Sultan of Perak
|Sultan of Perak|
|Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Al-Maghfur-Lah|
since 29 May 2014
|Style||His Royal Highness|
|Heir presumptive||Raja Jaafar|
|First monarch||Sultan Muzaffar Shah I|
|Residence||Istana Iskandariah, Kuala Kangsar|
When the Sultanate of Malacca empire fell to Portugal in 1511, Sultan Mahmud Syah I retreated to Kampar, Sumatra, and died there in 1528. He left behind two princes named Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II and Sultan Muzaffar Syah. The former went on to establish the Sultanate of Johor. Muzaffar Syah was invited to rule Perak: he became the first sultan of Perak.
Line of succession to the Perak throne
In contrast to the other Malay sultanates, the ruling dynasty of Perak utilises a somewhat complex order of succession.
The reigning Sultan appoints princes in the male line of descent from a Sultan to certain high princely titles. They are arranged in a strict order of precedence indicating the order of succession to the throne. As per ruling of 25 February 1953, the present hierarchy of titles and the corresponding order of succession is as follows:
- Raja Muda (Crown Prince, currently Raja Jaafar)
- Raja di-Hilir (Deputy Crown Prince, currently Raja Iskandar Dzulkarnain)
- Raja Kecil Besar (currently Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah)
- Raja Kecil Sulong (currently Raja Ahmad Nazim Azlan Shah)
- Raja Kecil Tengah (currently Raja Iskandar)
- Raja Kecil Bongsu (currently Raja Izuddin Chulan).
While titleholders are usually appointed for life, titles may be revoked in cases of proven incompetence or disability. On the death or promotion of an existing titleholder, the holder of the next most senior title succeeds him. The Raja Muda is the heir apparent, and succeeds the ruling sultan on his demise, whereupon the prince holding the title of Raja Di-Hilir becomes the new Raja Muda. The Raja Kechil Besar then becomes the Raja Di-Hilir. The new Sultan may then appoint his own nominee to the junior-most title made vacant by these successions.
The 2 most senior titleholders are confirmed by a majority vote of the representatives of the Perak State Legislative Assembly.
List of Sultans of Perak
|1||Sultan Muzaffar Shah I ibni Almarhum Sultan Mahmud Shah||1528–1549|
|2||Sultan Mansur Shah I ibni Almarhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah I||1549–1577|
|3||Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Mansur Shah I||1577–1584|
|4||Sultan Tajul Ariffin ibni Almarhum Sultan Mansur Shah I||1584–1594|
|5||Sultan Alauddin Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Kecil Lasa Raja Inu||1594–1603|
|6||Sultan Mukaddam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Mansur Shah I||1603–1619|
|7||Sultan Mansur Shah II ibni Almarhum Raja Kecil Lasa Raja Inu||1619–1627|
|8||Sultan Mahmud Shah I ibni Almarhum Sultan Mansur Shah I||1627–1630|
|9||Sultan Salehuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Mahmud Shah I||1630–1636|
|10||Sultan Muzaffar Shah II ibni Almarhum Raja Mahmud||1636–1653|
|11||Sultan Mahmud Iskandar Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah II||1653–1720|
|12||Sultan Alauddin Mughayat Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Mansur Shah III||1720–1728|
|13||Sultan Muzaffar Riayat Shah III ibni Almarhum Sultan Mansur Shah III
(Ruled Upper Perak)
|14||Sultan Muhammad Mughayat Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Mansur Shah III
(Ruled Lower Perak)
|15||Sultan Iskandar Zulkarnain ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad Mughayat Shah||1752–1765|
|16||Sultan Mahmud Shah II ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad Mughayat Shah||1765–1773|
|17||Sultan Alauddin Mansur Shah Iskandar Muda ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad Mughayat Shah||1773–1786|
|18||Sultan Ahmaddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad Mughayat Shah||1786–1806|
|19||Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Ahmaddin Shah||1806–1825|
