734–753)
Khumar II (812-836)
Bhratrbha
Singh
Allat
Narvahana
Shalivahana
Shaktikumar
Suchivarma
Narvarma
Kirtivarma
Vairat
Vairi Singh
Vijay Singh
Ari Singh
Chaur Singh
Vikram Singh
Kshem Singh
Samant Singh
Kumar Singh
Mathan Singh
Padam Singh
Jait Singh
Tej Singh
Samar Singh
Rawal Ratan Singh (1302-1303)
Succeeded by ? (?)
Sisodia Rajputs of Mewar II (1326–1884)
Hammir Singh (1326–1364)
Kshetra Singh (1364–1382)
Lakha Singh (1382–1421)
Mokal Singh (1421–1433)
Rana Kumbha (1433–1468)
Udai Singh I (1468–1473)
Rana Raimal (1473–1508)
Rana Sanga (1508–1527)
Ratan Singh II (1528–1531)
Vikramaditya Singh (1531–1536)
Vanvir Singh (1536–1540)
Udai Singh II (1540–1572)
Maharana Pratap (1572–1597)
Amar Singh I (1597–1620)
Karan Singh II (1620–1628)
Jagat Singh I (1628–1652)
Raj Singh I (1652–1680)
Jai Singh (1680–1698)
Amar Singh II (1698–1710)
Sangram Singh II (1710–1734)
Jagat Singh II (1734–1751)
Pratap Singh II (1751–1754)
Raj Singh II (1754–1762)
Ari Singh II (1762–1772)
Hamir Singh II (1772–1778)
Bhim Singh (1778–1828)
Jawan Singh (1828–1838)
Shambhu Singh (1861–1874)
Sajjan Singh (1874–1884)
Fateh Singh (1884–1930)
Bhupal Singh (1930–1947)

Sisodia Rajputs of Mewar II (1326–1884) Hammir Singh (1326–1364) Kshetra Singh (1364–1382) Lakha Singh (1382–1421) Mokal Singh (1421–1433) Rana Kumbha (1433–1468) Udai Singh I (1468–1473) Rana Raimal (1473–1508) Rana Sanga (1508–1527) Ratan Singh II (1528–1531) Vikramaditya Singh (1531–1536) Vanvir Singh (1536–1540) Udai Singh II (1540–1572) Maharana Pratap (1572–1597) Amar Singh I (1597–1620) Karan Singh II (1620–1628) Jagat Singh I (1628–1652) Raj Singh I (1652–1680) Jai Singh (1680–1698) Amar Singh II (1698–1710) Sangram Singh II (1710–1734) Jagat Singh II (1734–1751) Pratap Singh II (1751–1754) Raj Singh II (1754–1762) Ari Singh II (1762–1772) Hamir Singh II (1772–1778) Bhim Singh (1778–1828) Jawan Singh (1828–1838) Shambhu Singh (1861–1874) Sajjan Singh (1874–1884) Fateh Singh (1884–1930) Bhupal Singh

Rathore[edit]

Suri Dynasty (1540–1555)[edit]

Chogyal, monarchs of Sikkim and Ladakh (1642–1975)[edit]

Main article: Chogyal

Maratha Empire (1674–1818)[edit]

Maratha Emperors
(1674–1818) Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg
Shivaji 1674–1680
Sambhaji 1680–1689
Rajaram Chhatrapati 1689–1700
Queen Tarabai 1700–1707
Chhatrapati Shahu 1707–1749
Rajaram II of Satara 1749–1777
Peshwas Prime Ministers
(1674–1818) Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg
Moropant Pingle 1674–1689
Ramchandra Pant Amatya 1689–1708
Bahiroji Pingale 1708–1711
Parshuram Trimbak Kulkarni 1711–1713
Balaji Vishwanath 1712–1719
Bajirao I 1719–1740
Balaji Baji Rao (Nanasaheb) 1740–1761
Madhavrao Ballal 1761–1772
Narayan Rao 1772–1773
Raghunathrao 1773–1774
Sawai Madhavrao 1774–1795
Baji Rao II 1795–1818

Shivaji Era[edit]

The Empire was divided between two branches of the family c. 1707–10; and the division was formalized in 1731.

