Summit County, Utah

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Summit County
Summit County Courthouse in Coalville
Summit County Courthouse in Coalville
Map of Utah highlighting Summit County
Location within the U.S. state of Utah
Map of the United States highlighting Utah
Utah's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°53′N 110°58′W / 40.88°N 110.97°W / 40.88; -110.97Coordinates: 40°53′N 110°58′W / 40.88°N 110.97°W / 40.88; -110.97
Country United States
State Utah
Founded1854 (created)
1861 (organized)
Named forThe summits of the mountains
SeatCoalville
Largest cityPark City
Area
 • Total1,882 sq mi (4,870 km2)
 • Land1,872 sq mi (4,850 km2)
 • Water10 sq mi (30 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total36,324
 • Estimate 
(2018)
41,933
 • Density19/sq mi (7.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.co.summit.ut.us

Summit County is a county in the U.S. state of Utah, occupying a rugged and mountainous area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 36,324.[1] Its county seat is Coalville,[2] and the largest city is Park City.

History[edit]

The county was created by the Utah Territory legislature on January 13, 1854, with its description containing a portion of the future state of Wyoming. It was not organized at that time, but was attached to Great Salt Lake County for administrative and judicial purposes. The county government was completed by March 4, 1861, so its attachment to the other county was terminated. The county boundaries were altered in 1856 and in 1862. In 1868 the Wyoming Territory was created by the US government, effectively de-annexing all Summit County area falling within the new territory. The boundaries were further altered in 1872 and 1880. Its final alteration occurred on January 7, 1918 when Daggett's creation took a portion of its east territory. Its boundary has remained unchanged since that creation.[3] It is so named because it includes 39 of the highest mountain peaks in Utah.

The county's mean elevation is 8,388 feet (2,557 m) above sea level, which is the second-highest (after Taos County, New Mexico) of any county outside Colorado.[4] Owing to its proximity to Salt Lake City, Park City has acquired a reputation as an upscale getaway, bringing new development to the area.

Summit County comprises the Summit Park, UT Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Summit County lies on the upper east side of Utah. Its northeast borders abut the south and west borders of the state of Wyoming. Its central and eastern portion consists largely of the east-west oriented Uinta Mountains, while its western portion runs to the east slopes of the north-south oriented Wasatch Mountains.[5] The county's highest point is Gilbert Peak, on the border with Duchesne County, at 13,448' (4099m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 1,882 square miles (4,870 km2), of which 1,872 square miles (4,850 km2) is land and 10 square miles (26 km2) (0.5%) is water.[7]

Major Highways[5][edit]

  • US Interstate I - 80
  • US Interstate I - 84
  • US - 189
  • Utah State Highway U-32
  • Utah State Highway U-150
  • Utah State Highway U-224
  • Utah State Highway U-248

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

Lakes[5][edit]

  • Beaver Lake
  • Beaver Meadow Reservoir
  • Blue Lake
  • Boyer Lake
  • Bridger Lake
  • China Lake
  • Cliff Lake
  • Echo Reservoir
  • Fish Lake
  • Hoop Lake
  • Jessen Lake
  • Marsh Lake
  • Meeks Cabin Reservoir (part)
  • Red Castle Lake
  • Rockport Reservoir
  • Smith & Morehouse Reservoir
  • Spirit Lake (part)
  • Stateline Reservoir
  • Tamarack Lake
  • Whitney Reservoir

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860198
18702,5121,168.7%
18804,92195.9%
18907,73357.1%
19009,43922.1%
19108,200−13.1%
19207,862−4.1%
19309,52721.2%
19408,714−8.5%
19506,745−22.6%
19605,673−15.9%
19705,8793.6%
198010,19873.5%
199015,51852.2%
200029,73691.6%
201036,32422.2%
Est. 201841,933[8]15.4%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 29,736 people, 10,332 households, and 7,501 families in the county. The population density was 15.9/sqmi (6.13/km²). There were 17,489 housing units at an average density of 9.34/sqmi (3.61/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.80% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.43% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 8.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,332 households out of which 40.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.50% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.30.

The median income for a household in the county was $64,962, and the median income for a family was $72,510. Males had a median income of $47,236 versus $28,621 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,767. Only 42.9% are natives of Utah. 5.40% of the population and 3.00% of families were below the poverty line.

