The Straits Times
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Front page of The Straits Times from 18 May 2012
|Owner(s)||Singapore Press Holdings|
|Founded||15 July 1845|
|Political alignment||People's Action Party|
|Headquarters||1000 Toa Payoh North, News Centre, Singapore, 318994|
|Circulation||352,003 (As of July 2013[update])
5,000 (Myanmar edition)
2,500 (Brunei edition)
The Straits Times is an English-language daily broadsheet newspaper based in Singapore currently owned by Singapore Press Holdings (SPH). It is the country's highest-selling paper, with a current Sunday Times circulation of nearly 365,800.
Originally established on 15 July 1845 as The Straits Times and Singapore Journal of Commerce, in the early days of British colonial rule, it may be considered the successor to various other newspapers of the time such as the Singapore Chronicle. After Singapore became independent from Malaysia on 9 August 1965, the paper became more focused on the island leading to the creation of the New Straits Times for Malaysian readers.
The Straits Times was started by an Armenian, Catchick Moses. Moses's friend, Martyrose Apcar, had intended to start a local paper, but met with financial difficulties. To fulfil his friend's dream, Moses took over and appointed Robert Carr Woods as editor. On 15 July 1845, The Straits Times was launched as an eight-page weekly, published at 7 Commercial Square using a hand-operated press. The subscription fee then was Sp.$1.75 per month. In September 1846, he sold the paper to Robert Woods because the press proved unprofitable to run.
On 20 February 1942, five days after the British had surrendered to the Japanese, The Straits Times became known as The Shonan Times and The Syonan Shimbun. This name change lasted until 5 September 1945, when Singapore returned to British rule.:240
During the early days of Singaporean self-governance, the paper had an uneasy relationship with some politicians, including the leaders of the People's Action Party. Editors were warned that any reportage that may threaten the merger between the Malaysian Federation and Singapore may result in subversion charges, and that they may be detained without trial under the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance Act.
The Straits Times functions with 16 bureaus and special correspondents in major cities worldwide. The paper itself is published in five segments: the main section focuses on Asian and international news, with sub-sections of columns and editorials and the Forum Page (letters to the press). The Home section focuses on local news with 5 weekly sections, Education on Monday, Mind and Body on Tuesday, Digital on Wednesday, Community on Thursday and Science on Friday. The sports and finance pages, are separated into a different section themselves. There is a classified ads and job listing section, followed by a separate lifestyle, Style, entertainment and the arts section that is titled "Life!".
The newspaper also publishes special editions for primary and secondary schools in Singapore. The primary-school version contains a special pull-out, titled "Little Red Dot" and the secondary-school version contains a pull-out titled "In".
A specific Myanmar and Brunei edition of this paper was launched on 25 Mar 2014 and 30 October 2014. It is published daily with local newspaper printers on licence with SPH. This paper is distributed on ministries, businesses, major hotels, airlines, bookshops and supermarkets on major cities and it will focus local and foreign businessman on both countries. Circulation of the Myanmar edition currently stands at 5,000 and 2,500 for the Brunei edition. The Straits Times is currently the largest circulating international newspaper in Myanmar. The Brunei edition is currently sold at B$1 per copy and an All-in-One Straits Times package consisting of the print edition and full digital access via online, tablets and smartphones, will also be introduced in Brunei.
Straits Times Online
Launched on 1 January 1994, The Straits Times' website was free of charge and granted access to all the sections and articles found in the print edition. On 1 January 2005, the online version began requiring registration and after a short period became a paid-access-only site. Currently, only people who subscribe to the online edition can read all the articles on the Internet, including the frequently updated "Latest News" section.
A free section, featuring a selection of news stories, is currently available at the site. Regular podcast, vodcast and twice-daily—mid-day and evening updates—radio-news bulletins are also available for free online.
The Straits Times's decision to make its online edition almost entirely subscription-funded is in contrast to other traditional newspapers online editions, which often charge only for certain sections, such as archives, or for digital editions.
