Sumita, Iwate

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Sumita
住田町
Town
Sumita Town Hall
Sumita Town Hall
Flag of Sumita
Flag
Official seal of Sumita
Seal
Location of Sumita in Iwate Prefecture
Location of Sumita in Iwate Prefecture
Sumita is located in Japan
Sumita
Sumita
 
Coordinates: 39°08′32″N 141°34′30″E / 39.14222°N 141.57500°E / 39.14222; 141.57500Coordinates: 39°08′32″N 141°34′30″E / 39.14222°N 141.57500°E / 39.14222; 141.57500
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Iwate
District Kesen
Government
 • -Mayor Kin'ichi Tada
Area
 • Total 334.84 km2 (129.28 sq mi)
Population (May 1 2017)
 • Total 5,733
 • Density 17/km2 (40/sq mi)
  Population total figure is for total residents, including resident aliens
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols  
• Tree Cryptomeria
• Flower Large-flowered cypripedium
• Bird Copper pheasant
Phone number 0192-46-2111
Address Setamai, Kawamukai 88-1, Sumita-cho, Kensen-gun, Iwate-ken 029-2396
Website Official website
The Kesen River in Sumita

Sumita (住田町, Sumita-chō) is a town located in Kesen District, Iwate Prefecture, in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. As of 1 April 2017, the town had an estimated population of 5,733 and a population density of 17 persons per km2 in 2218 households.[1]. The total area of the town was 334.84 square kilometres (129.28 sq mi).[2]

Geography[edit]

Sumita is located in a basin in southeastern Iwate Prefecture in the southern Kitakami Mountains, surrounded by peaks with an elevation of between 600 and 1500 meters an all sides. Approximately 90% of the town’s area is covered by forest and mountains. Sumita has a humid climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) bordering with warm summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Sumita is 10.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1379 mm with September as the wettest month and January as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around -1.2 °C.[3]

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Sumita has declined over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 10,397
1980 9,036
1990 8,228
2000 7,305
2010 6,190

History[edit]

The area of present-day Sumita was part of ancient Mutsu Province. It was under the control of the Date clan during the Edo period, who ruled the Sendai Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate.

The villages of Kamiarisu, Shimoarisu and Setamai within Kesen District were created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Setamai became a town on April 29, 1940. Kamiarisu and Shimoarisu merged with Setamai on April 1, 1955 to create the town of Sumita.

Economy[edit]

The local economy is largely agricultural, with pig farming contributing to over half of the town's agricultural production.[2]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sumita official town home page (in Japanese)
  2. ^ a b "詳細データ 岩手県紫波町". 市町村の姿 グラフと統計でみる農林水産業 (in Japanese). Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Sumita climate data
  4. ^ Sumita population statistics

External links[edit]

Media related to Sumita, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons