A mountain coaster or alpine coaster is a gravity driven amusement ride with bobsled-like cars on tracks installed on a mountain. It is similar to alpine slides where a low-wheeled sled is used to navigate the track but instead of running over a smooth concave tracks like the alpine slide, alpine coasters run on rails with up-stop wheels like roller coasters. Thus, alpine coasters are safer and faster than alpine slides as it prevents overturning when going too fast on a curve. Tracks are tubular rails like a steel roller coasters while some have monorail-type tracks. But unlike a roller coaster, the rider has the capability to control their speed with its rider-controlled brake system. Alpine coasters can also operate year-round even through light rain and snow.
Safety features, speed, tracks and layout vary by manufacturer. Leading makers of mountain coasters (with trade marks in parenthesis) include Wiegand (Alpine Coaster), Brandauer (Summer Toboggan), Alpine Products (Alpine Mountain Coaster), and Erbschloe Fun Construct (Rolba Bob).
The longest alpine coaster in the world is Tobotronc at Naturlandia in the tiny Principality of Andorra in the Pyrenees Mountains between France and Spain. It is 5.3 km long. The highest alpine coaster in the world is the Alpine Coaster of Glacier 3000 in Gstaad, Switzerland with the starting elevation of 9,747 feet (2,971 m) and a length of 3,300 feet (1,000 m).
The predecessor to the mountain coaster is the alpine slide, which came out in the 1970s. A German company in Rasdorf, Wiegand, installed the first stainless steel tracks for the alpine slide in 1975 rather than the customary fiberglass or concrete tracks. The company later developed the first mountain coasters in 1997. Josef Wiegand, the owner, envisioned the idea of creating a roller coaster-type ride for ski resorts that would take advantage of the topography of the land, rather than building the structure to create the elevation changes that traditional roller coasters require. The company installed its first coaster under the "Alpine Coaster" trademark in 1997.
In 2007, Alpine Products, one of the largest manufacturer of alpine slides, entered the market with its "Alpine Mountain Coaster". The company is the first maker to add an anti-collision system that detects cars ahead, warns, and stops the cars when needed, among other safety features.
Most mountain coasters are installed by ski resorts as an added year-round attraction or installed seasonally to augment income during summer months. The latter have easily removable tracks that are placed over the ski runs after the ski season. All mountain coaster tracks are devised for easy installation with minimal impact to the topsoil and environment as most tracks are build close to the ground taking advantage of the natural elevation of the terrain. No concrete work is needed except at the station. Some bridgework up to 5 metres (16 ft) tall are installed by manufacturers to adjust for roads, trails, ski slopes or water way crossings. Aluminum or stainless steel are used for the tracks for low maintenance and durability.
Some tracks are closed loop and include a lift system during the course of the ride. Some coasters on ski resorts eliminate the long tedious climb up to the top by utilizing the resort's ski lift to take the riders to the top of the course, so the riders can just enjoy a longer one-way downhill run back to the station. Mountain coaster erected as rides on amusement parks are usually closed-loop coasters.
The closed loop track and the lift system on the coaster at the Zemplén Adventure Park in Hungary.
Thrill elements on mountain coasters could include varying degrees of curves, dips and hairpin turns. Large spiral circles (helixes) are not only used as a thrill element but also for reducing elevation.
Each sled accommodates one or two passengers and is controlled by a hand brakes located on both sides of the car or one single brake lever in the middle of the car on Brandauer coasters. Riders are advised to place their hands on the brakes at all times for safety reasons. Pulling the hand brake handle causes the cart to stop; pushing or letting go of the handle causes the brakes to release, allowing the cart to accelerate.
Alpine coasters are unique among amusement park rides in that the rider has complete control over his or her speed and ride experience. Riders can opt for slower leisurely run or with minimal or no braking for faster thrilling rides.
Most cars are equipped with centrifugal brake system which controls its maximum speed by limiting the rpm of the run rollers. Riders are responsible to observe a safe distance as a common courtesy to the riders in front. Each cars are equipped with shock-absorbing front and rear bumpers in case of collision, which occurs when riders are driving too fast and leaving not enough space for braking distance. Newer generation coasters are equipped with an anti-collision system, which automatically apply the brakes if the rider gets too close to the car ahead.
To secure the riders on their seats, each car is equipped with a three-point safety belt for the rider and a lap belt for the passenger. Tracks also have safety nets especially on steep curves as a precaution.
