Sultanate of Agadez

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The Sultanate of Agadez, or Sultanate of Aïr,[1] was a Berber kingdom centered in the city of Agadez in the Aïr Mountains, located at the southern edge of the Sahara Desert in north central Niger. It was founded in 1449 by the Tuareg, then conquered by the Songhai Empire in 1500. After the defeat of Songhai in 1591, the sultanate regained its independence. It experienced a steep decline in population and economic activity during the 17th century. The kingdom was later conquered by the French in 1900.


  1. ^ "Air" in the Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed., Vol. 1. 1911.
  • Decalo, Samuel. Historical Dictionary of Niger, 3rd ed., pp. 24–27. Scarecrow Press (Boston), 1997. ISBN 0-8108-3136-8.
  • Hudgens, Jim & al. Rough Guide to West Africa, 4th ed., p. 983. Rough Guide, 2003. ISBN 1-84353-118-6.

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