Listen to this article

SummerSlam (2003)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
SummerSlam (2003)
SummerSlam 2003 poster.jpg
Promotional poster featuring Sable
Theme
song
(s)
"St. Anger" by Metallica[1]
Information
Promotion World Wrestling Entertainment
Brand(s) Raw
SmackDown!
Sponsor(s) Stacker 2
Date August 24, 2003
Attendance 16,113
Venue America West Arena
City Phoenix, Arizona
Pay-per-view chronology
Vengeance (2003) SummerSlam (2003) Unforgiven (2003)
SummerSlam chronology
SummerSlam (2002) SummerSlam (2003) SummerSlam (2004)

SummerSlam (2003) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) and presented by Stacker 2's YJ Stinger. It took place on August 24, 2003, at the America West Arena in Phoenix, Arizona.[2] It was the 16th annual SummerSlam event and starred wrestlers from the Raw and SmackDown! brands.

Nine professional wrestling matches were set on the event's supercard, a scheduling of multiple high-level matches. The first main event was an Elimination Chamber match, in which World Heavyweight Champion Triple H defeated Chris Jericho, Goldberg, Kevin Nash, Randy Orton, and Shawn Michaels to retain his championship. In the other main event, defending WWE Champion Kurt Angle defeated Brock Lesnar in a standard wrestling match. The undercard included Kane defeating Rob Van Dam in a No Holds Barred match, and Eddie Guerrero defending his United States Championship against Chris Benoit, Rhyno and Tajiri.

The event marked the second time the Elimination Chamber format was used by WWE; the first was at Survivor Series 2002. SummerSlam (2003) grossed over $715,000 ticket sales from an attendance of 16,113 and received about 415,000 pay-per-view buys, more than the following year's event. This event helped WWE increase its pay-per-view revenue by $6.2 million from the previous year.

Storylines[edit]

World Heavyweight Champion Triple H

The professional wrestling matches at SummerSlam featured professional wrestlers performing as characters in scripted events pre-determined by the hosting promotion, World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE).[3][4] Storylines between the characters were produced on WWE's weekly television shows Raw and SmackDown! with the Raw and SmackDown! brands—storyline divisions in which WWE assigned its employees to different programs.[5]

On July 22, 2003, during the SummerSlam press conference, the authority figure Eric Bischoff, announced that Triple H would defend the World Heavyweight Championship against Goldberg at the event.[6][7] On the August 4, 2003 episode of Raw, Bischoff changed the stipulations of the match to No Disqualifications. Later that night, another authority figure, Steve Austin, altered Bischoff's announcement, stating that the title would be contested in the Elimination Chamber, where the ring is surrounded by steel chains and steel girders, with Triple H defending his title against Goldberg, Chris Jericho, Kevin Nash, Randy Orton, and Shawn Michaels.[8][9] Six days before SummerSlam, during the August 18, 2003 episode of Raw the rivalry among the six men intensified during a promotional interview segment, where each superstar in the Elimination Chamber discussed the match and taunted the other wrestlers. During the main event, where Orton faced Goldberg, Nash interfered in the match and attacked Goldberg. Michaels then entered the ring, but as he was about to hit Triple H with the World Heavyweight Championship belt, Jericho ran into the ring and hit Michaels with a chair.[10][11]

WWE Champion Kurt Angle

On the July 31, 2003 episode of SmackDown!, during an interview promotion in the ring, Brock Lesnar challenged Kurt Angle to a WWE Championship rematch from Vengeance, WWE's previous pay-per-view event. The WWE Chairman, Vince McMahon, decided that Lesnar would have to earn his rematch by competing in a steel cage match against Vince himself the next week on SmackDown!, with Angle officiating as a special guest referee.[12][13] The Steel Cage match resulted in a no-contest after McMahon and Lesnar attacked Angle.[14][15] On August 14, 2003 during an episode of SmackDown!, McMahon announced that Angle would defend the championship against Lesnar at SummerSlam.[16][17]

On the June 23, 2003 episode of Raw, Kane removed his mask and exposed his face in front of Rob Van Dam and the crowd after losing to Triple H during a World Heavyweight Championship in a Mask vs. Title match. Two weeks later on Raw, Kane attacked Van Dam backstage.[18][19] The next week on Raw, Eric Bischoff gave Van Dam a match against Kane,[20][21] which took place the next week on Raw and ended in a no-contest. On August 4, 2003, Shane McMahon, Mr. McMahon's son, scheduled a No Disqualification match between both men for SummerSlam.

On the August 7, 2003 episode of SmackDown!, United States Champion Eddie Guerrero faced Chris Benoit. However, during the match, Rhyno and Tajiri interfered, thus the match ended in a no-contest. Sgt. Slaughter, a WWE official, scheduled Guerrero and Benoit to face Rhyno and Tajiri in a tag team match, which Guerrero and Benoit won. The next week on SmackDown!, a SummerSlam advertisement announced that Guerrero would defend the United States Championship against Benoit, Rhyno, and Tajiri.

Event[edit]

Sunday Night Heat[edit]

Before the event aired live on pay-per-view, Matt Hardy faced Zach Gowen on Sunday Night Heat, one of WWE's secondary TV programs. Gowen, however, was unable to compete due to legit injuries he sustained on the August 21, 2003 episode of SmackDown!. In result, Hardy was declared the winner via forfeit.

In the next match, Rey Mysterio faced Shannon Moore for the WWE Cruiserweight Championship, in which Rey Mysterio. Mysterio pinned Moore to retain the title after he performed 619.[23]

Preliminary matches[edit]

After Sunday Night Heat, the pay-per-view event began with a tag team match for the World Tag Team Championship. The champions, La Résistance (René Duprée and Sylvain Grenier), defended their titles against The Dudley Boyz (Bubba Ray and D-Von). Throughout the match, both teams performed many offensive maneuvers, though The Dudley Boyz were able to gain the upper hand when they executed a 3D on Duprée. As D-Von covered Duprée, Rob Conway, who was disguised as a cameraman, hit D-Von with a camera while the referee was distracted. Duprée then covered D-Von for a successful pinfall to retain the championship.[24][25]

The Dudley Boyz faced La Résistance for the World Tag Team Championship

The following match pitted The Undertaker against A-Train in a standard match. In the early stages both competitors wrestled inconclusively before The Undertaker gained the advantage. He attempted to lift A-Train Tombstone piledriver. A-Train countered it, in the process knocking the referee down. He attempted to take advantage of the situation by trying to hit The Undertaker with a chair. The Undertaker, however, countered the attack with his boot, causing the chair to hit A-Train in the face. The Undertaker then chokeslam A-Train and, since the referee had recuperated, covered his opponent for the pinfall.[26]

The third contest had Shane McMahon against Eric Bischoff in a standard match. McMahon and Bischoff began by brawling on the arena ramp, as Jonathan Coachman appeared from the backstage area and hit McMahon with a folding chair. Bischoff grabbed a microphone and announced that the match would be contested under no disqualification, falls count anywhere regulations; as a result, Bischoff could not be disqualified for Coachman's interference. Coachman and Bischoff performed double-team attacks on McMahon until Steve Austin interfered by performing a Stone Cold Stunners on Coachman and Bischoff. After Austin's interference, McMahon positioned Bischoff on the television commentators' table, performed a Leap of Faith onto Bischoff's chest, thereby breaking the table and covered Bischoff for the pinfall.[24][27]

Eddie Guerrero defended the WWE United States Championship in a Fatal Four Way match

