Summers v. Earth Island Institute
|Summers v. Earth Island Institute|
|Argued October 8, 2008
Decided March 3, 2009
|Full case name||Priscilla Summers, et al., Petitioners v. Earth Island Institute, et al.|
|Citations||555 U.S. 488 (more)
129 S. Ct. 1142; 173 L. Ed. 2d 1; 2009 U.S. LEXIS 1769; 77 U.S.L.W. 4146; 72 Fed. R. Serv. 3d (Callaghan) 1183; 67 ERC (BNA) 1961; 39 ELR 20047; 21 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. S 670
|Prior history||On writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit|
|Petitioner environmental organizations' claim that it is statistically likely that some of their members will visit the affected lands is insufficient to support Article III standing.|
|Majority||Scalia, joined by Roberts, Kennedy, Thomas, Alito|
|Dissent||Breyer, joined by Stevens, Souter, Ginsburg|
|U.S. Const. art. III; Forest Service Decision-making and Appeals Reform Act|
Summers v. Earth Island Institute, 555 U.S. 488 (2009), was a United States Supreme Court case decided 5–4 in which several environmental organizations brought suit against the United States Forest Service (USFS) to enjoin that federal agency from implementing rules that would allow the salvage sale of timber from 238 acres of fire-damaged federally owned land without conducting the notice, comment, and appeal process of the Forest Service Decision-making and Appeals Reform Act.
While the environmental organizations were litigating the injunction in the lower courts, the parties reached a settlement regarding the 238 acres in question and the district court accordingly dismissed. The plaintiffs, however, maintained that they still had standing to challenge the constitutionality of the exemption process generally because the process was statistically certain to implicate their rights in the future. The Court decided that this argument failed because, after voluntarily settling the portion of their lawsuit relevant to Burnt Ridge, respondents and their members are no longer under threat of injury from that project. The Court decided against the plaintiffs, holding that the "deprivation of a procedural right without some concrete interest that is affected by the deprivation . . . is insufficient to create Article III standing."
- 555 U.S. 288, 496 (2009).
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