- Ridge Runner Mountain Coaster at the Blue Mountain in Ontario, Canada has a downhill length of 3,650 feet (1,110 m) with a maximum speed of 26 miles per hour (42 km/h).
- Viking Mountain Coaster at Mont Saint-Sauveur in Quebec City, Canada.
- Alpine Coaster of Glacier 3000 in Gstaad, Switzerland is the highest alpine coaster in the world with the starting elevation of 9,747 feet (2,971 m) and a downhill run of 3,300 feet (1,000 m) reaching a top speed of 25 miles per hour (40 km/h). The ride opened on March 26, 2007.
- Alpine Coaster at Glenwood Caverns Adventure Park in Glenwood Springs, Colorado, was the very first alpine coaster in the United States when it opened in 2005. The ride starts with a downward run of 3,400 feet (1,000 m) and then followed by 1,000 feet (300 m) lift.
- The Coaster at Goats on the Roof in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee. Originally slated to be named Goat Coaster, the ride starts with a lift of 1,325 feet (404 m) and then a drop of 3,050 feet (930 m) totaling to 4,375 feet (1,334 m) with a maximum speed of 27 miles per hour (43 km/h). Opened on January 17, 2015.
- Cranmore Mountain Coaster at Cranmore Mountain Resort in North Conway, New Hampshire. The ride starts with a lift of 1,315 feet (401 m) and then a drop of 2,390 feet (730 m) totaling to 3,705 feet (1,129 m) with a maximum speed of 25 miles per hour (40 km/h). Opened on November 20, 2010.
- Gatlinburg Mountain Coaster in Gatlinburg, Tennessee. The ride starts with a lift of 780 feet (240 m) and then a drop of 2,500 feet (760 m) totaling to 3,280 feet (1,000 m) with a maximum speed of 31 miles per hour (50 km/h). Opened on August 31, 2014.
- Gold Runner Alpine Coaster at the Breckenridge Ski Resort in Colorado with a downhill run of 2,500 feet (760 m).
- Jiminy Peak's Mountain Coaster at the Jiminy Peak Mountain Resort in Hancock, Massachusetts, with a total length of 3,600 feet (1,100 m) and maximum speed of 23 miles per hour (37 km/h). The attraction opened on July 1, 2006, the second mountain coaster in the country and the first in New England.
- Killington Beast Mountain Coaster at the Killington Ski Resort in Killington, Vermont, features a twisting downward layout totaling 4,800 feet (1,500 m), and top speed of 27 miles per hour (43 km/h). Opening Summer 2015.
- Mountain Coaster Poconos at Camelback Mountain Adventures near Camelback Mountain Resort in Tannersville, Pennsylvania. Ride starts with an uphill climb to the crest before going downhill for 4,500 feet (1,400 m) with a maximum speed of 30 miles per hour (48 km/h). Opened in July 2012.
- Mountain Creek Alpine Mountain Coaster at the Mountain Creek in Vernon Township, New Jersey.
- Nor'Easter Mountain Coaster at the Attitash Mountain Resort in Bartlett, New Hampshire, which starts with a 1,420 feet (430 m) uphill climb and a drop of 2,880 feet (880 m) totaling 4,300 feet (1,300 m), and top speed of 25 miles per hour (40 km/h). Opened on November 24, 2010.
- Nor'Easter Mountain Coaster at the Greek Peak Mountain Resort in Cortland, New York, has a track length of 4,300 feet (1,300 m) and top speed of 28 miles per hour (45 km/h).
- Ober Gatlinburg Mountain Coaster in Gatlinburg, Tennessee. This New-for-2015 mountain coaster is currently under construction, and promises to be the longest track mountain coaster in North America when it debuts in July, 2015.
- Park City Mountain Alpine Coaster at the Park City Mountain Resort in Utah with a total length of nearly 4,000 feet (1,200 m), with a top speed of 30 miles per hour (48 km/h). The ride opened on August 28, 2006, the third oldest alpine coaster in the United States.
- Sky High Mountain Coaster at the Holiday Valley Resort in Ellicottville, New York, has an uphill track of 1,865 feet (568 m) and downhill of 2,940 feet (900 m) for a total length of 4,805 feet (1,465 m). Opened on August 20, 2011.
- Smoky Mountain Alpine Coaster in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee, starts with a lift of 1,500 feet (460 m) and then a drop of 3,900 feet (1,200 m) totaling to 5,400 feet (1,600 m), making it the second longest mountain coaster in North America. Opened on August 3, 2013.