According to a 2000 survey by the "Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies, Summit County is much more diverse in religious belief than Utah as a whole. Fully two in five people (44.2%) of the population claim no religion at all while among those that do, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is the largest group at 36.8% (compared with some 66% statewide), followed by Roman Catholics at 10.6%.

Politics[edit]

Summit County has traditionally been a Republican stronghold. In recent years, however, it has become more competitive, and Democrats have at times won a plurality or even a majority of the votes. Although George W. Bush carried the county in 2000 and 2004, his performance there was his worst in the state. In a 2006 US Senate race, Summit County was the only county carried by Democrat Pete Ashdown even as the Republican incumbent Orrin Hatch carried the state as a whole by a 2 to 1 margin. Likewise, in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, Barack Obama carried the county by a 15.3% margin over John McCain, while McCain carried Utah by 28.1% over Obama.[13] However, in the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney defeated Obama in the county, 51% to 46%.[14] In 2016, Democrat Hillary Clinton defeated Republican Donald Trump, 50% to 35%.[13]

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 35.1% 7,333 50.3% 10,503 14.6% 3,049
2012 50.5% 8,884 45.9% 8,072 3.6% 641
2008 41.1% 6,956 56.3% 9,532 2.6% 432
2004 51.8% 7,936 45.6% 6,977 2.6% 399
2000 50.9% 6,168 38.0% 4,601 11.2% 1,352
1996 41.5% 3,867 44.8% 4,177 13.7% 1,275
1992 33.3% 3,133 32.1% 3,013 34.6% 3,253
1988 59.7% 3,881 39.0% 2,536 1.3% 86
1984 71.8% 4,093 27.0% 1,539 1.2% 69
1980 65.4% 3,330 23.3% 1,184 11.4% 579
1976 61.6% 2,316 34.1% 1,282 4.4% 165
1972 70.0% 2,209 26.5% 836 3.6% 113
1968 62.4% 1,782 33.6% 961 4.0% 114
1964 47.1% 1,335 52.9% 1,497
1960 56.9% 1,607 43.1% 1,217
1956 69.8% 2,031 30.2% 880
1952 60.8% 1,955 39.3% 1,263
1948 50.4% 1,617 48.5% 1,556 1.0% 33
1944 45.6% 1,479 54.3% 1,761 0.1% 2
1940 43.8% 1,730 56.1% 2,215 0.1% 3
1936 37.6% 1,422 62.0% 2,344 0.5% 18
1932 40.6% 1,434 57.4% 2,028 2.1% 74
1928 57.7% 1,748 41.6% 1,260 0.8% 24
1924 57.2% 1,597 29.5% 825 13.3% 372
1920 59.8% 1,503 34.8% 874 5.5% 137
1916 40.7% 1,195 50.9% 1,495 8.4% 247
1912 44.1% 1,290 33.6% 983 22.4% 655
1908 50.9% 1,614 44.2% 1,402 5.0% 157
1904 57.9% 2,232 35.2% 1,358 6.9% 267
1900 46.6% 1,555 52.9% 1,763 0.5% 16
1896 6.7% 245 93.3% 3,402

In the 2016 Senate race, Summit County was the only county in Utah where a plurality voted for Democratic nominee Misty Snow, who was the first major-party transgender Senate candidate in United States history, thereby making the county the first in the nation to vote for a transgender candidate for the Senate.

On the county level, most of the elected offices are held by Democrats; including four of the five seats on the newly created Summit County Council.[16] -John Hanrahan, D; Claudia McMullin, D; Sally Elliott, D; Chris Robinson, D; David Ure, R

Summit County was one of only two counties (along with Grand County) to vote against Utah's same-sex marriage ban in 2004. In June 2010, Summit County became the sixth local government of Utah to prohibit discrimination in employment or housing based on a person's sexual orientation or gender identity.[17]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Utah: Individual County Chronologies". Utah Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  4. ^ Mean County Elevation Lists
  5. ^ a b c d Summit County UT Google Maps (accessed 26 March 2019)
  6. ^ Utah Counties Highest Elevations (accessed 26 March 2019). Note that this source lists Gilbert Peak elevation as 13,442, not 13,448.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (June 25, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  13. ^ a b US Election Atlas
  14. ^ "President - Live Election Results - NYTimes.com". The New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  16. ^ Summit County Democrats Archived April 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Winters, Rosemary (June 17, 2010), "Summit County bans anti-gay discrimination", Salt Lake Tribune, archived from the original on October 15, 2011, retrieved June 18, 2010

External links[edit]