Sumy Oblast

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Sumy Oblast
Сумська область
Sums’ka oblast
Oblast
Flag of Sumy Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Sumy Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Сумщина (Sumshchyna)
Sumy in Ukraine.svg
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Sumy
Government
 • Governor Mykola Klochko (Petro Poroshenko Bloc)
 • Oblast council 100[1] seats
 • Chairperson Vira Lavryk (acting)
Area
 • Total 23,834 km2 (9,202 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 16th
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,115,051[2]
 • Rank Ranked 19th
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 40000-41999
Area code +380-54
ISO 3166 code UA-59
Raions 18
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
15
7
Urban-type settlements 20
Villages 1492
FIPS 10-4 UP21
Website sorada.gov.ua

Sumy Oblast (Ukrainian: Сумська область, translit. Sums’ka oblast; also referred to as SumshchynaUkrainian: Сумщина) is an oblast (province) in the northeastern part of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Sumy.

Other important cities within the oblast include Konotop, Okhtyrka, Romny, and Shostka.

As of 1 May 2004, the population is 1,255,866, which includes 886,100 urban and 483,700 rural residents.

Geography[edit]

The Sumy Oblast is situated in the northeastern part of Ukraine. It is situated on a border of two historical regions of Ukraine – Cossack Hetmanate (annexed by Russia in the 18th century as Little Russia, previously known as Severia) and Sloboda Ukraine. Elevation is 110-240m above sea level.[3] The area of the oblast (23,800 km²), comprises about 3,95% of the total area of the country.

The oblast borders the Bryansk Oblast (Russia) on the northeast, the Kursk Oblast (Russia) on the east, the Poltava on the southwest, the Kharkiv Oblasts on the south, and the Chernihiv Oblast on the west.

Seven main rivers flow through the oblast, with the Desna River the largest.[3]

History[edit]

The region was created on the ukase of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union on 10 January 1939 as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. The newly created Sumy Oblast included 12 former raions of Kharkiv Oblast, 17 former raions of Chernihiv Oblast, and 2 former raions of Poltava Oblast.

During the World War II in 1941-1943, it was occupied by the Nazi Germany under administration of the German Wehrmacht. After the German forces were driven out the Soviet Union regained control of the region under jurisdiction of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

In 1965 one of former Chernihiv Oblast raions (Talalayiv Raion) was returned back to Chernihiv Oblast.

Points of interest[edit]

The following historic-cultural sited were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Administrative divisions[edit]

It comprises 18 raions (districts), 15 cities, 7 city municipalities, 20 Urban-type settlements, 384 village councils, and 1500 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Sumy Oblast:

  • Administrative Center – 1 (Sumy)
  • Raions – 18;
  • City raions – 2;
  • Settlements – 1526, including:
    • Villages – 1491;
    • Cities/Towns – 35, including:
      • Urban-type settlement – 20;
      • Cities – 15, including:
        • Cities of oblast subordinance – 7;
        • Cities of raion subordinance – 8;
  • Selsovets – 384.

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Sumy Oblast council. The governor of the oblast (chairman of state regional administration) is appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Detailed map of Sumy Oblast.
Name Ukrainian name Area
(km2)
Population
census 2015[2]
Admin.center Urban Population Only
Sumy Суми (місто) 145 270,870 Sumy (city) 267,944
Hlukhiv Глухів (місто) 84 34,039 Hlukhiv (city) 33,828
Konotop Конотоп(місто) 103 92,069 Konotop (city) 87,916
Lebedyn Лебедин (місто) 10 26,274 Lebedyn (city) 25,637
Okhtyrka Охтирка (місто) 30 48,850 Okhtyrka (city) 48,657
Romny Ромни (місто) 65 41,224 Romny (city) 40,800
Shostka Шостка(місто) 36 77,232 Shostka (city) 77,232
Bilopilskyi Raion Білопільський район 1,500 50,713 Bilopillia 30,284
Burynskyi Raion Буринський район 1,100 25,129 Buryn 8,836
Hlukhivskyi Raion Глухівський район 1,700 23,223 Hlukhiv (city) N/A *
Konotopskyi Raion Конотопський район 1,700 29,145 Konotop (city) N/A *
Krasnopilskyi Raion Краснопільський район 1,350 28,670 Krasnopillia 10,339
Krolevetskyi Raion Кролевецький район 1,300 38,496 Krolevets 23,339
Lebedynskyi Raion Лебединський район 1,700 19,864 Lebedyn (city) N/A *
Lypovodolynskyi Raion Липоводолинський район 900 18,851 Lypova Dolyna 5,191
Nedryhailivskyi Raion Недригайлівський район 1,025 24,614 Nedryhailiv 8,680
Okhtyrskyi Raion Охтирський район 1,284 26,566 Okhtyrka (city) N/A*
Putyvlskyi Raion Путивльський район 1,100 27,913 Putyvl 15,888
Romenskyi Raion Роменський район 1,900 33,297 Romny (city) N/A*
Seredyno-Buds'kyi Raion Середино-Будський район 1,100 16,503 Seredyna-Buda 9,040
Sums'kyi Raion Сумський район 1,800 62,452 Sumy (city) N/A*
Trostianetskyi Raion Тростянецький район 1,065 35,246 Trostianets 20,772
Shostkynskyi Raion Шосткинський район 1,211 20,684 Shostka (city) N/A*
Velyko-Pysarivskyi Raion Великописарівський район 830 19,210 Velyka Pysarivka 7,331
Yampilskyi Raion Ямпільський район 944 23,917 Yampil 16,109
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that its named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 12.7% Increase (male 74,529/female 70,521)
15-64 years: 70.8% Decrease (male 386,250/female 422,077)
65 years and over: 16.5% Steady (male 60,374/female 127,306) (2013 official)[citation needed]

Median age[edit]

total: 42.0 years Increase
male: 38.6 years Increase
female: 45.4 years Increase (2013 official)[citation needed]

Environment[edit]

The Sumy Oblast contains 168 objects and territories of natural reserve. The oblast is rich in picturesque banks of numerous rivers, and sources of mineral waters. Major environmental problems are: soil erosion, pesticide pollution, air and water pollution. The city has a problem of garbage utilization. The only place for pesticide utilization in Ukraine is Shostka, Sumy region.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The main industrial activities of the oblast are: chemical mechanical engineering, pumping and energy mechanical engineering, agricultural machine-construction, instrument-making industry and radio electronics, technical equipment production for processing fields of agro-industrial complexes, mining and iron ore production industry, polygraph industry and medicine production, oil and gas processing, chemical production, film and photo material production (See: Svema), and chemical fertilizer production. In general, there are 273 large industry enterprises and 327 small industry enterprises.

Agriculture[edit]

In 1999, the gross grain yield was about 446,000 tons, sugar beets – 664,000 tons, sunflower seeds – 27,700 tons, potatoes – 343,600 tons. The region also produced 108,700 tons of meat, 517,800 tons of milk and 295,300,000 eggs. At the beginning of 1999, there were 781 registered farms in the oblast.

Famous people from Sumy Oblast[edit]

Nomenclature[edit]

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Sumy is the center of the Sums’ka oblast (Sumy Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Sumy Oblast, Sumshchyna.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Ukrainian) List of members of the Sumy Regional Council of the Sixth Convocation, Official website Sumy Parliament
  2. ^ a b "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "ІNVESTMENT PASSPORT of Sumy oblast- STATE AGENCY FOR INVESTMENT AND NATIONAL PROJECTS OF UKRAINE" (PDF). 2013. Retrieved 12 Aug 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°00′N 34°00′E / 51.000°N 34.000°E / 51.000; 34.000