- Snowbird Mountain Coaster at Snowbird Ski Resort in Little Cottonwood Canyon, Utah. Length is 3,120 feet (950 m) with an elevation drop of 160 feet (49 m).
- Thunderbolt Mountain Coaster at Berkshire East Ski Resort in Charlemont, Massachusetts. The ride starts with a lift of 1,580 feet (480 m) and then a drop of 3,870 feet (1,180 m) totaling to 5,450 feet (1,660 m) making it the longest mountain coaster in North America. Opened on October 10, 2014.
- Timber Ripper Alpine Coaster at the Okemo Mountain Resort in Ludlow, Vermont. The track starts with a 1,600-foot (490 m) climb followed by 3,100 feet (940 m) run for a total of 4,700 feet (1,400 m) with an elevation drop of 375 feet (114 m), reaching speeds of 25 miles per hour (40 km/h). Opened on December 23, 2010.
- Timber Twister Alpine Coaster at the Spirit Mountain in Duluth, Minnesota, which starts with a drop of 3,200 feet (980 m) reaching speeds of 26 miles per hour (42 km/h) followed by a six-minute climb back to the top.
- Wisp Resort Mountain Coaster at the Wisp Ski Resort in McHenry, Maryland. The coaster starts with a 1,300 feet (400 m) uphill track followed by 3,500 feet (1,100 m) downhill run for a total of 4,800 feet (1,500 m) with an approximate maximum speed of 28 miles per hour (45 km/h) and 350 feet (110 m) elevation drop on the eastern side of Wisp Mountain.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mountain coaster.|
- "Frequently asked Questions". Smoky Mountain Alpine Coaster. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- "Alpine Coasters". Wiegand Sports USA. Retrieved on 2014-07-24.
- "Summer Toboganning System". Brandauer. Retrieved on 2014-07-20.
- "Alpine Mountain Coaster". Aquatic Group. Retrieved on 2014-07-24.
- "Rolba Bob". Fun Construct. Retrieved on 2014-07-24.
- "Alpine Coaster". Glacier 3000. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- "All About Alpine Coasters". Coaster 101. Retrieved on 2014-07-17.
- "Alpine Coasters". AceOnline. Retrieved on 2014-07-24.
- "Referenzen (tab) > 'Österreich' ". Brandauer. Retrieved on 2014-08-17.
- "Rolba Bob Product Features". Fun Construct. Retrieved on 2014-07-25.
- "About Alpine Slides & Alpine Coasters". Alpine Slide Directory. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- deathbyillusion (2011-03-06). "Alpine Coaster Winter On-ride (Complete HD Experience) Park City Mountain Resort". YouTube. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- "Alpine Coaster". Park City Mountain Resort. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- davidjellis (2011-12-03). "Long Alpine Coaster (Imst) - no brakes!". YouTube. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- "Ridge Runner Mountain Coaster". Blue Mountain. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- "Thrill Rides at Glenwood Cavern". Glenwood Cavern Adventure Park. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- "Mountain Adventure Park". Cranmore Mountain Adventure Park. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- Carlton, Lindsay (2011-10-04). "Mountain Coasters Add New Twist to Ski Slope Fun". FOX News. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- "Mountain Coaster". Jiminy Peak Mountain Resort. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- (2007-06-27). "Mountain Coaster: A people magnet at Jiminy Peak". Park World Online. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- http://www.aquaticgroup.com/news-and-updates/killington-ski-resort-partners-with-adg/ "Killington Ski Resort Partners with ADG"
- "Mountain Coaster". Camelback Mountain Adventures. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- "Mountain coaster going up in the Poconos". WNEP The News Station. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- "Alpine Mountain Coaster". Mountain Creek. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- "Mountain Coaster". Attitash Mountain Resort. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- "The Nor’easter Mountain Coaster". Greek Peak Outdoor Center. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- "Activities - Alpine Coaster". Park City Mountain Resort. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- "Sky High Mountain Coaster". Holiday Valley. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- "Mountain Coaster". Snowbird. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- "Mountain Coaster at Berkshire East". Berkshire East. Retrieved on 2014-10-12.
- "Timber Ripper Mountain Coaster". Okemo Mountain Resort. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- "Alpine Coaster". Spirit Mountain. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.
- "Mountain Coaster". Wisp Resort. Retrieved on 2014-07-08.