|20||Sultan Abdullah Mu’azzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah||1825–1830|
|21||Sultan Shahabuddin Riayat Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Inu||1830–1851|
|22||Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I ibni Almarhum Raja Kecil Besar Abdul Rahman||1851 - 1857|
|23||Sultan Ja’afar Safiuddin Mu’azzam Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Ahmad Tajuddin Riayat Shah II||1857 - 1865|
|24||Sultan Ali Al-Mukammal Inayat Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Shahabuddin Riayat Shah||1865–1871|
|25||Sultan Ismail Mu’abidin Riayat Shah ibni Almarhum Sayyid Sheikh Al-Khairat of Siak||1871–1874|
|26||Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah II ibni Almarhum Sultan Ja'afar Safiuddin Mu'azzam Shah||1874–1876|
|27||Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Muzaffar Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I||1886–1887 |
|28||Sultan Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar||1887–1916|
|29||Sultan Abdul Jalil Karamatullah Nasiruddin Mukhataram Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah||1916–1918|
|30||Sultan Iskandar Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah||1918–1938|
|31||Sultan Abdul Aziz Al-Mu'tasim Billah Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa||1938–1948|
|32||Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Jalil Karamatullah Nasiruddin Mukhataram Shah||1948–1963|
|33||Sultan Idris Iskandar Al-Mutawakkil Alallahi Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah||1963–1984|
|34||Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah||1984–2014|
|35||Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah||2014–present|
The Perak royal regalia consists of items that are said to have been with the Perak Sultanate from its inception, some of which pre-dating the Malacca Sultanate. The regalia is mainly used during the installation ceremony of Sultan of Perak and few other royal ceremonies.
- Royal headress (Tanjak Di-Raja)
- Royal aigrette (Aigrette Di-Raja)
- Royal tiara
- Royal sword Cura Si Manja Kini (Pedang Cura Si Manja Kini)
- Royal blade Taming Sari (Keris Taming Sari)
- Royal blade Sari Gading (Keris Sari Gading)
- Mestika Embun – also known as 'Ball of Petrified Dew'. Given to Sultan Muzaffar Riayat Shah I on his installation as the first Sultan of Perak by Tok Temong, a local official. 
- Mohor Kecil Cap Halilintar - seal made of silver that is placed behind the right ear of the Sultan during installation. ceremony
- Royal Musical Ensemble (Nobat) 
- Pontoh – golden armlets worn by the Sultan and his consort around both arms during the installation ceremony.
- Agok – golden pendant that is worn around the neck of the Queen Consort during installation ceremony.
- Dokoh – golden brooch that is worn by the Queen Consort during installation ceremony.
- Royal seal (Mohor Raja)
- Royal coat of arms (Jata Di-Raja)
- Panji Di-Raja
- Royal umbrella (Payung Di-Raja)
- State umbrella (Payung Kerajaan Negeri)
- State spear (Lembing Kerajaan Negeri Perak)
- Kancing Halkah – decorative ornament worn around the neck of a tunic, believed to be a gift from the Emperor of China to Parameswara of Malacca.
- Sundang Keris Panjang
- Baur-Baur Orang Besar Negeri
- Rantai Bunga Nyiur
- Puan – Betel leaves container. Originally presented to Tok Temong by Sultan Muzaffar Riayat Shah I on his installation as the first Sultan of Perak but later returned to be royal regalia of Perak.
- Batil Emas
Royal orders and decorations
- The Most Esteemed Royal Family Order of Perak (Darjah Kerabat Yang Amat Dihormati): founded by Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah in 1957. Conferred on members of the Perak and foreign royal houses.
- The Most Esteemed Perak Royal Family Order of Sultan Azlan Shah (Darjah Kerabat Seri Paduka Sultan Azlan Shah Perak Yang Dihormati): founded by Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah in 2000. Conferred on members of the Perak and foreign royal houses.
