Sumba–Flores languages

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Lesser Sunda Islands (Indonesia)
Linguistic classification Austronesian
Glottolog flor1240  (Sumba–Manggarai)[1]

The Sumba–Flores languages, which correspond to the traditional Bima–Sumba subgroup minus Bima, are a proposed group of Austronesian languages (geographically Central–Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages) spoken on and around the islands of Sumba and western–central Flores in the Lesser Sundas. The main languages are Manggarai, which has half a million speakers on the western third of Flores, and Kambera, with a quarter million speakers on the eastern half of Sumba Island.

The Hawu language of Savu Island is suspected of having a non-Austronesian substratum, but perhaps not to any greater extent than the languages of central and eastern Flores, such as Sika, or indeed of Central Malayo-Polynesian languages in general.


Blust (2009)[2] finds moderate support for linking the languages of western and central Flores with Sumba–Hawu.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Flores–Sumba–Hawu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Robert Blust, 2009. "Is there a Bima-Sumba subgroup?" In Oceanic Linguistics