Bhosale Chhatrapatis at Kolhapur (1700–1947)[edit]

  • Chhatrapati Shivaji II (b. 1696, ruled 1700–14)
  • Sambhaji II of Kolhapur (b. 1698, r. 1714–60)
  • Rajmata Jijibai of Kolhapur|Rajmata Jijibai, regent (1760–73), senior widow of Sambhaji II
  • Rajmata Durgabai of Kolhapur|Rajmata Durgabai, regent (1773–79), junior widow of Sambhaji II
  • Shahu Shivaji II of Kolhapur (r. 1762–1813); adopted by Jijibai, his predecessor's senior widow
  • Sambhaji III of Kolhapur (b. 1801, r. 1813–21)
  • Shivaji III of Kolhapur (b. 1816, r. 1821–22) (council of regency)
  • Shahaji I of Kolhapur (b. 1802, r. 1822–38)
  • Shivaji IV of Kolhapur (b. 1830, r. 1838–66)
  • Rajaram I of Kolhapur (r. 1866–70)
  • Council of regency (1870–94)
  • Shivaji V of Kolhapur (b. 1863, r. 1871–83); adopted by his predecessor's widow
  • Rajarshi Shahu IV of Kolhapur (b. 1874, r. 1884–1922); adopted by his predecessor's widow
  • Rajaram II of Kolhapur (b. 1897 r. 1922–40)
  • Indumati Tarabai of Kolhapur, regent (1940–47), widow of Rajaram II
  • Shivaji VI of Kolhapur (b. 1941, r. 1941–46); adopted by his predecessor's widow
  • Shahaji II of Kolhapur (b. 1910, r. 1947, d. 1983); formerly Maharaja of Dewas Senior; adopted by Indumati Tarabai, widow of Rajaram II

The state acceded unto the Dominion of India following the independence of India in 1947.[17]

  • Shahu II as titular Maharaja (1983–present) (adopted from Kadam family of Bande)

Bhosale Chhatrapatis at Satara (1707–1839)[edit]

  • Shahu I (1708–1749). Son of Sambhaji I.
  • Ramaraja (1749–1777). Grandson of Rajaram and Tarabai; adopted son of Shahu I.
  • Shahu II of Satara (1777–1808). Son of Ramaraja.
  • Pratapsinh (1808–1839)
  • Shahaji III (1839–1848)
  • Pratapsinh I (adopted)
  • Rajaram III
  • Pratapsinh II
  • Raja Shahu III (1918–1950)
  • Pratapsinhraje (1950–1978)
  • Chatrapati Udayanraje Bhonsle (1978–present)[18]

The Peshwas (1713–1858)[edit]

Technically they were not monarchs, but hereditary prime ministers, though in fact they ruled instead of the Maharaja, and were hegemon of the Maratha confederation.

Bhosale Maharajas of Thanjavur (?–1799)[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Thanjavur Maratha kingdom.

Descended from a brother of Shivaji; ruled independently and had no formal relationship with the Maratha Empire.

The state was annexed by the British in 1799.[19]

Bhosale Maharajas of Nagpur (1799–1881)[edit]

Holkar rulers of Indore (1731–1948)[edit]

  • Malharrao Holkar (I) (r. 2 November 1731 – 19 May 1766)
  • Malerao Khanderao Holkar (r. 23 August 1766 – 5 April 1767)
  • Punyaslok Rajmata Ahilyadevi Holkar (r. 5 April 1767 – 13 August 1795)
  • Tukojirao Holkar (I) (r. 13 August 1795 – 29 January 1797)
  • Kashirao Tukojirao Holkar (r. 29 January 1797 – 1798)
  • Yashwantrao Holkar (I) (r. 1798 – 27 November 1811)
  • Malharrao Yashwantrao Holkar (III) (r. November 1811 – 27 October 1833)
  • Martandrao Malharrao Holkar (r. 17 January 1834 – 2 February 1834)
  • Harirao Vitthojirao Holkar (r. 17 April 1834 – 24 October 1843)
  • Khanderao Harirao Holkar (r. 13 November 1843 – 17 February 1844)
  • Tukojirao Gandharebhau Holkar (II) (r. 27 June 1844 – 17 June 1886)
  • Shivajirao Tukojirao Holkar (r. 17 June 1886 – 31 January 1903)
  • Tukojirao Shivajirao Holkar (III) (r. 31 January 1903 – 26 February 1926)
  • Yashwantrao Holkar (II) (r. 26 February 1926 – 1961)

Following the independence of India in 1947, the state acceded unto the Dominion of India. The monarchy was ended in 1948, but the title is still held by Usha Devi Maharaj Sahiba Holkar XV Bahadur, Maharani of Indore since 1961.

Scindia rulers of Gwalior (?–1947)[edit]

Following the independence of India in 1947, the state acceded unto the Dominion of India.

Gaekwad rulers of Baroda (Vadodara) (1721–present)[edit]

Following the independence of India in 1947, the state acceded unto the Dominion of India and the monarchy was abolished in 1948.

