|Operator||University of Stellenbosch|
|Launch mass||81 kilograms (179 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||17 September 2009, 15:55:07UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur 31/6|
|End of mission|
|Perigee altitude||456 kilometres (283 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||461 kilometres (286 mi)|
|Epoch||25 January 2015, 05:27:07 UTC|
SumbandilaSat (formerly ZASAT-002, AMSAT designation SO-67), is a South African micro earth observation satellite, launched on 17 September 2009 on a Soyuz-2 launch vehicle from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. The first part of the name, Sumbandila, is from the Venda language and means "lead the way".
The University of Stellenbosch, SunSpace and the CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research) were key players in constructing SumbandilaSat. The CSIR's Satellite Application Centre (CSIR-SAC) was responsible for operations, telemetry, tracking, control as well as data capturing.
SumbandilaSat is part of a closely integrated South African space programme and will serve as a research tool to investigate the viability of affordable space technology. Furthermore, the data will be used to, amongst others, monitor and manage disasters such as flooding, oil spills and fires within Southern Africa.
In June 2011 the satellite was damaged during a solar storm. The damage caused the on-board computer and the camera to stop functioning. This has caused it to stop fulfilling its primary objective and has been written off as a loss by SunSpace, its builder.
|Imager||NER < 0.6% with a forward motion compensation (FMC) factor of 4:1|
|Operational MTF: >= 5% over the full field (excluding orbit motion effects)|
|GSD = 6.25m @ an orbit altitude of 500 km|
|6 spectral band (visible range) line scanner|
|Matrix sensor included for "snapshot" pictures|
|Image quantisation: 12-bit (data for each pixel stored as 2 bytes)|
|Image modes||Default scan mode with FMC = 4:1 but system can operate with FMC = 1:1 with consequent degradation in NER|
|In FMC = 4:1 mode, non-contiguous scenes of 45 km x 45 km can be imaged (max 10 scenes in 6 spectral bands before data downloading is required)|
|In FMC = 1:1 mode, a contiguous strip with 45 km swath can be imaged (max track length of 450 km can be imaged in 6 spectral bands before data downloading is required)|
|Imager data store||24 Gbyte|
|Image data downlink||Expected frequency to be implemented on satellite exploration S-band|
|Link margin: 3dB @ 10° (calculated with 0dBi satellite antenna; 5W Tx power and SAC GS parameters)|
|Data rate sufficient to download full image data store during two night passes|
|No real-time downloading of images (all images stored on board the satellite)|
|Viewfinder||Live downlinking of PAL video images during TT&C ground station passes|
|PAL images selectable between B&W (narrow FOV) and two wider FOV colour PAL cameras|
|Satellite bore-sight steerable with "joystick" interface|
|Viewfinder mode can be interrupted with either image snapshot or image linescan modes upon ground command|
|The bore-sight direction of the viewfinder is the same as the main imager|
|ADCS system||The satellite is 3-axis stabilised|
|System performance is sufficient to maintain pointing accuracy for image downloading|
|ADCS performance shall not degrade image quality|
|The satellite bore-sight can be controlled to within 3 km on the ground|
|The intended system implementation will use a combination of the following actuators and sensors: Horizon, fine-sun, coarse-sun sensors; star camera; magnetometer(s); fibre-optic gyros; reaction wheels and magneto torquers|
|A satellite slew manoeuvre from one stabilised position to another stabilised position, through an angle of 30°, can be completed in less than 1 minute|
|Propulsion System||Sufficient propellant included to maintain a satisfactory orbit for 3–4 years|
|System will demonstrate orbit constellation deployment as well as orbit maintenance|
|TT&C Communication Link||Expected frequencies to be implemented on commercial VHF uplink and UHF downlink|
|Link margin: 6dB @ 5° (calculated with -12dBi satellite antenna null; 5W Tx power and 12dBi GS antenna gain)|
|Satellite Housekeeping||One TT&C GS pass per 24h will be sufficient for the purpose of monitoring telemetry and uploading of new command sets and SW|
|Power||Energy source: solar panel with 65W (EOL) capacity|
|Mission planning will dictate energy requirements per orbit|
|Experiments||Provision is made for two 1-kg experiments|
|SU will certify the space environmental readiness of the experiments at MC level prior to integration|
|Average power available per experiment: 1.2W (TBC)|
|Peak power available per experiment: 10W (TBC)|
|Orbit lifetime||Design lifetime of 3 years at an orbit altitude of 500 km (subject to average sun activity)|
|Given the ultimate unpredictability of the space environment, the operational life can vary from the design lifetime|
* Courtesy of SunSpace
It has a number of secondary experimental payloads on board:
- Stellenbosch University — Architectural radiation experiment for commercial off the shelf devices and a software defined radio project.
- Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University — A forced vibrating string experiment.
- University of KwaZulu-Natal — Very low frequency (VLF) radio experiment.
- SA AMSAT — 2m/70 cm amateur radio transponder, parrot repeater and a voice beacon. The AMSAT designation of this payload is SO-67
- SUNSAT, first South African satellite
- "SUMBANDILA Satellite details 2009-049F NORAD 35870". N2YO. 25 January 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- ANS-294 AMSAT News Service Special Bulletin SumbandilaSat Designated as SO-67, AMSAT News Service, bulletin ANS-294 of 2009-10-21 (naming as OSCAR), accessed 2009-10-25
- "SA satellite finally lifts off". News24. Aug 18, 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-09-22. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- The Official SumbandilaSat Mission Blog
- Official Stellenbosch University Website
- SunSpace Website
- CSIR-SAC Website