The next match involved four wrestlers from the Smackdown! brand in a match for the WWE United States Championship; Eddie Guerrero defended the title against Chris Benoit, Rhyno, and Tajiri. The match began with Guerrero wrestling with Tajiri, while Benoit wrestled with Rhyno. During the encounter Guerrero applied a Lasso From El Passo on Tajiri, while Benoit employed a Crippler Crossface on Rhyno. Afterwards, Tajiri applied a Tarantula on Benoit. The hold distracted the referee, which allowed Guerrero to hit Rhyno with the United States Championship belt. Tajiri then attempted to hit Benoit with a Buzzsaw Kick, but Benoit countered the maneuver by lifting and sitting Tajiri onto his shoulders. Tajiri, however, countered by tossing both himself and Benoit over the top rope onto the arena floor. Capitalizing on the situation, Guerrero then performed a Frog splash on Rhyno, after which he scored the pinfall, thus retaining the WWE United States Championship.[28]

Main event matches[edit]

The fifth match was the main event from the SmackDown brand, a standard match for the WWE Championship, in which Kurt Angle defended the title against Brock Lesnar. At the beginning of the match, Lesnar tried to walk away from the ring, but Angle brought him back. There, Angle performed many offensive maneuvers, including DDT and Angle Slam. He then applied an ankle lock on Lesnar. During this tussle, Lesnar countered the hold but knocked down the referee. Angle applied a guillotine choke on Lesnar, which brought Lesnar down onto his knees and allowed Angle to perform another ankle lock. Mr. McMahon, who had accompanied Lesnar to the ring, came into the ring and hit Angle's back with a folding chair to break the submission hold. Because the referee was incapacitated, Lesnar was not disqualified for the interference. Afterwards, Lesnar twice attempted to lift Angle onto his F-5. During the second attempt, however, Angle countered the throw into another ankle lock, which forced Lesnar to submit. As a result, Angle retained the WWE Championship.[25][29]

In a preliminary match from the Raw brand, Kane faced Rob Van Dam in a No Disqualification match. Both wrestlers used a ladder to their advantage early in the match. After Kane used the ladder on Van Dam, he attempted to hit Van Dam with a flying clothesline. However, Van Dam moved out of the way and Kane landed on the arena barricade. Van Dam performed a variation of a rolling thunder on Kane using a folding chair. Following this, Van Dam attempted to hit Kane with a Van Daminator with a chair, but Kane rolled out of the ring to avoid the attack. Van Dam then attempted an aerial technique from inside the ring towards Kane, but Kane caught Van Dam in mid-air and executed a tombstone piledriver, after which he covered Van DAm for the pinfall.[28]

The Elimination Chamber structure

The main event from the Raw brand was the Elimination Chamber match for the World Heavyweight Championship, in which Triple H defended the title against Chris Jericho, Goldberg, Kevin Nash, Randy Orton, and Shawn Michaels. The match began with Jericho and Michaels in the ring, while Goldberg, Nash, Orton, and Triple H were locked in the chambers. Michaels and Jericho wrestled, with neither of them gaining the advantage over the other. Orton and Nash were the third and fourth entrants into the match, respectively. Nash was the first wrestler eliminated from the match after Michaels executed a superkick and Chris Jericho covered him for a pinfall. Triple H and Goldberg were the fifth and sixth entrants. Michaels performed another superkick on Triple H as soon as he exited his chamber, and as a result, Triple H was knocked back into his chamber. As soon as Goldberg entered the match, he performed a spear for a pinfall to eliminate Orton. Next, Goldberg performed a Jackhammer on Michaels and Jericho, eliminating both via pinfall. This left Goldberg alone with and Triple H, who at the time had remained inside the chamber. Goldberg performed a spear on him through the glass of the chamber, in the process pushing him out of the chamber. Ric Flair, who was managing both Triple H and Orton, then handed Triple H a sledgehammer. Goldberg attempted another spear on Triple H, who countered the maneuver by hitting Goldberg with the sledgehammer and covered him for the pinfall. Triple H therefore retained the World Heavyweight Championship.[25][29]

