Summerville (Augusta, Georgia)
Summerville Historic District
|Location||Augusta, Georgia, United States|
|Area||730 acres (300 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek, Spanish, Italianate, Victorian, Colonial, Queen Anne, Gothic, Federal, and Romanesque Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||80001229|
|Added to NRHP||May 22, 1980|
Summerville, (commonly referred to locally as "The Hill"), is a large, affluent residential area and historic district located northwest of downtown Augusta, Georgia. The district is site of the historic homes of John Milledge, George Walton, and Thomas Cumming.
Summerville was built in the 1780s, and established as a separate village from the city of Augusta.
During the mid to late 1810s, downtown Augusta experienced a small epidemic of malaria, which caused little effect in Summerville. In 1820, a major outbreak of fever nearly wiped out the entire garrison at the U.S. Arsenal. After a recommendation from an officer, the U.S. Arsenal purchased land that is the present-day site of Augusta University.
By 1850, Summerville became a four-season community. More permanent buildings and year-round homes sprang up as the town prospered. In 1861, Summerville was officially incorporated as a city with the boundaries defined as a circle for one-mile. Later on, Summerville became a fashionable luxury resort and golf capital with the construction of many hotels. This caused a large transformation — from a small summer resort for local residents to a winter playground for wealthy industrialists and politicians from the northern United States. Two hotels, The Partridge Inn and the Bon Air Hotel, hosted captains of industry and former presidents of the United States. Some built winter homes in the area, while others stayed permanently, escaping the harsh winters of the northern U.S.
When the city of Augusta annexed Summerville in 1912, it lost its status as a separate town. Four years later, a fire swept through downtown Augusta, destroying much of the business district and neighborhoods along lower Broad Street. This caused a housing boom for Summerville.
On May 22, 1980, Summerville was added to the National Register of Historic Places, bounding from Highland Ave., Heard Ave., Wrightsboro Rd., Milledge Rd., and Cumming Rd.
- Summerville Cemetery
- Appleby Library
- Partridge Inn — historic hotel that opened in 1860, many northerners stayed to escape the winters of the North (open to this day)
- Stephen Vincent Benet House — historic home on campus of Augusta University
- College Hill — home of George Walton from 1795 to his death in 1804
- Augusta University — located in Summerville
- History of Augusta, Georgia
- Medical District (Augusta, Georgia) — located between Summerville and downtown Augusta
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Summerville Historic District-Augusta: A Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
-  — district map (Adobe Acrobat format)
- Summerville Historic District (National Park Service)