Sumatinatha

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Sumatinatha
Fifth Jain Tirthankara
Sumatinatha
Image of Sumatinatha at a Jain temple
Venerated in Jainism
Symbol Goose
Height 300 bows (900 meters)
Age 4,000,000 purva (282.24 Quintillion Years Old)
Tree Priyangu
Color Golden
Parents
  • Megharatha (father)
  • Sumangala (mother)
Predecessor Abhinandananatha
Successor Padmaprabha
Born Ayodhya
Moksha Shikharji
Dynasty Ikshvaku dynasty

Sumatinatha was the fifth Jain Tirthankara of the present age (Avasarpini). Sumatinatha was born to Kshatriya King Megha (Meghaprabha) and Queen Mangala (Sumangala) at Ayodhya in the Ikshvaku dynasty. His birth date was the eighth day of the Vaisakha shukla month of the Hindu calendar.

Tradition[edit]

Sumatinatha was the fifth Jain Tirthankara of the present age (Avasarpini).[1] Sumatinatha was born to Kshatriya King Megha (Meghaprabha) and Queen Mangala (Sumangala) at Ayodhya in the Ikshvaku dynasty. His birth date was the eighth day of the Vaisakha shukla month of the Hindu calendar.[1]

He attained Kevala Jnana under sala or priyangu tree.[2] According to Jain beliefs, he became a siddha, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karma. Sumithanatha is associated with Heron (Krauncha) emblem, Priyangu tree, Tumburu (Purushadatta) Yaksha and Mahakala Yakshi.[3]

In his previous incarnation, Sumatinatha was an Indra in the Jayanta Vimana.[4]

Adoration[edit]

Svayambhustotra by Acharya Samantabhadra is the adoration of twenty-four tirthankaras. Its five slokas (aphorisms) are dedicated to Sumatinātha.[5] Last of which is:

The attributes of existence and non-existence in an object are valid from particular standpoints; the validity of the statement is contingent on the speaker’s choice, at that particular moment, of the attribute that he wishes to bring to the fore as the other attribute is relegated to the background. O Lord Sumatinātha, you had thus explained the reality of substances; may your adoration augment my intellect![6]

Main Temples[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]