List of Muslim states and dynasties

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This article includes a list of successive Muslim states and dynasties from the rise of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and of the Early Muslim conquests which began in 622 CE and continues through to this current day.

In the decades after his death, the caliphate founded by his earliest successors, called the Rashidun caliphate, was succeeded by the Umayyad caliphate and later the Abbasid caliphate.

While the caliphates gradually fractured and fell, other Muslim dynasties rose; some of these dynasties grew into Islamic empires, with some of the most notable being the Ottoman Empire, Safavid dynasty, and Mughal Empire.

Middle East and North Africa[edit]

Mesopotamia and Levant (Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine)[edit]

Arabian Peninsula and Persian Gulf[edit]

Saudi Arabia

Bahrain

Qatar

Kuwait

United Arab Emirates

Oman

Yemen

Regional

North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya)[edit]

Algeria

Egypt

Tunisia

Morocco

Libya

Caucasus[edit]

Iran[edit]

Shah Ismail I, founder of Safavid dynasty

Anatolia (Turkey)[edit]

Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha

Azerbaijan[edit]

Armenia

Georgia

Russia

Southern Europe[edit]

Spain & Portugal

France

Umayyad Caliph of Cordova

Aghlabids & Fatimids

Italy

Gibraltar

West and East Africa (West and East Africa, Sahel)[edit]

Sudan, South Sudan

Mauritania

Niger

Nigeria

Mali

Regional

Cameroon

Benin

Burkina Faso

Chad

Central African Republic

Côte d'Ivoire

Ghana

Senegambia

Gambia

Guinea

Guinea Bissau

Togo

Sierra Leone

Horn of Africa[edit]

Somalia

Somaliland

Ethiopia

Eritrea

Djibouti

East Africa[edit]

Tanzania

Kenya

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Malawi

Mozambique

Indian Ocean Region[edit]

Maldives

Mayotte

Comoros

Madagascar

Cyprus

Eastern Europe (Balkan Region)[edit]

Ukraine, Moldova

Romania, Bulgaria

Greece

Albania

Ural Region, Siberia (Russia)[edit]

Central Asia, East Asia[edit]

Transoxania (Uzbekistan, Kirgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan)

China

South Asia[edit]

Bangladesh


Pakistan


India

Afghanistan

Southeast Asia[edit]

Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei

Philippines

Approximate extent of the Muslim Sultanates in the Philippines

Thailand

Indochina

See also[edit]