Sultanate of Agadez

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Tenere Sultanate of Aïr
Sultanate of Agadez
Capital Agadez
Common languages Tuareg, Arabic
Religion Islam
Government Sultanate
• Established
• Disestablished
Today part of  Niger

The Sultanate of Agadez (also known as Tenere Sultanate of Aïr,[1] Sultanate of Aïr[2]) was a Berber kingdom centered in the city of Agadez in the Aïr Mountains, located at the southern edge of the Sahara desert in north-central Niger. It was founded in 1449 by the Tuareg. The Agadez Sultanate was later conquered by the Songhai Empire in 1500.[1] After the defeat of the Songhai kingdom in 1591, the Agadez Sultanate regained its independence. It experienced a steep decline in population and economic activity during the 17th century. The kingdom was later conquered by the French in 1900.


  1. ^ a b James B. Minahan (2016). Encyclopedia of Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups around the World, 2nd Edition. ABC-CLIO. p. 418. ISBN 978-1-61069-954-9.
  2. ^ "Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Air". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 442&ndash, 443).

Further reading[edit]

  • Decalo, Samuel. Historical Dictionary of Niger, 3rd ed., pp. 24–27. Scarecrow Press (Boston), 1997. ISBN 0-8108-3136-8.
  • Hudgens, Jim & al. Rough Guide to West Africa, 4th ed., p. 983. Rough Guide, 2003. ISBN 1-84353-118-6.

External links[edit]