|Head of the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee|
31 December 2014
Zhang Yijiong (executive)
|General secretary||Xi Jinping|
|Preceded by||Ling Jihua|
|Communist Party Secretary of Tianjin|
November 21, 2012 – December 30, 2014
|Preceded by||Zhang Gaoli|
|Succeeded by||Huang Xingguo (acting)|
|Communist Party Secretary of Fujian Province|
November 2009 – November 2012
|Preceded by||Lu Zhangong|
|Succeeded by||You Quan|
Raoyang County, Hebei
|Political party||Communist Party|
|Alma mater||Anshan Industrial Technology College|
Sun Chunlan (Chinese: 孙春兰; born May 1950) is a Chinese politician. She currently serves as the Head of the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and is a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China. From 2009 to 2014, Sun served in two prominent regional posts, first as Communist Party Secretary of Fujian province, then Party Secretary of Tianjin, one of China's four direct-controlled municipalities. Her tenure in Fujian made her the second female provincial-level party chief since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 (the first was Wan Shaofen).
Sun was born in May 1950 in Raoyang County, Hebei. After graduating with a degree in mechanics from Anshan Industrial Technology Academy in Liaoning, Sun worked at Anshan Clock Factory, which made watches. There she rose from the shop floor to membership of the factory's CPC branch, which managed the operations of the factory. She joined the Communist Party of China in May 1973, during the latter stages of the Cultural Revolution. She was then transferred to the Anshan Textiles Factory to work as a manager. In 1988 she became the chair of the women's federation of Anshan.
In 1990, Sun was transferred to work in the organs reporting directly to the provincial party leadership, paving the way for further career advancement. In 1994 she became head of the provincial trade union federation, a year later she began sitting on the Liaoning provincial Party Standing Committee; achieving such a feat at age 45 was rare. In 1997, Sun was named deputy party chief of Liaoning and president of the provincial party school. In 2001, the party chief of the bustling coastal city of Dalian departed the city to become the governor of Liaoning. Sun was then confirmed as party chief of Dalian with party committee members unanimously confirming her nomination. She served in the post from 2001 to 2005, before being transferred to work in Beijing. Sun was named the Vice-Chair of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions at the Third Session of the 14th ACFTU Executive Committee, and then the First Secretary of the ACFTU Secretariat at the Eighth Session of the 14th ACFTU Presidium In December 2005.
Party Secretary and national leadership
In a December 2009 re-shuffle, Sun Chunlan was named party boss of Fujian Province, the first female to take such a high-level secretaryship since Wan Shaofen, Party Secretary of Jiangxi in the 1980s. Provincial party chief positions are of special significance and are some of the most powerful positions of the land; that Sun assumed a bona fide "power position" was not only rare for a woman, but also made her well positioned for further advancement.
After the 18th Party Congress held in November 2012, Sun became the party chief of Tianjin municipality, China's richest provincial-level jurisdiction by GDP at the time, taking the post vacated by Zhang Gaoli, who became a member of the Politburo Standing Committee. As Party Secretary of Tianjin, Sun joined the elite ranks of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China as one of the two women on the body (the other was Vice-Premier Liu Yandong).
After the investigation and dismissal of former Hu Jintao aide Ling Jihua as head of the Communist Party's United Front Work Department, Sun was named as head of the department on December 31, 2014. Sun was the first United Front chief to hold a concurrent Politburo seat since Ding Guan'gen. Her post in Tianjin was succeeded on an interim basis by Mayor Huang Xingguo. Since Sun ascended to the United Front chief position, Xi Jinping has taken on a new datongzhan (大统战) strategy for United Front work, expanding the scope of the United Front Work Department. In 2015, Wang Zhengwei, Vice-Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, was named deputy head of the department, assisting Sun, creating a unique situation where two of the top leaders of the United Front were held by "deputy national leader" ranked figures.
Sun was an alternate member of the 15th and 16th Central Committees of the Communist Party of China, and a full member of the 17th and 18th Central Committees.
Notes and references
- "Sun is widely considered a protégé of Hu Jintao, but it is unclear where and when Sun established her client relationship with Hu. Their political connection likely occurred or was consolidated during her study at the Central Party School in the early 1990s, when Hu served as president of the school." Cheng Li, Sun Chunlan 孙春兰: One of China's Top Future Leaders to Watch. The Brookings Institution John L. Thornton China Center, originally published in the China Leadership Monitor. Accessed on 1 January 2014.
- "From Worker to CPC Provincial Secretary". Women of China. 2009-04-12. Retrieved 2009-12-31.[dead link]
- South China Morning Post, China Section, 2009 Dec 02
- "孙春兰、王正伟先后加持，中央统战部领导班子规格再创新高". The Paper. April 15, 2015.
|Party political offices|
|Communist Party Secretary of Dalian
2001 – 2005
|Communist Party Secretary of Fujian
2009 – 2012
|Communist Party Secretary of Tianjin
2012 – 2014
|Head of the United Front Work Department
of the Communist Party of China
2014 – present