Summerland Way

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Summerland Way

General information
TypeHighway
Length199 km (124 mi)
Route number(s) B91
Former
route number
State Route 91 (?? - 2013)
Major junctions
North end Mount Lindesay Highway (National Route 13), 15 km east of Woodenbong, New South Wales (NSW/Qld Border)
  Bruxner Highway (B60)
South end Pacific Highway (A1) via
Gwydir Highway (B76), South Grafton, New South Wales
Location(s)
Major settlementsKyogle, Casino, Grafton
Highway system

The Summerland Way is a 199–kilometre state route, designated B91, in New South Wales. It runs generally north from Grafton to the border[1] between NSW and Queensland just west of Mount Lindesay. The road continues from there into Queensland as Mount Lindesay Highway. With the decommissioning of the Mount Lindesay Highway in New South Wales in 1982, the length of the Summerland Way was increased by 9.4 km to the Queensland border.[2] It is sealed for its entire length, although some of the road north of the Lions Road turn-off is narrow and winding. In 1996, the Federal Government committed $20 million toward upgrading the Summerland Way. A $7 million contract to realign 1.2 km at Dourrigan's Gap, approximately 16 km north of Kyogle, was awarded, with work starting in February 2002 and expected to take 12 months to complete.[3]

It was so named as the region in runs through is a popular tourist area for people during summer.

The Summerland Way is an alternative route to the Pacific Highway.

The highway crosses the Clarence River via the Grafton Bridge.

History[edit]

Grafton[edit]

European settlement along the Clarence River had reached the area where Grafton now stands in the 1830s, with a store and shipyard being established at South Grafton in 1839. By the early 1840s there was a wharf, a store and an inn on the northern bank of the river.[4]

Prior to 1861, when a punt service began operating on the river, the only way to cross was by rowboat. A steam-driven vehicular ferry began operating in the mid-1860s.[4] This increased the need for a reliable road to areas north of Grafton.

By 1905 the Casino to North Grafton section of the North Coast railway line had been completed, but there was no rail connection to the south until 1915, when the North Coast railway line reached South Grafton and services were connected by a rail ferry that transported railcars across the river.[5]

In 1932 a bridge across the Clarence River, a unique design of two storeys with the railway running underneath the road, was opened..[4] This led to a further increase in motor vehicle traffic to the north, and to a need for road improvements.

Casino[edit]

European settlement along the Richmond River had reached the area where Casino now stands in the early 1850s, when a village known as “The Falls” was established on the northern side. In 1876 a bridge across the Richmond River to the settlement was completed, enabling road access from Grafton in the south and on to Kyogle in the north. The road was the only means of travel to Grafton until 1905, when the railway reached the town.[6]

Kyogle[edit]

In the 1830s a huge property, known as “Richmond Head”, was established in the upper Richmond River valley. The area around what is now Kyogle was settled throughout the 1840s and 1850s, but the name “Kyogle” was not used before 1899. In the 1860s cedar cutters arrived and for the next thirty years tree felling and sawmilling were the district's most important industries.[7] These industries made roads to where they worked, substantially contributing to the road network of the district.

Road access from Casino was facilitated by the opening of the bridge at Casino in 1876. The road was the only means of travel to Casino until 1910, when the railway reached Kyogle.[7]

Mount Lindesay[edit]

In 1928 the NSW Main Roads Board declared the route of what would later become Mount Lindesay Highway (NSW) as part of State Highway No. 9 – Great Northern Highway, although part of it had not yet been built. Construction of the “missing link” between Woodenbong and Mount Lindesay was completed in 1929, and a section west of Woodenbong was reconstructed by 1934.[8]

In 1935 the Summerland Way was constructed between Casino and the recently completed highway. During World War II the road was improved as an inland, flood-free route to Brisbane which avoided the problems associated with the Clarence River and its two ferry crossings.[7]

List of towns along the Summerland Way[edit]

Major intersections[edit]

