Sumba roundleaf bat

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Sumba roundleaf bat
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Hipposideridae
Genus: Hipposideros
Species:
H. sumbae
Binomial name
Hipposideros sumbae
(Oei, 1960)
Sumban Leaf-nosed Bat area.png
Sumban leaf-nosed bat range

The Sumba roundleaf bat (Hipposideros sumbae) is a species of bat in the family Hipposideridae.[2] It lives in Indonesia and East Timor.[3] It is present on the islands of Sumba, Rote, Sumbawa, Flores, Semau, and Savu.

Taxonomy and etymology[edit]

It was initially described as a subspecies of the intermediate roundleaf bat (Hipposideros larvatus) in 1960 by Oei Hong Peng.[4][5] Its species name "sumbae" is derived from Sumba Island where the holotype was found.[5] As the genus Hipposideros is speciose, it is divided into closely related species groups— the Sumba roundleaf bat is in the larvatus species group.[6]

Biology[edit]

It is nocturnal, roosting in sheltered places such as caves and houses during the day. It likely roosts in large colonies. It is insectivorous.[1]

Conservation[edit]

It is currently evaluated as least concern by the IUCN. It meets the criteria for this classification because its extent of occurrence is greater than 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi); it is locally common; and it tolerates human modification of the landscape, as evinced by it roosting in houses sometimes. It may be declining due to the mining of limestone from its caves.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hutson, A.M.; Schlitter, D. & Suyanto, A. (2008). "Hipposideros sumbae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T10164A3178322. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T10164A3178322.en.
  2. ^ Chiroptera Specialist Group 1996. Hipposideros sumbae. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 30 July 2007.
  3. ^ "Report of Findings on the Proposed Iralalaro Hydro-ElectricPower Scheme, Timor-Leste" (pdf; 3,2 MB). Haburas Foundation and the Australian Conservation Foundation. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  4. ^ Oei Hong Peng (1960). "Notes on bats from Bali, Lombok and Sumba". Hermera Zoa. 67 (28): 23–32.
  5. ^ a b Kitchener, D. J.; Maryanto, I. (1993). "Taxonomic reappraisal of the Hipposideros larvatus species complex (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) in the Greater and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia" (PDF). Records of the Western Australian Museum. 16 (2): 119–173.
  6. ^ Murray, Susan W; Campbell, Polly; Kingston, Tigga; Zubaid, Akbar; Francis, Charles M; Kunz, Thomas H (2012). "Molecular phylogeny of hipposiderid bats from Southeast Asia and evidence of cryptic diversity". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 597. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.021. PMID 22079552.