Sumaco Napo-Galeras National Park

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Sumaco Napo-Galeras National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Bradypus variegatus.jpg
Map showing the location of Sumaco Napo-Galeras National Park
Map showing the location of Sumaco Napo-Galeras National Park
Location Ecuador
Napo Province, Orellana Province and Sucumbíos Province
Coordinates0°23′0″S 77°33′0″W / 0.38333°S 77.55000°W / -0.38333; -77.55000Coordinates: 0°23′0″S 77°33′0″W / 0.38333°S 77.55000°W / -0.38333; -77.55000
Area206,749 ha
Established1994

Sumaco Napo-Galeras National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Sumaco Napo-Galeras) is a protected area in Ecuador situated in the Napo Province, Orellana Province and Sucumbíos Province. The highest point of the park is the Sumaco volcano that peaks at 3,732 m; the lowest altitude is 600 m.[1][2]

Fauna[edit]

Some 280 birds species are known from the park, but the true number is probably much higher because the park is little explored. Notable birds include Dysithamnus occidentalis, Touit stictoptera, Ara militaris, and Galbula pastazae.[2] A mammal survey conducted at 2500 m on the eastern slope of Sumaco revealed 17 species, including eight species of bats.[3] Larger mammals include Panthera onca, Tremarctos ornatus, Myrmecophaga tridactyla, Tapirus pinchaque, and Puma concolor.[2] Little information exists on other groups, but it is assumed that the diversity of amphibians and reptiles is particularly high.[2] Indeed, a number of amphibians are only known from the area, including toad Osornophryne sumacoensis that is only known from the eastern slopes of Sumaco.[4][5] Similarly, Pristimantis ernesti is only known from the summit of Sumaco.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parque nacional Sumaco". Ministerio del Ambiente. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parque Nacional Sumaco-Napo Galeras". BirdLife International. 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  3. ^ Lee, T. E., Burneo, S. F., Marchán, M. R., Roussos, S. A., and Vizcarra-Váscomez, R. S. (2008). "The mammals of the temperate forests of Volcán Sumaco, Ecuador" (PDF). Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University. 276: 1–10.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ Coloma, L.A., Ron, S., Cisneros-Heredia, D. & Almandáriz, A. (2004). "Osornophryne sumacoensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T54859A11203411. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54859A11203411.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Coloma, L. A., Páez-Moscoso, D., Frenkel, C., Félix-Novoa, C. y Quiguango-Ubillús, A. (2014). "Osornophryne sumacoensis". Ron, S. R., Guayasamin, J. M., Yanez-Muñoz, M. H., Merino-Viteri, A., Ortiz, D. A. y Nicolalde, D. A. 2014. AmphibiaWebEcuador. Version 2014.0. Museo de Zoología, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (QCAZ). Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2015.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Lynch, J., Coloma, L.A. & Ron, S. (2004). "Pristimantis ernesti". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T56585A11488039. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56585A11488039.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Frenkel, C., Yánez-Muñoz, M. H., Guayasamín, J. M., Varela-Jaramillo, A. y Ron, S. R. 2013. AmphibiaWebEcuador. Version 2014.0. "Pristimantis ernesti". Museo de Zoología, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (QCAZ). Archived from the original on 11 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)