Summerville, South Carolina

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Summerville, South Carolina
Skyline of Summerville, South Carolina
Motto(s): 
Sacra Pinus Esto ("The Pine is Sacred")
Summerville, South Carolina is located in South Carolina
Summerville, South Carolina
Summerville, South Carolina
Location of Summerville, South Carolina
Coordinates: 33°0′29″N 80°10′58″W / 33.00806°N 80.18278°W / 33.00806; -80.18278Coordinates: 33°0′29″N 80°10′58″W / 33.00806°N 80.18278°W / 33.00806; -80.18278
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountiesDorchester, Berkeley, Charleston
Government
 • MayorW. Wiley Johnson
Area
 • Total18.1 sq mi (47.0 km2)
 • Land18.0 sq mi (46.7 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
89 ft (27 m)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total50,730
 • Density2,405/sq mi (928.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
29483-29486
Area code(s)843
FIPS code45-70270[1]
GNIS feature ID1251073[2]
Websitewww.summerville.sc.us

Summerville is a town in the U.S. state of South Carolina situated mostly in Dorchester County with small portions in Berkeley and Charleston counties. It is part of the Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population of Summerville at the 2010 census was 43,392,[3] and the estimated population was 50,213 as of June 1, 2018.

Geography[edit]

The center of Summerville is in southeastern Dorchester County; the town extends northeast into Berkeley and Charleston counties. It is bordered to the east by the town of Lincolnville and to the southeast by the city of North Charleston. The Summerville town limits extend south as far as the Ashley River next to Old Fort Dorchester State Historical Park.

U.S. Route 78 passes near the center of Summerville, leading southeast 24 miles (39 km) to downtown Charleston and northwest 29 miles (47 km) to Interstate 95 at St. George. Interstate 26 leads through the northeast corner of Summerville with access from Exit 199, leading southeast to Charleston and northwest 90 miles (140 km) to Columbia.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.1 square miles (47.0 km2), of which 18.0 square miles (46.7 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.62%, is water.[3]

Climate[edit]

Summerville has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa), however by not near the Gulf of Mexico or on the immediate coast, sometimes winters may be colder on some occasions than the stereotypes of climates that are in this zone.[4]

Climate data for Summerville, South Carolina (Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84.0
(28.9)
87.1
(30.6)
98.1
(36.7)
96.1
(35.6)
100.9
(38.3)
104.0
(40.0)
104.0
(40.0)
106.0
(41.1)
107.1
(41.7)
99.0
(37.2)
90.0
(32.2)
87.1
(30.6)
107.1
(41.7)
Average high °F (°C) 59.0
(15.0)
62.8
(17.1)
69.6
(20.9)
76.5
(24.7)
83.2
(28.4)
88.4
(31.3)
91.1
(32.8)
89.6
(32.0)
84.9
(29.4)
77.1
(25.1)
69.8
(21.0)
61.6
(16.4)
76.1
(24.5)
Average low °F (°C) 38.1
(3.4)
41.2
(5.1)
47.2
(8.4)
53.8
(12.1)
62.4
(16.9)
70.2
(21.2)
73.6
(23.1)
72.9
(22.7)
67.8
(19.9)
57.3
(14.1)
48.1
(8.9)
40.6
(4.8)
56.1
(13.4)
Record low °F (°C) 5.0
(−15.0)
−5.1
(−20.6)
19.0
(−7.2)
27.0
(−2.8)
33.1
(0.6)
45.0
(7.2)
51.1
(10.6)
53.1
(11.7)
39.9
(4.4)
26.1
(−3.3)
12.0
(−11.1)
9.0
(−12.8)
−5.1
(−20.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.70
(94)
2.96
(75)
3.71
(94)
2.91
(74)
3.02
(77)
5.64
(143)
6.52
(166)
7.15
(182)
6.10
(155)
3.75
(95)
2.43
(62)
3.11
(79)
50.99
(1,295)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.1
(0.25)
0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.6
(1.5)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.5 8.6 7.9 7.7 7.8 11.9 13.0 13.2 10.0 7.3 7.0 8.7 112.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.1 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 179.8 189.3 244.9 276.0 294.5 279.0 288.3 257.3 219.0 223.2 189.0 170.5 2,810.8
Source: NOAA,[5], HKO (sun only, 1961–1990)[6] and Weatherbase[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,371
18902,21961.9%
19002,4209.1%
19102,355−2.7%
19202,5508.3%
19302,5791.1%
19403,02317.2%
19503,3129.6%
19603,6339.7%
19703,8395.7%
19806,49269.1%
199022,519246.9%
200027,75223.2%
201043,39256.4%
Est. 201649,323[8]13.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 43,392 people residing in 16,181 households in the town. The population density of Summerville is 2,404.7 inhabitants per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 72.1% White, 21.4% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.0% of the population.

