Summit County, Ohio

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Summit County, Ohio
SummitCountyCourt.jpg
Summit County Courthouse
Seal of Summit County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Summit County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
FoundedMarch 3, 1840[1][2]
Named forthe highest elevation on the Ohio and Erie Canal
SeatAkron
Largest cityAkron
Area
 • Total419.38 sq mi (1,086 km2)
 • Land412.08 sq mi (1,067 km2)
 • Water7.3 sq mi (19 km2), 1.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)541,228
 • Density1,313/sq mi (507/km2)
Congressional districts11th, 13th, 14th, 16th
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4
Websitewww.co.summit.oh.us

Summit County is an urban county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 541,781[3] making it the fourth-most populous county in Ohio. Its county seat is Akron.[4] The county was formed on March 3, 1840, from portions of Medina, Portage and Stark Counties. It was named "Summit County" because the highest elevation on the Ohio and Erie Canal is located in the county.[5]

Summit County is part of the Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area..

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 419.38 square miles (1,086 km2), of which 412.08 square miles (1,067 km2) is land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (1.7%) is water.[6] The largest portion of Cuyahoga Valley National Park is located in the northern part of the county. The southern border of the former Connecticut Western Reserve passes through the southern part of the county, leading to jogs in the east and west borders of the county.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Government[edit]

Summit County, along with Cuyahoga County, is one of two of Ohio's 88 counties that have a charter government, as authorized by Article X of the Ohio Constitution. Under its charter, rather than three elected commissioners, Summit County has an elected County Executive and an eleven-member County Council. Eight members of the council are elected from individual districts the other three are elected at large. Summit County also has an appointed Medical Examiner rather than an elected Coroner, and an elected Fiscal Officer, who exercises the powers and performs the duties of a county auditor, treasurer and recorder. The remaining officials are similar to the officials in other counties. They include the following:

  • Clerk of Courts - Sandra Kurt (D) (elected)[7]
  • Prosecuting Attorney - Sherri Bevan Walsh (D) (elected)
  • Engineer - Alan Brubaker (D) (elected)
  • Sheriff - Steve Barry (D) (elected)
  • Fiscal Officer - Kristen Scalise (D) (elected)

Summit County currently has 14 Common Pleas judges. They are:

  • Jason T. Wells (R),[8]
  • Paul J. Gallagher (D),
  • Christine Croce (R),
  • Amy Corrigall Jones (R),
  • Alison McCarty (R),
  • Tammy O'Brien (R),
  • Joy Oldfield (D),[9]
  • Mary Margaret Rowlands (D),
  • Alison Breaux (D), and
  • Jill Flagg Lanzinger (R)
  • Linda Tucci Teodosio (D) (Juvenile Court Judge)
  • Katarina Cook (R) (Domestic Relations Judge)
  • John P. Quinn (D) (Domestic Relations Judge)
  • Elinore Marsh Stormer (D) (Probate Judge)

Summit County Council[edit]

Summit County has an 11-member council. Three members are elected at-large in mid-term cycles, while eight members are elected from districts coinciding with the Presidential election. The current members of Summit County Council are:

  • Clair Dickinson (D) (at-large)
  • Elizabeth Walters (D) (at-large) [10]
  • John Donofrio (D) (at-large)
  • Ron Koehler (R) (District 1)
  • John Schmidt (D) (District 2)
  • Gloria Rodgers (R) (District 3)
  • Jeff Wilhite (D) (District 4) [11]
  • David Hamilton (D) (District 5)
  • Jerry Feeman (D) (District 6)
  • Michael Soyars (D) (District 7)
  • Paula Prentice (D) (District 8) [12]

County Executives[edit]

  • John R. Morgan, 1981–1989
  • Tim Davis, 1989–2001
  • James B. McCarthy (D), 2001–2007[13]
  • Russell M. Pry (D), 2007-2016[14][15][16][17][18]
  • Ilene Shapiro (D), 2016–present

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
184022,560
185027,48521.8%
186027,344−0.5%
187034,67426.8%
188043,78826.3%
189054,08923.5%
190071,71532.6%
1910108,25350.9%
1920286,065164.3%
1930344,13120.3%
1940339,405−1.4%
1950410,03220.8%
1960513,56925.3%
1970553,3717.8%
1980524,472−5.2%
1990514,990−1.8%
2000542,8995.4%
2010541,781−0.2%
Est. 2017541,228[19]−0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]
1790-1960[21] 1900-1990[22]
1990-2000[23] 2010-2017[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 Census, there were 541,781 people, 222,781 households, and 141,110 families residing in the county.[24] The population density was 1,312.6 inhabitants per square mile (506.8/km2). There were 245,109 housing units at an average density of 593.8 per square mile (229.3/km2).[25] The racial makeup of the county was 80.6% white, 14.4% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population.[24] In terms of ancestry, 24.9% were German, 15.3% were Irish, 10.6% were English, 10.1% were Italian, 5.1% were Polish, and 4.5% were American.[26]

Of the 222,781 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families, and 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 40.0 years.[24]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,926 and the median income for a family was $62,271. Males had a median income of $47,892 versus $35,140 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,676. About 10.0% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Politics[edit]

