List of Sultans of Sokoto

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Entrance to the modern Sultan's palace in Sokoto
Sokoto Caliphate in the 19th century

The Sokoto Caliph was the ruler of the Sokoto Caliphate. The official title is Sultan of Sokoto and includes the title "Amir-ul-Momineen". The post has become increasingly ceremonial since British rule, but the Sultan, considered a spiritual leader in the Muslim community in Nigeria, can still carry a lot of weight with Fulani and Hausa people from northern Nigeria.

Shaihu Usman dan Fodio, the founder of the dynasty of Sokoto State and of the Fulani Empire (consisting of the Fulbe Jihad states of which Sokoto was suzerain), never used the high style of Sultan (his son was the first to do so), but was simply titled Amir al-Mu´minin, also styled Lamido Julbe (which literally means Governor of the believers in Fulani). The sultan of Sokoto is the leader of the Qadiriyya sufi order, historically the most important Muslim position in Nigeria and senior to the Emir of Kano, the leader of the less populous Tijaniyya sufi order.[1]

List of Sultans[edit]

As mentioned above, the Sultans were also styled Amir al-Mu´minin and Sarkin Musulmi ("King of the Muslims", basically the autochthonous form of the former, which is the Arabic style of Caliphs and other independent sovereign Muslim rulers that claim legitimacy from a community of Muslims); Mai, occurring in various Sultans' surnames, is another autochthonous title.

# Name Birth and death Reign started Reign ended Lineage
1 Usman dan Fodio 1754
Gobir

1817
Sokoto
(aged 63)
1804 1815
2 Muhammed Bello 1781
Unknown

1837
Wurno
(aged 58)
21 April 1817 25 October 1837 Son of
Usman dan Fodio
3 Abubakar I Atiku 1782
Unknown

1842
Sokoto
(aged 60)
26 October 1837 23 November 1842 Son of
Usman dan Fodio
4 Ali Babba bin Bello 1808
Unknown

1859
Sokoto
(aged 51)
30 November 1842 21 October 1859
Son of
Muhammed Bello
5 Ahmadu Atiku 24 October 1859 2 November 1866 Son of
Abu Bakr Atiku
6 Aliu Karami 6 November 1866 18 October 1867 Son of
Muhammed Bello
7 Ahmadu Rufai 21 October 1867 12 March 1873 Son of
Usman dan Fodio
8 Abubakar II Atiku na Raba 16 March 1873 28 March 1877 Son of
Muhammed Bello
9 Mu'azu 6 April 1877 26 September 1881 Son of
Muhammed Bello
10 Umaru bin Ali 3 October 1881 25 March 1891 Son of
Ali Babba bin Bello
11 Abderrahman dan Abi Bakar 25 March 1891 10 October 1902 Son of
Abu Bakr I Atiku
12 Muhammadu Attahiru I 13 October 1902 15 March 1903 Son of
Ahmadu Atiku
13 Muhammadu Attahiru II 21 March 1903 1915 Son of
Ali Babba bin Bello
14 Muhammadu dan Ahmadu 1915 1924 Son of
Ahmadu Atiku
15 Muhammadu dan Muhammadu 1924 1931 Son of
Muhammadu dan Ahmadu
16 Hasan dan Mu'azu Ahmadu 1931 1938 Son of
Mu'azu
17 Siddiq Abubakar III 15 March 1903
Dange

1 November 1988
Sokoto
(aged 85)
1938 1988 Grandson of
Mu'azu
18 Ibrahim Dasuki 23 December 1923
Dogondaji
-
14 November 2016
Abuja
(aged 93)
6 November 1988 20 April 1996 (deposed) Great-great-grandson of Uthman dan Fodio[2]
19 Muhammadu Maccido 20 April 1926
Dange Shuni

29 October 2006
(near Abuja)
(aged 80)
20 April 1996 29 October 2006 Son of
Siddiq Abubakar III
20 Sa'adu Abubakar 24 August 1956
Sokoto
2 November 2006 Current Son of
Siddiq Abubakar III

Tree of Sultans[edit]

Mallam
Muhammadu
Fodio
1
Usman
dan Fodio

1804–1815
Abdullahi
dan Fodio
Emir of
Gwanda
2
Muhammed
Bello

1817–1837
3
Abubakar I
Atiku

1837–1842
6
Ahmadu
Rufai

1867–1873
Muhammed
Buhari
4
Ali Babba
bin Bello

1842–1859
7
Aliu
Karami

1866–1867
8
Abubakar II
Atiku na Raba

1873–1877
9
Mu'azu
Ahmadu

1877-1881
Umaru
Ngwamatse
Emir of
Kontagora
5
Ahmadu
Atiku

1859–1866
11
Abder Rahman
Atiku

1891–1902
Abdullahi
Barau
10
Umaru
bin Ali

1881–1891
13
Muhammadu
Attahiru II

1903–1915
16
Hasan dan
Mu'azu Ahmadu

1931–1938
Usman
Shehu
12
Muhammadu
Attahiru I

1902–1903
14
Muhammadu
Maiturare

1915-1924
Haliru
Ibn Barau
17
Siddiq
Abubakar III

1938–1988
15
Muhammadu
Tambari

1924–1931
18
Ibrahim
Dasuki

1988–1996
19
Muhammadu
Maccido

1996–2006
20
Sa'adu
Abubakar

2006–

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources and references[edit]

  • Falola, Toyin, (2009) Historical Dictionary of Nigeria Scarecrow Press: Lanham, Md.
  • Burdon, J. A. (1907) "Sokoto History: Tables of Dates and Genealogy" Journal of the Royal African Society Volume 6, #24.