- The Most Esteemed Azlanii Royal Family Order (Darjah Kerabat Azlanii Yang Dihormati) founded by Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah in 2010. Awarded in two classes :
- First Class – Darjah Kerabat Azlanii
- Second Class – Darjah Kerabat Azlanii II
- The Most Esteemed Perak Order of Sultan Azlan Shah (Darjah Kebesaran Seri Paduka Sultan Azlan Shah Perak Yang Amat Dimulia): founded by Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah in 2000. Conferred for distinguished services to the Sultan of Perak.
- The Most Esteemed Perak Order of Sultan Nazrin Shah (Darjah Kebesaran Seri Paduka Sultan Nazrin Shah Perak Yang Amat Dimulia): founded by Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah.
- The Most Illustrious Order of Cura Si Manja Kini (Darjah Yang Amat Mulia Paduka Cura Si Manja Kini): founded by Sultan Idris Iskandar Al-Mutawakkil Alallahi Shah II in 1969 and later 1989. Awarded in four classes:
- Grand Knight or Dato'Seri – Darjah Dato’ Seri Paduka Cura Si Manja Kini
- Knight or Dato' – Darjah Dato’ Paduka Cura Si Manja Kini
- Commander or Ahli Paduka – Darjah Ahli Paduka Cura Si Manja Kini
- Member or Ahli – Darjah Ahli Cura Si Manja Kini
- The Most Valliant Order of Taming Sari (Darjah Yang Amat Perkasa Taming Sari): founded by Sultan Idris Iskandar Al-Mutawakkil Alallahi Shah II in 1977. Awarded to military and police personnel in six classes :
- Dato' Seri Panglima – Darjah Dato’ Seri Panglima Taming Sari
- Dato' Pahlawanan – Darjah Dato’ Pahlawan Taming Sari
- Ahli Perwira – Darjah Ahli Perwira Taming Sari
- Ahli Hulubalang – Darjah Ahli Hulubalang Taming Sari
- Ahli Kesatria – Darjah Ahli Kesatria Taming Sari
- Ahli Perajurit – Darjah Ahli Perajurit Taming Sari
- The Most Illustrious Order of the Perak State Crown (Darjah Yang Amat Mulia Paduka Mahkota Perak): founded by Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah in 1957. Awarded in four classes:
- Knight Grand Commander or Dato' Seri – Darjah Dato’ Seri Paduka Mahkota Perak
- Knight Commander or Dato' – Darjah Dato’ Paduka Mahkota Perak
- Commander or Ahli Paduka – Darjah Ahli Paduka Mahkota Perak
- Member or Ahli – Darjah Ahli Mahkota Perak
- The Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Pingat Keberanian Handal): instituted by Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah in 1951 as a reward for conspicuous gallantry and heroism. Awarded in a single class, originally a silver medal but now a four-pointed enamelled star. Bars may be awarded to signify subsequent acts of gallantry.
- The Distinguished Conduct Medal (Pingat Pekerti Terpilih): instituted by Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah in 1951 to reward conspicuous bravery. Awarded in a single class, bronze medal. Bars may be awarded to signify subsequent acts of bravery.
- The Meritorious Service Medal (Pingat Jasa Kebaktian): instituted by Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah in 1951 to reward meritorious public service in state employ. Awarded in a single class, bronze medal.
- The Long Service Medal (Pingat Lama Perkhidmatan): instituted by Sultan Idris Iskandar Al-Mutawakkil Alallahi Shah II in 1969 to reward long service in state employ of at least twenty-five years continuous duration. Awarded in a single class, bronze medal.
- Agnatic seniority
- Makam Al-Ghufran (Perak Royal Mausoleum)
- Family tree of Perak monarchs
- Family tree of Malaysian monarchs
- Monarchies of Malaysia
- Sultan of Johor
- "Sultan & Raja-Raja Bergelar".
- "Alat-alat Kebesaran Negeri Perak".
- "The Perak Regalia". 25 June 2009.
- "Tok Temong". 19 June 2009.
- "The nobat". 24 June 2009.
- Colecciones Militares, Ribbons of Perak 1 & 2
- Sultan of Perak's Official Website, Decorations Archived 2014-06-01 at the Wayback Machine (Malay)