Like most of Northeast Ohio, Summit is heavily Democratic. It has only voted Republican three times since 1932, all in national Republican landslides– Dwight D. Eisenhower's 1956 victory, and the 49-state sweeps by Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan in 1972 and 1984, respectively.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[28]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 43.0% 112,026 51.6% 134,256 5.4% 14,064
2012 41.4% 111,001 57.0% 153,041 1.6% 4,316
2008 40.7% 113,284 57.7% 160,858 1.6% 4,487
2004 42.9% 118,558 56.7% 156,587 0.4% 1,175
2000 43.0% 96,721 53.3% 119,759 3.7% 8,359
1996 34.2% 73,555 52.1% 112,050 13.8% 29,590
1992 32.1% 77,530 44.7% 107,881 23.2% 56,081
1988 46.9% 101,155 52.2% 112,612 0.9% 1,822
1984 51.0% 115,637 48.3% 109,569 0.7% 1,574
1980 43.4% 92,299 48.1% 102,459 8.5% 18,161
1976 38.4% 80,415 59.1% 123,711 2.5% 5,224
1972 49.9% 112,419 48.2% 108,534 1.9% 4,263
1968 39.6% 82,649 47.9% 100,068 12.6% 26,224
1964 32.3% 68,000 67.7% 142,319
1960 49.6% 109,066 50.4% 110,852
1956 52.4% 102,872 47.6% 93,378
1952 48.3% 91,168 51.7% 97,443
1948 42.7% 60,174 55.4% 78,096 1.9% 2,680
1944 41.6% 64,696 58.4% 90,783
1940 41.5% 63,405 58.6% 89,555
1936 29.2% 38,991 68.7% 91,836 2.2% 2,869
1932 45.0% 47,691 51.0% 53,965 4.0% 4,255
1928 70.9% 78,504 28.4% 31,506 0.7% 775
1924 65.3% 53,774 21.3% 17,533 13.4% 11,064
1920 59.6% 43,721 38.0% 27,857 2.4% 1,785
1916 35.6% 11,593 59.5% 19,343 4.9% 1,603
1912 15.1% 3,502 33.6% 7,786 51.3% 11,904[29]
1908 47.3% 10,365 45.3% 9,930 7.4% 1,614
1904 66.0% 12,451 24.5% 4,618 9.5% 1,786
1900 53.1% 10,072 44.3% 8,413 2.6% 491
1896 51.3% 8,584 47.9% 8,020 0.9% 146
1892 46.5% 6,322 47.8% 6,499 5.8% 790
1888 51.4% 6,455 43.8% 5,495 4.8% 602
1884 56.0% 6,588 39.0% 4,586 5.1% 597
1880 57.7% 5,890 39.9% 4,071 2.4% 241
1876 56.6% 5,055 42.6% 3,804 0.8% 73
1872 62.0% 4,534 37.5% 2,738 0.6% 40

Education[edit]

Public School Districts in Summit County and Surrounding Areas

School districts[edit]

School Districts in Summit County do not strictly follow City and Township Corporation limits or township borders. Many School Districts in Summit County overlap community borders.[30] Below is a list of all public school districts in Summit County, Ohio.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Recreation[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Map of Summit County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels. The map denotes New Franklin and Franklin Township as separate entities, predating their 2003 merger.

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Defunct townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Summit County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-05-08. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  2. ^ "Summit County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Archived from the original on 2006-04-24. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ "Communities in Summit County". County of Summit, Ohio. Archived from the original on January 6, 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  7. ^ rarmon. "Summit County Democrats appoint Sandra Kurt as clerk of courts". ohio.com. Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Gov. John Kasich appoints Jason T. Wells to Summit County Court of Common Pleas". cleveland.com. Archived from the original on 17 July 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  9. ^ swarsmith. "Four Summit County judges elected to other courts must be replaced". ohio.com. Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  10. ^ admin. "Local". ohio.com. Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  11. ^ rarmon. "Democrats appoint Jeff Wilhite to Summit County Council". ohio.com. Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  12. ^ Jaclyn, Stein,. "Summit County Council". council.summitoh.net. Archived from the original on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  13. ^ McCarthy retired on June 30, 2007. "McCarthy, 67, Turns New Corner,". Akron Beacon Journal, 30 June 2007.
  14. ^ "Pry Biography". summit.oh.us. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  15. ^ On July 12, 2007, Pry was appointed by a majority vote of the Summit County Democratic Party's Central Committee to finish the remainder of McCarthy's second term. "Pry Named County Executive." Akron Beacon Journal, 13 July 2007
  16. ^ On November 4, 2008, Pry was elected to a four-year term as County Executive with over 60% of the vote. "Republicans Lose More Ground in Summit Races, Democrats Gain Spot with Brubaker Beating Incumbent Engineer." Akron Beacon Journal, 6 November 2008
  17. ^ On November 6, 2012, Pry was elected to a second four-year term as County Executive with over 62% of the vote. "Democrats Maintain Summit County Seats." Akron Beacon Journal, 7 November 2012
  18. ^ Pry died in office on July 31, 2016 at age 58. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
  19. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  20. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  21. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  22. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  23. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  24. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  25. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  26. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  27. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  28. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  29. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 7,473 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 3,936 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 378 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 117 votes.
  30. ^ "Map of School Districts near Akron, Ohio". AkronOhioMoms.com. 2013-05-29. Archived from the original on 2014-08-25. Retrieved 2014-06-05.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°08′N 81°32′W / 41.13°N 81.53°W / 41.13; -81.53