There were 16,181 households out of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55.

In the town, 27.0% of the population was under the age of 18, and 10.5% was 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.7 years.

The median income for a household in the town was $54,677. About 11.2% of the population was below the poverty line. The median value of an owner-occupied home was $182,000.

History[edit]

Historic downtown Summerville

The first settlement in Summerville began following the American Revolutionary War; it was referred to as Pineland Village in 1785. Development in the area resulted from plantation owners who resided in the Charleston area, and who came to Summerville to escape seasonal insects and swamp fever.[9]

Summerville became an official town in 1847. In that year, the town passed a law against cutting down trees of sizes, the first of such laws in the United States, and a $25 fine was issued upon any who did so without permission. Today, the motto upon the town's official seal reads "Sacra Pinus Esto (The Pine is Sacred)." [10]

In 1899, the International Congress of Physicians (or "Tuberculosis Congress"[9]) listed Summerville to be one of the two best areas in the world for treatment and recovery of lung and throat disorders. It received such notation due to its dry and sandy location, and the many pine trees in the area that release turpentine derivatives into the air. This notation is credited with aiding the commercial and residential development of Summerville.[10]

The Summerville post office contains a mural, Train Time – Summerville, painted by Bernadine Custer. Federally commissioned murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department.[11]

The Ashley River Road, Middleton Place, Colonial Dorchester State Historic Site, Old White Meeting House Ruins and Cemetery, and the Summerville Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[12]

Arts and culture[edit]

Starting in 1972, the town of Summerville has supported the Summerville Family YMCA in hosting the annual Flowertown Festival to support health and wellness programs at the YMCA.[13] It is the largest arts and crafts festival in South Carolina. It is held during the last weekend of March or the first weekend of April in the Summerville Azalea Park. It will often coincide with the Annual Cooper River Bridge Run that is held in Charleston the same weekend. During the three days of the Flowertown Festival, Summerville will see approximately 200,000 visitors. Admission and parking is free to all who attend. There is no alcohol or pets permitted at the festival. Approximately 200 artist from around the country are invited and will have their works on display for purchase. Additionally, area restaurants are featured in the "Taste" section of the festival where tickets can be purchased to sample their offerings. Children can enjoy the carnival in the Children's Jubilee/Kids Fest section of the festival.

In 1925, these flowers led Summerville's Chamber of Commerce to adopt the slogan "Flower Town in the Pines."

Summerville claims the title "The Birthplace of Sweet Tea."[14] However, a recipe for sweet iced tea published in Texas native Marion Cabell's 1879 cookbook, Housekeeping in Old Virginia has been cited as evidence against this claim.[15]

Education[edit]

Public education in Summerville is administered by Dorchester School District Two, which operates Summerville High School.

Summerville has a public library, a branch of the Dorchester County Library.[16]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Summerville town, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American.
  4. ^ "Summerville, South Carolina Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  5. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
  6. ^ "Climatological Normals of Charleston, South Carolina". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved June 9, 2010.
  7. ^ "Summerville, South Carolina Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. ^ a b Historic Facts About Summerville & Dorchester County, archived from the original on July 17, 2011
  10. ^ a b Summerville's Book of History, archived from the original on March 25, 2003
  11. ^ Arnesen, Eric (2007). Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working-Class History. 1. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780415968263.
  12. ^ National Park Service (March 13, 2009). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  13. ^ "Flowertown Festival - Summerville Family YMCA". May 19, 2016.
  14. ^ "Brief History of Summerville".
  15. ^ Moss, Robert F. "Summerville can't squeeze the facts out of sweet tea's murky history". Charleston City Paper.
  16. ^ "South Carolina libraries and archives". SCIWAY. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  17. ^ Leigh Guidry (March 25, 2015). "LC board names South Carolina VP as ninth president". The Alexandria Town Talk. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
  18. ^ "Richard B. Brewer". intelius.com. Retrieved July 23, 2015.

External links[edit]