Adil Shahi dynasty (1490-1686)[edit]

Nizam Shahi Dynasty (1490–1636)[edit]

Berar Sultanate (1490-1572)[edit]

  • Fath-ullah Imad-ul-Mulk (1490–1504)
  • Ala-ud-din Imad Shah 1504–1530)
  • Darya Imad Shah (1530–1562)
  • Burhan Imad Shah (1562–1574)
  • Tufal Khan (usurper) 1574

Bidar Sultanate(1492-1542)[edit]

Qutb Shahi dynasty(1518-1687)[edit]

The major Muslim vassals of the Mughal/British Paramountcy (1707–1856)[edit]

Nawabs of Bengal (1707–1770)[edit]

Nawabs of Oudh (1719–1858)[edit]

Nizams of Hyderabad (1720–1948)[edit]

Kingdom of Travancore (1729–1947)[edit]

Sikh Empire (1801–1849)[edit]

The British Empire annexed the Punjab c. 1845–49; after the First and Second Anglo-Sikh Wars

British Emperors of India (1876–1947)[edit]

Dominion of India (1947–1950)[edit]

Dominion of Pakistan (1947–1956)[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ However the title "Emperor of India" did not disappear with Indian independence from Britain in 1947, but in 1948, as when India became the Dominion of India (1947–1950) after independence in 1947, George VI retained the title "Emperor of India" until 22 June 1948, and thereafter he remained monarch of India until it became the Republic of India in 1950.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dayanand Saraswati, Satyartha Prakash
  2. ^ Upinder Singh (2008). A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India. Pearson Education India. pp. 381–384. ISBN 9788131711200. 
  3. ^ Charles Higham (2009). Encyclopedia of Ancient Asian Civilizations. Infobase Publishing. p. 299. ISBN 9781438109961. 
  4. ^ Mahajan V.D. (1960, reprint 2007). Ancient India, S.Chand & Company, New Delhi, ISBN 81-219-0887-6, pp.594–6
  5. ^ a b c d e f Asiatic Society of Bengal, Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Volume 33, Page xxi
  6. ^ a b Asiatic Society of Bengal, Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Volume 33
  7. ^ M. L. Bhargava, Hemu and his time, page 3
  8. ^ Alexander Cunnigham, Four reports made during the years, 1862-63-64-65, Volume 1
  9. ^ Hickey, William (1874). The Tanjore Mahratta Principality in Southern India. Pg.xix (Google books). ISBN 81-206-0302-8. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  10. ^ Sir Alexander Cunningham, Archaeological Survey of India, Four reports made during the years, 1862-63-64-65, Volume 2, page v
  11. ^ a b Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Volume 33, Asiatic Society of Bengal
  12. ^ a b Susan L. Huntington (1 January 1984). The "Påala-Sena" Schools of Sculpture. Brill Archive. ISBN 90-04-06856-2. 
  13. ^ History of Ancient Bengal, pp. 161–162, 1971
  14. ^ Abdul Momin Chowdhury (1967). Dynastic history of Bengal, c. 750-1200 CE. Asiatic Society of Pakistan. pp. 272–273. 
  15. ^ Bindeshwari Prasad Sinha (1 January 1977). Dynastic History of Magadha, Cir. 450–1200 A.D. Abhinav Publications. pp. 253–. GGKEY:KR1EJ2EGCTJ. 
  16. ^ Dineshchandra Sircar (1975–76). "Indological Notes - R.C. Majumdar's Chronology of the Pala Kings". Journal of Indian History IX: 209–10. 
  17. ^ "kolhap2". Royalark.net. Retrieved 2015-11-03. 
  18. ^ "satara2". Royalark.net. Retrieved 2015-11-03. 
  19. ^ "tanjore2". Royalark.net. Retrieved 2015-11-03. 
  20. ^ Bhosle of Nagpur and East India Company - Prabhakar Gadre - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. 2008-09-03. Retrieved 2015-11-03. 
  21. ^ a b Michell, George & Mark Zebrowski. Architecture and Art of the Deccan Sultanates (The New Cambridge History of India Vol. I:7), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999, ISBN 0-521-56321-6, p.274
  22. ^ Michell, George & Mark Zebrowski. Architecture and Art of the Deccan Sultanates (The New Cambridge History of India Vol. I:7), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999, ISBN 0-521-56321-6, p.275
  23. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 38330. p. 3647. 22 June 1948. Retrieved 25 August 2014. Royal Proclamation of 22 June 1948, made in accordance with the Indian Independence Act 1947, 10 & 11 GEO. 6. CH. 30.('Section 7: ...(2)The assent of the Parliament of the United Kingdom is hereby given to the omission from the Royal Style and Titles of the words " Indiae Imperator " and the words " Emperor of India " and to the issue by His Majesty for that purpose of His Royal Proclamation under the Great Seal of the Realm.'). According to this Royal Proclamation, the King retained the Style and Titles 'George VI by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith', and he thus remained King of the various Dominions, including India and Pakistan, though these two (and others) eventually chose to abandon their monarchies and became republics.

Sources and External links[edit]