Aftermath[edit]

Goldberg, who feuded with Triple H after SummerSlam

During an episode of Raw after SummerSlam, Goldberg challenged Triple H to another match for the World Heavyweight Championship. This match took place at the Unforgiven pay-per-view on September 21, 2003 with a stipulation that, should he lose, Goldberg would retire from WWE.[30][31] Goldberg defeated Triple H to become the new champion.[32][33] After SummerSlam, Kurt Angle focused his attention on The Undertaker, whom he wrestled in a match for the WWE Championship during an episode of SmackDown! on September 4, 2003. During the match, Lesnar attacked both wrestlers with a folding chair,[34][35] leading to an Iron Man match between Angle and Lesnar. Lesnar won five falls during the match, while Angle won four, and as a result Lesnar won the title.[36][37]

The rivalry between Kane and Rob Van Dam stopped, as Kane engaged in a feud against Shane McMahon. In a scenario on the August 25, 2003 episode of Raw, Kane attempted to throw McMahon into a dumpster that was set on fire, but McMahon avoided it and threw Kane into the dumpster.[30] On September 8, 2003 during an episode of Raw, Eric Bischoff scheduled a Last Man Standing match between Kane and McMahon for Unforgiven.[31] In that match, Kane defeated McMahon after McMahon was unable to respond to a ten count.[38][39] After SummerSlam, Eddie Guerrero began a rivalry with John Cena over the WWE United States Championship. Guerrero retained the championship in two title defenses that took place on SmackDown!.[35][40] Guerrero then engaged in a feud with Big Show. At No Mercy, Big Show defeated Guerrero via pinfall to win the WWE United States Championship.[41][42]

Reception[edit]

The America West Arena has a maximum capacity of 19,000, but that was reduced for SummerSlam 2003. The event grossed over US$715,000 in ticket sales from an attendance of 16,113, the maximum allowed.[43][44] This was later confirmed by Linda McMahon, WWE CEO, in a press release on August 26, 2003.[45] The event resulted in 415,000 pay-per-view buys (a 0.88 pay-per-view buyrate). The promotion's pay-per-view revenue was $24.7 million.[46]

Canadian Online Explorer's professional wrestling section rated the entire event a 7 out of 10 stars.[25] The rating was higher than the SummerSlam event in 2004, which was rated a 5 out of 10 stars.[47] The Elimination Chamber main event match from the Raw brand was rated an 8.5 out of 10 stars, with an additional rating of 1 out of 10 stars for the process in which the match ended. The SmackDown! brand's main event, a standard match for the WWE Championship, was rated a 9 out of 10 stars, a better reception than the Raw brand's main event.[25] Wade Keller reviewed the event for the Pro Wrestling Torch. He rated the Angle-Lesnar match 4-and-a-half out of 5 stars, declaring it an "excellent match".[48] The Elimination Chamber match received a rating of 3 stars.[48] The event was released on DVD on September 23, 2003[49] by Sony Music Entertainment.

Results[edit]

No. Results[25][26] Stipulations Times[22]
1H Rey Mysterio (c) defeated Shannon Moore Singles match for the WWE Cruiserweight Championship 02:03
2 La Résistance (René Duprée and Sylvain Grenier) (c) (with Rob Conway) defeated The Dudley Boyz (Bubba Ray and D-Von) (with Spike Dudley) Tag team match for the World Tag Team Championship 07:49
3 The Undertaker defeated A-Train (with Sable) Singles match 09:19
4 Shane McMahon defeated Eric Bischoff Falls Count Anywhere match 10:36
5 Eddie Guerrero (c) defeated Chris Benoit, Rhyno, and Tajiri Fatal 4-Way match for the WWE United States Championship 10:50
6 Kurt Angle (c) defeated Brock Lesnar by submission Singles match for the WWE Championship 20:48
7 Kane defeated Rob Van Dam No Holds Barred match 12:49
8 Triple H (c) (with Ric Flair) defeated Goldberg, Chris Jericho, Shawn Michaels, Randy Orton and Kevin Nash Elimination Chamber match for the World Heavyweight Championship 19:12
  • (c) – refers to the champion(s) heading into the match
  • H – indicates the match was broadcast prior to the pay-per-view on Sunday Night Heat

