Sultan Bathery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sulthan Bathery)
Jump to: navigation, search
Bus Station at Sultan Bathery
Sulthan Bathery
Sulthan Bathery
Town and Municipality
Scenic Bathery
Scenic Bathery
Sulthan Bathery is located in Kerala
Sulthan Bathery
Sulthan Bathery
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 11°40′N 76°17′E / 11.67°N 76.28°E / 11.67; 76.28Coordinates: 11°40′N 76°17′E / 11.67°N 76.28°E / 11.67; 76.28
Country  India
State Kerala
District Wayanad
Government
 • Municipality chairman Mr. C.K sahadevan
Elevation 907 m (2,976 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 27,473
 • Density 476/km2 (1,230/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 673592
Telephone code 91 4936
Vehicle registration KL-73
Rice Farm in Sulthan Bathery
Village view in Sulthan Bathery

Sulthan Bathery, previously known as Sultan's Battery, is a town and municipality in Wayanad district of Kerala, India. This town was part of Kidanganadu[1] Village, which got its name because the presence of the Kidangans the tribes. Later, it came to be known as Sultan Bathery, the Malayalam version of its name. It is also known as Sultan's Battery of Wayanad district. Though the fort does not remain any more, the place is worth the visit for the famous Jain temple. The place was previously known by the name of Sulthan's Battery. It is the Taluk headquarters of Sultan Bathery. It lies on the KozhikodeKollegal National Highway (NH 766) 98 km from Kozhikode. It is 115 kilometers from Mysore[2] and about 100 kilometers from Ooty (Udagamandalam). It is also connected with Nilambur. The people primarily depend on agriculture for a living.

Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary

Sulthan Battery is situated at about 930 metres above mean sea level. One can find beautiful folded hills across the horizon. The climate is pleasant throughout the year. The town has the National Highway 766 passing through it. The town is the centre of tourism in Wayanad District. It has become a very popular destination among tourists from India's software valley of Bangalore.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Wayanad

Sultan Bathery is a historical place and its ancient history goes in sync with the history of Wayanad.The recorded history of this district exists only from the 10th century onward. In 930 AD, emperor Erayappa of Ganga Dynasty led his troops to south west of Mysore and after conquering, called it Bayalnad meaning the land of swamps. After Erayappa, his sons Rachamalla and Battunga fought each other for the new kingdom of their father’s legacy. Rachamalla was killed and Battunga became the undisputed ruler of Bayalnad. In 12th century AD, Gangas were dethroned from Bayalnad by Kadamba dynasty[3] of North Canara.[4] In 1104 AD Vishnuvardhana of Hoysala invaded Bayalnad followed by Vijayanagara dynasty in 16th century. In 1610 AD Udaiyar Raja Wadiyar of Mysore drove out Vijayanagara General and became the ruler of Bayalnad and the Nilgiris. Bayalnad is the present Wayanad. When Wayanad was under Hyder Ali's rule, the ghat road from Vythiri to Thamarassery invented.[5] Then the British rulers developed this route to Carter road.[6]

Tipu Sultan

Education[edit]

Main article: Education in Wayanad

Compared to other districts of Kerala, institutions offering higher education are limited in Wayanad.[7] One of the oldest colleges in Wayanad is St. Mary's College, Sulthan Bathery, established in 1965.[8] This arts and science college is affiliated to University of Calicut. Another arts and science college located here is Don Bosco College. Pazhassi Raja College, Pulpally, established in 1982, is another major college located nearby.[9] Government Engineering College located at Mananthavady is the nearest engineering college. It is affiliated to Kannur University.

Climate[edit]

Wayanad-Bamboo.jpg

Sulthan Bathery has a salubrious climate. The mean average rainfall in this area is 2322 mm. Lakkidi, Vythiri and Meppadi are the high rainfall areas in Wayanad. The annual rainfall in these areas ranges from 3000 to 4000 mm. High velocity winds are common during the southwest monsoon and dry winds blow in March–April. High altitude regions experience severe cold. In Wayanad (Ambalavayal) the mean maximum and minimum temperature for the last five years were 29 °C and 18 °C respectively. This place experiences a high relative humidity, which goes even up to 95 per cent during the southwest monsoon period. Generally the year is classified into four seasons, namely, cold weather (December–February), hot weather (March–May), southwest monsoon (June–September)and northeast monsoon (October–November) seasons.


Climate data for Sultan Bathery, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.3
(79.3)
28.3
(82.9)
30.0
(86)
30.1
(86.2)
29.1
(84.4)
25.7
(78.3)
24.2
(75.6)
24.8
(76.6)
25.7
(78.3)
26.1
(79)
25.8
(78.4)
25.7
(78.3)
26.82
(80.27)
Average low °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
16.8
(62.2)
18.5
(65.3)
19.9
(67.8)
20.1
(68.2)
19.1
(66.4)
18.8
(65.8)
18.7
(65.7)
18.5
(65.3)
18.6
(65.5)
17.6
(63.7)
16.1
(61)
18.19
(64.75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
8
(0.31)
14
(0.55)
89
(3.5)
171
(6.73)
451
(17.76)
903
(35.55)
497
(19.57)
225
(8.86)
220
(8.66)
79
(3.11)
21
(0.83)
2,681
(105.55)
Source: Climate-Data.org[10]

Transportation[edit]

Sultan Battery has a very good road connectivity with south Indian states. The major Road is NH 212 connected to Mysore, Bangalore and Kozhikode, two State highways connected to Ooty and Coimbatore and a state highway connected to Mangalore, Kannur, Thalassery and Kasaragod.