LGALocationkm[9]miDestinationsNotes
Clarence ValleySouth Grafton00.0 Gwydir Highway (B76) - north-west - Glen Innes /
south-east - South Grafton, and to
Pacific Highway (Australia) (A1)
Southern end of Summerland Way (State Route B91)
Clarence River1.0–
1.3
0.62–
0.81
Grafton Bridge
Clarence ValleyGrafton1.91.2Villiers Street - south-west - Grafton / north-east - Grafton (High Vehicle Detour)Four-way roundabout. The high vehicle detour has a greater clearance under the North Coast railway line than Summerland Way, which continues north-west (straight ahead) on Fitzroy Street.
It is also signed as “City Centre Bypass” and thus is used by a substantial amount of Summerland Way traffic. Distances to intersections to the north are identical for either route.
2.31.4Prince Street - south-west - Grafton /
Fitzroy Street - north-west - Grafton
Four-way roundabout. Summerland Way continues north-east (turn right) on Prince Street.
North Coast railway line2.71.7Railway line on bridge over road - limited clearance 3.5m.
Clarence ValleyGrafton3.52.2Dobie Street - south-east - Grafton (High Vehicle Detour) /
Prince Street - north-east - Grafton
Four-way roundabout. Summerland Way continues north-west (turn left) on Dobie Street.
4.52.8Turf Street - south-west - GraftonT junction. Summerland Way continues north-east (turn right) on Turf Street
North Coast railway line11.57.1Level crossing at Koolkhan with boom gates and flashing lights.[10]
Clarence ValleyMountain View13.18.1Clarence Way - north-west - Copmanhurst
Banyabba40.225.0Pringles Way - south-east - Lawrence
Richmond ValleyCasino102.763.8 Bruxner Highway (B60) - west - Mummulgum /
Hare Street (becomes Casino-Coraki Road) - east - Tatham
Southern concurrency terminus with Bruxner Highway (B60)
Richmond River103.164.1Irving Bridge[11]
Richmond ValleyCasino104.264.7 Bruxner Highway (B60) - east - Lismore /
Centre Street - north - Casino
Four-way roundabout. Northern concurrency terminus with Bruxner Highway (B60). Summerland Way continues west (turn left).
104.464.9West Street - south - CasinoT junction. Summerland Way continues north (turn right).
Murwillumbah railway line104.865.1Level crossing in Casino with flashing lights.[10]
North Coast railway line108.667.5Level crossing at Nammoona with boom gates and flashing lights.[10]
KyogleKyogle134.783.7Kyogle Road - north-east - MurwillumbahY junction. Summerland Way continues north-west (veer left)
North Coast railway line147.391.5Level crossing at Wiangaree with flashing lights.[10]
Richmond River149.092.6Jenny Constable Bridge[12]
The road follows the upper reaches of the Richmond River, crossing it five more times.
KyogleThe Risk153.495.3Gradys Creek Road - north - Rathdowney, Queensland (via Lions Road)T junction from Gradys Creek Road
Lindesay Creek /
Dairy Flat border
189.2117.6Mount Lindesay Road - south-west - WoodenbongT junction. Summerland Way continues north-east (turn right)
NSW - Queensland border198.6123.4Northern end of Summerland Way.
Road becomes Mount Lindesay Highway (National Route 13) in Queensland.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Schedule of Classified Roads And State and Regional Roads" (PDF). Roads and Maritime Services. April 2017. p. 6 (Gazetted Road Number 83). Retrieved 8 Jan 2018.
  2. ^ "Schedule of Classified Roads And State and Regional Roads" (PDF). Roads and Maritime Services. April 2017. p. 25 (Gazetted Road Number 622). Retrieved 8 Jan 2018.
  3. ^ "Federal Government keeps New South Wales moving - Attachment - Summerland Way". Australian Government. 14 May 2002. Retrieved 9 Jan 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "Grafton, NSW". Aussie Towns. Retrieved 11 Jan 2018.
  5. ^ "Grafton City Station (South Grafton)". NSWrail.net. NSW Rail. Retrieved 11 Jan 2018.
  6. ^ "Casino, NSW". Aussie Towns. Retrieved 11 Jan 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "Kyogle, NSW". Aussie Towns. Retrieved 11 Jan 2018.
  8. ^ "Mount Lindesay Highway, NSW". Ozroads. Retrieved 11 Jan 2018.
  9. ^ Google (8 Jan 2018). "Summerland Way" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 8 Jan 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d "SUMMERLAND WAY DRAFT CORRIDOR STRATEGY" (PDF). NSW Government. Sep 2016. Retrieved 8 Jan 2018. Page 28 Railway Level Crossings
  11. ^ "Irving Bridge". Geocaching. 25 Oct 2017. Retrieved 8 Jan 2018.
  12. ^ "Kyogle Tourist Drive Number 2" (PDF). Kyogle Council. Retrieved 8 Jan 2018.

External links[edit]