Summerville City Hall
Location in Chattooga County and the state of Georgia
|• Total||4 sq mi (10.3 km2)|
|• Land||4 sq mi (10.3 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||650 ft (198 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||4,360|
|• Density||1,100/sq mi (440/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0333158|
Summerville was founded in 1838 as seat of the newly formed Chattooga County. It was incorporated as a town in 1839 and as a city in 1909. Summerville was named from the fact it was a popular summer resort. The city thrived in the late 1880s with the construction of the Chattanooga, Rome and Columbus Railroad (later part of the Central of Georgia system).
The Chattooga County Courthouse, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was completed in 1909. The Summerville Depot, completed by the Central of Georgia in 1918, is also listed on the National Register, and is home to several annual festivals.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.3 km²), all of it land. The city lies along the Chattooga River at the western base of an elongate mountain known as Taylor Ridge. U.S. Route 27 connects Summerville with Chattanooga, Tennessee, to the north, and Rome to the southeast. Georgia State Route 114 connects the city with Lyerly to the south, and Georgia State Route 48 connects the city with Menlo near the Alabama state line to the west.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,556 people, 1,823 households, and 1,141 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,144.3 people per square mile (442.0/km²). There were 2,092 housing units at an average density of 525.4 per square mile (202.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.06% White, 25.31% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.90% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.58% of the population.
There were 1,823 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,911, and the median income for a family was $35,579. Males had a median income of $26,707 versus $20,222 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,090. About 18.1% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.5% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.
Chattooga County School District
The Chattooga County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of four elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school. The district has 184 full-time teachers and over 2,834 students.
- Leroy Massey Elementary School
- Lyerly Elementary School
- Menlo Elementary School
- Summerville Elementary School
- Summerville Middle School
- Chattooga County High School
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 248. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- "Summerville". Calhoun Times. September 1, 2004. p. 37. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Elizabeth Cooksey, "Chattooga County," New Georgia Encyclopedia, 2005.
- Kenneth Thomas, Jr., National Register of Historic Places Inventory Form for Summerville Depot, December 1991.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 3, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved June 3, 2010.