Sulthan Bathery is the biggest transport hub of Wayanad district. It is located near the border with the Karnataka state. There is a major Kerala Transport Depot in Sulthan Bathery. Most of the long distance buses to Kozhikode, Ooty and Bangalore start from this depot. The town also has two smaller bus stations for local travellers.

The Periya ghat road connects Mananthavady to Kannur and Thalassery. The Thamarassery mountain road connects Calicut with Kalpetta. The Kuttiady mountain road connects Vatakara with Kalpetta and Mananthavady. The Palchuram mountain road connects Kannur and Iritty with Mananthavady. The road from Nilambur to Ooty is is also connected to Wayanad through the village of Meppadi.

The nearest railway station is at Mysore and the nearest airports are Kozhikode International Airport-120 km,Bengaluru International Airport-290 km, and Kannur International Airport, 58 km.

There are no railway line through Sultan Bathery. Nearest Railway stations are : 1.Kozhikode: 99 km away 2.Mysore: 116 km away. (see also Golden I.T. Corridor)3.Nanjangud:

Nearest airports 1.Calicut International Airport: 120 km away, 2.Coimbatore International Airport, 3.Mysore Airport: 106 km away. 4.Kannur International Airport(under construction at Mattannur):105 km away.

Geography[edit]

Sulthan Bathery is located at 11°40′N 76°17′E / 11.67°N 76.28°E / 11.67; 76.28.[11] It has an average elevation of 907 m (2,976 ft). more

Politics[edit]

Sultan's Battery assembly constituency is part of Wayanad (Lok Sabha constituency).[12] MLA I C BALAKRISHNAN . MP.M I Shanavas

Local administration[edit]

Sulthan Bathery is a part of wayanad District panchayath and the headquarters of Sultan Bathery Block panchayat. Sultan Bathery is a Municipality in wayanad district . The total number of wards 35.

KL-73 is the RTO vehicle registration code for Sulthan Bathery .

Famous persons- 1. IC Balakrishnan MLA 2. Krishnaprasad (former MLA) 3. Sarathchandran (director in Malayalam film industry)

Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Ambalavayal

Places of worship[edit]

  • Sultan Bathery Jain Temple - A Jain temple believed to have been built in the 13th century. It is one of the main Jain shrines in Kerala.
  • SulthanBathery Jumaa masjid: This is the biggest jumaa masjid in the town and it can hold more than 1000 worshippers. The masjid is situated near the Sulthan Bathery town bus stand.
  • Ganapati Temple: A Hindu temple in the town.
  • Masjid Madeena :A juma masjid in town run by Jama at e Islami Hind (JIH)
  • Soonoro Church: St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, Sulthan's Bathery is a famous pilgrim centre in Wayanad.
  • Masjidul Mnar : A Juma Masjid run by Kerala Nadvathul Mujahideen.
  • Shaduli Masjid: The famous juma masjid in the town.
  • St. Mary's Orthodox Cathedral, Sulthan Bathery: This is one of the main churches for people who follow the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church.
  • Assumption Church: Is one of the major Christian churches located in the heart of the city.
  • Mariyamman Temple: This is the most important temple for the local tribes.Yearly festival in Feb-March which gathers a lot of crowd.
  • CSI St.Thomas Church :This church is situated near police station.
  • The Pentecostal Mission (TPM): The Faith Home (church) is situated at College Road, Kottakunnu.
  • Masjid Jami'a Ideal Cambus, Snehagiri,Sulthan Bathery
  • Thalachillan Temple, Sulthan Bathery
  • Narasimha temple, Sulthan Bathery

Shopping[edit]

Sultan Bathery is the biggest shopping paradise in Wayanad. It includes mall, textiles, home appliances, electronics, computers, electricals, building materials, stationery, agriculture products, forest products like honey, heavy metals, automobiles, hyper markets.

Tourism[edit]

  • Agricultural Research Station, Ambalavayal
  • Edakkal Caves
  • Thovarimala
  • Muthanga Forest

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://asi.nic.in/asi_monu_alphalist_kerala.asp
  2. ^ "Mysore to sulthan bathery". mysore.ind.in. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  3. ^ The Kadamba kula A history of ancient and medieval Karnatak , By George M. Moraces BX furtado &sons Bombay 1931
  4. ^ https://archive.org/details/kadambakula035210mbp
  5. ^ Madrass District Gazetteeers, The Nilgiris. By W. Francic. Madras 1908 Pages 90-104
  6. ^ Report of the Administration of Mysore 1863-64. British Parliament Library
  7. ^ "Short history of Wayanad" (PDF). Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "St. Mary's College, Sulthan Bathery official website". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "Pazhassi Raja college, Pulpally official website". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  10. ^ "CLIMATE: SULTHAN BATHERY", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].
  11. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sultans Battery
  12. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 

External links[edit]