Elimination Chamber entrances and eliminations[edit]

Elimination number Wrestler Entered Eliminated by Method of elimination Time
1 Kevin Nash 4 Chris Jericho Roll-up 08:05
2 Randy Orton 3 Goldberg Spear 13:01
3 Shawn Michaels 2 Goldberg Jackhammer 15:19
4 Chris Jericho 1 Goldberg Jackhammer 16:03
5 Goldberg 6 Triple H Sledgehammer shot to the back of the head 19:12
Winner Triple H 5 Winner Winner 19:12

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ouellette, Christopher (2003-08-07). "Full WWE SmackDown Results – 08/07/03 (Brock Lesnar turns heel and more)". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-07-10. Metallica's 'St Anger' is the theme song of SS this year. 
  2. ^ "SummerSlam (2003) Venue". WWE. Archived from the original on June 30, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  3. ^ Grabianowski, Ed. "How Pro Wrestling Works". HowStuffWorks. Discovery Communications. Retrieved March 5, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Live & Televised Entertainment". WWE. Archived from the original on November 18, 2013. Retrieved March 21, 2012. 
  5. ^ "WWE to make Raw and SmackDown! distinct TV brands" (Press release). WWE. March 27, 2002. Archived from the original on April 17, 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2012. 
  6. ^ Martin, Adam (2003-07-28). "Shane McMahon returns to confront Kane". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  7. ^ Powell, Jason (2003-07-28). "7/28 WWE Raw: Powell's virtual time coverage (hour one)". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  8. ^ Keller, Wade (2003-08-04). "Keller's Raw Report 8/4: Ongoing "virtual time" analysis of live show". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  9. ^ "Big Red Assault on Shane-O Mac". WWE. 2003-08-04. Archived from the original on 2003-12-05. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  10. ^ Williams, Jeff (2003-08-18). "Full WWE Raw Results −8/18/03 -Chris Jericho vs. Kevin Nash (Hair vs. Hair)". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  11. ^ "Out of Control". WWE. 2003-08-18. Archived from the original on 2003-12-05. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  12. ^ Radican, Sean (2003-07-31). "7/31 WWE Smackdown review: Angle & Lesnar test their friendship". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  13. ^ "Caged Aggression". WWE. 2003-07-31. Archived from the original on 2004-10-22. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  14. ^ "Caged Destruction". WWE. 2003-08-07. Archived from the original on 2004-10-09. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  15. ^ Radican, Sean (2003-08-10). "8/7 WWE Smackdown review: Radican's reaction to program". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  16. ^ "Stephanie Derailed!". WWE. 2003-08-14. Archived from the original on 2004-10-22. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  17. ^ Radican, Sean (2003-08-14). "8/14 WWE Smackdown review: Steph vs. A-Train headlines". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  18. ^ Powell, Jason (2003-07-07). "7/14 WWE Raw: Powell's virtual time coverage (hour one)". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  19. ^ "Time to Move On". WWE. 2003-07-07. Archived from the original on 2003-12-05. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  20. ^ Powell, Jason (2003-07-14). "7/14 WWE Raw: Powell's virtual time coverage (hour two)". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  21. ^ "Kane sets Fire to J.R". WWE (Internet Archive). 2003-07-14. Archived from the original on 2003-12-04. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  22. ^ a b "SummerSlam (2003) Information". Hoff Co. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  23. ^ Giebink, Dusty (2003-08-24). "8/24 WWE Heat review: Detailed rundown of pre-Summerslam show". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  24. ^ a b Martin, Adam (2003-08-24). "Full WWE SummerSlam PPV Results – 8/24/03 – Phoenix, Arizona". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f Plummer, Dale; Nick Tylwalk. "Triple H retains at SummerSlam". Canoe: Slam Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  26. ^ a b 2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts. 2007 (Wrestling's Historical Cards ed.). Kappa Publishing. pp. 113–114. 