The Straits Times School Pocket Money Fund
The Straits Times School Pocket Money Fund was initiated on October 1, 1993 by The Straits Times, to heighten public awareness of the plight of children from low-income families who were attending school without proper breakfast, or pocket money to sustain their day in school. The aim is to alleviate the financial burden faced by parents in providing for their children's education. At the same time the funds will help children who are already facing difficulties in remaining in school to stay on.
The Straits Times Media Club
The Straits Times Media Club is a youth programme to encourage youth readership and interest in news and current affairs. Schools will have to subscribe for at least 500 copies, and will receive their papers every Monday. A youth newspaper, IN, is slotted in together with the main paper for the students.
Sale in Malaysia
Owing to political sensitivities, The Straits Times is not sold in neighboring Malaysia, and the Malaysian newspaper New Straits Times is not sold in Singapore. The ban was imposed before Independence in Malaysia. On 1 January 2005, the governments of both countries discussed lifting the ban with Singapore's former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew speaking in favour of such a move, although Malaysian politicians were more wary. At one point during a dispute over the sale of water, the newspaper was banned in Malaysia.
The newspaper is sometimes referred as "the mouthpiece" of the ruling party or at least "mostly pro-government" and "close to the government". The Newspaper and Printing Presses Act of 1974 requires all newspapers to be publicly listed into both ordinary and management shares, with management shares having 200 times the voting rights of ordinary shares, and approval from the Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts needed for any management share transfers.
Minister for Foreign Affairs and Culture, Suppiah Dhanabalan, expressed the view of the government on press freedom in an interview in 1982:
''A servile press does not serve the purpose that the press should serve in society. But it doesn't mean, therefore, that the press should feel that it has to adopt an anti-establishment attitude, that only then it is credible, which is the problem with many in the Western liberal press.''
Chua Chin Hon, then ST’s bureau chief for the United States, was quoted as saying that SPH’s “editors have all been groomed as pro-government supporters and are careful to ensure that reporting of local events adheres closely to the official line” in a 2009 US diplomatic cable leaked by WikiLeaks. Past chairpersons of Singapore Press Holdings have been civil or public servants. Current SPH Chairman Lee Boon Yang is a former PAP cabinet minister who took over from Tony Tan, former Deputy Prime Minister. Many current ST management and senior editors have close links to the government as well. SPH CEO Alan Chan was a former top civil servant and Principal Private Secretary of then Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew. Current editor-in-chief Warren Fernandez was considered as a PAP candidate for the 2006 elections.
|Name||Position(s) in SPH||Years served||Position(s) in public office|
|Before SPH||After SPH|
|S.R. Nathan||Executive chairman of the Straits Times Press/SPH||1982 – 1988||Perm Sec. Ministry of Foreign Affairs||Ambassador, President of Singapore|
|Lim Kim San||Executive chairman of SPH||1988 – 2002||Cabinet Minister, Chairman of Port of Singapore Authority|
|Tony Tan||Executive chairman of SPH||2005 – 2011||Deputy Prime Minister||President of Singapore|
|Tjong Yik Min||President of SPH||1995 – 2002||Director of Internal Security Department|
|Alan Chan||Director, President, Chief executive of SPH||2002 – 2017||Perm. Sec. of the Ministry of Transport|
|Lee Boon Yang||Executive chairman of SPH||2011 – present||Cabinet Minister|
|Patrick Daniel||Editor-in-chief, Deputy chief executive of SPH||1986 – present||Director in the Ministry of Trade and Industry|
|Ng Yat Chung||Chief executive of SPH||2017 –||Chief of Army, Chief of Defence Force|
|Han Fook Kwang||Editor of ST, Editor-at-large||1989 – present||Deputy Director of Ministry of Communications (Land Transport)|
|Janadas Devan||Senior editor of ST||1997 – 2012||Chief of Government Communications|
In his memoir OB Markers: My Straits Times Story, former editor-in-chief Cheong Yip Seng recounts how, since 1986, there has been a government-appointed "monitor" at the newspaper, "someone who could watch to see if indeed the newsroom was beyond control", and that disapproval of the "monitor" could cost a reporter or editor their job. Cheong identifies the first monitor as S. R. Nathan, director of the Ministry of Defence's Security and Intelligence Division and later president of Singapore. Editors were bound by out of bounds markers to denote what topics are permissible for public discussion, resulting in self-censorship.
The Straits Times has also been criticised by netizens for sloppy and biased reporting. For instance, the newspaper repeatedly interviewed the same Ashley Wu on different occasions whenever the trains broke down, rather than getting fresh viewpoints from different affected commuters.
- Catchick Moses, the Armenian founder of the paper
- Robert Carr Woods, the paper's first editor
- Susan Long, (Enterprise Editor/Journalist—Wrote an editorial, "NKF: Controversially ahead of its time?", published in The Straits Times on 1 January 2002, which became the subject of the dispute involving the National Kidney Foundation Singapore and SPH, and eventually the lawsuit that led to the National Kidney Foundation Singapore scandal)
- John McBeth, columnist from 2004 to 2015
- Ching Cheong, (Ex-Chief China Correspondent (Now Senior Writer based in Hong Kong Formerly held by Chinese authorities on espionage charges)
- Koh Buck Song, columnist 1990-99, 2004–05
- Miel Prudencio Ma, (Cartoonist and Senior Executive Artist, SPH)
- Ernest Corea, Features Editor and Foreign Affairs columnist
- Singapore Press Holdings
- Media of Singapore
- Media censorship in Singapore
- List of newspapers in Singapore
- Thio, HR and the Media in Singapore in HR and the Media, Robert Haas ed, Malaysia: AIDCOM 1996 69 at 72-5.
- "Leadership change at The Straits Times". AsiaOne News. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
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- "The Straits Times launches Myanmar edition". Singapore Press Holdings. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- "The Straits Times launches Brunei edition". Singapore Press Holdings. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- "Customer Care". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 2015-02-28.
- "Newspaper Article - Straits Times And Singapore Journal Of Commerce". Newspapers.nl.sg. Retrieved 2015-02-28.[dead link]
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- Giese, O., 1994, Shooting the War, Annapolis: United States Naval Institute, ISBN 1557503079
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- "Press Freedom". The Straits Times. 1959-05-19. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
- "IPI to Discuss PAP Threat Against The Straits Times". The Straits Times. 1959-05-22. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
- "'Ugly threats' are also a menace to already dwindling liberties". 1959-05-28. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
- Aglionby, John (2001-10-26). "A tick in the only box". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- "More young people writing to ST Forum". www.asiaone.com. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
- Mydans, Seth (2011-05-05). "In Singapore, Political Campaigning Goes Viral". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- "Singapore Straits Times website down after hacker threat". Reuters. 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- News, ABC. "Singapore bans Chinese-American scholar as foreign agent". ABC News. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- "Newspaper Law". The Straits Times. 1974-03-18. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
- Times, Colin Campbell, Special To The New York (1982-07-20). "SINGAPORE, CITING UNITY, AGAIN REINS IN THE PRESS". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- "Journalists Frustrated by Press Controls". Wikileaks. 2009-01-16.
- "WikiLeaks: Significant gov’t pressure put on ST editors". Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- Cheong, Yip Seng (2013). OB Markers: My Straits Times Story. Straits Times Press. ISBN 9789814342339.
- "COMMENT: The big story behind the SPH reshuffle". Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- Yahya, Yasmine (2017-05-26). "Journalism veteran Patrick Daniel to retire as SPH deputy CEO, stay on as consultant". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- "Bio on Author Han Fook Kwang" (PDF).
- "More young people writing to ST Forum". www.asiaone.com. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
- "Appointment to the Government Information Service". Base. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "Book Review: Lee Kuan Yew's Taming of the Press". Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Under Lee Kuan Yew, the press was only as free as it needed to be to serve Singapore". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- "The Exotic World of Singaporean Journalism - Asia Sentinel". Asia Sentinel. 2013-07-17. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 305–7
- Turnbull, C. Mary. Dateline Singapore: 150 Years of The Straits Times (1995), published by Singapore Press Holdings
- Cheong Yip Seng. OB Markers: My Straits Times Story (2012), published by Straits Times Press
- Official website
- The Straits Times at the Wayback Machine (archive index)
- Today's The Straits Times front page at the Newseum website