  27. ^ Keller, Wade (2003-08-24). "8/24 WWE SummerSlam PPV: Ongoing "virtual time" results of live event". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  28. ^ a b "SummerSlam (2003) Results". WWE. Archived from the original on June 19, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  29. ^ a b "SummerSlam (2003): The Main Events". WWE. Archived from the original on June 20, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  30. ^ a b "Burn in Hell". WWE (Internet Archive). Archived from the original on 2003-12-04. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  31. ^ a b Lyle, Stephanie (2003-09-08). "Full WWE Raw Results – 9/08/03 – Huntsville, AL (Kane vs. RVD in a cage)". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  32. ^ "Triple H vs. Goldberg for the World Heavyweight Championship". WWE. Archived from the original on December 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  33. ^ "Unforgiven 2003 Results". WWE. Archived from the original on March 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  34. ^ "Vince unlocks a monster". WWE. Archived from the original on 2004-06-03. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  35. ^ a b Sicilliano, Mike (2003-09-04). "Full WWE SmackDown Results – 9/4/03 ('Taker/Angle for WWE Title, more)". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  36. ^ "Brock tops Kurt". WWE. Archived from the original on 2004-07-01. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  37. ^ Sicilliano, Mike (2003-09-18). "Full WWE SmackDown Results – 9/18/03 – Raleigh, NC (New WWE champion)". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  38. ^ Keller, Wade (2003-09-21). "9/21 WWE Unforgiven PPV results: Keller's "virtual time" results of live event". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  39. ^ Martin, Adam (2003-09-21). "Full WWE Unforgiven (RAW) PPV Results – 9/21/03 – Hershey, Pennsylvania". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  40. ^ Radican, Sean. "8/28 WWE Smackdown review: Radican's detailed report on show". PW Torch. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  41. ^ Martin, Adam (2003-10-13). "Full WWE No Mercy (SmackDown) PPV Results – 10/19/03 – Baltimore, MD". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  42. ^ "WWE No Mercy Results". WWE. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  43. ^ "U.S. Airways Center Seating Chart (Basketball)" (PDF). U.S. Airways Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 2, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  44. ^ "U.S. Airways Arena". BuySellTix. Archived from the original on May 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  45. ^ "Q1 2004 World Wrestling Entertainment Inc. Earnings Conference Call – Final.". Access Library. 2003-08-26. Retrieved 2008-07-21. It is hot in Phoenix. For any of you who may not be located here I think for SummerSlam not only did we have a hot event in the arena, but it was 116 degrees outside. But we had a sold out event with very, very enthusiastic fans cheering throughout the early evening and night and they even stood outside in the parking lot in that heat for about 3 or 4 hours in the afternoon. So it's good to see that kind of enthusiasm for our product. 
  46. ^ "World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. Reports Q2 Results" (PDF). WWE. 2004-11-23. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  47. ^ Clevett, Jason. "Orton-Benoit-Guerrero-Angle save SummerSlam". WWE. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  48. ^ a b Keller, Wade (August 11, 2010). "WWE SumerSlam Flashback Series – 2003 Report: Triple H wins Elimination Chamber over big names, Kurt Angle vs. Brock Lesnar". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  49. ^ "WWE SummerSlam DVD at F.Y.E". For Your Entertainment. Archived from the original on April 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 

External links[edit]

Listen to this article (3 parts) · (info)
Part 1 • Part 2 • Part 3
This audio file was created from a revision of the "SummerSlam (2003)" article dated 2008-08-26, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help)
More spoken articles